Stratford-on-Avon (UK Parliament constituency)

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Stratford-on-Avon
County constituency
for the House of Commons
Outline map
Boundary of Stratford-on-Avon in Warwickshire.
Outline map
Location of Warwickshire within England.
County Warwickshire
Electorate 69,108 (December 2010)[1]
Current constituency
Created 1950
Member of parliament Nadhim Zahawi (Conservative)
Number of members One
18851918
Number of members One
Type of constituency County constituency
Created from South Warwickshire
Overlaps
European Parliament constituency West Midlands

Stratford-on-Avon is a constituency[n 1] represented in the House of Commons of the UK Parliament since 2010 by Nadhim Zahawi, a Conservative.[n 2]

Boundaries[edit]

1885-1918: The Municipal Boroughs of Leamington, Stratford-upon-Avon, and Warwick, the Sessional Divisions of Alcester, Brailes, Henley, Stratford, Snitterfield, and Warwick, and the part of the Sessional Division of Kenilworth in the Parliamentary Borough of Warwick and Leamington.

1950-1983: The Municipal Borough of Stratford-upon-Avon, and the Rural Districts of Alcester, Shipston-on-Stour, Southam, and Stratford-on-Avon.

1983-1997: The District of Stratford-on-Avon.

1997-2010: All the wards of the District of Stratford-on-Avon except the wards of Henley, Tanworth, and Tanworth Earlswood.

2010-present: The District of Stratford-on-Avon wards of Alcester, Aston Cantlow, Bardon, Bidford and Salford, Brailes, Claverdon, Ettington, Henley, Kinwarton, Long Compton, Quinton, Sambourne, Shipston, Snitterfield, Stratford Alveston, Stratford Avenue and New Town, Stratford Guild and Hathaway, Stratford Mount Pleasant, Studley, Tanworth, Tredington, Vale of the Red Horse, and Welford.

The constituency consists of relatively widely spaced rural villages, inhabited largely by commuters,[2] with its boundaries taking in almost all of the Stratford-on-Avon local government district.

At the 2010 general election, following the Fifth Periodic Review of Westminster constituencies, this seat was reduced in size: a new constituency of Kenilworth and Southam was created, taking in much of the eastern half of the previous version of this constituency, along with parts of the abolished seat of Rugby and Kenilworth.

History[edit]

Since its recreation in 1950, the seat has elected only Conservatives. The earliest member was noted for his personal life scandal, John Profumo and one member for two years served on the benches of the Labour Party, choosing to cross the floor.

Political history

The Liberal Democrats have amassed the second largest share of the vote since 1992. The majority obtained in 2010 by Nadhim Zahawi was an absolute majority, with 51% of the vote and the largest since 1992. However, with the Labour vote down to 9.5%, this has also been the smallest majority since that date of 11,346 votes.

No minor parties have broken the keep-deposit threshold of 5% of the vote.

Constituency profile[edit]

The seat includes the historic town itself, as with Warwick, a major place in England for international tourism with its buildings, museums and Royal Shakespeare Company theatre, surrounded by green belt villages southeast of Birmingham, with the next largest wards being Studley and Alcester each with just under 5,000 electors.

Workless claimants, registered jobseekers, were in November 2012 significantly lower than the national average of 3.8%, at 1.4% of the population based on a statistical compilation by The Guardian.[3]

Members of Parliament[edit]

MPs 1885–1918[edit]

Election Member[4] Party
1885 Lord William Compton Liberal
1886 Frederick Townsend Conservative
1892 Algernon Freeman-Mitford Conservative
1895 Victor Milward Conservative
1901 by-election Philip Staveley Foster Conservative
1906 Thomas Malcolm Harvey Kincaid-Smith Liberal
1909 by-election Philip Staveley Foster Conservative
1918 Constituency abolished

MPs since 1950[edit]

Election Member[4] Party Notes
1950 John Profumo Conservative Secretary of State for War 1960–63; resigned
1963 by-election Angus Maude Conservative
1983 Alan Howarth Conservative
1995 Labour
1997 John Maples Conservative Previously MP for Lewisham West 1983–92
2010 Nadhim Zahawi Conservative

Elections[edit]

Elections in the 2010s[edit]

