Strait Island

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Strait Island
Strait Island is located in Andaman and Nicobar Islands
Strait Island
Strait Island
Location of Strait Island
Geography
LocationBay of Bengal
Coordinates12°12′54″N 92°55′48″E / 12.215°N 92.930°E / 12.215; 92.930Coordinates: 12°12′54″N 92°55′48″E / 12.215°N 92.930°E / 12.215; 92.930
ArchipelagoAndaman Islands
Adjacent bodies of waterIndian Ocean
Area2.87 km2 (1.11 sq mi)[1]
Length3.2 km (1.99 mi)
Width1.5 km (0.93 mi)
Coastline8.7 km (5.41 mi)
Highest elevation27 m (89 ft)
Administration
DistrictNorth and Middle Andaman
Island groupAndaman Islands
Island sub-groupEast Baratang Group
TalukRangat Taluk
Largest settlementStrait village
Demographics
Population39 (2016)
Pop. density13.59 /km2 (35.2 /sq mi)
Ethnic groupsHindu, Andamanese
Additional information
Time zone
PIN744203[2]
Telephone code031927 [3]
ISO codeIN-AN-00[4]
Official websitewww.and.nic.in
Literacy84.4%
Avg. summer temperature30.2 °C (86.4 °F)
Avg. winter temperature23.0 °C (73.4 °F)
Sex ratio1.2/
Census Code35.639.0004
Official LanguagesHindi, English

Strait Island is an island of the Andaman Islands. It belongs to the North and Middle Andaman administrative district, part of the Indian union territory of Andaman and Nicobar Islands.[5] The island lies 63 km (39 mi) north from Port Blair.

History[edit]

Strait Island is a tribal reservation. The reservation for the Great Andamanese, one of the indigenous people of the Andaman Islands, was built and is managed by the Andaman administration.[6][7] The Andamanese settlement was constructed like a model village in India. The Great Andamanese settlement was constructed with concrete houses in rows. The other half is occupied by welfare personnel and police quarters. There is a school for children and a small dispensary for primary health care. There is a lighthouse at the top of the tallest hill on the island, established 1983. [8]

Geography[edit]

Strait Island is a small island located 6 km (4 mi) east of Baratang Island, Great Andaman, in the Diligent Strait that separates Great Andaman from Ritchie's Archipelago. The island belongs to the East Baratang Group and lies east of Colebrooke Island. The island is comma-shaped, and heavily forested.

Fauna[edit]

Strait Island is known for its caves of birds' nests and plentiful deer (though they are now rare).

Economy[edit]

The villagers' occupations are growing coconut palms, tamarind, and mango trees.

Administration[edit]

Politically, Strait Island, along neighboring East Baratang Group, is part of Rangat Taluk.[9]

Demographics[edit]

There is only 1 village, located at the island. The population at the 2011 census was 39 (of which 26 were male), living in 15 households.[10]

Transportation[edit]

From the Port Blair harbour, there is a bi-weekly ferry service which is the only mode of conveyance available.

Image gallery[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Islandwise Area and Population - 2011 Census" (PDF). Government of Andaman.
  2. ^ "A&N Islands - Pincodes". 22 September 2016. Archived from the original on 23 March 2014. Retrieved 22 September 2016.CS1 maint: BOT: original-url status unknown (link)
  3. ^ "STD Codes of Andaman and Nicobar". allcodesindia.in. Retrieved 23 September 2016.
  4. ^ Registration Plate Numbers added to ISO Code
  5. ^ "Village Code Directory: Andaman & Nicobar Islands" (PDF). Census of India. Retrieved 16 January 2011.
  6. ^ Awaradi, S.A. 1990. Computerized Master Plan 1991-2021 for Welfare of Primitive Tribes of Andaman and Nicobar Islands, Andaman and Nicobar Administration, Port Blair.
  7. ^ Abbi, A. 2006. Endangered Languages of Andaman Islands. Muenchen: Lincom GmbH
    Manoharan, S. 1989. A Descriptive and Comparative Study of the Andamanese Language. Calcutta: Anthropological Survey of India
  8. ^ "Government of India, Directorate General of Lighthouses and Lightships". www.dgll.nic.in. Retrieved 18 October 2016.
  9. ^ "DEMOGRAPHIC – A&N ISLANDS" (PDF). andssw1.and.nic.in. Retrieved 23 September 2016.
  10. ^ [1][permanent dead link]