Stow Creek Township, New Jersey

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Stow Creek Township, New Jersey
Township
Township of Stow Creek
Cohansey Baptist Church
Cohansey Baptist Church
Stow Creek Township highlighted in Cumberland County. Inset map: Cumberland County highlighted in the State of New Jersey.
Stow Creek Township highlighted in Cumberland County. Inset map: Cumberland County highlighted in the State of New Jersey.
Census Bureau map of Stow Creek Township, New Jersey
Census Bureau map of Stow Creek Township, New Jersey
Coordinates: 39°27′22″N 75°21′18″W / 39.456196°N 75.355016°W / 39.456196; -75.355016Coordinates: 39°27′22″N 75°21′18″W / 39.456196°N 75.355016°W / 39.456196; -75.355016[1][2]
Country  United States
State  New Jersey
County Cumberland
Formed January 19, 1748
Incorporated February 21, 1798
Government[6]
 • Type Township
 • Body Township Committee
 • Mayor Randy Dickenson Jr. (R, term ends December 31, 2017)[3][4]
 • Municipal clerk Ronald Campbell Sr.[5]
Area[1]
 • Total 18.846 sq mi (48.811 km2)
 • Land 18.300 sq mi (47.396 km2)
 • Water 0.546 sq mi (1.415 km2)  2.90%
Area rank 151st of 566 in state
10th of 14 in county[1]
Elevation[7] 69 ft (21 m)
Population (2010 Census)[8][9][10]
 • Total 1,431
 • Estimate (2016)[11] 1,417
 • Rank 516th of 566 in state
12th of 14 in county[12]
 • Density 78.2/sq mi (30.2/km2)
 • Density rank 551st of 566 in state
12th of 14 in county[12]
Time zone Eastern (EST) (UTC-5)
 • Summer (DST) Eastern (EDT) (UTC-4)
ZIP code 08302 - Bridgeton[13]
Area code(s) 856[14]
FIPS code 3401171160[1][15][16]
GNIS feature ID 0882057[1][17]
Website www.stowcreektwp.com

Stow Creek Township is a township in Cumberland County, New Jersey, United States. It is part of the Vineland-Millville-Bridgeton Primary Metropolitan Statistical Area for statistical purposes. As of the 2010 United States Census, the township had a total population of 1,431,[8][9][10] reflecting an increase of 2 (+0.1%) from the 1,429 counted in the 2000 Census, which had in turn declined by 8 (-0.6%) from the 1,437 counted in the 1990 Census.[18]

Stow Creek dates back to January 19, 1748, when it was formed as one of six precincts in the newly created Cumberland County. It was formally incorporated as a township on February 21, 1798. Columbia Township was formed on March 12, 1844, from portions of both Hopewell Township and Stow Creek Township, and dissolved on March 11, 1845. On April 9, 1929, portions of the township were taken to create Shiloh. On October 1, 1924, the New Jersey Legislature officially changed the name of the township from "Stoe Creek" to "Stow Creek", though it is unclear when "Stow" had become "Stoe".[19] The township's name is shared with the Stow Creek, a tributary of the Delaware River.

It is a dry township, where alcohol cannot be sold.[20][21]

Geography[edit]

According to the United States Census Bureau, the township had a total area of 18.846 square miles (48.811 km2), including 18.300 square miles (47.396 km2) of land and 0.546 square miles (1.415 km2) of water (2.90%).[1][2]

Unincorporated communities, localities and place names located partially or completely within the township include Cumberland Causeway, Garrisons Corner, Gum Tree Corner, Jericho, Kernans Corner, Macanippock, Marlboro, Roadstown, Seventh Day Mill, Stow Creek Landing, Town Hall and Willis Corner.[22]

The township borders Hopewell Township, Shiloh, Greenwich Township, Salem County, and the Delaware Bay.

Demographics[edit]

Historical population
Census Pop.
18101,039
1820884−14.9%
1830791−10.5%
18408467.0%
18501,09329.2%
18601,26715.9%
18701,122−11.4%
18801,107−1.3%
1890972−12.2%
1900934−3.9%
1910880−5.8%
1920844−4.1%
1930796*−5.7%
1940720−9.5%
195095732.9%
19601,0105.5%
19701,0504.0%
19801,36530.0%
19901,4375.3%
20001,429−0.6%
20101,4310.1%
Est. 20161,417[11][23]−1.0%
Population sources: 1810-2000[24]
1810-1920[25] 1840[26] 1850-1870[27]
1850[28] 1870[29] 1880-1890[30]
1890-1910[31] 1910-1930[32]
1930-1990[33] 2000[34][35] 2010[8][9][10]

* = Lost territory in previous decade.[19]

Census 2010[edit]