General Election 2015: Stratford-on-Avon[5]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Conservative Nadhim Zahawi 29,674 57.7 +6.1
UKIP Edward Fila 6,798 13.2 +9.6
Labour Jeff Kenner 6,677 13.0 +3.5
Liberal Democrat Elizabeth Adams 6,182 12.0 −17.1
Green Dominic Giles 2,128 4.1 +3.1
Majority 22,876 44.5 +22.1
Turnout 22,876 72.6 -0.1
Conservative hold Swing -1.75
General Election 2010: Stratford-on-Avon[6][7]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Conservative Nadhim Zahawi 26,052 51.5 +2.3
Liberal Democrat Martin Turner 14,706 29.1 +0.8
Labour Robert Johnston 4,809 9.5 -5.9
UKIP Brett Parsons 1,846 3.7 +0.9
BNP George Jones 1,097 2.2 N/A
Independent Neil Basnett 1,032 2.0 N/A
Green Karen Varga 527 1.0 -1.3
English Democrat Frederick Bishop 473 0.9 N/A
Majority 11,346 22.4 +1.5
Turnout 50,542 72.7 +3.5
Conservative hold Swing +0.7

Elections in the 2000s[edit]

General Election 2005: Stratford-on-Avon[8][9]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Conservative John Maples 28,652 49.2 -1.1
Liberal Democrat Susan Juned 16,468 28.3 −0.5
Labour Rachel Blackmore 10,145 17.4 +0.7
UKIP Harry Cottam 1,621 2.8 +0.6
Green Mick Davies 1,354 2.3 +0.2
Majority 12,184 20.9 -0.6
Turnout 58,240 68.8 +4.4
Conservative hold Swing -0.3
General Election 2001: Stratford-on-Avon[10][11]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Conservative John Maples 27,606 50.3 +2.0
Liberal Democrat Susan Juned 15,804 28.8 +3.2
Labour Mushtaq Hussain 9,164 16.7 -3.9
UKIP Ron A Mole 1,184 2.2 +1.3
Green Mick Davies 1,156 2.1 N/A
Majority 11,802 21.5 +12.9
Turnout 54,914 64.4 -11.0
Conservative hold Swing -0.6

Elections in the 1990s[edit]

General Election 1997: Stratford-on-Avon[12][13]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Conservative John Maples 29,967 48.3 -10.9
Liberal Democrat Susan Juned 15,861 25.5 +0.0
Labour Stewart Stacey 12,754 20.5 +7.4
Referendum Adrian K Hilton 2,064 3.3 N/A
UKIP JEM Spilsbury 556 0.9 N/A
Natural Law James Brewster 307 0.5 +0.3
Stratford First Democratic Conservative Simon G Marcus 306 0.5 N/A
ProLife Alliance Sarah A Miller 284 0.5 N/A
Majority 14,106 22.8 -10.9
Turnout 62,099 76.3 -5.8
Conservative hold Swing -5.45
General Election 1992: Stratford-on-Avon[14][15]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Conservative Alan Howarth 40,251 59.2 -2.7
Liberal Democrat JN Fogg 17,359 25.5 -2.3
Labour SM Brookes 8,932 13.1 +2.9
Green RG Roughan 729 1.1 N/A
Independent Conservative AJ Saunders 573 0.8 N/A
Natural Law MR Twite 130 0.2 N/A
Majority 22,892 33.7 -0.4
Turnout 67,974 82.1 +5.6
Conservative hold Swing -0.2

Elections in the 1980s[edit]

General Election 1987: Stratford-on-Avon[16]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Conservative Alan Howarth 38,483 61.93 +1.03
Liberal DG Cowcher 17,318 27.87 -0.98
Labour RH Rhodes 6,335 10.20 -0.05
Majority 21,165 34.06 +2.01
Turnout 62,136 76.46 +3.54
Conservative hold Swing +1.01
General Election 1983: Stratford-on-Avon[17]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Conservative Alan Howarth 34,041 60.90 +0.49
Liberal WJB Taylor 16,124 28.85 +8.85
Labour Frank Hooley 5,731 10.25 -7.35
Majority 17,917 32.05 -6.36
Turnout 55,896 72.92 -3.76
Conservative hold Swing -4.18

Elections in the 1970s[edit]

General Election 1979: Stratford-on-Avon
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Conservative Angus Maude 35,470 60.41 +9.45
Liberal J Taylor 12,916 22.00 -5.34
Labour CA Purnell 10,334 17.60 -4.10
Majority 22,554 38.41 +14.80
Turnout 58,720 76.67 +2.63
Conservative hold Swing +7.40
General Election, October 1974: Stratford-on-Avon
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Conservative Angus Maude 27,123 50.96 -0.81
Liberal MJW Wright 14,555 27.34 -1.69
Labour DV Hunt 11,551 21.70 +2.50
Majority 12,568 23.61 +0.88
Turnout 53,229 74.04 -7.02
Conservative hold Swing +0.44
General Election, February 1974: Stratford-on-Avon
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Conservative Angus Maude 30,106 51.77 -6.31
Liberal MJW Wright 16,885 29.03 +10.65
Labour M Burton 11,165 19.20 -4.34
Majority 13,221 22.73 -11.81
Turnout 58,156 81.06 +6.98
Conservative hold Swing -8.48
General Election 1970: Stratford-on-Avon
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Conservative Angus Maude 28,106 58.08 +6.78
Labour PE Tombs 11,393 23.54 -6.15
Liberal DR Bruce 8,895 18.38 +3.35
Majority 16,713 34.54 +12.93
Turnout 48,394 74.08 -3.95
Conservative hold Swing +6.47

