Stow Creek Township, New Jersey

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search
Stow Creek Township, New Jersey
Township
Township of Stow Creek
Cohansey Baptist Church
Cohansey Baptist Church
Stow Creek Township highlighted in Cumberland County. Inset map: Cumberland County highlighted in the State of New Jersey.
Stow Creek Township highlighted in Cumberland County. Inset map: Cumberland County highlighted in the State of New Jersey.
Census Bureau map of Stow Creek Township, New Jersey
Census Bureau map of Stow Creek Township, New Jersey
Coordinates: 39°27′22″N 75°21′18″W / 39.456196°N 75.355016°W / 39.456196; -75.355016Coordinates: 39°27′22″N 75°21′18″W / 39.456196°N 75.355016°W / 39.456196; -75.355016[1][2]
Country  United States
State  New Jersey
County Cumberland
Formed January 19, 1748
Incorporated February 21, 1798
Government[6]
 • Type Township
 • Body Township Committee
 • Mayor Randy Dickenson Jr. (R, term ends December 31, 2016)[3][4]
 • Clerk Ronald Campbell Sr.[5]
Area[1]
 • Total 18.846 sq mi (48.811 km2)
 • Land 18.300 sq mi (47.396 km2)
 • Water 0.546 sq mi (1.415 km2)  2.90%
Area rank 151st of 566 in state
10th of 14 in county[1]
Elevation[7] 69 ft (21 m)
Population (2010 Census)[8][9][10]
 • Total 1,431
 • Estimate (2015)[11] 1,423
 • Rank 516th of 566 in state
12th of 14 in county[12]
 • Density 78.2/sq mi (30.2/km2)
 • Density rank 551st of 566 in state
12th of 14 in county[12]
Time zone Eastern (EST) (UTC-5)
 • Summer (DST) Eastern (EDT) (UTC-4)
ZIP code 08302 - Bridgeton[13]
Area code(s) 856[14]
FIPS code 3401171160[1][15][16]
GNIS feature ID 0882057[1][17]
Website www.stowcreektwp.com

Stow Creek Township is a township in Cumberland County, New Jersey, United States. It is part of the Vineland-Millville-Bridgeton Primary Metropolitan Statistical Area for statistical purposes. As of the 2010 United States Census, the township had a total population of 1,431,[8][9][10] reflecting an increase of 2 (+0.1%) from the 1,429 counted in the 2000 Census, which had in turn declined by 8 (-0.6%) from the 1,437 counted in the 1990 Census.[18]

Stow Creek dates back to January 19, 1748, when it was formed as one of six precincts in the newly created Cumberland County. It was formally incorporated as a township on February 21, 1798. Columbia Township was formed on March 12, 1844, from portions of both Hopewell Township and Stow Creek Township, and dissolved on March 11, 1845. On April 9, 1929, portions of the township were taken to create Shiloh. On October 1, 1924, the New Jersey Legislature officially changed the name of the township from "Stoe Creek" to "Stow Creek", though it is unclear when "Stow" had become "Stoe".[19] The township's name is shared with the Stow Creek, a tributary of the Delaware River.

It is a dry township, where alcohol cannot be sold.[20][21]

Geography[edit]

According to the United States Census Bureau, the township had a total area of 18.846 square miles (48.811 km2), including 18.300 square miles (47.396 km2) of land and 0.546 square miles (1.415 km2) of water (2.90%).[1][2]

Unincorporated communities, localities and place names located partially or completely within the township include Cumberland Causeway, Garrisons Corner, Gum Tree Corner, Jericho, Kernans Corner, Macanippock, Marlboro, Roadstown, Seventh Day Mill, Stow Creek Landing, Town Hall and Willis Corner.[22]

The township borders Hopewell Township, Shiloh, Greenwich Township, Salem County, and the Delaware Bay.

