Strand (UK Parliament constituency)

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Strand
Former Borough constituency
for the House of Commons
Strand1885.png
Strand in London
18851918
Number of members one
Replaced by Westminster Abbey
Created from Westminster

Strand was a parliamentary constituency in the Strand district of the City of Westminster. It returned one Member of Parliament (MP) to the House of Commons of the Parliament of the United Kingdom.

History[edit]

The constituency was created by the Redistribution of Seats Act 1885 for the 1885 general election, and abolished for the 1918 general election. It corresponded to the following areas of civil administration:

Members of Parliament[edit]

Election Member Party
1885 William Henry Smith Conservative
1891 Frederick Smith Conservative
1910 Walter Long Conservative
1918 constituency abolished

Election results[edit]

Decades:

Elections in the 1880s[edit]

Smith
General Election 1885: Strand [1][2][3]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Conservative William Henry Smith 5,645 69.4 N/A
Liberal Edmund George Johnson 2,486 30.6 N/A
Majority 3,159 38.8 N/A
Turnout 8,131 72.2 N/A
Registered electors 11,264
Conservative win (new seat)
General Election 1886: Strand [1][2]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Conservative William Henry Smith 5,034 76.9 +7.5
Liberal John Edwin Hilary Skinner 1,508 23.1 -7.5
Majority 3,526 53.8 +15.0
Turnout 6,542 58.1 -14.1
Registered electors 11,264
Conservative hold Swing +7.5

Smith was appointed Secretary of State for War, requiring a by-election.

By-election, 11 Aug 1886: Strand[1]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Conservative William Henry Smith Unopposed
Conservative hold

Elections in the 1890s[edit]

Smith was appointed Lord Warden of the Cinque Ports, requiring a by-election.

By-election, 12 May 1891: Strand[4]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Conservative William Henry Smith Unopposed
Conservative hold

Smith's death caused a by-election.

By-election, 27 Oct 1891: Strand[4]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Conservative Frederick Smith 4,952 71.8 −5.1
Liberal Richard Sandon Gutteridge 1,946 28.2 +5.1
Majority 3,006 43.6 −10.2
Turnout 6,898 62.3 +4.2
Registered electors 11,081
Conservative hold Swing −5.1
General Election 1892: Strand [1][2][4]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Conservative Frederick Smith Unopposed
Conservative hold
General Election 1895: Strand [1][2][5][4]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Conservative Frederick Smith Unopposed
Conservative hold

Elections in the 1900s[edit]

General Election 1900: Strand [1][2][6]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Conservative Frederick Smith Unopposed
Conservative hold
General Election 1906: Strand [1][2]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Conservative Frederick Smith 3,935 68.0 N/A
Liberal Alexander Lawrence 1,854 32.0 N/A
Majority 2,081 36.0 N/A
Turnout 5,789 71.4 N/A
Registered electors 8,109
Conservative hold

Elections in the 1910s[edit]

Costello
General Election January 1910: Strand [1][7]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Conservative Walter Long 4,840 74.8 +6.8
Liberal Leonard Costello 1,627 25.2 -6.8
Majority 3,213 49.6 +13.6
Turnout 80.6 +9.2
Registered electors 8,019
Conservative hold Swing +6.8
Long
General Election December 1910: Strand [1][8]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Conservative Walter Long 4,143 78.5 +3.7
Liberal Samuel Robert Earle 1,138 21.5 -3.7
Majority 3,005 57.0 +7.4
Turnout 65.9 -14.7
Registered electors 8,019
Conservative hold Swing +3.7

General Election 1914/15:

Another General Election was required to take place before the end of 1915. The political parties had been making preparations for an election to take place and by the July 1914, the following candidates had been selected;

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d e f g h i Craig, F. W. S., ed. (1974). British Parliamentary Election Results: 1885-1918. London: Macmillan Press. p. 50. ISBN 9781349022984. 
  2. ^ a b c d e f The Liberal Year Book, 1907
  3. ^ Debrett's House of Commons & Judicial Bench, 1886
  4. ^ a b c d Craig, FWS, ed. (1974). British Parliamentary Election Results: 1885-1918. London: Macmillan Press. ISBN 9781349022984. 
  5. ^ Debrett's House of Commons & Judicial Bench, 1901
  6. ^ Debrett's House of Commons & Judicial Bench, 1901
  7. ^ Debrett's House of Commons & Judicial Bench, 1916
  8. ^ Debrett's House of Commons & Judicial Bench, 1916