Stratonice of Syria

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search
David-Antiochus et Stratonice.jpg
Antiochus I and Stratonice by Jacques-Louis David (1774)
Queen of the Seleucid Empire
Reign 300-294 BC
Coronation 300 BC at Rhosus, on the Pierian coast in Macedonia
Born Circa 317 BC
Spouse Seleucus I Nicator (300-294 BC)
Antiochus I Soter (294 BC-)
Father Demetrius Poliorcetes
Mother Phila

Stratonice (Greek: Στρατoνίκη) of Syria was Queen of the Seleucid Empire from 300 BC until 294 BC.


Stratonice (Greek: Στρατoνίκη) of Syria was the daughter of king Demetrius Poliorcetes and Phila, the daughter of Antipater. In 300 BC, at which time she could not have been more than seventeen years of age, her hand was solicited by Seleucus, king of Syria, and she was conducted by her father Demetrius to Rhosus, on the Pierian coast (in Macedonia), where her nuptials were celebrated with the utmost magnificence.[1] Notwithstanding the disparity of their ages, she appears to have lived in perfect harmony with the old king for some years, and had already borne him one child, a daughter called Phila, when it was discovered that her stepson Antiochus was deeply enamoured of her, and Seleucus, in order to save the life of his son, which was endangered by the violence of his passion, in 294 BC gave up Stratonice in marriage to the young prince, whom he at the same time constituted king of the eastern provinces.[2] It is believed that the union was a prosperous one. She bore him five children.

The city of Stratonikeia in Caria was named after her by Antiochus.[3][4]

Stratonice's children[edit]

By Seleucus I Nicator:

By Antiochus I Soter:


  1. ^ Plutarch, Parallel Lives, "Demetrius", 31, 32
  2. ^ Plutarch, 38; Appian, The Foreign Wars, "The Syrian Wars", 59
  3. ^ Strabo, Geography, xiv. 2; Stephanus of Byzantium, Ethnica, s.v. "Stratoniceia"
  4. ^ [1]


External links[edit]