Demographics[edit]

Historical population
Census Pop.
1810 1,039
1820 884 −14.9%
1830 791 −10.5%
1840 846 7.0%
1850 1,093 29.2%
1860 1,267 15.9%
1870 1,122 −11.4%
1880 1,107 −1.3%
1890 972 −12.2%
1900 934 −3.9%
1910 880 −5.8%
1920 844 −4.1%
1930 796 * −5.7%
1940 720 −9.5%
1950 957 32.9%
1960 1,010 5.5%
1970 1,050 4.0%
1980 1,365 30.0%
1990 1,437 5.3%
2000 1,429 −0.6%
2010 1,431 0.1%
Est. 2015 1,423 [11][23] −0.6%
Population sources: 1810-2000[24]
1810-1920[25] 1840[26] 1850-1870[27]
1850[28] 1870[29] 1880-1890[30]
1890-1910[31] 1910-1930[32]
1930-1990[33] 2000[34][35] 2010[8][9][10]

* = Lost territory in previous decade.[19]

Census 2010[edit]

As of the 2010 United States Census, there were 1,431 people, 543 households, and 412.1 families residing in the township. The population density was 78.2 per square mile (30.2/km2). There were 568 housing units at an average density of 31.0 per square mile (12.0/km2). The racial makeup of the township was 91.33% (1,307) White, 4.47% (64) Black or African American, 1.40% (20) Native American, 0.28% (4) Asian, 0.00% (0) Pacific Islander, 0.98% (14) from other races, and 1.54% (22) from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 4.40% (63) of the population.[8]

There were 543 households out of which 26.2% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 61.7% were married couples living together, 8.7% had a female householder with no husband present, and 24.1% were non-families. 19.2% of all households were made up of individuals, and 9.9% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.64 and the average family size was 3.01.[8]

In the township, the population was spread out with 20.8% under the age of 18, 8.0% from 18 to 24, 21.5% from 25 to 44, 32.1% from 45 to 64, and 17.6% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 44.6 years. For every 100 females there were 101.0 males. For every 100 females ages 18 and old there were 97.9 males.[8]

The Census Bureau's 2006-2010 American Community Survey showed that (in 2010 inflation-adjusted dollars) median household income was $71,333 (with a margin of error of +/- $7,849) and the median family income was $78,583 (+/- $7,836). Males had a median income of $52,500 (+/- $12,034) versus $38,036 (+/- $3,668) for females. The per capita income for the borough was $29,860 (+/- $3,146). About 4.1% of families and 6.8% of the population were below the poverty line, including 10.3% of those under age 18 and 4.3% of those age 65 or over.[36]

Census 2000[edit]

As of the 2000 United States Census[15] there were 1,429 people, 536 households, and 425 families residing in the township. The population density was 77.5 people per square mile (29.9/km²). There were 560 housing units at an average density of 30.4 per square mile (11.7/km²). The racial makeup of the township was 93.42% White, 3.50% African American, 1.61% Native American, 0.21% Asian, 0.84% from other races, and 0.42% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 1.68% of the population.[34][35]

There were 536 households out of which 32.1% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 69.0% were married couples living together, 6.7% had a female householder with no husband present, and 20.7% were non-families. 17.9% of all households were made up of individuals and 7.5% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.67 and the average family size was 3.01.[34][35]

In the township the population was spread out with 23.5% under the age of 18, 7.2% from 18 to 24, 25.8% from 25 to 44, 29.0% from 45 to 64, and 14.5% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 41 years. For every 100 females there were 96.8 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 92.8 males.[34][35]

The median income for a household in the township was $52,500, and the median income for a family was $58,583. Males had a median income of $35,500 versus $26,528 for females. The per capita income for the township was $20,925. About 5.7% of families and 6.7% of the population were below the poverty line, including 8.1% of those under age 18 and 12.1% of those age 65 or over.[34][35]

Government[edit]

Local government[edit]

Stow Creek is governed under the Township form of government. The governing body is a three-member Township Committee, whose members are elected directly by the voters at-large in partisan elections to serve three-year terms of office on a staggered basis, with one seat coming up for election each year as part of the November general election in a three-year cycle.[6][37] At an annual reorganization meeting, the Township Committee selects one of its members to serve as Mayor.

