Stony Stratford

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Stony Stratford
Market Place - geograph.org.uk - 569863.jpg
Market Place, Stony Stratford
Stony Stratford is located in Milton Keynes
Stony Stratford
Stony Stratford
Stony Stratford is located in Buckinghamshire
Stony Stratford
Stony Stratford
Location within Buckinghamshire
Population7,736 (2011 Census)[1]
OS grid referenceSP787404
Civil parish
  • Stony Stratford
Unitary authority
Ceremonial county
Region
CountryEngland
Sovereign stateUnited Kingdom
Post townMILTON KEYNES
Postcode districtMK11
Dialling code01908
PoliceThames Valley
FireBuckinghamshire
AmbulanceSouth Central
UK Parliament
Websitehttps://www.stonystratford.gov.uk/
List of places
UK
England
Buckinghamshire
52°03′24″N 0°51′09″W / 52.0567°N 0.8526°W / 52.0567; -0.8526Coordinates: 52°03′24″N 0°51′09″W / 52.0567°N 0.8526°W / 52.0567; -0.8526

Stony Stratford is a constituent town of Milton Keynes, Buckinghamshire, England. Historically it was a market town on the important route from London to Chester (Watling Street, now the A5). It is also the name of a civil parish with a town council[2] within the Borough of Milton Keynes.[3] It is in the north-west corner of Milton Keynes, bordering Northamptonshire and separated from it by the River Great Ouse.

History[edit]

Part of the (Romano-British) Stony Stratford Hoard, on display in the British Museum

Since at least Roman times, there has been a settlement here at the ford of Watling Street over the Great Ouse.[4] The town's market charter dates from 1194[5] and its status as a town from 1215.[4]

The town name is Anglo-Saxon in origin, and means "stony ford on a Roman road".[6] The road in this instance is Watling Street, which runs through the middle of the town and crosses the River Ouse just outside it (nowadays by bridge).

In 1789, at Windmill Field (probably) in the parish of Old Stratford near Stony Stratford, an urn was uncovered which contained three fibulae and two headdresses.[7] Known as the Stony Stratford Hoard, it also contained around thirty fragments of silver plaques which were decorated with images of the Roman gods Mars, Apollo and Victory. There were also inscriptions to Jupiter and Vulcan leading to theories that this was a votive hoard associated with a Roman temple.[8] The hoard is now kept at the British Museum.

There has been a chartered market in Stony Stratford since 1194 (by charter of King Richard I).[5] (Until the early 1900s, livestock marts were still held in the market square but in more recent times the square has become a car park, apart from a monthly farmers' market in one corner. The weekly market has moved to Timor Court, and of course no longer deals in livestock). Stony Stratford formally became a town when it received letters patent from King John in 1215.[4]

Stony Stratford was the location where, in 1290, an Eleanor cross was built in memory of the recently deceased Queen Eleanor of Castile, as her funeral cortège had stopped overnight in the town en route to London. The cross was destroyed during the English Civil War.[4]

ARCHBISHOP: Last night, I hear, they lay at Stony Stratford,

Wm. Shakespeare, Richard III, Act II, Scene 4

The former Rose and Crown Inn at Stony Stratford was reputedly where, in 1483, the boy-king Edward V stayed the night before he was taken to London (to become one of the Princes in the Tower) by his uncle Richard, Duke of Gloucester, who soon became King Richard III. Edward had been returning from Ludlow Castle in the Welsh Marches to London to claim his crown on the death of his father, Edward IV, when he was met in Stony Stratford by his uncle, who later deposed him.[4] The inn is now a private house but a plaque on the front wall commemorates the event.

Catherine of Aragon rode from London to address her troops assembling here for the Battle of Flodden, and went on to stay at Woburn Abbey in September 1513.[9]

The town has twice become almost completely consumed by fire, the first time in 1736 and the second in 1742. The only building to escape the second fire was the tower of the chapel of ease of St Mary Magdalen, now a scheduled monument.[10]

Since at least the 15th century, Stony Stratford was an important stop on the road to Ireland via Chester, becoming quite rich on the proceeds in the 16th century.[4] In the stage coach era of the 17th and early 18th centuries, it was a major resting place and exchange point with the east–west route with coaching inns to accommodate coach travellers. Traffic on Watling Street and the consequent wear and tear to it was such as to necessitate England's first turnpike trust, from Hockliffe to Stony Stratford, in 1707.[11] In the early 19th century, over thirty mail coaches and stagecoaches a day stopped here.[12] That traffic came to an abrupt end in 1838 when the London to Birmingham Railway (now the West Coast Main Line) was opened at Wolverton – ironically, just three years after the bridge over the Ouse had been rebuilt.[4] Wolverton railway works provided an important source of employment in the town, with the Wolverton and Stony Stratford Tramway being built to serve the workers. With the arrival of the motor car, the town's position on the original A5 road made it again an important stopping point for travellers.