Elections in the 1960s[edit]

General Election 1966: Stratford-on-Avon
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Conservative Angus Maude 22,381 51.30 -2.50
Labour VG Hale 12,954 29.69 +0.41
Liberal GH Herrinshaw 6,556 15.03 -1.89
Independent Conservative CG Clayton-Wright 1,733 3.97 N/A
Majority 9,427 21.61 -2.91
Turnout 43,624 78.03 -5.04
Conservative hold Swing -1.46
General Election 1964: Stratford-on-Avon
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Conservative Angus Maude 23,236 53.80 -14.71
Labour Andrew Faulds 12,646 29.28 -2.21
Liberal Derick Mirfin 7,307 16.92 N/A
Majority 10,590 24.52 -12.50
Turnout 43,189 83.07 +6.22
Conservative hold Swing -6.25
By-election 1963: Stratford-on-Avon
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Conservative Angus Maude 15,846 43.6 -24.91
Labour Andrew Faulds 12,376 34.1 +2.57
Liberal Derick Mirfin 7,622 21.0 N/A
Independent MS Blair 281 0.8 N/A
Teenage Party David Sutch 209 0.6 N/A
Majority 3,470 9.55 -27.47
Turnout 36,334
Conservative hold Swing -13.74

Elections in the 1950s[edit]

General Election 1959: Stratford-on-Avon
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Conservative John Profumo 26,146 68.51 -0.05
Labour J Stretton 12,017 31.49 +0.05
Majority 14,129 37.02 -0.10
Turnout 38,163 76.85 +1.27
Conservative hold Swing -0.05
General Election 1955: Stratford-on-Avon
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Conservative John Profumo 24,587 68.56 +4.08
Labour TLK Locksley 11,275 31.44 -4.08
Majority 13,312 37.12 +8.17
Turnout 35,862 75.58 -4.32
Conservative hold Swing +4.08
General Election 1951: Stratford-on-Avon
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Conservative John Profumo 24,041 64.48 +7.18
Labour H Hilditch 13,246 35.52 -3.53
Majority 10,795 28.95 +4.32
Turnout 37,287 79.90 -3.22
Conservative hold Swing +5.36
General Election 1950: Stratford-on-Avon
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Conservative John Profumo 21,492 57.30 N/A
Labour RGM Brown 12,143 31.99 N/A
Liberal Hadleigh Sydney Seaborne 4,318 11.38 N/A
Majority 9,349 24.63 N/A
Turnout 37,953 83.12 N/A
Conservative win (new seat)

Election results 1885-1918[edit]

Elections in the 1880s[edit]

Compton
General Election 1885: Stratford-on-Avon [18][19][20]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Liberal Lord William Compton 4,639 55.4 n/a
Conservative Sampson Samuel Lloyd 3,738 44.6 n/a
Majority 901 10.8 n/a
Turnout 87.0 n/a
Liberal win (new seat)
General Election 1886: Stratford-on-Avon [18][19]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Conservative Frederick Townsend 3,833 53.4 +8.8
Liberal Lord William Compton 3,344 46.6 -8.8
Majority 489 6.8 17.6
Turnout 74.5 -12.5
Conservative gain from Liberal Swing

Elections in the 1890s[edit]

General Election 1892: Stratford-on-Avon [18][19]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Conservative Algernon Bertram Freeman-Mitford 4,157 55.8
Liberal GS Warmington 3,293 44.2
Majority 864 11.6
Turnout 78.4
Conservative hold Swing
General Election 1895: Stratford-on-Avon [18][19][21]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Conservative Victor Milward 4,598 61.9
Liberal Isaac Thomas Sadler 2,827 38.1
Majority 1,771 23.8
Turnout 76.2
Conservative hold Swing

Elections in the 1900s[edit]