As of 2016, members of the Stow Creek Township Committee are Mayor Melvin R. "Randy" Dickinson Jr. (R, term on committee ends December 31, 2018; term as mayor ends 2016), Tom Burton (R, 2016) and Dale F. Cruzan Sr. (R, 2017).[3][38][39][40][41][42]

Federal, state and county representation[edit]

Stow Creek Township is located in the 2nd Congressional District[43] and is part of New Jersey's 1st state legislative district.[9][44][45] Prior to the 2011 reapportionment following the 2010 Census, Stow Creek Township had been in the 3rd state legislative district.[46]

New Jersey's Second Congressional District is represented by Frank LoBiondo (R, Ventnor City).[47] New Jersey is represented in the United States Senate by Cory Booker (D, Newark, term ends 2021)[48] and Bob Menendez (D, Paramus, 2019).[49][50]

For the 2016–2017 session (Senate, General Assembly), the 1st Legislative District of the New Jersey Legislature is represented in the State Senate by Jeff Van Drew (D, Dennis Township) and in the General Assembly by Bob Andrzejczak (D, Middle Township) and R. Bruce Land (D, Vineland).[51] The Governor of New Jersey is Chris Christie (R, Mendham Township).[52] The Lieutenant Governor of New Jersey is Kim Guadagno (R, Monmouth Beach).[53]

Cumberland County is governed by a seven-member Board of Chosen Freeholders, who are elected at-large in partisan elections to serve staggered three-year terms in office, with two or three seats coming up for election each year. At an annual reorganization meeting held each January, the freeholders select one member to serve as Freeholder Director and another as Deputy Director.[54][55] As of 2014, Cumberland County's Freeholders (with committee liaison assignments, political party, residence and term-end dates listed in parentheses) are Freeholder Director Joseph Derella (Administration / Public Safety; D, Millville, term ends December 31, 2015),[56] Freeholder Deputy Director Douglas M. Long (NA; D, Upper Deerfield Township, 2015),[57] Darlene Barber (Education; D, 2016, Upper Deerfield Township),[58] Carol Musso (Community Services; D, Deerfield Township, 2014),[59] James Sauro (Agriculture; R, Vineland, 2014),[60] Thomas Sheppard (Health; R, Lawrence Township, 2016)[61] and Tony Surace (Public Works; D, Millville, 2014).[62][63][64][65] The county's constitutional officers are County Clerk Gloria Noto (Vineland, 2014),[66] Sheriff Robert A. Austino (Vineland, 2014)[67] and Surrogate Douglas M. Rainear (Bridgeton, 2018).[68]

Politics[edit]

As of March 23, 2011, there were a total of 979 registered voters in Stow Creek Township, of which 200 (20.4%) were registered as Democrats, 362 (37.0%) were registered as Republicans and 416 (42.5%) were registered as Unaffiliated. There was one voter registered to another party.[69]

In the 2012 presidential election, Republican Mitt Romney received 64.9% of the vote (447 cast), ahead of Democrat Barack Obama with 34.5% (238 votes), and other candidates with 0.6% (4 votes), among the 697 ballots cast by the township's 982 registered voters (8 ballots were spoiled), for a turnout of 71.0%.[70][71] In the 2008 presidential election, Republican John McCain received 58.5% of the vote (431 cast), ahead of Democrat Barack Obama, who received 38.4% (283 votes), with 737 ballots cast among the township's 979 registered voters, for a turnout of 75.3%.[72] In the 2004 presidential election, Republican George W. Bush received 64.6% of the vote (455 ballots cast), outpolling Democrat John Kerry, who received around 34.4% (242 votes), with 704 ballots cast among the township's 915 registered voters, for a turnout percentage of 76.9.[73]