The 1841 census lists the population as 1,757.[13]

Before the creation of the Borough of Milton Keynes in 1974 (by the Local Government Act 1972), Stony was in Wolverton Urban District.[14]

Cock and Bull Story[edit]

Pub signs of the Cock and the Bull

Due to the juxtaposition of two hotels in the centre of town, The Cock and The Bull (both originally coaching inns on the main London – Chester turnpike), it is claimed locally that the common phrase a cock and bull story originated here.[15]

Listed buildings[edit]

The parish has one scheduled monument,[10] nine 'grade II*' listed buildings,[16] and a further 134 buildings and structures listed at Grade II.[17]

The modern town[edit]

Today Stony Stratford is a busy market town. In early June, Stony Live is a week of cultural events that culminates in Folk on the Green, a free festival of folk music, folk rock and eclectic taste that takes over Horsefair Green.

Sport and leisure[edit]

Football[edit]

Stony Stratford Town F.C. are a Non-League football club, founded in 1898 who play at Ostler's Lane.[18]

Cricket[edit]

Stony Stratford Cricket Club is an amateur cricket club, officially founded in the 1898,[19] that is based at Ostlers Lane.[20] The club has five senior XI teams that compete on Saturdays in the Northamptonshire Cricket League,[21] two women senior XI teams in the Home Counties Women's Cricket League,[22] a Sunday XI team in the Bedfordshire County Cricket League[23] and an established junior training section that play competitive cricket in the Buckinghamshire CB Junior League.[24]

Tennis[edit]

Stony Stratford Lawn Tennis Club was founded in 1923 and is based at Ostler's Lane. The club have 9 courts of which 7 are floodlit and a new club house.[25][26] Both Men and Women teams compete in the local Milton Keynes leagues, and Juniors also play in the Aegon Team Tennis League.[27]

Bowls[edit]

Stony Stratford Bowls Club was formed in 1923, and started playing on the present site at Ostler's Lane in 1924.[28] The club compete in the Bletchley and District Bowls League and became league champions in 1994 and 2016.[29]

Croquet[edit]

Stony Stratford Croquet Club play on the Ancell Trust Sports Grounds at Ostler's Lane. The club won the East Anglian Croquet Federation's Handicap League in 2016.[30]

In film[edit]

Scenes from the 1987 cult film Withnail and I were filmed in Stony Stratford. Cox and Robinsons chemist is the 'Penrith tea rooms' where Withnail demands "the finest wines known to humanity." The Crown pub became the 'King Henry pub' in the film. Both premises are on Market Square.

Historic parish[edit]

From about 1648, Stony Stratford was divided between the ecclesiastical parishes of Calverton and Wolverton, and covered by two chapelries: St Giles, attached to Calverton; and St Mary Magdalen, attached to Wolverton. St Mary Magdalen dates from about 1450, though only the tower remains from the 1742 fire.[4] St Giles dates from the 15th century (as a chantry chapel), but all but the tower was rebuilt in 1776 to accommodate the parishioners of St Mary Magdalen.[4] A single civil parish was established 'early'[citation needed] and from 1767 a single ecclesiastical parish covered the two.[citation needed] In modern times, the ecclesiastical parish of Stony Stratford was merged with another parish, Stony Stratford St Mary the Virgin (prior to 1953 known as Wolverton St Mary), in 1968, to create the parish of Stony Stratford St Mary and St Giles.[citation needed]

Around that time, the civil parish was also divided, into East (St Mary Magdelene) and West (St Giles) sides.[31] Both the civil parishes became part of Wolverton Urban District in 1919. These urban parishes were wound up in 1927 and both added to the parish of Wolverton.[32]

Modern parish[edit]

The civil parish consists of the land north of H2 Millers Way to the south, the city boundary to the west, the Great Ouse to the north and the A5 road to the east. The V4 Watling Street becomes Queen Eleanor Street here as it follows the original Stony Stratford bypass. Its districts are these:

  • Stony Stratford itself (defined H1 Ridgeway to the south, the city boundary to the west, the river to the north and the V4 Queen Eleanor Street to the east)
  • Galley Hill (H1 to the south, V4 to the west and the A5 to the north-east).
  • Fullers Slade (H2 to the south, H1 to the north, V4 Watling Street to the west and the A5 to the east).

The modern civil parish was established in 2001.[citation needed]

