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A strategic reserve is the reserve of a commodity or items that is held back from normal use by governments, organisations, or businesses in pursuance of a particular strategy or to cope with unexpected events.
A strategic reserve can be:
- Financial in nature such as ring fenced funding or a capital reserves of a large corporation.
- A commodity, such as intervention stocks of food or petrol (see security of supply and strategic petroleum reserves)
- Specific machinery such as rail road cars or steam locomotives, to be used in an emergency situation.
Examples of commodity reserves:
- Global strategic petroleum reserves
- Strategic uranium reserves
- National Helium Reserve
- Strategic grain reserve
- Gold reserve
- International Strategic Reserve of the Federation of Quebec Maple Syrup Producers
- Strategic National Stockpile – medical supplies in the U.S.
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