In the 2013 gubernatorial election, Republican Chris Christie received 75.1% of the vote (355 cast), ahead of Democrat Barbara Buono with 24.1% (114 votes), and other candidates with 0.8% (4 votes), among the 483 ballots cast by the township's 942 registered voters (10 ballots were spoiled), for a turnout of 51.3%.[74][75] In the 2009 gubernatorial election, Republican Chris Christie received 60.6% of the vote (308 ballots cast), ahead of both Democrat Jon Corzine with 29.1% (148 votes) and Independent Chris Daggett with 6.3% (32 votes), with 508 ballots cast among the township's 962 registered voters, yielding a 52.8% turnout.[76]

Education[edit]

The Stow Creek School District serves public school students in kindergarten through eighth grade at Stow Creek School. As of the 2014-15 school year, the district and its one school had an enrollment of 180 students and 22.2 classroom teachers (on an FTE basis), for a student–teacher ratio of 8.1:1.[77]

Under the Greenwich - Stow Creek Partnership established in 2009 with the Greenwich Township School District in Greenwich Township, students from both townships attend Morris Goodwin School for grades K-4 and Stow Creek School for grades 5-8.[78]

Public school students in ninth through twelfth grades attend Cumberland Regional High School, which also serves students from Deerfield Township, Fairfield Township, Greenwich Township, Hopewell Township, Shiloh Borough and Upper Deerfield Township.[79][80][81] As of the 2014-15 school year, the high school had an enrollment of 1,354 students and 87.9 classroom teachers (on an FTE basis), for a student–teacher ratio of 15.4:1.[82]

Transportation[edit]