As of the 2010 United States Census, there were 1,431 people, 543 households, and 412.1 families residing in the township. The population density was 78.2 per square mile (30.2/km2). There were 568 housing units at an average density of 31.0 per square mile (12.0/km2). The racial makeup of the township was 91.33% (1,307) White, 4.47% (64) Black or African American, 1.40% (20) Native American, 0.28% (4) Asian, 0.00% (0) Pacific Islander, 0.98% (14) from other races, and 1.54% (22) from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 4.40% (63) of the population.[8]

There were 543 households out of which 26.2% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 61.7% were married couples living together, 8.7% had a female householder with no husband present, and 24.1% were non-families. 19.2% of all households were made up of individuals, and 9.9% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.64 and the average family size was 3.01.[8]

In the township, the population was spread out with 20.8% under the age of 18, 8.0% from 18 to 24, 21.5% from 25 to 44, 32.1% from 45 to 64, and 17.6% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 44.6 years. For every 100 females there were 101.0 males. For every 100 females ages 18 and older there were 97.9 males.[8]

The Census Bureau's 2006-2010 American Community Survey showed that (in 2010 inflation-adjusted dollars) median household income was $71,333 (with a margin of error of +/- $7,849) and the median family income was $78,583 (+/- $7,836). Males had a median income of $52,500 (+/- $12,034) versus $38,036 (+/- $3,668) for females. The per capita income for the borough was $29,860 (+/- $3,146). About 4.1% of families and 6.8% of the population were below the poverty line, including 10.3% of those under age 18 and 4.3% of those age 65 or over.[36]

Census 2000[edit]

As of the 2000 United States Census[15] there were 1,429 people, 536 households, and 425 families residing in the township. The population density was 77.5 people per square mile (29.9/km²). There were 560 housing units at an average density of 30.4 per square mile (11.7/km²). The racial makeup of the township was 93.42% White, 3.50% African American, 1.61% Native American, 0.21% Asian, 0.84% from other races, and 0.42% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 1.68% of the population.[34][35]

There were 536 households out of which 32.1% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 69.0% were married couples living together, 6.7% had a female householder with no husband present, and 20.7% were non-families. 17.9% of all households were made up of individuals and 7.5% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.67 and the average family size was 3.01.[34][35]

In the township the population was spread out with 23.5% under the age of 18, 7.2% from 18 to 24, 25.8% from 25 to 44, 29.0% from 45 to 64, and 14.5% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 41 years. For every 100 females, there were 96.8 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 92.8 males.[34][35]

The median income for a household in the township was $52,500, and the median income for a family was $58,583. Males had a median income of $35,500 versus $26,528 for females. The per capita income for the township was $20,925. About 5.7% of families and 6.7% of the population were below the poverty line, including 8.1% of those under age 18 and 12.1% of those age 65 or over.[34][35]

Government[edit]

Local government[edit]

Stow Creek is governed under the Township form of government. The governing body is a three-member Township Committee, whose members are elected directly by the voters at-large in partisan elections to serve three-year terms of office on a staggered basis, with one seat coming up for election each year as part of the November general election in a three-year cycle.[6][37] At an annual reorganization meeting, the Township Committee selects one of its members to serve as Mayor.

As of 2016, members of the Stow Creek Township Committee are Mayor Melvin R. "Randy" Dickinson Jr. (R, term on committee ends December 31, 2018; term as mayor ends 2016), Tom Burton (R, 2016) and Dale F. Cruzan Sr. (R, 2017).[3][38][39][40][41][42]

Federal, state and county representation[edit]

Stow Creek Township is located in the 2nd Congressional District[43] and is part of New Jersey's 1st state legislative district.[9][44][45] Prior to the 2011 reapportionment following the 2010 Census, Stow Creek Township had been in the 3rd state legislative district.[46]

New Jersey's Second Congressional District is represented by Frank LoBiondo (R, Ventnor City).[47] New Jersey is represented in the United States Senate by Democrats Cory Booker (Newark, term ends 2021)[48] and Bob Menendez (Paramus, 2019).[49][50]

For the 2018–2019 session (Senate, General Assembly), the 1st Legislative District of the New Jersey Legislature is represented in the State Senate by Jeff Van Drew (D, Dennis Township) and in the General Assembly by Bob Andrzejczak (D, Middle Township) and R. Bruce Land (D, Vineland).[51][52] The Governor of New Jersey is Phil Murphy (D, Middletown Township).[53] The Lieutenant Governor of New Jersey is Sheila Oliver (D, East Orange).[54]

