Strand, Norway

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to navigation Jump to search
Strand kommune
View of the town of Jørpeland
View of the town of Jørpeland
Coat of arms of Strand kommune
Coat of arms
Official logo of Strand kommune
Rogaland within
Norway
Strand within Rogaland
Strand within Rogaland
Coordinates: 59°03′48″N 06°01′40″E / 59.06333°N 6.02778°E / 59.06333; 6.02778Coordinates: 59°03′48″N 06°01′40″E / 59.06333°N 6.02778°E / 59.06333; 6.02778
CountryNorway
CountyRogaland
DistrictRyfylke
Established1 Jan 1838
Administrative centreJørpeland
Government
 • Mayor (2015)Irene Heng Lauvsnes (H)
Area
 • Total261.69 km2 (101.04 sq mi)
 • Land235.61 km2 (90.97 sq mi)
 • Water26.08 km2 (10.07 sq mi)  10%
Area rank278 in Norway
Population
 (2020)
 • Total12,968
 • Rank94 in Norway
 • Density55/km2 (140/sq mi)
 • Change (10 years)
15.7%
Demonym(s)Strandbu
Strandabu[1]
Time zoneUTC+01:00 (CET)
 • Summer (DST)UTC+02:00 (CEST)
ISO 3166 codeNO-1130
Official language formNeutral[2]
Websitestrand.kommune.no

Strand is a municipality in Rogaland county, Norway. It is located in the traditional district of Ryfylke. The administrative centre of the municipality is the town of Jørpeland. The municipality lies across the fjord from the city of Stavanger. The Ryfast tunnel system connects Stavanger and Strand by a very long undersea tunnel.

The villages of Sørskår and Fiskå are located in northern Strand, on the southern shore of the Årdalsfjorden. This area of Strand produces fruit, vegetables, and dairy products. The Fiskå Mølle (Fiskå Mill) is located in Fiskå. The larger village of Tau is located on the western coast of Strand. It is a transportation hub with ferry connections to the city of Stavanger and bus services to nearby Hjelmelandsvågen and deeper into the Ryfylke district. About 10 kilometres (6.2 mi) southeast of Tau is the municipal center of Jørpeland. This town is the largest settlement in Strand with about 7,000 people.

The 262-square-kilometre (101 sq mi) municipality is the 278th largest by area out of the 356 municipalities in Norway. Strand is the 94th most populous municipality in Norway with a population of 12,968. The municipality's population density is 55 inhabitants per square kilometre (140/sq mi) and its population has increased by 15.7% over the previous 10-year period.[3][4]

The cross-country and marathon mountain biker Gunn-Rita Dahle comes from Bjørheimsbygd. She has won a gold medal in the Summer Olympics 2004, in Athens. Holtaheia was the mountain behind Holta farm where 34 school boys, 2 teachers and 3 crew died, when the Cunard Viking flight 'Papa Mike' crashed into the mountain, en route to Stavanger.

General information[edit]

View of the village of Tau
View of the mountain Gramsfjellet
Flor og Fjære a tropical garden on the island of Sør-Hidle

The parish of Strand was established as a municipality on 1 January 1838 (see formannskapsdistrikt law). In 1865, the large district of Høgsfjord (population: 3,203) was separated from Strand to form a new municipality, leaving a much smaller Strand municipality. This left Strand with 2,228 residents. On 1 January 1965, the Sørskår-Sundgardene area (population: 121) was transferred from the neighboring municipality of Årdal to Strand.[5] On 1 January 2020, the northwestern part of Forsand municipality was transferred to Strand (while the rest of Forsand was merged with Sandnes).

Name[edit]

The municipality (originally the parish) is named after the old Strand farm (Old Norse: Strönd), since the first Strand Church was built there. The name is identical with the word strönd which means "strand" or "beach".[6]

Coat of arms[edit]

The coat of arms was granted on 25 May 1973. The arms show three red water wheels on a gray background. The wheels are a symbol for the hydropower, which has been of importance to the municipality, first (since 1850) by using watermills, and now using modern hydro-electric plants.[7]

Churches[edit]

The Church of Norway has two parishes (sokn) within the municipality of Strand. It is part of the Ryfylke prosti (deanery) in the Diocese of Stavanger.