As of May 2010, the township had a total of 44.04 miles (70.88 km) of roadways, of which 10.66 miles (17.16 km) were maintained by the municipality, 31.24 miles (50.28 km) by Cumberland County and 2.14 miles (3.44 km) by the New Jersey Department of Transportation.[83]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d e f 2010 Census Gazetteer Files: New Jersey County Subdivisions, United States Census Bureau. Accessed May 21, 2015.
  2. ^ a b US Gazetteer files: 2010, 2000, and 1990, United States Census Bureau. Accessed September 4, 2014.
  3. ^ a b Township Committee, Stow Creek Township. Accessed April 15, 2015.
  4. ^ 2016 New Jersey Mayors Directory, New Jersey Department of Community Affairs. Accessed June 14, 2016.
  5. ^ 2013 Municipal Data Sheet, Stow Creek Township. Accessed July 21, 2013.
  6. ^ a b 2012 New Jersey Legislative District Data Book, Rutgers University Edward J. Bloustein School of Planning and Public Policy, March 2013, p. 103.
  7. ^ U.S. Geological Survey Geographic Names Information System: Township of Stow Creek, Geographic Names Information System. Accessed March 14, 2013.
  8. ^ a b c d e f DP-1 - Profile of General Population and Housing Characteristics: 2010 for Stow Creek township, Cumberland County, New Jersey, United States Census Bureau. Accessed October 24, 2012.
  9. ^ a b c d Municipalities Grouped by 2011-2020 Legislative Districts, New Jersey Department of State, p. 1. Accessed January 6, 2013.
  10. ^ a b c Profile of General Demographic Characteristics: 2010 for Stow Creek township, New Jersey Department of Labor and Workforce Development. Accessed October 24, 2012.
  11. ^ a b PEPANNRES - Annual Estimates of the Resident Population: April 1, 2010 to July 1, 2015 - 2015 Population Estimates for New Jersey municipalities, United States Census Bureau. Accessed May 22, 2016.
  12. ^ a b GCT-PH1 Population, Housing Units, Area, and Density: 2010 - State -- County Subdivision from the 2010 Census Summary File 1 for New Jersey, United States Census Bureau. Accessed October 24, 2012.
  13. ^ Look Up a ZIP Code for Bridgeton, NJ, United States Postal Service. Accessed October 24, 2012.
  14. ^ Area Code Lookup - NPA NXX for Stow Creek, NJ, Area-Codes.com. Accessed October 28, 2014.
  15. ^ a b American FactFinder, United States Census Bureau. Accessed September 4, 2014.
  16. ^ A Cure for the Common Codes: New Jersey, Missouri Census Data Center. Accessed October 24, 2012.
  17. ^ US Board on Geographic Names, United States Geological Survey. Accessed September 4, 2014.
  18. ^ Table 7. Population for the Counties and Municipalities in New Jersey: 1990, 2000 and 2010, New Jersey Department of Labor and Workforce Development, February 2011. Accessed October 24, 2012.
  19. ^ a b Snyder, John P. The Story of New Jersey's Civil Boundaries: 1606-1968, Bureau of Geology and Topography; Trenton, New Jersey; 1969. p. 122. Accessed October 24, 2012.
  20. ^ New Jersey Division of Alcoholic Beverage Control. New Jersey ABC list of dry towns (May 1, 2013)
  21. ^ Giordano, Rita. "More towns catching liquor-license buzz; Moorestown considers ending its dry spell", The Philadelphia Inquirer, June 24, 2007. Accessed February 16, 2014.
  22. ^ Locality Search, State of New Jersey. Accessed December 28, 2014.
  23. ^ Census Estimates for New Jersey April 1, 2010 to July 1, 2015, United States Census Bureau. Accessed December 29, 2016.
  24. ^ Barnett, Bob. Population Data for Cumberland County Municipalities, 1810 - 2010, WestJersey.org. January 6, 2011. Accessed October 24, 2012.
  25. ^ Compendium of censuses 1726-1905: together with the tabulated returns of 1905, New Jersey Department of State, 1906. Accessed August 19, 2013.
  26. ^ Bowen, Francis. American Almanac and Repository of Useful Knowledge for the Year 1843, p. 232, David H. Williams, 1842. Accessed August 19, 2013.
  27. ^ Raum, John O. The History of New Jersey: From Its Earliest Settlement to the Present Time, Volume 1, p. 270, J. E. Potter and company, 1877. Accessed August 19, 2013. "Stoe Creek contained a population in 1850 of 1,093; in 1860, 1,267; and in 1870, 1,122. It forms considerable of the boundary between Salem and Cumberland counties."
  28. ^ Debow, James Dunwoody Brownson. The Seventh Census of the United States: 1850, p. 137. R. Armstrong, 1853. Accessed August 19, 2013.
  29. ^ Staff. A compendium of the ninth census, 1870, p. 259. United States Census Bureau, 1872. Accessed August 19, 2013.