Images of Stony Stratford[edit]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ UK Census (2011). "Local Area Report – Stony Stratford (parish) (E04012192)". Nomis. Office for National Statistics. Retrieved 1 October 2019.
  2. ^ Stony Stratford Town Council website
  3. ^ Parishes in Milton Keynes Archived 8 June 2009 at the Wayback Machine – Milton Keynes Council.
  4. ^ a b c d e f g h i William Page, ed. (1927). "Parishes : Stony Stratford". A History of the County of Buckingham. Victoria History of the Counties of England. Vol. 4. London: Constable & Co. Ltd. p. 476–482. Retrieved 17 February 2019.
  5. ^ a b R. H. Britnell, 'The Origins of Stony Stratford', Records of Buckinghamshire, XX (1977), pp. 451–3
  6. ^ "Key to English place names: Stony Stratford". Institute for Name-Studies, University of Nottingham. Archived from the original on 28 February 2022. Retrieved 14 January 2020.
  7. ^ "The Stony Stratford Hoard (Roman)". Northamptonshire County Council. Retrieved 20 October 2020.
  8. ^ "Diadem". British Museum. The Stony Stratford hoard, Stony Stratford, Buckinghamshire, 3rd-4th century AD. This hoard of temple treasure was found in a pottery urn in 1789. It consists of two ornate bronze headdresses, probably worn by priests, and numerous fragments of silver plaques. Many of the plaques were plain, but three on display here show Mars, Mars with Victory and Apollo. PY OA 252
  9. ^ Thomas Deloney, The Pleasant Historie of Jack of Newbery, London (1626), chapter 2: Letters & Papers Henry VIII, vol. 1 (1920) no. 2278: Calendar State Papers Venice, vol.2, no. 340: Hall, Edward, Chronicle, (1809), 564: Ellis, Henry, ed., Original Letters Illustrative of English History, 1st Series, vol.1, Richard Bentley, London (1825), 82–84, 88–89.
  10. ^ a b The tower of the former Church of St Mary Magdalene.Scheduled monument.No. 1310932
  11. ^ "House of Lords Journal". British History Online. University of London. 18: 267–269. 4 March 1707. Retrieved 3 June 2008.
  12. ^ "General History of Stony Stratford through the Ages". Milton Keynes Heritage Association. Archived from the original on 1 July 2019.
  13. ^ The National Cyclopaedia of Useful Knowledge. Vol. III. London: Charles Knight. 1847. p. 899.
  14. ^ GB Historical GIS. "Stony Stratford, Buckinghamshire". A Vision of Britain Through Time. University of Portsmouth. Archived from the original on 28 February 2022. Retrieved 26 February 2022.
  15. ^ Quinion, Michael. "Cock and bull story". worldwidewords.org. Retrieved 26 November 2010.
  16. ^ St Mary & St Giles Church (Church of England parish church). (listed building.No. 1125375);
    48 High Street (listed building.No. 1311040);
    75 High Street (listed building.No. 1125378);
    92 and 94 High Street listed building.No. 1159586);
    Burnham House, Silver Street listed building.No. 1160550);
    The Bull Hotel listed building.No. 1332253);
    The Cock Hotel listed building.No. 1310973);
    12 and 13 Market Square listed building.No. 1332270)
  17. ^ "Stony Stratford". English Heritage. Retrieved 28 February 2022.
  18. ^ "Stony Stratford Town F.C." stonystratford.gov.uk. Stony Stratford Town Council. Retrieved 3 January 2022.
  19. ^ "Stony Stratford Cricket Club". stonystratford.gov.uk. Stony Stratford Town Council. Retrieved 3 January 2022.
  20. ^ "Stony Stratford CC". stonystratford.play-cricket.com. Stony Stratford Cricket Club. Retrieved 3 January 2022.
  21. ^ "Northamptonshire Cricket League". ncl.play-cricket.com. Northamptonshire Cricket League. Retrieved 3 January 2022.
  22. ^ "Home Counties Women's Cricket League". homecountieswcl.play-cricket.com. Home Counties Women's Cricket League. Retrieved 3 January 2022.
  23. ^ "Bedfordshire County Cricket League". bedsccl.play-cricket.com. Bedfordshire County Cricket League. Retrieved 3 January 2022.
  24. ^ "Buckinghamshire CB Junior League". buckscbjl.play-cricket.com. Buckinghamshire CB Junior League. Retrieved 3 January 2022.
  25. ^ "Stony Stratford Lawn Tennis Club". stonystratford.gov.uk. Stony Stratford Town Council. Retrieved 3 January 2022.
  26. ^ "A History of Stony Stratford Lawn Tennis Club 1921-2013" (PDF). ssltc.co.uk. Stony Stratford Lawn Tennis Club. 26 May 2018. Retrieved 3 January 2022.
  27. ^ "SSLTC Teams". ssltc.co.uk. Stony Stratford Lawn Tennis Club. Retrieved 3 January 2022.
  28. ^ "Stony Stratford Bowls Club: About". stonystratfordbowlsclub.com. Stony Stratford Bowls Club. Retrieved 3 January 2022.
  29. ^ "The History of the Bletchley and District Bowls League". banddbowlsleague.co.uk. Bletchley and District Bowls League. Retrieved 3 January 2022.
  30. ^ "Stony Stratford conquer croquet league". miltonkeynes.co.uk. MKCitizen. (JPIMedia Publishing Ltd.). 6 October 2016. Retrieved 3 January 2022.
  31. ^ Youngs. Guide to Local Administrative Units of England: Volume 1
  32. ^ GB Historical GIS Project (2014). "Stony Stratford East". A Vision of Britain through Time. University of Portsmouth, Department of Geography. Retrieved 17 February 2015.
  33. ^ The Retreat almshouses at rear of 14 and 16 High Street, Stony Stratford listed building.No. 1125396

External links[edit]