Churches in Strand
Parish (sokn) Church name Location of the church Year built
Jørpeland Jørpeland Church Jørpeland 1969
Strand Strand Church Tau 1874

Geography[edit]

Strand is located on the mainland of Norway, on the south side of the vast Boknafjorden. The small islands of Idse and Idsal are located in the southwest part of Strand, between the Høgsfjorden and Idsefjorden. The small islands of Heng and Sør-Hidle lie in the large fjord between Strand and Stavanger. The lakes Tysdalsvatnet, Bjørheimsvatnet, and Vostervatnet are all located in Strand. The municipality of Hjelmeland lies to the north and east and Sandnes is to the south. The archipelago containing the islands of Stavanger Municipality lie to the northwest.

Government[edit]

All municipalities in Norway, including Strand, are responsible for primary education (through 10th grade), outpatient health services, senior citizen services, unemployment and other social services, zoning, economic development, and municipal roads. The municipality is governed by a municipal council of elected representatives, which in turn elect a mayor.[8] The municipality falls under the Stavanger District Court and the Gulating Court of Appeal.

Municipal council[edit]

The municipal council (Kommunestyre) of Strand is made up of 29 representatives that are elected to four year terms. Currently, the party breakdown is as follows:

Strand Kommunestyre 2020–2024 [9]  
Party Name (in Norwegian) Number of
representatives
 Labour Party (Arbeiderpartiet)4
 Progress Party (Fremskrittspartiet)2
 Green Party (Miljøpartiet De Grønne)1
 Conservative Party (Høyre)10
 Christian Democratic Party (Kristelig Folkeparti)4
 Red Party (Rødt)1
 Centre Party (Senterpartiet)4
 Socialist Left Party (Sosialistisk Venstreparti)1
 Liberal Party (Venstre)1
 Local list for Tau and northern areas
(Bygdeliste for Tau og nordbygda)
1
Total number of members:29
Strand Kommunestyre 2015–2019 [10]  
Party Name (in Norwegian) Number of
representatives
 Labour Party (Arbeiderpartiet)7
 Progress Party (Fremskrittspartiet)3
 Green Party (Miljøpartiet De Grønne)1
 Conservative Party (Høyre)7
 Christian Democratic Party (Kristelig Folkeparti)6
 Centre Party (Senterpartiet)2
 Socialist Left Party (Sosialistisk Venstreparti)1
 Liberal Party (Venstre)1
 Local list for Tau and northern areas
(Bygdeliste for Tau og nordbygda)
1
Total number of members:29
Strand Kommunestyre 2012–2015 [11]  
Party Name (in Norwegian) Number of
representatives
 Labour Party (Arbeiderpartiet)12
 Progress Party (Fremskrittspartiet)3
 Conservative Party (Høyre)5
 Christian Democratic Party (Kristelig Folkeparti)5
 Centre Party (Senterpartiet)2
 Socialist Left Party (Sosialistisk Venstreparti)1
 Liberal Party (Venstre)1
Total number of members:29
Strand Kommunestyre 2008–2011 [10]  
Party Name (in Norwegian) Number of
representatives
 Labour Party (Arbeiderpartiet)7
 Progress Party (Fremskrittspartiet)5
 Conservative Party (Høyre)4
 Christian Democratic Party (Kristelig Folkeparti)7
 Centre Party (Senterpartiet)3
 Socialist Left Party (Sosialistisk Venstreparti)2
 Liberal Party (Venstre)1
Total number of members:29
Strand Kommunestyre 2004–2007 [10]  
Party Name (in Norwegian) Number of
representatives
 Labour Party (Arbeiderpartiet)8
 Progress Party (Fremskrittspartiet)5
 Conservative Party (Høyre)4
 Christian Democratic Party (Kristelig Folkeparti)6
 Centre Party (Senterpartiet)3
 Socialist Left Party (Sosialistisk Venstreparti)2
 Liberal Party (Venstre)1
Total number of members:29
Strand Kommunestyre 2000–2003 [10]  
Party Name (in Norwegian) Number of
representatives
 Labour Party (Arbeiderpartiet)9
 Progress Party (Fremskrittspartiet)2
 Conservative Party (Høyre)5
 Christian Democratic Party (Kristelig Folkeparti)6
 Centre Party (Senterpartiet)2
 Socialist Left Party (Sosialistisk Venstreparti)1
 Liberal Party (Venstre)1
 Cross-party common list (Tverrpolitisk samlingsliste)3
Total number of members:29
Strand Kommunestyre 1996–1999 [12]  
Party Name (in Norwegian) Number of
representatives
 Labour Party (Arbeiderpartiet)9
 Conservative Party (Høyre)5
 Christian Democratic Party (Kristelig Folkeparti)7
 Centre Party (Senterpartiet)3
 Socialist Left Party (Sosialistisk Venstreparti)1
 Liberal Party (Venstre)2
 Cross-party common list (Tverrpolitisk samlingsliste)8
Total number of members:35
Strand Kommunestyre 1992–1995 [13]  
Party Name (in Norwegian) Number of
representatives
 Labour Party (Arbeiderpartiet)7
 Conservative Party (Høyre)4
 Christian Democratic Party (Kristelig Folkeparti)6
 Centre Party (Senterpartiet)3
 Socialist Left Party (Sosialistisk Venstreparti)3
 Liberal Party (Venstre)2
