Strange Life of Ivan Osokin

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Strange Life of Ivan Osokin
Strange Life of Ivan Osokin, a novel by P. D. Ouspensky.jpg
A book cover of the 1st English edition, 1947
Author Pytor Demianovich Ouspensky
Original title Странная жизнь Ивана Осокина
Country Russian Empire
Language Russian
Publication date
Published in English
Media type Print (Hardback)
Pages 166 (hardback, first English edition)

Strange Life of Ivan Osokin (Russian: Странная жизнь Ивана Осокина) is a novel by P. D. Ouspensky. It follows the unsuccessful struggle of Ivan Osokin to correct his mistakes when given a chance to relive his past. The novel serves as a narrative platform for Nietzsche's theory of eternal recurrence[citation needed]. The conclusion fully anticipates the Fourth Way Philosophy which typified Ouspensky's later works[citation needed]. In particular the final chapter's description of the shocking realization of the mechanical nature of existence, its consequences, and the possibility/responsibility of working in an esoteric school.

Plot introduction[edit]

Explanation of the novel's title[edit]

The title derives the experience of Ivan Osokin living and then reliving his life again in exactly the same way but with prior knowledge of his past mistakes the second time. The title is an ironic commentary on this experience.

Plot summary[edit]

When the protagonist realizes that he can recall having lived his life before, he decides to try to change it. But he discovers that because human choices tend to be mechanical, changing the outcome of one's actions is extremely difficult. He realizes that without help breaking his mechanical behavior, he may be doomed to repeat the same mistakes forever.


  • Ivan Osokin, the main character of the novel
  • The Magician, a minor but important character who makes appearances at the beginning and end of the novel, a possible reference to Ouspensky's teacher George Gurdjieff

Major themes[edit]

Literary significance and reception[edit]

Harold Ramis, who directed Groundhog Day, found the meaning of Strange Life of Ivan Osokin similar to the existential dilemma of Groundhog Day. Both works imply that a sober acceptance of personal accountability is necessary in order to effect an increase in the degree of freedom of the individual. Ramis' opinion is printed in the Lindisfarne Books' 2004 edition of Strange Life of Ivan Osokin.

Publication history[edit]

12 editions

External links[edit]