Cumberland County is governed by a seven-member Board of Chosen Freeholders, who are elected at-large in partisan elections to serve staggered three-year terms in office, with either two or three seats coming up for election each year in a three-year cycle. At an annual reorganization meeting held each January, the freeholders select one member to serve as Freeholder Director and another as Deputy Director.[55] As of 2018, Cumberland County's Freeholders are Freeholder Director Joseph Derella Jr. (D, Millville, term as freeholder and as freeholder director ends December 31, 2018),[56] Deputy Freeholder Director Darlene R. Barber (D, Upper Deerfield Township, term as freeholder ends 2019, term as deputy freeholder director ends 2018),[57] George Castellini (D, Vineland, 2020),[58] Carol Musso (D, Deerfield Township, 2020),[59] James F. Quinn (D, Millville, 2018),[60] Joseph V. Sparacio (R, Deerfield Township, 2019)[61] and Jack Surrency (D, Bridgeton 2020).[62][63][64][65] The county's constitutional officers are Clerk Celeste Riley (D, Bridgeton, 2019),[66][67] Sheriff Robert A. Austino (D, Vineland, 2020)[68][69] and Surrogate Douglas M. Rainear (D, Upper Deerfield Township, 2018).[70][71][64]

Politics[edit]

As of March 23, 2011, there were a total of 979 registered voters in Stow Creek Township, of which 200 (20.4%) were registered as Democrats, 362 (37.0%) were registered as Republicans and 416 (42.5%) were registered as Unaffiliated. There was one voter registered to another party.[72]

In the 2012 presidential election, Republican Mitt Romney received 64.9% of the vote (447 cast), ahead of Democrat Barack Obama with 34.5% (238 votes), and other candidates with 0.6% (4 votes), among the 697 ballots cast by the township's 982 registered voters (8 ballots were spoiled), for a turnout of 71.0%.[73][74] In the 2008 presidential election, Republican John McCain received 58.5% of the vote (431 cast), ahead of Democrat Barack Obama, who received 38.4% (283 votes), with 737 ballots cast among the township's 979 registered voters, for a turnout of 75.3%.[75] In the 2004 presidential election, Republican George W. Bush received 64.6% of the vote (455 ballots cast), outpolling Democrat John Kerry, who received around 34.4% (242 votes), with 704 ballots cast among the township's 915 registered voters, for a turnout percentage of 76.9.[76]

In the 2013 gubernatorial election, Republican Chris Christie received 75.1% of the vote (355 cast), ahead of Democrat Barbara Buono with 24.1% (114 votes), and other candidates with 0.8% (4 votes), among the 483 ballots cast by the township's 942 registered voters (10 ballots were spoiled), for a turnout of 51.3%.[77][78] In the 2009 gubernatorial election, Republican Chris Christie received 60.6% of the vote (308 ballots cast), ahead of both Democrat Jon Corzine with 29.1% (148 votes) and Independent Chris Daggett with 6.3% (32 votes), with 508 ballots cast among the township's 962 registered voters, yielding a 52.8% turnout.[79]

Education[edit]

The Stow Creek School District serves public school students in kindergarten through eighth grade at Stow Creek School. As of the 2014-15 school year, the district and its one school had an enrollment of 180 students and 22.2 classroom teachers (on an FTE basis), for a student–teacher ratio of 8.1:1.[80]

Under the Greenwich - Stow Creek Partnership established in 2009 with the Greenwich Township School District in Greenwich Township, students from both townships attend Morris Goodwin School for grades K-4 and Stow Creek School for grades 5-8.[81]

Public school students in ninth through twelfth grades attend Cumberland Regional High School, which also serves students from Deerfield Township, Fairfield Township, Greenwich Township, Hopewell Township, Shiloh Borough and Upper Deerfield Township.[82][83][84] As of the 2014-15 school year, the high school had an enrollment of 1,354 students and 87.9 classroom teachers (on an FTE basis), for a student–teacher ratio of 15.4:1.[85]

Transportation[edit]

As of May 2010, the township had a total of 44.04 miles (70.88 km) of roadways, of which 10.66 miles (17.16 km) were maintained by the municipality, 31.24 miles (50.28 km) by Cumberland County and 2.14 miles (3.44 km) by the New Jersey Department of Transportation.[86]

References[edit]