 Cross-party common list (Tverrpolitisk samlingsliste)10
Total number of members:35
Strand Kommunestyre 1988–1991 [14]  
Party Name (in Norwegian) Number of
representatives
 Labour Party (Arbeiderpartiet)10
 Conservative Party (Høyre)7
 Christian Democratic Party (Kristelig Folkeparti)8
 Centre Party (Senterpartiet)2
 Socialist Left Party (Sosialistisk Venstreparti)3
 Liberal Party (Venstre)2
 Cross-party common list (Tverrpolitisk samlingsliste)3
Total number of members:35
Strand Kommunestyre 1984–1987 [15]  
Party Name (in Norwegian) Number of
representatives
 Labour Party (Arbeiderpartiet)10
 Progress Party (Fremskrittspartiet)2
 Conservative Party (Høyre)7
 Christian Democratic Party (Kristelig Folkeparti)7
 Liberal People's Party (Liberale Folkepartiet)1
 Centre Party (Senterpartiet)2
 Socialist Left Party (Sosialistisk Venstreparti)2
 Liberal Party (Venstre)2
 Cross-party common list (Tverrpolitisk samlingsliste)2
Total number of members:35
Strand Kommunestyre 1980–1983 [16]  
Party Name (in Norwegian) Number of
representatives
 Labour Party (Arbeiderpartiet)6
 Conservative Party (Høyre)6
 Christian Democratic Party (Kristelig Folkeparti)7
 Liberal People's Party (Liberale Folkepartiet)2
 Centre Party (Senterpartiet)2
 Socialist Left Party (Sosialistisk Venstreparti)1
 Liberal Party (Venstre)2
 Cross-party common list (Tverrpolitisk samlingsliste)3
Total number of members:29
Strand Kommunestyre 1976–1979 [17]  
Party Name (in Norwegian) Number of
representatives
 Labour Party (Arbeiderpartiet)5
 Conservative Party (Høyre)2
 Christian Democratic Party (Kristelig Folkeparti)8
 New People's Party (Nye Folkepartiet)4
 Centre Party (Senterpartiet)2
 Socialist Left Party (Sosialistisk Venstreparti)1
 Liberal Party (Venstre)1
 Cross-party common list (Tverrpolitisk samlingsliste)6
Total number of members:29
Strand Kommunestyre 1972–1975 [18]  
Party Name (in Norwegian) Number of
representatives
 Labour Party (Arbeiderpartiet)7
 Conservative Party (Høyre)2
 Christian Democratic Party (Kristelig Folkeparti)6
 Centre Party (Senterpartiet)7
 Liberal Party (Venstre)6
 Socialist common list (Venstresosialistiske felleslister)1
Total number of members:29
Strand Kommunestyre 1968–1971 [19]  
Party Name (in Norwegian) Number of
representatives
 Labour Party (Arbeiderpartiet)8
 Conservative Party (Høyre)2
 Christian Democratic Party (Kristelig Folkeparti)4
 Centre Party (Senterpartiet)5
 Socialist People's Party (Sosialistisk Folkeparti)1
 Liberal Party (Venstre)6
 Local List(s) (Lokale lister)3
Total number of members:29
Strand Kommunestyre 1964–1967 [20]  
Party Name (in Norwegian) Number of
representatives
 Labour Party (Arbeiderpartiet)7
 Conservative Party (Høyre)2
 Christian Democratic Party (Kristelig Folkeparti)4
 Liberal Party (Venstre)6
 Joint List(s) of Non-Socialist Parties (Borgerlige Felleslister)6
 Local List(s) (Lokale lister)4
Total number of members:29
Strand Herredsstyre 1960–1963 [21]  
Party Name (in Norwegian) Number of
representatives
 Labour Party (Arbeiderpartiet)8
 Conservative Party (Høyre)2
 Christian Democratic Party (Kristelig Folkeparti)3
 Joint List(s) of Non-Socialist Parties (Borgerlige Felleslister)8
Total number of members:21
Strand Herredsstyre 1956–1959 [22]  
Party Name (in Norwegian) Number of
representatives
 Labour Party (Arbeiderpartiet)6
 Christian Democratic Party (Kristelig Folkeparti)5
 List of workers, fishermen, and small farmholders
(Arbeidere, fiskere, småbrukere liste)
1
 Joint List(s) of Non-Socialist Parties (Borgerlige Felleslister)9
Total number of members:21
Strand Herredsstyre 1952–1955 [23]  
Party Name (in Norwegian) Number of
representatives
 Labour Party (Arbeiderpartiet)6
 Christian Democratic Party (Kristelig Folkeparti)4
 Joint List(s) of Non-Socialist Parties (Borgerlige Felleslister)8
 Local List(s) (Lokale lister)2
Total number of members:20
Strand Herredsstyre 1948–1951 [24]  
Party Name (in Norwegian) Number of
representatives
 Labour Party (Arbeiderpartiet)5
 Christian Democratic Party (Kristelig Folkeparti)4
 Joint List(s) of Non-Socialist Parties (Borgerlige Felleslister)7
Total number of members:16
Strand Herredsstyre 1945–1947 [25]  
Party Name (in Norwegian) Number of
representatives
 Labour Party (Arbeiderpartiet)4
 Christian Democratic Party (Kristelig Folkeparti)1
 Local List(s) (Lokale lister)11
Total number of members:16
Strand Herredsstyre 1938–1941* [26]  
Party Name (in Norwegian) Number of
representatives
 Labour Party (Arbeiderpartiet)1
 Farmers' Party (Bondepartiet)8
 List of workers, fishermen, and small farmholders
(Arbeidere, fiskere, småbrukere liste)
3
 Local List(s) (Lokale lister)4
Total number of members:16

