|Stratfield Saye House|
|OS grid reference|
|Owner||Duke of Wellington|
|Official name||Stratfield Saye House|
|Designated||26 Apr 1957|
|Official name||Stratfield Saye Park|
|Designated||31 May 1984|
The Manor of Stratfield Saye was created by the joining of two older manors. In the 12th century Stratfield was owned by the Stoteville family, and then early in the 13th century this passed by marriage to the Saye family.
The main part of the house was extensively enlarged around 1630 by Sir William Pitt, Comptroller of the Household to King James I. Sir William's eldest son, Edward Pitt (1592-1643), MP, of Steepleton Iwerne, Dorset, and later of Stratfield Saye, bought the estate for £4,800 in 1629. Further extensive alterations were carried out to the house and park in the 18th century by George Pitt, 1st Baron Rivers.
Purchase by the state
The estate was purchased by the state in 1817, in order that it could be given by a grateful nation to the victorious Arthur Wellesley, 1st Duke of Wellington. The government gave £600,000 for the construction of a proposed "Waterloo Palace" to rival Blenheim Palace, home of the Dukes of Marlborough. The Hampshire site Wellington chose was the 5,000-acre (20 km2) estate of Stratfield Saye, home of the Pitt family. He was advised on the purchase by the architect Benjamin Dean Wyatt who had once been his private secretary. He originally planned to demolish the existing house, and replace it with a more prestigious home, to be known as Waterloo Palace. The Duke abandoned these plans in 1821 when they proved to be too expensive, and subsequently made numerous additions and improvements to the existing building. All but the 1st and 6th Dukes are buried at Stratfield Saye House.
The Wellington Exhibition
The stables are grade II listed buildings. They now contain the Wellington Exhibition, which depicts the life and times of the 1st Duke. It houses a large collection of military mementoes. The Duke's cast bronze funeral carriage, made from melted-down French cannons captured at the Battle of Waterloo, was moved to Stratfield Saye in the 1980s.
Duke of Wellington Commemorative Column
The Duke of Wellington Commemorative Column stands at the entrance to Stratfield Saye on the eastern Heckfield side. The Corinthian column, which can be viewed from the A33, is topped by a bronze statue by Baron Carlo Marochetti. The column was erected in 1863.
Places named after Stratfield Saye House
Strathfieldsaye, now a suburb of Bendigo in Victoria, Australia, was named after Strathfield Saye House. Between 1861 and 1994, there was also a Shire of Strathfieldsaye. The name of Strathfield, now a suburb of Sydney in New South Wales, Australia, also comes ultimately from Strathfield Saye House. The names of the suburbs of North Strathfield and Strathfield South, and the Municipality of Strathfield have the same origin.
In popular culture
- Apsley House – the London home of the Dukes of Wellington
- Waterloo ceremony
- Walmer Castle - the residence of the 1st Duke as Lord Warden of the Cinque Ports
- Hampshire Field Club and Archeological Society, Papers and Proceedings. Vol.VII, Part I. Printed 1914. H.M. Gilbert and Son, 24 Above Bar, Southampton and at Winchester. Sketch Map opposite page 24
- John Gough Nichols, The Topographer and genealogist, Volume 1 (1846), pp. 198-208 read here on Google Books
- The History of Parliament: the House of Commons 1604-1629, edited by Andrew Thrush and John P. Ferris, 2010
- Hibbert, Christopher (2010). Wellington: A Personal History. HarperCollins. ISBN 978-0-00-740694-4. Retrieved 26 December 2011.
- North Side
- South Side
- Funeral carriage
- "Duke of Wellington Commemorative Column". Art & Architecture. The Courtauld Institute. Retrieved 4 October 2014.
- Victorian Places - Strathfieldsaye
- Strathfield Heritage - ORIGIN OF THE NAME ‘STRATHFIELD’
- "Jockeys jump at the chance to help Spielberg". The Daily Telegraph. 6 September 2010. Retrieved 20 September 2010.