Strait Island

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Strait Island
Strait Island is located in Andaman and Nicobar Islands
Strait Island
Strait Island
Location of Strait Island
Geography
Location Bay of Bengal
Coordinates 12°12′54″N 92°55′48″E / 12.215°N 92.930°E / 12.215; 92.930Coordinates: 12°12′54″N 92°55′48″E / 12.215°N 92.930°E / 12.215; 92.930
Archipelago Andaman Islands
Adjacent bodies of water Indian Ocean
Total islands 1
Major islands
  • Strait     
Area 2.87 km2 (1.11 sq mi)[1]
Length 3.2 km (1.99 mi)
Width 1.5 km (0.93 mi)
Coastline 8.7 km (5.41 mi)
Highest elevation 27 m (89 ft)[2]
Administration
District North and Middle Andaman
Island group Andaman Islands
Island sub-group East Baratang Group
Taluk Rangat Taluk
Largest settlement
Strait village
Demographics
Demonym Hindi
Population 39 (2016)
Pop. density 13.59 /km2 (35.2 /sq mi)
Ethnic groups Hindu, Andamanese
Additional information
Time zone
PIN 744203[4]
Telephone code 031927 [5]
Official website www.and.nic.in
ISO Code IN-AN-00[3]
Literacy 84.4%
Avg. summer temperature 30.2 °C (86.4 °F)
Avg. winter temperature 23.0 °C (73.4 °F)
Sex ratio 1.2/
unit_pref Metric
Census Code 35.639.0004
Official Languages Hindi, English

Strait Island is an island of the Andaman Islands. It belongs to the North and Middle Andaman administrative district, part of the Indian union territory of Andaman and Nicobar Islands.[6] the island is lying 63 km (39 mi) north from Port Blair.

History[edit]

Strait Island is a tribal reservation. The reservation for the Great Andamanese, one of the indigenous people of the Andaman Islands, was built and is managed by the Andaman administration.[7][8] The Andamanese settlement was constructed like a model village in India. The Great Andamanese settlement was constructed with concrete houses in rows. The other half is occupied by welfare personnel and police quarters. There is a school for children and a small dispensary for primary health care. There is a lighthouse at the top of the tallest hill on the island, established 1983. [9]

Geography[edit]

Strait Island is a small island located 6 km (4 mi) east of Baratang Island, Great Andaman, in the Diligent Strait that separates Great Andaman from Ritchie's Archipelago. The island belongs to the East Baratang Group and lies east of Colebrooke Island. The island is comma-shaped, and very mush forested.

Fauna[edit]

Strait Island is known for its caves of birds' nests and plentiful deer (though they are now rare).

Economy[edit]

the villagers occupation are growing coconut palms, tamarind, and mango trees.

Administration[edit]

Politically, Strait Island, along neighboring East Baratang Group, is part of Rangat Taluk.[10]

Demographics[edit]

There is only 1 village, located at the island. The population at the 2011 census was 39 (of which 26 were male), living in 15 households.[11]

Transportation[edit]

From the Port Blair harbour, there is a bi-weekly ferry service which is the only mode of conveyance available.

Image gallery[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Islandwise Area and Population - 2011 Census" (PDF). Government of Andaman. 
  2. ^ "Sailing Directions (enroute) | India and the Bay of Bengal" (PDF) (173). National Geospatial-intelligence Agency, United States Government. 2014. Retrieved 2016-09-23. 
  3. ^ Registration Plate Numbers added to ISO Code
  4. ^ "A&N Islands - Pincodes". 22 September 2016. Archived from the original on 23 March 2014. Retrieved 22 September 2016. 
  5. ^ "STD Codes of Andaman and Nicobar". allcodesindia.in. Retrieved 2016-09-23. 
  6. ^ "Village Code Directory: Andaman & Nicobar Islands" (PDF). Census of India. Retrieved 2011-01-16. 
  7. ^ Awaradi, S.A. 1990. Computerized Master Plan 1991-2021 for Welfare of Primitive Tribes of Andaman and Nicobar Islands, Andaman and Nicobar Administration, Port Blair.
  8. ^ Abbi, A. 2006. Endangered Languages of Andaman Islands. Muenchen: Lincom GmbH
    Manoharan, S. 1989. A Descriptive and Comparative Study of the Andamanese Language. Calcutta: Anthropological Survey of India
  9. ^ "Government of India, Directorate General of Lighthouses and Lightships.". www.dgll.nic.in. Retrieved 2016-10-18. 
  10. ^ "DEMOGRAPHIC – A&N ISLANDS" (PDF). andssw1.and.nic.in. Retrieved 2016-09-23. 
  11. ^ [1]