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  2. ^ a b US Gazetteer files: 2010, 2000, and 1990, United States Census Bureau. Accessed September 4, 2014.
  3. ^ a b Township Committee, Stow Creek Township. Accessed April 15, 2015.
  4. ^ 2017 New Jersey Mayors Directory, New Jersey Department of Community Affairs. Accessed May 30, 2017. As of date accessed, Dickenson is lised as mayor with a term-end year of 2018, which is the end of his committee term, not his mayoral term of office.
  5. ^ 2013 Municipal Data Sheet, Stow Creek Township. Accessed July 21, 2013.
  6. ^ a b 2012 New Jersey Legislative District Data Book, Rutgers University Edward J. Bloustein School of Planning and Public Policy, March 2013, p. 103.
  7. ^ U.S. Geological Survey Geographic Names Information System: Township of Stow Creek, Geographic Names Information System. Accessed March 14, 2013.
  8. ^ a b c d e f DP-1 - Profile of General Population and Housing Characteristics: 2010 for Stow Creek township, Cumberland County, New Jersey, United States Census Bureau. Accessed October 24, 2012.
  9. ^ a b c d Municipalities Grouped by 2011-2020 Legislative Districts, New Jersey Department of State, p. 1. Accessed January 6, 2013.
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  13. ^ Look Up a ZIP Code for Bridgeton, NJ, United States Postal Service. Accessed October 24, 2012.
  14. ^ Area Code Lookup - NPA NXX for Stow Creek, NJ, Area-Codes.com. Accessed October 28, 2014.
  15. ^ a b American FactFinder, United States Census Bureau. Accessed September 4, 2014.
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  27. ^ Raum, John O. The History of New Jersey: From Its Earliest Settlement to the Present Time, Volume 1, p. 270, J. E. Potter and company, 1877. Accessed August 19, 2013. "Stoe Creek contained a population in 1850 of 1,093; in 1860, 1,267; and in 1870, 1,122. It forms considerable of the boundary between Salem and Cumberland counties."
  28. ^ Debow, James Dunwoody Brownson. The Seventh Census of the United States: 1850, p. 137. R. Armstrong, 1853. Accessed August 19, 2013.
  29. ^ Staff. A compendium of the ninth census, 1870, p. 259. United States Census Bureau, 1872. Accessed August 19, 2013.
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  35. ^ a b c d e DP-1: Profile of General Demographic Characteristics: 2000 - Census 2000 Summary File 1 (SF 1) 100-Percent Data for Stow Creek township, Cumberland County, New Jersey, United States Census Bureau. Accessed October 24, 2012.
  36. ^ DP03: Selected Economic Characteristics from the 2006-2010 American Community Survey 5-Year Estimates for Stow Creek township, Cumberland County, New Jersey, United States Census Bureau. Accessed October 24, 2012.
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  48. ^ About Cory Booker, United States Senate. Accessed January 26, 2015. "He now owns a home and lives in Newark's Central Ward community."
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  56. ^ Joseph Derella, Cumberland County, New Jersey. Accessed June 7, 2018.
  57. ^ Darlene Barber, Cumberland County, New Jersey. Accessed June 7, 2018.
  58. ^ George Castellini, Cumberland County, New Jersey. Accessed June 7, 2018.
  59. ^ Carol Musso, Cumberland County, New Jersey. Accessed June 7, 2018.
  60. ^ James F. Quinn, Cumberland County, New Jersey. Accessed June 7, 2018.
  61. ^ Joseph V. Sparacio, Cumberland County, New Jersey. Accessed June 7, 2018.
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  80. ^ District information for Stow Creek Township School District, National Center for Education Statistics. Accessed December 7, 2016.
  81. ^ Greenwich - Stow Creek Partnership Schools K-8, Greenwich Township. Accessed March 25, 2017. "In 2009, the Morris Goodwin School entered into a shared services agreement with neighboring Stow Creek School in Stow Creek Township to form the Greenwich-Stow Creek Partnership Schools. Public school students in grades K through 4 now attend Morris Goodwin School and students in grades 5 through 8 attend Stow Creek School."
  82. ^ Cumberland Regional School District 2015 Report Card Narrative, New Jersey Department of Education. Accessed June 5, 2016. "The Cumberland Regional School District, located in Western Cumberland County, provides students with a comprehensive learning environment in a nurturing and personalized setting. The district serves students in grades 9-12 who reside in the municipalities of Deerfield, Fairfield, Greenwich & Stow Creek, Hopewell & Shiloh, and Upper Deerfield."
  83. ^ Shott, Meghan. "Cumberland Regional High School", South Jersey magazine. Accessed June 5, 2016. "Cumberland Regional High School, located in the northwest part of Cumberland County, serves students from Deerfield Township, Fairfield Township, Greenwich Township, Hopewell Township, Shiloh Borough, Stow Creek Township and Upper Deerfield Township."
  84. ^ Constituent Districts, Cumberland Regional High School. Accessed June 5, 2016.
  85. ^ School data for Cumberland Regional High School, National Center for Education Statistics. Accessed December 12, 2016.
  86. ^ Cumberland County Mileage by Municipality and Jurisdiction, New Jersey Department of Transportation, May 2010. Accessed July 18, 2014.

External links[edit]