  30. ^ Porter, Robert Percival. Preliminary Results as Contained in the Eleventh Census Bulletins: Volume III - 51 to 75, p. 97. United States Census Bureau, 1890. Accessed August 19, 2013.
  31. ^ Thirteenth Census of the United States, 1910: Population by Counties and Minor Civil Divisions, 1910, 1900, 1890, United States Census Bureau, p. 336. Accessed October 24, 2012.
  32. ^ Fifteenth Census of the United States : 1930 - Population Volume I, United States Census Bureau, p. 715. Accessed October 24, 2012.
  33. ^ New Jersey Resident Population by Municipality: 1930 - 1990, Workforce New Jersey Public Information Network. Accessed June 28, 2015.
  34. ^ a b c d e Census 2000 Profiles of Demographic / Social / Economic / Housing Characteristics for Stow Creek township, Cumberland County, New Jersey, United States Census Bureau. Accessed October 24, 2012.
  35. ^ a b c d e DP-1: Profile of General Demographic Characteristics: 2000 - Census 2000 Summary File 1 (SF 1) 100-Percent Data for Stow Creek township, Cumberland County, New Jersey, United States Census Bureau. Accessed October 24, 2012.
  36. ^ DP03: Selected Economic Characteristics from the 2006-2010 American Community Survey 5-Year Estimates for Stow Creek township, Cumberland County, New Jersey, United States Census Bureau. Accessed October 24, 2012.
  37. ^ "Forms of Municipal Government in New Jersey", p. 7. Rutgers University Center for Government Studies. Accessed June 3, 2015.
  38. ^ 2013 Municipal Data Sheet, Stow Creek Township. Accessed October 28, 2014.
  39. ^ 2016 Directory of Cumberland County, New Jersey, Cumberland County, New Jersey. Accessed June 30, 2016.
  40. ^ Cumberland County GENERAL - November 3rd, 2015 Official Results, Cumberland County, New Jersey, updated November 3, 2015. Accessed June 30, 2016.
  41. ^ Cumberland County General - November 4, 2014 Official Results, Cumberland County, New Jersey, updated March 17, 2015. Accessed June 30, 2016.
  42. ^ Cumberland County General - November 5, 2013 Unofficial Results, Cumberland County, New Jersey, updated November 6, 2013. Accessed June 30, 2016.
  43. ^ Plan Components Report, New Jersey Redistricting Commission, December 23, 2011. Accessed January 6, 2013.
  44. ^ 2016 New Jersey Citizen's Guide to Government, p. 64, New Jersey League of Women Voters. Accessed July 20, 2016.
  45. ^ Districts by Number for 2011-2020, New Jersey Legislature. Accessed January 6, 2013.
  46. ^ 2011 New Jersey Citizen's Guide to Government, p. 65, New Jersey League of Women Voters. Accessed May 22, 2015.
  47. ^ Directory of Representatives: New Jersey, United States House of Representatives. Accessed January 5, 2012.
  48. ^ About Cory Booker, United States Senate. Accessed January 26, 2015. "He now owns a home and lives in Newark's Central Ward community."
  49. ^ Biography of Bob Menendez, United States Senate, January 26, 2015. "He currently lives in Paramus and has two children, Alicia and Robert."
  50. ^ Senators of the 114th Congress from New Jersey. United States Senate. Accessed January 26, 2015. "Booker, Cory A. - (D - NJ) Class II; Menendez, Robert - (D - NJ) Class I"
  51. ^ Legislative Roster 2016-2017 Session, New Jersey Legislature. Accessed January 17, 2016.
  52. ^ "About the Governor". State of New Jersey. Retrieved 2010-01-21. 
  53. ^ "About the Lieutenant Governor". State of New Jersey. Retrieved 2010-01-21. 
  54. ^ What is a County Freeholder?, Cumberland County, New Jersey. Accessed July 28, 2014. "Freeholders are elected at-large and serve three year staggered terms. Each January, the Board reorganizes and selects its leadership."
  55. ^ About Cumberland County Government, Cumberland County, New Jersey. Accessed July 28, 2014. "By law, Cumberland County is allowed 7 freeholders, who serve staggered, overlapping three year terms. Two are elected in two successive years, three in the third year, elected from the county at-large. A Director of the Board is selected by his colleagues for a one year term."
  56. ^ Joseph Derella, Cumberland County, New Jersey. Accessed July 28, 2014.
  57. ^ Douglas Long, Cumberland County, New Jersey. Accessed July 28, 2014.
  58. ^ Darlene Barber, Cumberland County, New Jersey. Accessed July 28, 2014.
  59. ^ Carol Musso, Cumberland County, New Jersey. Accessed July 28, 2014.
  60. ^ James R. Sauro, Cumberland County, New Jersey. Accessed July 28, 2014.
