|• Mayor (2018–26)||Elke Stadeler (Ind.)|
|• Total||67.86 km2 (26.20 sq mi)|
|Elevation||94 m (308 ft)|
|• Density||400/km2 (1,000/sq mi)|
|Time zone||UTC+01:00 (CET)|
|• Summer (DST)||UTC+02:00 (CEST)|
|Vehicle registration||MOL, FRW, SEE, SRB|
Strausberg (German: [ˈʃtʁaʊ̯sˌbɛʁk] (listen)) is a town in Brandenburg, Germany, located 30 km east of Berlin. With a population of about 27,000 it is the largest town in the district of Märkisch-Oderland.
Strausberg was founded circa 1240, and in 1333 its first town hall was built. Today, a historic defensive wall borders the old town. In the 19th century, industrialization took place and the town developed a local labour movement, including union structures and a local branch of both the Social Democratic and the Communist Party of Germany.
After 1945, the town became part of East Germany and the seat of its Ministry of National Defence. Strausberg was the administrative seat of the Strausberg district, until a 1993 merger with Bad Freienwalde and Seelow formed "Märkisch-Oderland", with Seelow becoming the new administrative seat of the district. It is where the German Army Command is located.
Strausberg covers an area of 68 km2. There are over 1,500 businesses and 100 km of footpath. It is known as "Die grüne Stadt am See" (the green town by the lake). Its biggest lake is Straussee, located between the town and the biggest forest, the Strausberger Forest. The forest and water protection nurtures a unique environment.
Strausberg is 30 km east of Berlin (from the district of Marzahn-Hellersdorf) and 30 km to the west of Kostrzyn, at the Polish border. It is part of Berlin/Brandenburg Metropolitan Region and a middle centre (Mittelzentrum) of it. Its bordering municipalities are, listed in a clockwise sense starting from north, Altlandsberg, Oberbarnim, Buckow, Garzau-Garzin, Rehfelde, Rüdersdorf and Petershagen-Eggersdorf.
The town is divided into nine boroughs: Fasanenpark, Gartenstadt, Hegermühle, Neue Mühle, Postbruch, Schillerhöhe (with the Spitzmühle), Strausberg Nord, Strausberg Stadt and Vorstadt. The municipality has three hamlets (Ortsteile):
After an increase of population since World War II, Strausberg has slowed its "growth", remaining at almost 26,000 inhabitants in the last census, with a slight decrease in the early years of the 21st century. Forecasts, however, anticipate a considerable decline within the next two decades. For further details, see sources of the following graphics.
Recent Population Development and Projections (Population Development before Census 2011 (blue line); Recent Population Development according to the Census in Germany in 2011 (blue bordered line); Official projections for 2005–2030 (yellow line); for 2017–2030 (scarlet line); for 2020–2030 (green line)
The town is served by Strausberg railway station, situated 6 kilometres (3.7 mi) to the south of the town, which is on the Berlin S-Bahn Line 5 and Deutsche Bahn's Berlin Lichtenberg - Kostrzyn service. There are three other stops on the S5 line within the town, these being Strausberg Hegermühle, Strausberg Stadt and Strausberg Nord.
Strausberg is also served by the Strausberg Railway (Strausberger Eisenbahn), a light rail line with nine stops, which connects the main railway station to the centre of town. Besides the main railway station, the other 8 stops are: Landhausstraße, Schlagmühle, Stadtwald, Hegermühle, Wolfstal, Käthe-Kollwitz-Straße, Elisabethstraße and Lustgarten, the northern terminus. The Strausberg Railway also operates the Straussee Ferry (Strausseefähre), an unusual electrically operated passenger cable ferry across Straussee.
Twin towns – sister cities
- Andreas Angelus (1561–1598), clergyman, teacher and chronicler
- Paul Max Bertschy (1840–1911), architect
- Johannes Haw (1871–1949), Roman Catholic priest
- Sigmund Jähn (1937–2019), cosmonaut and pilot
- Siegfried Kasche (1903–1947), Nazi Storm Trooper officer and ambassador executed for war crimes
- Kurt Wagner (1904–1989), general
- Michael Gartenschläger (1944–1976), political prisoner
- Martin Schindler (born 1996), professional darts player
- Landkreis Märkisch-Oderland Wahl der Bürgermeisterin / des Bürgermeisters, accessed 1 July 2021.
- "Bevölkerungsentwicklung und Flächen der kreisfreien Städte, Landkreise und Gemeinden im Land Brandenburg 2021" (PDF). Amt für Statistik Berlin-Brandenburg (in German). June 2022.
- Horst Klein: Zur Geschichte der Ortsgruppe der KPD Strausberg 1920 bis 1946 (Thesen), in: Jahrbuch für Forschungen zur Geschichte der Arbeiterbewegung, No. I/2002; and Horst Klein: 110 Jahre organisierte Arbeiterbewegung - 1887–1997 Sozialdemokraten in Strausberg (Thesen), in: Jahrbuch für Forschungen zur Geschichte der Arbeiterbewegung, No. II/2003.
- (in German) Infos about inhabitants as of 31-12-2007 Archived 2010-06-02 at the Wayback Machine
- Detailed data sources are to be found in the Wikimedia Commons.Population Projection Brandenburg at Wikimedia Commons
- (in German) Infos on strausberger aerodrome's official site
- "Partnerstädte & Patenschaften". stadt-strausberg.de (in German). Strausberg. Retrieved 2021-04-05.
- Rolf Barthel, Michael Haddenhorst: Städte in Deutschland - Strausberg. Nicolaische Verlagsbuchhandlung, Beuermann GmbH, Berlin 1993 ISBN 3-87584-483-1
- Horst Klein: Zur Geschichte der Ortsgruppe der KPD Strausberg 1920 bis 1946 (Thesen), in: Jahrbuch für Forschungen zur Geschichte der Arbeiterbewegung, No. I/2002.
- Horst Klein: 110 Jahre organisierte Arbeiterbewegung - 1887–1997 Sozialdemokraten in Strausberg (Thesen), in: Jahrbuch für Forschungen zur Geschichte der Arbeiterbewegung, No. II/2003.