Strängnäs Cathedral

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search
Strängnäs Cathedral
Strängnäs domkyrka cropped zoom.jpg
Coordinates: 59°22′32.16″N 17°02′04.56″E / 59.3756000°N 17.0346000°E / 59.3756000; 17.0346000
Location Strängnäs
Country Sweden
Denomination Church of Sweden
Administration
Diocese Diocese of Strängnäs
Clergy
Bishop(s) Johan Dalman

Strängnäs Cathedral (Swedish: Strängnäs domkyrka) is a cathedral church in Strängnäs, Sweden, since the Protestant Reformation the seat of the Lutheran Diocese of Strängnäs.

Architecture[edit]

The high altar of Strängnäs Cathedral, showing detail of the sanctuary, and the very large carved and gilded triptych reredos.
The shrine of the Blessed Virgin Mary in Strängnäs Cathedral.

It is built mainly of bricks in the characteristic Scandinavian Brick Gothic style. The original church was built of wood, probably during the first decades of the 12th century, on a spot where pagan rituals used to take place and where the missionary Saint Eskil was killed during the mid 11th century. The wooden church was not rebuilt in stone and bricks until 1340, just after Strängnäs became a diocese.

The cathedral contains a mixture of decorative styles. The nave, chancel, and sanctuary are highly traditional, with a very large triptych reredos dominating the high altar at the east end of the building. However, two of the side chapels have been refurbished in highly contemporary style, with modern altars, and abstract artistic decoration and religious symbolism.

Prominent burials[edit]

The cathedral contains the burials of Charles IX of Sweden, Sten Sture the Elder[1] and Maria of Palatinate-Simmern.

Strängnäs Cathedral Library[edit]

Strängnäs Cathedral Library is one of the oldest surviving and working libraries in Sweden. It dates its origin to the year 1316 when Strängnäs Dominican monastery (according to a record kept by a will) received a widow's donation of books. The library was then built consciously by the bishops Kort Rogge and John Matthiæ. During the 1600s, it was expanded by Christina, Queen of Sweden, through the addition of the spoils of war, especially from the cities of Prague, Olmutz and Nikolsburg. During the 1700s the library expanded through gifts and bequests from learned diocesan clergy. During the 1800s it was kept in the former school building's main hall, and is now in the special Library chancel in the cathedral's northwestern corner, where a permanent cathedral librarian is the custodian. Dr Henrik Aminson (1814-1885) published in 1863 a comprehensive printed directory Bibliotheca Templi Cathedralis Stregnensis, quae maximam partem ex Germania Capta est circa finem belli triginta annorum, descripta, 1-2, of over 600 pages. Cathedral Librarian Ragnhild Lundgren has published a modern computerized catalog in Swedish Royal. Library database LIBRIS. It is 2017 together with a scientific introduction printed in two volumes, close to 1200 pages, Strängnäs domkyrkobibliotek. Systematisk katalog över rryckta bökcer (Strängnäs Cathedral library. Systematic catalog of printed books).

Sources and external links[edit]

References[edit]