Stonham Aspal

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Stonham Aspal
Stonham Aspal - Church of St Mary & St Lambert (2).jpg
Church of St Mary & St Lambert
Stonham Aspal is located in Suffolk
Stonham Aspal
Stonham Aspal
 Stonham Aspal shown within Suffolk
Population 601 [1]
District Mid Suffolk
Shire county Suffolk
Region East
Country England
Sovereign state United Kingdom
Police Suffolk
Fire Suffolk
Ambulance East of England
EU Parliament East of England
Website www.stonhamaspal.co.uk
List of places
UK
England
Suffolk

Coordinates: 52°11′37″N 1°07′08″E / 52.193689°N 1.118783°E / 52.193689; 1.118783

Stonham Aspal is a village and civil parish in the Mid Suffolk district of Suffolk in eastern England. Located about five miles east of the town of Stowmarket. Its population in 2011 was 601.[1] The village has a primary school. Surrounding villages include Mickfield, Little Stonham and Pettaugh. It is set in farmland but has the popular tourist route A1120 running through the middle of the village.

In the 1870s, Stonham Aspal was described as:

"STONHAM-ASPALL, a parish, with a village, in Bosmere district, Suffolk; 4½ miles NE of Needham-Market r[ailway]. station. It has a post-office under Ipswich. Acres, 2,399. Real property, £4,957. Pop. in 1851, 814; in 1861, 694. Houses, 156."[2]

History[edit]

The village dates back to the Roman hypocaust period.[3] The name of Stonham Aspal in the 13th century translates directly as "Stone Homestead".[4] Many of the houses in the village are from the 14th and 15th centuries.[5] The main occupation for men, according to census data from 1881, was agriculture.[6]

Stonham Aspal is mentioned in Domesday Book as "Estuna", in the Bosmere hundred of Suffolk. It held 2 villagers, 4 smallholders and 11 free men. One-and-a-half lord's plough teams and two men's plough teams are also mentioned. It has a meadow of 7 acres, woodland of 80 pigs, a church and 0.11 church lands. In 1066 the lord was Aelmer. In 1086 the lord was Miles de Belefol.[7][8]

Stonham Aspal has undergone many boundary changes over time. It was part of the Bosmere registration district until 1935. When this was abolished, it joined the Gipping registration district, transferring a population of 14,427 in total from the Bosmere registration district. In 1983, Gipping too was abolished and Stonham Aspal joined Gipping and Hartismere registration district until 2010, when it became part of the Suffolk registration district.[9]

Total population of Stonham Aspal civil parish, Suffolk, as reported by the census of population from 1801–2011

Census data for Stonham Aspal dates back to 1801. The earliest recorded population, from that time, was 578. The highest figure to be recorded by a census was 814 in 1851, and the lowest was 418 in 1961.[10][11]

Occupations by Male and Females according to the census data from 1881
Occupational Orders according to 2011 census data

Agriculture, the main industry recorded for the village in 1881, accounted for about 39 per cent of employment. This sank to 6 per cent by 1961, in line with a general British shift from primary work to the secondary and tertiary sectors. This also explains why the highest percentage of employment today is around 14 per cent for manufacturing.[12][13]

On the graph for 1881 occupational orders, the highest number of males worked in agriculture; the equivalent figure for females is unknown. This could be explained by many being housewives and not expected to work in that period, as the next highest proportion of employment is domestic work.[12]

The writer, poet and miniature portrait painter Mary Matilda Betham, daughter of William Betham, the headmaster of the endowed school, was born in Stonham Aspal in 1776 and raised there.

Housing and transport[edit]

Stonham Aspal is in the Stonhams District ward and described by the Office for National Statistics as a "village surrounded by inhabited countryside". The main housing types are detached, semi-detached, flats and terraced, with housing ownership being private and social housing.[14] The average house price sale for the area in the period from August 2013 to January 2014 was £221,458.33, the majority being detached, at an average price of £265,800.[15]

Stonham Aspal Church of England Voluntary Aided Primary School caters for ages 5–11. It had 189 pupils on its roll in the school year September 2013–July 2014. The school gained a total of 97 per cent of students in 2013 achieving Level 4 or above in reading, writing and maths, which was an improvement of 7 per cent over the previous year.[16] A school inspection by Ofsted on 15 January 2013 rated the school "Good".[17]

Stonham Aspal Pre School – geograph.org.uk – 1413765

The nearest railway station is at Stowmarket, 2.91 km (1.81 miles) from the village centre. Other stations close by include Needham Market (6.20 km) and Elmswell (8.93 km).[18] There is two public bus services serving the village. The Simonds route 114 runs between Ipswich and Diss. The Galloway European Coachlines route 115 runs between Wetheringsett and Ipswich. Both run on Mondays to Saturdays. This is no Sunday bus service at present.[19]

Places of interest and organisations[edit]

The Ten Bells Stonham Aspal

The former Ten Bells Inn is one of 45 Grade II Listed Buildings in Stonham Aspal,[20] listed on 26 March 1987.[21] It dates back as an inn to the late 18th century. The building was extended in the mid-19th century and again in the mid-20th century.[22] The Ten Bells re-opened at the end of 2014 as Casa Mexico, a shop specialising in products from Mexico. [23]