General Election 1900: Stratford-on-Avon [18][19][22]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Conservative Victor Milward unopposed n/a n/a
Conservative hold Swing n/a
Stratford-on-Avon by-election, 1901
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Conservative Philip Staveley Foster 4,755 61.5 n/a
Liberal Bolton King 2,977 38.5 n/a
Majority 1,778 23.0 n/a
Turnout n/a
Conservative hold Swing n/a
General Election 1906: Stratford-on-Avon [18][19]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Liberal Thomas Malcolm Harvey Kincaid-Smith 4,321 50.9 +12.4
Conservative Philip Staveley Foster 4,173 49.1 -12.4
Majority 148 1.8 24.8
Turnout 83.5
Liberal gain from Conservative Swing +12.4
Martin
Stratford-on-Avon by-election, 1909
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Conservative Philip Staveley Foster 5,374
Liberal Joseph Martin 2,747 n/a
Independent Thomas Malcolm Harvey Kincaid-Smith 479 n/a
Majority 2,627
Turnout
Conservative hold Swing

Elections in the 1910s[edit]

General Election January 1910: Stratford-on-Avon [18][23]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Conservative Philip Staveley Foster 5505
Liberal Oscar William Bowen 3838
Majority
Turnout
Conservative hold Swing
General Election December 1910: Stratford-on-Avon [18][24]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Conservative Philip Staveley Foster 5147
Liberal Walter King 3462
Majority
Turnout
Conservative hold Swing

General Election 1914/15:

Another General Election was required to take place before the end of 1915. The political parties had been making preparations for an election to take place and by the July 1914, the following candidates had been selected;

See also[edit]

Notes and references[edit]

Notes
  1. ^ A county constituency (for the purposes of election expenses and type of returning officer)
  2. ^ As with all constituencies, the constituency elects one Member of Parliament (MP) by the first past the post system of election at least every five years.
References
  1. ^ "Electorate Figures - Boundary Commission for England". 2011 Electorate Figures. Boundary Commission for England. 4 March 2011. Retrieved 13 March 2011. 
  2. ^ 2001 Census
  3. ^ Unemployment claimants by constituency The Guardian
  4. ^ a b Leigh Rayment's Historical List of MPs – Constituencies beginning with "S" (part 5)[self-published source][better source needed]
  5. ^ "Election Data 2015". Electoral Calculus. Archived from the original on 17 October 2015. Retrieved 17 October 2015. 
  6. ^ "Election Data 2010". Electoral Calculus. Archived from the original on 26 July 2013. Retrieved 17 October 2015. 
  7. ^ "UK > England > West Midlands > Stratford-on-Avon". Election 2010. BBC. 7 May 2010. Retrieved 12 May 2010. 
  8. ^ "Election Data 2005". Electoral Calculus. Archived from the original on 15 October 2011. Retrieved 18 October 2015. 
  9. ^ "News > Politics > Constituency > Stratford-on-Avon". Elections. The Guardian. 7 May 2010. Retrieved 6 March 2011. 
  10. ^ "Election Data 2001". Electoral Calculus. Archived from the original on 15 October 2011. Retrieved 18 October 2015. 
  11. ^ "News > Politics > Constituency > Stratford-on-Avon". Elections. The Guardian. 7 May 2010. Retrieved 6 March 2011. 
  12. ^ "Election Data 1997". Electoral Calculus. Archived from the original on 15 October 2011. Retrieved 18 October 2015. 
  13. ^ "News > Politics > Constituency > Stratford-on-Avon". Elections. The Guardian. 7 May 2010. Retrieved 6 March 2011. 
  14. ^ "Election Data 1992". Electoral Calculus. Archived from the original on 15 October 2011. Retrieved 18 October 2015. 
  15. ^ "UK General Election results April 1992". Richard Kimber's Political Science Resources. Politics Resources. 9 April 1992. Retrieved 2010-12-06. 
  16. ^ "Election Data 1987". Electoral Calculus. Archived from the original on 15 October 2011. Retrieved 18 October 2015. 
  17. ^ "Election Data 1983". Electoral Calculus. Archived from the original on 15 October 2011. Retrieved 18 October 2015. 
  18. ^ a b c d e f g h British Parliamentary Election Results 1885-1918, FWS Craig
  19. ^ a b c d e f The Liberal Year Book, 1907
  20. ^ Debrett's House of Commons & Judicial Bench, 1886
  21. ^ Debrett's House of Commons & Judicial Bench, 1901
  22. ^ Debrett's House of Commons & Judicial Bench, 1901
  23. ^ Debrett's House of Commons & Judicial Bench, 1916
  24. ^ Debrett's House of Commons & Judicial Bench, 1916
  25. ^ Leamington Spa Courier 14 Nov 1913

Coordinates: 52°09′N 1°42′W / 52.15°N 1.70°W / 52.15; -1.70