Storozhynets

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Storozhynets
Сторожинець
City hall
City hall
Flag of Storozhynets
Coat of arms of Storozhynets
Storozhynets is located in Chernivtsi Oblast
Storozhynets
Storozhynets
Storozhynets is located in Ukraine
Storozhynets
Storozhynets
Coordinates: 48°09′35″N 25°42′54″E / 48.15972°N 25.71500°E / 48.15972; 25.71500
Country Ukraine
Oblast Chernivtsi Oblast
RaionStorozhynets Raion
First mention1448
Government
 • MayorIryna Poraïko
Area
 • Total58 km2 (22 sq mi)
Elevation
366 m (1,201 ft)
Population
 (2021)
 • Total14,138
 • Density2,501/km2 (6,480/sq mi)
Time zoneUTC+2 (EET)
 • Summer (DST)UTC+3 (EEST)
Postal code
59000 — 59004
Area code(s)+380 3735

Storozhynets (Ukrainian: Сторожинець, pronounced [storoˈʒɪnetsʲ]; Romanian: Storojineț; see below for other names) is a small city located in Chernivtsi Raion, Chernivtsi Oblast of western Ukraine, north of the border with Romania. It hosts the administration of Storozhynets urban hromada, one of the hromadas of Ukraine.[1] It is located approximately 20 km (12 mi) south-west of the oblast capital, Chernivtsi. Population: 14,138 (2021 est.)[2]

Storozhynets is located in the historic region of Bukovina, which has been governed by Moldavia (before 1774), the Austrian empire (1774–1918), Romania (1918–1940 and 1941–1944), the USSR (1940–1941 and 1944–1991) and Ukraine (since 1991).

Coordinates: 48°10′N 25°43′E / 48.167°N 25.717°E / 48.167; 25.717

Other names[edit]

Other names for the city include:

  • Storozynetz (German)
  • Storojineț (Romanian)
  • Strozhnitz (סטראָזשניץ, Yiddish)
  • Storožynec (Slovak)
  • Storożyniec (Polish)
  • Storozhinets (Сторожинец, Russian)

History[edit]

Storozhynets was a part of the Principality of Moldavia and was first mentioned in 1448. The first inhabitants were a settlement of loggers. In 1774, the region was annexed by Austria, as the Duchy of Bukovina. It was marked with great changes as Austrians and Germans arrived en masse. There were schools with German, Romanian, and Ukrainian as their languages of instruction.

Since the second half of the 19th century, a rapid population growth began with the arrival of Jews to the city, as well as Hungarian and Romanian businessmen, legal and banking officials most of whom were Jews. In 1854 Storozhynets received the status of city. By the end of the 19th century and early 20th century, the city was populated mainly by Jews.

In 1903 in Storozhinets opened a private school. On May 21, 1904 Storozhynets became a county. Trade, industry, agriculture, science, education and culture have developed a rapid pace.

But after World War I, its territory ended with a new status as Northern Bukovina became part of the Kingdom of Romania. In 1921, Romanian became the official language, and Ukrainian language was not used any more in the administration.

In 1940, 28 June, Northern Bukovina was occupied by the Soviet troops. After the start of the war against the Soviet Union, in 1941 Northern Bucovina was reintegrated into the Kingdom of Romania.

Between 1941 - 1943 a great part of the Jewish population was killed or deported to concentration camps in Transnistria.

Until 18 July 2020, Storozhynets served as an administrative center of Storozhynets Raion. The raion was abolished in July 2020 as part of the administrative reform of Ukraine, which reduced the number of raions of Chernivtsi Oblast to three. The area of Storozhynets Raion was merged into Chernivtsi Raion.[3][4]

Demographics[edit]

1930 Romanian Census[edit]

  • Romanians 3,390 (38.98%)
  • Jews 2,480 (28.52%)
  • Polish 1,017 (11.69%)
  • Ruthenians/Ukrainians 853 (9.81%)
  • Germans 655 (7.53%)

Total 8,695

Natives[edit]

  • Iancu Flondor (1865–1924), Romanian politician who advocated Bukovina's union with the Kingdom of Romania.
  • George Grigorovici (1871-1950), Romanian politician
  • Radu Paladi (1927–2013), Romanian composer, pianist, and conductor.
  • Rabbi Shulem Gershon Ginsburgh the last Rabbi of Strozhnitz, he was the son in law of Rabbi Yisroel Yaakov of Chust.
  • Grand Rabbi Yisochor Ber Rosenbaum of Strozhnitz, author of Divrei Yisochor (d. 1980), son of Rabbi Issomor Rosenbaum of Nadvorna, son-in-law of Rabbi Yisachar Bertchi Leifer of Nadvorna-Satmar.
  • Rabbi Yitschok Yaakov Dovid Hager of Strozhnits, son of Imrei Boruch of Vizhnitz.

Gallery[edit]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Сторожинецкая городская громада" (in Russian). Портал об'єднаних громад України.
  2. ^ "Чисельність наявного населення України (Actual population of Ukraine)" (PDF) (in Ukrainian). State Statistics Service of Ukraine. Retrieved 11 July 2021.
  3. ^ "Про утворення та ліквідацію районів. Постанова Верховної Ради України № 807-ІХ". Голос України (in Ukrainian). 18 July 2020. Retrieved 3 October 2020.
  4. ^ "Нові райони: карти + склад" (in Ukrainian). Міністерство розвитку громад та територій України.

External links[edit]