This species is pelagic, but also occurs in inshore waters. It occurs in the Pacific Ocean, nesting predominantly in Japan and many of its offshore islands as well as on several South Korean islands such as Sasu Island (사수도) and Chilbal Island (칠발도). After breeding, the streaked shearwater migrates toward southern Australia. It has been reported well off the west coast of the United States and from the southern coast of India.[unreliable source]
The streaked shearwater feeds mainly on fish and squid. It follows fishing boats, attracted to anchovy crawls off Japan and have been known to be taken as by-catch in nets or drowned when ingesting the bait on long-line fishing lines.
The streaked shearwater nests in burrows. It prefers forested hills.
This bird is abundant and widespread, however some mortality occurs through becoming entangled in fishing nets, and from some predation by cats and rats. In addition, it is harvested by some traditional endemic human cultures.
- BirdLife International (2015). "Calonectris leucomelas". IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Version 2015. International Union for Conservation of Nature. Retrieved 24 January 2016.
- Lee, Kyung-gyu; Yoo, Jeong-chil (2002). "Breeding Population of Streaked Shearwaters (Calonectris leucomelas) and the Effect of Norway Rat (Rattus norvegicus) Predation on Sasudo Island". Journal of the Yamashina Institute of Ornithology 33: 142–147.
- "Streaked Shearwater spotted from Indian coast after 30 years, first record from Kerala". Retrieved 10 July 2012.
- "National Geographic" Field Guide to the Birds of North America ISBN 0-7922-6877-6
- Seabirds, an Identification Guide by Peter Harrison, (1983) ISBN 0-7470-1410-8
- Handbook of the Birds of the World Vol 1, Josep del Hoyo editor, ISBN 84-87334-10-5
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