  61. ^ Thomas Sheppard, Cumberland County, New Jersey. Accessed July 28, 2014.
  62. ^ Tony Surace, Cumberland County, New Jersey. Accessed July 28, 2014.
  63. ^ County Freeholders, Cumberland County, New Jersey. Accessed July 28, 2014.
  64. ^ 2014 County Data Sheet, Cumberland County, New Jersey. Accessed July 28, 2014.
  65. ^ Marko, Deborah M.; and Kov, Daniel. "GOP keeps two seats on freeholder boardRainear re-elected as surrogate; Mercado ousted", The Daily Journal (New Jersey), November 6, 2013. Accessed July 28, 2014. "GOP candidate Tom Sheppard wins a three-year seat. His running mate, James Sauro, wins a one-year seat. The pair will be the only GOP representatives on the seven-member freeholder board. Darlene Barber, a Democrat in her first race, won the other three-year freeholder seat that was available.... In the surrogate race, incumbent Democrat Douglas Rainear defeated Republican newcomer Timothy Codispoti."
  66. ^ Cumberland County Clerk's Office, Cumberland County, New Jersey. Accessed July 28, 2014.
  67. ^ Cumberland County Sheriff's Department, Cumberland County, New Jersey. Accessed July 28, 2014.
  68. ^ Cumberland County Surrogate Office, Cumberland County, New Jersey. Accessed July 28, 2014. As of date accessed, a 2013 term-end year is listed incorrectly.
  69. ^ Voter Registration Summary - Cumberland, New Jersey Department of State Division of Elections, March 23, 2011. Accessed October 24, 2012.
  70. ^ "Presidential General Election Results - November 6, 2012 - Cumberland County" (PDF). New Jersey Department of Elections. March 15, 2013. Retrieved December 24, 2014. 
  71. ^ "Number of Registered Voters and Ballots Cast - November 6, 2012 - General Election Results - Cumberland County" (PDF). New Jersey Department of Elections. March 15, 2013. Retrieved December 24, 2014. 
  72. ^ 2008 Presidential General Election Results: Cumberland County, New Jersey Department of State Division of Elections, December 23, 2008. Accessed October 24, 2012.
  73. ^ 2004 Presidential Election: Cumberland County, New Jersey Department of State Division of Elections, December 13, 2004. Accessed October 24, 2012.
  74. ^ "Governor - Cumberland County" (PDF). New Jersey Department of Elections. January 29, 2014. Retrieved December 24, 2014. 
  75. ^ "Number of Registered Voters and Ballots Cast - November 5, 2013 - General Election Results - Cumberland County" (PDF). New Jersey Department of Elections. January 29, 2014. Retrieved December 24, 2014. 
  76. ^ 2009 Governor: Cumberland County, New Jersey Department of State Division of Elections, December 31, 2009. Accessed October 24, 2012.
  77. ^ District information for Stow Creek Township School District, National Center for Education Statistics. Accessed December 7, 2016.
  78. ^ Greenwich - Stow Creek Partnership Schools K-8, Greenwich Township. Accessed March 25, 2017. "In 2009, the Morris Goodwin School entered into a shared services agreement with neighboring Stow Creek School in Stow Creek Township to form the Greenwich-Stow Creek Partnership Schools. Public school students in grades K through 4 now attend Morris Goodwin School and students in grades 5 through 8 attend Stow Creek School."
  79. ^ Cumberland Regional School District 2015 Report Card Narrative, New Jersey Department of Education. Accessed June 5, 2016. "The Cumberland Regional School District, located in Western Cumberland County, provides students with a comprehensive learning environment in a nurturing and personalized setting. The district serves students in grades 9-12 who reside in the municipalities of Deerfield, Fairfield, Greenwich & Stow Creek, Hopewell & Shiloh, and Upper Deerfield."
  80. ^ Shott, Meghan. "Cumberland Regional High School", South Jersey magazine. Accessed June 5, 2016. "Cumberland Regional High School, located in the northwest part of Cumberland County, serves students from Deerfield Township, Fairfield Township, Greenwich Township, Hopewell Township, Shiloh Borough, Stow Creek Township and Upper Deerfield Township."
  81. ^ Constituent Districts, Cumberland Regional High School. Accessed June 5, 2016.
  82. ^ School data for Cumberland Regional High School, National Center for Education Statistics. Accessed December 12, 2016.
  83. ^ Cumberland County Mileage by Municipality and Jurisdiction, New Jersey Department of Transportation, May 2010. Accessed July 18, 2014.

External links[edit]