Strausberg

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Strausberg
Panoramic view from Straussee lake
Panoramic view from Straussee lake
Coat of arms of Strausberg
Coat of arms
Strausberg  is located in Germany
Strausberg
Strausberg
Locator map in Märkisch-Oderland
Strausberg in MOL.png
Coordinates: 52°35′00″N 13°53′00″E / 52.58333°N 13.88333°E / 52.58333; 13.88333Coordinates: 52°35′00″N 13°53′00″E / 52.58333°N 13.88333°E / 52.58333; 13.88333
Country Germany
State Brandenburg
District Märkisch-Oderland
Government
 • Mayor Elke Stadeler ([1])
Area
 • Total 67.86 km2 (26.20 sq mi)
Elevation 94 m (308 ft)
Population (2016-12-31)[2]
 • Total 26,387
 • Density 390/km2 (1,000/sq mi)
Time zone CET/CEST (UTC+1/+2)
Postal codes 15344
Dialling codes 03341
Vehicle registration MOL, FRW, SEE, SRB
Website Stadt Strausberg

Strausberg is a town in Brandenburg, Germany, located 30 km east of Berlin. With a population of 25,594 it is the largest town in the district of Märkisch-Oderland.

History[edit]

Strausberg was founded around 1240 and in 1333 its first town hall was built. Today an historic defensive wall borders the old town. In the 19th century industrialization took place and the town developed a local labour movement, including union structures and a local branch of both the Social Democratic and the Communist Party of Germany.[3] After 1945, the town became part of East Germany. Strausberg was the administrative seat of the Strausberg district until a 1993 merger with Bad Freienwalde and Seelow formed "Märkisch-Oderland" with Seelow becoming the new administrative seat of the district.

Geography[edit]

Overview[edit]

Strausberg is 30 km east of Berlin (from the district of Marzahn-Hellersdorf) and 30 km to the west of Kostrzyn, at the Polish border. It is part of Berlin/Brandenburg Metropolitan Region and a middle center (Mittelzentrum) of it. Its bordering municipalities are, listed in a clockwise sense starting from north, Altlandsberg, Oberbarnim, Buckow, Garzau-Garzin, Rehfelde, Rüdersdorf and Petershagen-Eggersdorf.

Subdivision[edit]

The town is divided into nine boroughs (Gebiet): Fasanenpark, Gartenstadt, Hegermühle, Neue Mühle, Postbruch, Schillerhöhe (with the Spitzmühle), Strausberg Nord, Strausberg Stadt and Vorstadt. The municipality has three hamlets (Ortsteile):

Demography[edit]

After an increase of population since the Second World War, Strausberg has stopped its "growth" remaining at almost 26,000 inhabitants in last one, with a little decrease in early years of 2000. Forecasts, however, show a considerable decline within the next two decades. Details see sources of the following graphics.

Strausberg: Population development
within the current boundaries (2013)[5]
YearPop.±% p.a.
1875 5,880—    
1890 7,042+1.21%
1910 8,568+0.99%
1925 9,686+0.82%
1933 10,764+1.33%
1939 12,140+2.03%
1946 10,154−2.52%
1950 11,040+2.11%
1964 18,168+3.62%
1971 19,905+1.31%
1981 24,917+2.27%
1985 27,531+2.53%
1989 28,919+1.24%
1990 28,977+0.20%
1991 28,541−1.50%
1992 28,464−0.27%
1993 27,987−1.68%
1994 27,434−1.98%
1995 27,312−0.44%
1996 26,864−1.64%
YearPop.±% p.a.
1997 26,616−0.92%
1998 26,455−0.60%
1999 26,370−0.32%
2000 26,221−0.57%
2001 26,512+1.11%
2002 26,629+0.44%
2003 26,644+0.06%
2004 26,593−0.19%
2005 26,533−0.23%
2006 26,402−0.49%
2007 26,347−0.21%
2008 26,229−0.45%
2009 26,221−0.03%
2010 26,206−0.06%
2011 25,611−2.27%
2012 25,594−0.07%
2013 25,744+0.59%
2014 25,946+0.78%
2015 26,213+1.03%
2016 26,387+0.66%

Tourism[edit]

"Altstadt", the old town

Strausberg covers an area of 68 km2. Over 750 years old, it has a population of approx. 26,300 (the largest in its district). There are over 1500 businesses and 100 km of footpath. It is known as "Die grüne Stadt am See" (the green town by the lake). Strausberg's forest and lakes are attractive, family friendly, and great for sporting. Its biggest lake is the "Straussee", located between the town and the biggest forest, the "Strausberger Wald". The forest and water protection nurtures a unique environment.

Transport[edit]

Tram 22 at southern terminus "Vorstadt"

The town is served by Strausberg railway station, situated some 6 kilometres (3.7 mi) to the south of the city, which is on the Berlin S-Bahn Line 5 and Deutsche Bahn's Berlin Lichtenberg - Kostrzyn service. There are three other stops on the S5 line within the city, these being Strausberg Hegermühle, Strausberg Stadt and Strausberg Nord.

Aerodrome

Strausberg is also served by the Strausberg Railway (Strausberger Eisenbahn), a light rail line with 9 stops, which connects the main railway station to the centre of town. Besides the main railway station, the other 8 stops are: Landhausstraße, Schlagmühle, Stadtwald, Hegermühle, Wolfstal, Käthe-Kollwitz-Straße, Elisabethstraße and Lustgarten, the northern terminus. The Strausberg Railway also operates the Straussee Ferry (Strausseefähre), an unusual electrically operated passenger cable ferry across the Straussee.

The town has also a small aerodrome ("Flugplatz Strausberg", ICAO : EDAY),[6] opened in 1927, with a runway of 1.200 m × 28 m, and situated 2 kilometers in the east of town center.

Sport[edit]

The local football representative is the FC Strausberg, competing in "Verbandsliga Brandenburg". Home games of FCS are played at the "Energiearena" stadium.

Photogallery[edit]

Partnerships[edit]

Twin towns

Other kind of twinnages

Notable residents[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Independent of PDS + SPD group
  2. ^ "Bevölkerung im Land Brandenburg nach amtsfreien Gemeinden, Ämtern und Gemeinden 31. Dezember 2016 (Fortgeschriebene amtliche Einwohnerzahlen auf Grundlage des Zensus 2011)". Amt für Statistik Berlin-Brandenburg (in German). 2016. 
  3. ^ Horst Klein: Zur Geschichte der Ortsgruppe der KPD Strausberg 1920 bis 1946 (Thesen), in: Jahrbuch für Forschungen zur Geschichte der Arbeiterbewegung, No. I/2002; and Horst Klein: 110 Jahre organisierte Arbeiterbewegung - 1887–1997 Sozialdemokraten in Strausberg (Thesen), in: Jahrbuch für Forschungen zur Geschichte der Arbeiterbewegung, No. II/2003.
  4. ^ a b c (in German) Infos about inhabitants as of 31-12-2007 Archived 2010-06-02 at the Wayback Machine.
  5. ^ Detailed data sources are to be found in the Wikimedia Commons.Population Projection Brandenburg at Wikimedia Commons
  6. ^ (in German) Infos on strausberger aerodrome's official site
  7. ^ "Federal Defence", BW at the location of Strausberg

Bibliography[edit]

External links[edit]