Industry[edit]

Scana Steel Stavanger AS is the largest company in Strand. Main activities include producing special steel alloys and casting for the shipping and oil/gas industry. Propellers of RMS Queen Mary 2 were made here. There are about 220 workers.

Comrod Communication ASA is a manufacturer of radio communication aerials. It makes deliveries to fisheries, shipping, oil and gas companies, and military defence. There are about 65 employees.

Culture[edit]

There are several festivals in Strand, including Ryfylke Ungdomsfestival (Ryfylke Youth Festival), Strandadagane (Strand Days) and Melting Pot (art seminar, mostly making decorative art out of scrap-iron). The annual race between Jørpeland and Tau, Strandamila, is an event which attracts hundreds of people. The race is along the highway, either by bike or on foot. Strand also has many sport facilities. There are a lot of football pitches spread around the municipality, as well as local fitness centres. Tau also has two tennis courts, a beach-volleyball field, and a basketball court, as well as Ryfylkehallen, the largest indoor football arena in the county of Rogaland.[27]

Strand experienced a strong influx of newcomers from Stavanger and Jæren starting in the late 1970s. The original social fabric was divided into factory workers at the iron mill, farmers, and the strong Lutheran tradition. The divides were in many ways exclusive, and only limited movement between the social groups was seen. In later years these divides have become significantly weaker.[citation needed]

Notable people[edit]