St Mary and St Lambert Church: The only church in the village, the St Mary and St Lambert is an Anglican church. In 1742 Theodore Eccleston, the local squire, replaced the ring of five bells with one of ten and the bell chamber was built to house them. This explains why the bell chamber is a separate structure to the church and is also thought to be where the local public house got its name from.[24] Within the church there is very little coloured glass and here are medieval fragments in the aisle and the two easternmost clerestory windows.[25]

Suffolk Owl Sanctuary: Supported by voluntary donations and admission charges, the Suffolk Owl Sanctuary established as a registered charity in 2001. It is currently open to the public all year round and holds over 80 raptors at the centre. It claims it "operates a comprehensive facility for the care & rehabilitation of owls from the region, and the promotion of owl conservation throughout the UK and beyond."[26]

The Stonham Aspal Women's Institute, founded in 1923, currently has about eight members. Through the Suffolk East Federation of Women's Institutes, it is affiliated to the National Federation of Women's Institutes, the UK's largest voluntary organisation for women.[27][28]

Stonham Barns is a leisure and retail facility with free entry currently including fishing lakes, crazy golf, a beauty salon, Aquatics and Reptile Centre, clothes shops and restaurants. It hosts the mid and west-Suffolk show, which consists of arena demonstrations and displays, steam and classic car exhibitors and a range of stalls.[29][30]

Stonham Aspal Football Club was founded in 1959 out of the Stonham Aspal School old pupils' club. It entered the Ipswich and District League Division 3 in the 1960/61 season. The League is now the Suffolk and Ipswich League. At the beginning of the 1970/71 season a reserve team was formed and entered into division 5.[31] The club is currently sponsored by Stonham Barns.[32]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b "<StonhamAspal> (Parish): Key Figures for 2011 Census: Key Statistics". Neighbourhood Statistics. Office for National Statistics. Retrieved 5 February 2014. 
  2. ^ Wilson, John Marius (1870–72). Imperial Gazetteer of England and Wales. Edinburgh: A. Fullarton & Co. Retrieved 22 February 2014. 
  3. ^ "Stonham Aspal village history". Stonham Aspal Village Pages 2006. Retrieved 22 February 2014. 
  4. ^ "Key to English Place names". The University of Nottingham. Retrieved 22 February 2014. 
  5. ^ "Stonham Aspal Village History". Stonham Aspal Village Pages 2006. Retrieved 22 February 2014. 
  6. ^ "1881 Occupational Orders". A Vision of Britain. Retrieved 22 February 2014. 
  7. ^ "Open Domesday". Professor J.J.N. Palmer, University of Hull. Retrieved 23 February 2014. 
  8. ^ "Stonham Aspal National Archives". The National Archive. Retrieved 23 February 2014. 
  9. ^ "Suffolk Registration District". GENUKI. Retrieved 24 February 2014. 
  10. ^ "Stonham Aspal Census Tables". A Vision of Britain. Retrieved 24 February 2014. 
  11. ^ "Key Statistics". Neighbourhood Statistics. Retrieved 24 February 2014. 
  12. ^ a b "1881 occupational orders". Vision of Britain. Retrieved 24 February 2014. 
  13. ^ "Industry 2011". Neighbourhood Statistics. Retrieved 24 February 2014. 
  14. ^ "Socio-demographic Data". British Streets. Retrieved 26 February 2014. 
  15. ^ "Average House Prices". UK Local Area. Retrieved 26 February 2014. 
  16. ^ "Stonham Aspal Church of England Voluntary Aided Primary School Details". The Department for Education. Retrieved 26 February 2014. 
  17. ^ "Stonham Aspal Church of England Voluntary Aided Primary School Ofsted Report". Ofsted. Retrieved 26 February 2014. 
  18. ^ "Postcode Statistics: Stonham Aspal". UK Local Area. Retrieved 26 February 2014. 
  19. ^ "Bus and Coach Services". Travel Search. Retrieved 26 February 2014. 
  20. ^ "Listed Buildings in Stonham Aspal, Suffolk.". British Listed Buildings. Retrieved 26 February 2014. 
  21. ^ "The Ten Bells Inn List Entry". British Listed Buildings. Retrieved 26 February 2014. 
  22. ^ "Ten Bells Inn Listing Entry". British Listed Buildings. Retrieved 11 March 2014. 
  23. ^ "Information Page". Casamexico. Retrieved 9 December 2014. 
  24. ^ Knott, Simon. "St Mary and St Lambert Church – Suffolk Churches". Suffolk Churches. Retrieved 12 March 2014. 
  25. ^ Knott, Simon. "St Mary and St Lambert Church". Suffolk Churches. Retrieved 12 March 2014. 
  26. ^ "Home Page". The Suffolk Owl Sanctuary. Retrieved 12 March 2014. 
  27. ^ "Stonham Aspal WI". The Suffolk East Federation of Women's Institutes. Retrieved 12 March 2014. 
  28. ^ "About SEFWI". The Suffolk East Federation of Women's Institutes. Retrieved 12 March 2014. 
  29. ^ "Homepage". Stonham Barns. Retrieved 12 March 2014. 
  30. ^ "Mid & West Suffolk Show". Families Suffolk. Retrieved 12 March 2014. 
  31. ^ "Stonham Aspal FC Profile". Green Un. Retrieved 12 March 2014. 
  32. ^ "Stonham Aspal FC profile". Touchline SIL. Retrieved 12 March 2014. 

External links[edit]