Straumur Investment Bank
1986 as Hlutabréfasjóðurinn
|Jakob Már Ásmundsson
Finnur Reyr Stefánsson
|Revenue||ISK 2.997 billion (2013)|
|ISK 415.145 million (2013)|
|Profit||ISK 647.239 million (2013)|
|Total assets||ISK 17.053 billion (2013)|
|Total equity||ISK 1.961 billion (2013)|
Number of employees
Straumur Investment Bank hf. (Icelandic: Straumur Fjárfestingabanki, usually referred to simply as Straumur) was founded as a regional investment bank headquartered in Reykjavík, Iceland. Although the bank initially survived the financial turmoil in late 2008, The Financial Supervisory Authority of Iceland (FME) assumed control of Straumur on 9 March 2009.
ALMC, which is owned by the creditors, successfully completed its composition in summer 2010, first of the collapsed Icelandic banks, with over 99% of ALMC’s creditors approving the composition. Majority of ALMC’s owners are international investors and financial institutions and independent from any state involvement.
Before the collapse of the Icelandic banking system in late 2008 the company was mainly owned by Björgólfur Guðmundsson and his son Björgólfur Thor Björgólfsson. The latter was also the chairman of the board until the bank was temporarily closed by regulators in March 2009.
At one point, Straumur was Iceland's largest pure investment bank and the sixth-largest company on the OMX Nordic Exchange in Iceland. Straumur had an established presence in ten countries including the UK, Denmark, Sweden, Finland and the Czech Republic.
On 9 March 2009, Straumur was nationalised by Icelandic authorities; according to Straumur, its "liquidity position was no longer strong enough to sustain activities". Straumur was the last of Iceland's four biggest banks to remain independent, during the financial crisis. On 27 March 2009, Staumur was closed with the CEO, William Fall, tendering his resignation.
Today Straumur is the only investment bank in Iceland, as the competitors are either commercial banks or do not hold a banking license. The bank offers a comprehensive range of investment banking services, including brokerage services and corporate finance advice. Straumur is supervised by the Icelandic Financial Supervisory Authority. As a licensed investment bank Straumur is authorized to provide all regular banking services (including custody services) apart from acceptance of retail deposits. It is also required to comply with all regulations concerning the financial market, including implementation of internal policies and procedures to ensure best practice and secure interests of Straumur's clients. CAD ratio of Straumur was 58% at 30, September 2011. Total assets were 36,6 €m.
Straumur was founded in October 1986 as the Equity Fund (Hlutabréfasjóðurinn hf.) – an incentive for individuals in Iceland to invest in shares – and by 2001 it had become an investment company.
Over the next few years, the fund grew rapidly and was merged with a number of other Icelandic investment funds. In 2004, the Icelandic Financial Supervisory Authority approved Straumur's application for a license to operate as a credit undertaking and three more sources of income – brokerage, debt finance and corporate finance – were added to create a more regular flow of income.
In September 2005, Straumur merged with Burdarás, creating Iceland’s largest investment bank. The newly merged organisation had a stronger balance sheet and shareholder base and was well positioned to start expanding its activities beyond Iceland.
Straumur-Burdaras, now ALMC, was the largest investment bank in Iceland prior to the financial collapse in 2008 with assets worth roughly EUR 7bn and around 500 employees.
Although the bank initially survived the financial turmoil in late 2008, Financial Supervisory Authority of Iceland (FME) assumed control of Straumur on 9 March 2009. The new owners successfully completed its composition in summer 2010, first of the collapsed Icelandic banks, with over 99% of ALMC’s creditors approving the composition. Along with the composition ALMC's creditors approved on founding Straumur Investment Bank. In summer 2011, Straumur became the first entity to get a banking license in Iceland post the financial turmoil in fall 2008.
July 2006 – Straumur acquired 50.01% share of Stamford Partners, a specialist investment banking firm with operations in London and Amsterdam.
May 2007 – Straumur acquired 62% share in eQ Bank, a Finnish bank specialising in brokerage, asset management and corporate finance.
June 2007 – Straumur acquired 50% share in WOOD & Company, the leading independent investment house in Central and Eastern Europe.
July 2007 – As a result of a public tender offer, Straumur now controls over 95% of shares in eQ.
May 2010 - Sold off a further 10% of West Ham United to current owners Gold and Sullivan
Icelandic credit crunch development
On 9 March 2009, the Icelandic Financial Supervisory Authority took control of Straumur. The FSA appointed a Resolution Committee which took over all activity of the Board of Directors. On 27 March, Straumur was closed.
ALMC successfully completed its composition in summer 2010, first of the collapsed Icelandic banks, with over 99% of ALMC’s creditors approving the composition.
- Official Website - http://www.straumur.com
- Quarterly factsheet - Straumur Q3 07 Factsheet
- Annual Report - Straumur 2006 Annual Report
- "Annual Report 2013" (PDF). Straumur. 31 December 2013. Retrieved 10 April 2013.
- "Iceland nationalises Straumur-Burdaras". Financial Times. 9 March 2009. Retrieved 2009-03-15.
- Hluthafar eQ samþykkja tilboð Straums-Burðaráss (Icelandic)
- West Ham takeover deal completed www.bbc.co.uk