Hadia Tajik, 2012

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Navn på steder og personer: Innbyggjarnamn" (in Norwegian). Språkrådet.
  2. ^ "Forskrift om målvedtak i kommunar og fylkeskommunar" (in Norwegian). Lovdata.no.
  3. ^ Statistisk sentralbyrå (2020). "Table: 06913: Population 1 January and population changes during the calendar year (M)" (in Norwegian). CS1 maint: discouraged parameter (link)
  4. ^ Statistisk sentralbyrå (2020). "09280: Area of land and fresh water (km²) (M)" (in Norwegian). CS1 maint: discouraged parameter (link)
  5. ^ Jukvam, Dag (1999). "Historisk oversikt over endringer i kommune- og fylkesinndelingen" (PDF) (in Norwegian). Statistisk sentralbyrå.
  6. ^ Rygh, Oluf (1915). Norske gaardnavne: Stavanger amt (in Norwegian) (10 ed.). Kristiania, Norge: W. C. Fabritius & sønners bogtrikkeri. p. 232.
  7. ^ "Civic heraldry of Norway - Norske Kommunevåpen". Heraldry of the World. Retrieved 15 February 2016.
  8. ^ Hansen, Tore, ed. (12 May 2016). "kommunestyre". Store norske leksikon (in Norwegian). Kunnskapsforlaget. Retrieved 28 June 2020. CS1 maint: discouraged parameter (link)
  9. ^ "Tall for Norge: Kommunestyrevalg 2019 - Rogaland". Valg Direktoratet. Retrieved 30 June 2020.
  10. ^ a b c d "Table: 04813: Members of the local councils, by party/electoral list at the Municipal Council election (M)" (in Norwegian). Statistics Norway.
  11. ^ "Tall for Norge: Kommunestyrevalg 2011 - Rogaland". Valg Direktoratet. Retrieved 30 June 2020.
  12. ^ "Kommunestyrevalget 1995" (PDF) (in Norwegian). Oslo-Kongsvinger: Statistisk sentralbyrå. 1996. Retrieved 30 June 2020.
  13. ^ "Kommunestyrevalget 1991" (PDF) (in Norwegian). Oslo-Kongsvinger: Statistisk sentralbyrå. 1993. Retrieved 30 June 2020.
  14. ^ "Kommunestyrevalget 1987" (PDF) (in Norwegian). Oslo-Kongsvinger: Statistisk sentralbyrå. 1988. Retrieved 30 June 2020.
  15. ^ "Kommunestyrevalget 1983" (PDF) (in Norwegian). Oslo-Kongsvinger: Statistisk sentralbyrå. 1984. Retrieved 30 June 2020.
  16. ^ "Kommunestyrevalget 1979" (PDF) (in Norwegian). Oslo: Statistisk sentralbyrå. 1979. Retrieved 30 June 2020.
  17. ^ "Kommunevalgene 1975" (PDF) (in Norwegian). Oslo: Statistisk sentralbyrå. 1977. Retrieved 30 June 2020.
  18. ^ "Kommunevalgene 1972" (PDF) (in Norwegian). Oslo: Statistisk sentralbyrå. 1973. Retrieved 30 June 2020.
  19. ^ "Kommunevalgene 1967" (PDF) (in Norwegian). Oslo: Statistisk sentralbyrå. 1967. Retrieved 30 June 2020.
  20. ^ "Kommunevalgene 1963" (PDF) (in Norwegian). Oslo: Statistisk sentralbyrå. 1964. Retrieved 30 June 2020.
  21. ^ "Kommunevalgene og Ordførervalgene 1959" (PDF) (in Norwegian). Oslo: Statistisk sentralbyrå. 1960. Retrieved 30 June 2020.
  22. ^ "Kommunevalgene og Ordførervalgene 1955" (PDF) (in Norwegian). Oslo: Statistisk sentralbyrå. 1957. Retrieved 30 June 2020.
  23. ^ "Kommunevalgene og Ordførervalgene 1951" (PDF) (in Norwegian). Oslo: Statistisk sentralbyrå. 1952. Retrieved 30 June 2020.
  24. ^ "Kommunevalgene og Ordførervalgene 1947" (PDF) (in Norwegian). Oslo: Statistisk sentralbyrå. 1948. Retrieved 30 June 2020.
  25. ^ "Kommunevalgene og Ordførervalgene 1945" (PDF) (in Norwegian). Oslo: Statistisk sentralbyrå. 1947. Retrieved 30 June 2020.
  26. ^ "Kommunevalgene og Ordførervalgene 1937" (PDF) (in Norwegian). Oslo: Statistisk sentralbyrå. 1938. Retrieved 30 June 2020.
  27. ^ "Ryfylkehallen". Retrieved 15 June 2010.[dead link]
  28. ^ IMDb Database retrieved 31 March 2021

External links[edit]