Stratton St Margaret
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|Stratton St Margaret|
Green Road, Stratton St Margaret
|Population||22,698 (in 2011)|
|OS grid reference|
|Sovereign state||United Kingdom|
|Postcode district||SN3 – SN25 (various)|
|Fire||Dorset and Wiltshire|
|EU Parliament||South West England|
Stratton St Margaret is a civil parish in the Borough of Swindon, Wiltshire, England. The parish covers north-eastern suburbs of Swindon including Stratton St Margaret itself along with Upper Stratton, Lower Stratton and Kingsdown. Since May 2015, Nythe has been legally separated from Stratton St. Margaret and now forms its own parish council.
Stratton St Margaret, once a distinct village, has now become the northeastern part of Swindon and is rapidly becoming suburbanised. The area of the parish was originally much larger than it is now. Most of Gorse Hill was part of the parish until it was transferred to Swindon in 1891, and a large part of the housing estate of Penhill was once fields in Stratton St. Margaret. Until World War I, Stratton had its own School Board, Fire Brigade and brass band.
Stratton derives its name from the Latin strata ("paved way" or "street") after the former Roman road whose course traverses the parish from northwest to southeast. The Domesday Book of 1086 records the toponym Stratone, when the parish was held by Nigel, physician to William the Conqueror. The village consisted of three hamlets: The Street; the area around Green Road and Dores Road and including the few houses at Kingsdown; and Stratton Green, mainly around Tilleys Lane. Footpaths and coffin-ways joined the hamlets. In 1316 Queen Margaret[who?] had Upper and Lower Stratton in dower, and began the association. In 1445 it is mentioned as "Margrete Stratton". In Saxon times it was a market town and had a fair.
Merton, Bishop of Rochester had a rectorship here and bought the Manor which he presented to Merton College, Oxford who retained an interest until recent times. A priory here was confiscated by Henry VI and presented to King's College, Cambridge.
The Church of England parish church of Saint Margaret dates from the 13th century, with numerous later additions in 1840s and partial rebuilding in the middle of the 20th century; a Norman door remains. Amongst the notable churchyard tombs is one to Sir William Hedges who was President of the East India Company in the 17th century. His home was where the Crematorium is now. The parish registers date from 1608. Near the church once stood an Elizabethan tithe barn, built mainly of wood, and the village pound and the small parish school. The main tithe barn stood near Parsonage Farm in Swindon Road (both now demolished).
St Phillip's Church in Upper Stratton started as a barrel store supplied by John Arkell; the brick church was built in 1904 with the chancel following in 1910. Highworth & Swindon Workhouse was built within the parish from 1834, having been relocated from Highworth. The hospital was built in 1852. In the 1881 Census, Charles Marlow, jockey of 1849 Derby winner 'Flying Dutchman', is recorded as living in the workhouse.
In the past, the people of Stratton were commonly known as 'crocodiles'. The name came from a local story that some Stratton men once armed themselves against a supposed crocodile found at the side of a road. It turned out to be a scarf.
- Adam de Stratton (died c. 1294) was the son of Thomas de Argoges, or Arwillis, of Stratton St Margaret. His fortune, however, came from moneylending, during the reign of Henry III.
- John Eatwell, Baron Eatwell (born 1945).
- Reverend Carol Stone (1954–2014), the United Kingdom's first transgender vicar, who served as priest and chaplain of St Philip's Church, Upper Stratton, from 1996 until 2014.
Until the early 20th century, employment mainly consisted of agriculture, brewing and shopkeeping. Vickers built the factory and airfield which built and serviced aircraft up to the 1950s, and during the war produced Spitfires and miniature submarines.
There was a bacon factory where Greenbridge is now. Pressed Steel built their car plant in 1955, now owned by BMW and building parts for the Mini. Honda bought the Vickers airfield site and now produce their European models here. In 2010 DHL opened a large distribution centre next to the A419.
- "Wiltshire Community History – Census". Wiltshire Council. Retrieved 6 February 2016.
- "New council to be created for Nythe". This is Wiltshire. 15 April 2013. Retrieved 6 February 2016.
- Stratton in the Domesday Book
- "Extract from Local Newspaper, no date on cutting - Stratton St. Margaret - Crocodile Legend 1856-1901.pdf" (PDF). Wiltshire OPC Project. Retrieved 4 August 2014.
- "Sex-change vicar back in pulpit". BBC News. 3 December 2000. Retrieved 6 February 2016.
- Lewis, Samuel, ed. (1931) . A Topographical Dictionary of England (Seventh ed.). London: Samuel Lewis. pp. 244–246.
- Pevsner, Nikolaus; Cherry, Bridget (revision) (1975) . Wiltshire. The Buildings of England. Harmondsworth: Penguin Books. p. 502. ISBN 0 14 071026 4.
- Highworth Rural District Council – The Official Guide circa. 1950. Ed J Burrow & Co Ltd. pp. 16–18, 23–25.
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