Stonewall County, Texas

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Stonewall County
Stonewall County Courthouse in Aspermont
Stonewall County Courthouse in Aspermont
Map of Texas highlighting Stonewall County
Location within the U.S. state of Texas
Map of the United States highlighting Texas
Texas's location within the U.S.
Coordinates: 33°11′N 100°15′W / 33.18°N 100.25°W / 33.18; -100.25
Country United States
State Texas
Founded1888
Named forStonewall Jackson
SeatAspermont
Largest townAspermont
Area
 • Total920 sq mi (2,400 km2)
 • Land916 sq mi (2,370 km2)
 • Water3.9 sq mi (10 km2)  0.4%
Population
 (2020)
 • Total1,245
 • Density1.4/sq mi (0.52/km2)
Time zoneUTC−6 (Central)
 • Summer (DST)UTC−5 (CDT)
Congressional district19th

Stonewall County is a county located in the U.S. state of Texas. As of the 2020 census, its population was 1,245.[1] Its county seat is Aspermont.[2] The county was created in 1876 and organized in 1888.[3] It is named for Stonewall Jackson, a general of the Confederate States Army.

Republican Drew Springer, Jr., a businessman from Muenster in Cooke County, represented Stonewall County in the Texas House of Representatives from January 2013, and as of January 2021, represents District 30 in the Texas Senate.[4]

History[edit]

Stonewall County was formed in 1876 from the Young Territory. It was initially attached to Young County, Throckmorton County, and then Jones County, before finally becoming fully organized in 1889.[5]

Geography[edit]

According to the U.S. Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 920 square miles (2,400 km2), of which 916 square miles (2,370 km2) are land and 3.9 square miles (10 km2) (0.4%) are covered by water.[6]

Geographic features[edit]

Major highways[edit]

Adjacent counties[edit]

Demographics[edit]

Historical population
Census Pop.
1880104
18901,024884.6%
19002,183113.2%
19105,320143.7%
19204,086−23.2%
19305,66738.7%
19405,589−1.4%
19503,679−34.2%
19603,017−18.0%
19702,397−20.6%
19802,4060.4%
19902,013−16.3%
20001,693−15.9%
20101,490−12.0%
20201,245−16.4%
U.S. Decennial Census[10]
1850–2010[11] 2010[12] 2020[13]

2020 census[edit]

Stonewall County, Texas - Demographic Profile
(NH = Non-Hispanic)
Race / Ethnicity Pop 2010[12] Pop 2020[13] % 2010 % 2020
White alone (NH) 1,206 958 80.94% 76.95%
Black or African American alone (NH) 38 18 2.55% 1.45%
Native American or Alaska Native alone (NH) 4 3 0.27% 0.24%
Asian alone (NH) 14 5 0.94% 0.40%
Pacific Islander alone (NH) 0 0 0.00% 0.00%
Some Other Race alone (NH) 0 2 0.00% 0.16%
Mixed Race/Multi-Racial (NH) 19 33 1.28% 2.65%
Hispanic or Latino (any race) 209 226 14.03% 18.15%
Total 1,490 1,245 100.00% 100.00%

Note: the US Census treats Hispanic/Latino as an ethnic category. This table excludes Latinos from the racial categories and assigns them to a separate category. Hispanics/Latinos can be of any race.


2000 Census[edit]

As of the census[14] of 2010, 1,490 people, 642 households, and 426 families resided in the county. The population density was 2.0 people per square mile. The 928 housing units averaged 1 per square mile. The racial makeup of the county was 87.7% White, 2.6% Black or African American, 0.5% Native American, 0.9% Asian, 6.3% from other races, and 1.9% from two or more races. About 14.0% of the population was Hispanic or Latino of any race.

Of the 642 households, 24% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 53% were married couples living together, 10.1% had a female householder with no husband present, and 33.6% were not families; 15.7% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.28 and the average family size was 2.83.

In the county, the population was distributed as 22.80% under the age of 18, 6.20% from 18 to 24, 22.60% from 25 to 44, 24.50% from 45 to 64, and 24.00% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 44 years. For every 100 females, there were 90.00 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 91.10 males.

The median income for a household in the county was $27,935, and for a family was $35,571. Males had a median income of $27,083 versus $15,000 for females. The per capita income for the county was $16,094. About 14.80% of families and 19.30% of the population were below the poverty line, including 31.50% of those under age 18 and 14.50% of those age 65 or over.

