Strathalbyn, South Australia

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Strathalbyn
South Australia
Strathalbyn memorial gardens.jpg
River Angas in Strathalbyn
Strathalbyn is located in South Australia
Strathalbyn
Strathalbyn
Coordinates35°16′0″S 138°54′0″E / 35.26667°S 138.90000°E / -35.26667; 138.90000Coordinates: 35°16′0″S 138°54′0″E / 35.26667°S 138.90000°E / -35.26667; 138.90000
Population6,504 (2016 census)[1]
Established1839
Postcode(s)5255
Location60 km (37 mi) from Adelaide
LGA(s)Alexandrina Council
RegionFleurieu and Kangaroo Island[2]
Federal Division(s)Mayo
Localities around Strathalbyn:
Blackfellows Creek Macclesfield Highland Valley
Ashbourne Strathalbyn Langhorne Creek
Goolwa North Clayton Willyaroo

Strathalbyn is a town in South Australia, in the Alexandrina Council. As of 2016, the town had a population of approximately 6,500.[1]

Location[edit]

Strathalbyn is 60 km southeast of Adelaide on the banks of the River Angas. The Children's Bridge is a pedestrian bridge over the river in the park.

Climate[edit]

Climate data for Strathalbyn (70m ASL)
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Record high °C (°F) 45.0
(113)
43.8
(110.8)
42.9
(109.2)
37.4
(99.3)
28.8
(83.8)
26.7
(80.1)
26.8
(80.2)
27.4
(81.3)
34.4
(93.9)
37.8
(100)
43.4
(110.1)
42.2
(108)
45.0
(113)
Average high °C (°F) 27.4
(81.3)
27.4
(81.3)
25.4
(77.7)
21.8
(71.2)
18.3
(64.9)
15.6
(60.1)
14.8
(58.6)
15.9
(60.6)
18.3
(64.9)
21.0
(69.8)
24.0
(75.2)
26.1
(79)
21.3
(70.3)
Daily mean °C (°F) 20.5
(68.9)
20.5
(68.9)
18.8
(65.8)
15.9
(60.6)
13.3
(55.9)
11.1
(52)
10.4
(50.7)
11.0
(51.8)
12.7
(54.9)
14.8
(58.6)
17.2
(63)
19.2
(66.6)
15.4
(59.7)
Average low °C (°F) 13.6
(56.5)
13.5
(56.3)
12.1
(53.8)
10.0
(50)
8.2
(46.8)
6.6
(43.9)
5.9
(42.6)
6.1
(43)
7.1
(44.8)
8.6
(47.5)
10.4
(50.7)
12.2
(54)
9.5
(49.1)
Record low °C (°F) 5.0
(41)
4.4
(39.9)
3.4
(38.1)
0.4
(32.7)
−2.0
(28.4)
−2.9
(26.8)
−3.0
(26.6)
−1.8
(28.8)
−0.8
(30.6)
−0.1
(31.8)
2.3
(36.1)
4.3
(39.7)
−3.0
(26.6)
Average rainfall mm (inches) 20.1
(0.791)
21.2
(0.835)
23.6
(0.929)
38.1
(1.5)
53.8
(2.118)
59.4
(2.339)
64.7
(2.547)
61.1
(2.406)
53.0
(2.087)
43.1
(1.697)
28.4
(1.118)
25.8
(1.016)
492.8
(19.402)
Average rainy days 4.8 4.7 6.5 9.7 13.0 14.1 15.5 15.9 13.3 11.0 7.8 6.7 123.0
Average relative humidity (%) (at 3pm) 43 45 46 53 62 66 65 60 55 51 45 44 53
Source: [3]

History[edit]

Strathalbyn circa 1869

The town was founded in 1839, the first landholders being Dr. Rankine, followed by Donald McLean.

In 1846 the cadastral division, the Hundred of Strathalbyn, was proclaimed including the township of Strathalbyn at the south-western corner of the division.

The District Council of Strathalbyn was established in 1854 and had become a municipality by 1868.

Strathalbyn was connected by broad gauge horse tram to Goolwa and Victor Harbor from 1869. The Victor Harbor railway line was extended to Mount Barker and Adelaide and upgraded for steam engines from 1884. It was isolated again in 1995 when the Adelaide-Melbourne railway line was converted to standard gauge. The SteamRanger historic tourist train runs on the isolated broad gauge line, including stops at Strathalbyn.

Heritage List[edit]

Strathalbyn Post Office

The Post Office in Strathalbyn was entered in the Commonwealth Heritage List in 2004.[4] The Strathalbyn Post Office, constructed in 1911-1912, is historically important for its association with the development of the township of Strathalbyn. It is an example of an Edwardian Baroque and Arts and Crafts hybrid applied to a public building in the ‘Commonwealth’ style.

Industry[edit]

Mining[edit]

Small lead, zinc, gold and copper mines operated in the area in the later part of the 19th century, but these have all been long closed, and did not have a significant effect on the development of the town.[5]

In 2008, mining company Terramin Australia Ltd established an underground zinc mine with the decline portal and much of the above-ground operation situated in a quarry east of the town, injecting an estimated $29 million into the local economy and creating around 100 jobs.[6] The mine was expected to yield zinc and lead, with small quantities of silver, gold and copper, and operate for seven years.[7] This proposal was opposed by "The Residents For A Future Strathalbyn Inc." who were concerned about ecologically unsustainable development within their district.[8]

Aerial photograph of Strathalbyn, looking south.

The mine stopped operating in October 2013 due to low metal prices and the economic ore reserve running out. The closure resulted in over 100 jobs being lost to the town.[9] It is possible that the zinc mine will reopen to extract more ore if the sale price increases.[10]

Culture[edit]

Strathalbyn has four pubs on the centre of town, The Victoria, The Robin Hood, The Terminus, and the Commercial. It is also host to an annual collectors, hobbies and antique fair, held the third weekend of August every year. Other popular events are the Strathalbyn Rotary Club's renowned Duck Race,[11] the Strathalbyn Show, and the collaborative Street Parade and Carols by Candlelight. There is also a Sunday market, once per month, at the railway station.

In 1975, street scenes from the film Picnic at Hanging Rock were filmed in the town.

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b Australian Bureau of Statistics (27 June 2017). "Strathalbyn (State Suburb)". 2016 Census QuickStats. Retrieved 5 February 2018. Edit this at Wikidata
  2. ^ "Fleurieu Kangaroo Island SA Government region" (PDF). The Government of South Australia. Retrieved 17 April 2017.
  3. ^ "Climate Data Online". Retrieved January 14, 2018.
  4. ^ Australian Heritage Database - Strathalbyn Post Office
  5. ^ Mike Syddell (2005-06-16). "SA's Angas zinc project takes shape". ferret.com.au. Retrieved 2006-09-30.
  6. ^ "Strathalbyn mine 'good for economy'". Australian Broadcasting Corporation. 2006-08-18. Retrieved 2006-09-30.
  7. ^ "Angas Zinc Project". Terramin Australia. Archived from the original (top frame has links to four pages of content in main frame) on 2006-08-20. Retrieved 2006-09-30.
  8. ^ "Residents hold fears over proposed lead, zinc mine". Australian Broadcasting Corporation. 2005-12-14. Retrieved 2006-09-01.
  9. ^ Alex Heber (2 October 2013). "Terramin's Angas zinc mine shuts its gates, 115 workers out of a job". Australian Mining. Cirrus Media. Retrieved 17 December 2015.
  10. ^ "Angas Zinc Mine". Terramin Australia Limited. Retrieved 17 December 2015.
  11. ^ Strathalbyn Rotary Club