Communities[edit]

Town[edit]

Unincorporated communities[edit]

Ghost town[edit]

Politics[edit]

Whereas the counties to its north in the Panhandle proper became overwhelmingly Republican at the presidential level with Dwight D. Eisenhower in the 1950s, Stonewall County continued to favor the Democratic Party for another four decades, even being narrowly won by Walter Mondale in 1984 when he came within 3,819 votes of losing all fifty states. During the twentieth century the only Republican to carry Stonewall County was Richard Nixon in 1972 – it was one of the few Baptist Bible Belt counties that stayed loyal to the anti-Prohibition Catholic Al Smith in 1928 when Texas voted Republican for the first time in its history.

Like the rest of the Bible Belt, due to opposition to the Democratic Party's liberal positions on social issues Stonewall County has trended powerfully Republican[15] and in the last five elections the Republican nominee has won more than 62 percent of the vote – more than Nixon won in his 3,000-plus-county landslide in 1972.

United States presidential election results for Stonewall County, Texas[16]
Year Republican Democratic Third party
No.  % No.  % No.  %
2020 615 83.56% 116 15.76% 5 0.68%
2016 555 79.17% 135 19.26% 11 1.57%
2012 507 75.11% 160 23.70% 8 1.19%
2008 524 71.29% 206 28.03% 5 0.68%
2004 499 66.36% 250 33.24% 3 0.40%
2000 496 62.08% 294 36.80% 9 1.13%
1996 323 35.22% 487 53.11% 107 11.67%
1992 242 21.51% 561 49.87% 322 28.62%
1988 421 36.70% 724 63.12% 2 0.17%
1984 599 48.15% 643 51.69% 2 0.16%
1980 488 40.03% 719 58.98% 12 0.98%
1976 252 23.55% 812 75.89% 6 0.56%
1972 662 61.58% 394 36.65% 19 1.77%
1968 213 19.19% 635 57.21% 262 23.60%
1964 219 18.27% 978 81.57% 2 0.17%
1960 306 26.09% 864 73.66% 3 0.26%
1956 306 26.89% 829 72.85% 3 0.26%
1952 319 27.57% 836 72.26% 2 0.17%
1948 65 6.11% 968 90.98% 31 2.91%
1944 89 8.24% 902 83.52% 89 8.24%
1940 156 11.75% 1,172 88.25% 0 0.00%
1936 59 5.56% 1,001 94.34% 1 0.09%
1932 50 4.87% 976 95.13% 0 0.00%
1928 442 46.92% 500 53.08% 0 0.00%
1924 171 16.03% 778 72.91% 118 11.06%
1920 134 24.50% 356 65.08% 57 10.42%
1916 21 3.27% 502 78.19% 119 18.54%
1912 7 1.46% 341 71.19% 131 27.35%


References[edit]

  1. ^ "Stonewall County, Texas". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved January 30, 2022.
  2. ^ "Find a County". National Association of Counties. Retrieved June 7, 2011.
  3. ^ "Texas: Individual County Chronologies". Texas Atlas of Historical County Boundaries. The Newberry Library. 2008. Retrieved May 26, 2015.
  4. ^ "State Rep. Springer announces district tour July 30". Lubbock Avalanche-Journal, July 16, 2013. Retrieved July 18, 2013.
  5. ^ "Archived copy". Archived from the original on February 16, 2018. Retrieved June 18, 2020.{{cite web}}: CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link)
  6. ^ "2010 Census Gazetteer Files". United States Census Bureau. August 22, 2012. Retrieved May 10, 2015.
  7. ^ "Stonewall County High Point Trip Report". Retrieved August 14, 2008.
  8. ^ "Prominence Ladder from Double Mountains". Retrieved August 14, 2008.
  9. ^ U.S. Geological Survey Geographic Names Information System: Brazos River
  10. ^ "Census of Population and Housing from 1790-2000". US Census Bureau. Retrieved January 24, 2022.
  11. ^ "Texas Almanac: Population History of Counties from 1850–2010" (PDF). Texas Almanac. Retrieved May 10, 2015.
  12. ^ a b "P2 HISPANIC OR LATINO, AND NOT HISPANIC OR LATINO BY RACE - 2010: DEC Redistricting Data (PL 94-171) - Stonewall County, Texas". United States Census Bureau.
  13. ^ a b "P2 HISPANIC OR LATINO, AND NOT HISPANIC OR LATINO BY RACE - 2020: DEC Redistricting Data (PL 94-171) - Stonewall County, Texas". United States Census Bureau.
  14. ^ "U.S. Census website". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved May 14, 2011.
  15. ^ Cohn, Nate; ‘Demographic Shift: Southern Whites’ Loyalty to G.O.P. Nearing That of Blacks to Democrats’, New York Times, April 24, 2014
  16. ^ Leip, David. "Dave Leip's Atlas of U.S. Presidential Elections". uselectionatlas.org. Retrieved April 11, 2018.

External links[edit]

Coordinates: 33°11′N 100°15′W / 33.18°N 100.25°W / 33.18; -100.25