Streaky Bay, South Australia
Streaky Bay Jetty
|Population||1,625 (2011 census)|
|Elevation||12.2 m (40 ft)|
|Location||727 km (452 mi) North West of Adelaide|
|LGA(s)||District Council of Streaky Bay|
Streaky Bay (formerly Flinders) is a coastal town on the western side of the Eyre Peninsula, in South Australia just off the Flinders Highway 303 km north west of Port Lincoln and 727 km by road from Adelaide. At the 2011 census, Streaky Bay recorded a population of 1,625.
The town of Streaky Bay is the major population centre of the District Council of Streaky Bay, and the centre of an agricultural district farming cereal crops and sheep, as well as having established fishing and tourism industries.
In 1802 Matthew Flinders named Streaky Bay whilst on his voyage in the Investigator. In his log of 5 February 1802, he describes:
- "And the water was much discoloured in Streaks... and I called it Streaky Bay"
The first European land exploration was conducted on behalf of the Secondary Towns Association by John Hill and Samuel Stephens, whose expedition arrived at Streaky Bay on 15 August 1839 using the chartered brig Rapid as a base.
A fortnight later, on 25 August 1839, Edward John Eyre, who had explored overland from Port Lincoln, arrived at this locality and established a small base about 3 kilometres from what is now the Streaky Bay Township which he used as a store for his overland expeditions to Point Bell. This site, known as Eyre's Waterhole, is listed on the South Australian Heritage Register, and can still be seen today just off the Flinders Highway.
Wheat growing began in the 1880s and by 1906, 31,000 bags of wheat and 470 bales of wool had been exported from Streaky Bay by ship. By this time a telegraph office had been established and regular mail deliveries were made from Port Lincoln.
Streaky Bay and the surrounding district show a great variety of landscapes, from largely untouched native scrubland and farming country to cliffs and extensive surf beaches. The inland areas of the district are largely dominated by pastoral country; however areas such as the Calpatanna Waterhole Conservation Park located 30 km SE of Streaky Bay represents an example of the original coastal and salt lake environments, where wildlife still abounds. Possibly the areas most interesting geological features are Murphy's Haystacks. These pink granite formations have been dated at 1590 million years old.
The features that most commonly draw tourists are along the immense stretch of coastline surrounding the bay. The Bay itself is relatively protected and quiet stretches of beach can be found along most of its length. However, where the coastline is exposed to the swells of the Southern Ocean, cliffs are exposed, along with sheltered areas that harbour large rockpools, such as Smooth Pool and The Granites. The islands of the Nuyts Archipelago lie to the north-west.
Streaky Bay has a mild climate with the average a few degrees above Adelaide in summer and winter with an average rainfall of 378 mm per year.
The township of Streaky Bay is situated on the southern end of the bay, on an enclosed inlet named Blanche Port (after Lady Blanche MacDonnell, the wife of Governor George MacDonnell) or Augusta Harbor.
Streaky Bay has a subtropical mediterranean climate with warm and often hot summers with a long dry season, coupled by a moderately wet and mild winter season. Due to its proximity to the vast desert to its north, Streaky Bay is prone to getting extremely hot extreme temperature in spite of its seaside position. However, the same geographical position tends to reduce summer relative humidity compared to many other mediterranean climates.
|Climate data for Streaky Bay (1981-2010; extremes accurate as of 2018)|
|Record high °C (°F)||47.2
|Average high °C (°F)||29.1
|Average low °C (°F)||16.5
|Record low °C (°F)||9.0
|Average rainfall mm (inches)||13.5
|Average relative humidity (%)||42||42||45||49||57||63||62||57||53||47||44||44||50|
Agriculture and fishing have long been the primary industries of the Streaky Bay region, with modern aquaculture now playing a large part in the local economy. The local economy is strongly dominated by agriculture, with an emphasis on wheat, barley and other cereals as well as sheep. Due to the relatively arid conditions, dryland farming techniques are successfully applied. Recent diversification has seen the successful testing of Damara sheep, Boer goats and olives which all offer potential future investments.
Commercial fishing has played a major role in the economy of the area since the early 1900s, with Snapper and King George Whiting being the main targets of fishermen. More recently, aquaculture of oysters and abalone has also expanded and thrived in the waters of Streaky Bay.
Tourism is an ever-growing component of the local economy, with town numbers swelling during the summer holidays and at Easter. Tourists are attracted by the many natural attractions of the area as well as a host of recreational activities. The most popular of these is undoubtedly recreational fishing, with hundreds of anglers flocking to the area to sample the renowned whiting on offer. Beach, rock and boat fishing are available, with a recently built boat ramp to cater for the boaters wishing to explore the area. King George whiting, Snapper and Blue Swimmer Crabs are the most commonly targeted species, with many more available. Other activities include hiking, surfing, snorkelling and scuba diving, with guided charters being available.
In the 2011 census, Streaky Bay had a population of 1,625. The majority (86%) of residents were born in Australia; with the other 223 born overseas, primarily in the United Kingdom. The most common response for religion was "No Religion" 26.6%, followed by Catholic 22.7%, and Anglican 17.2%.
There are several churches in the area as well as a variety of active sports clubs, including football, cricket, bowls, netball, golf and a swimming pool. The district has strong health and education services in the form of the Streaky Bay Hospital, the local Area School and public library.
Streaky Bay and its districts, including settlements such as Sceale Bay comprise the District Council of Streaky Bay local government area. Streaky Bay is included in the state electoral district of Flinders and the federal division of Grey.
Transport to and from Streaky Bay is usually done by car via the Flinders Highway, but bus services to and from Adelaide do operate, as does the Streaky Bay Airport. The Streaky Bay Airport is situated approximately 10 kilometres to the east of the town (Streaky Bay to Port Lincoln Highway). The facilities are open 24 hours a day with pilot activated, fully automated lighting facilities available. From 17 April 2009 Banksia Adventures will start a charter service to Adelaide with a plane from Renaissance Air every Friday and Sunday plus one morning and evening return flights on the third Wednesday of each month Residents and visitors are able to also access flights from either Ceduna Airport or Port Lincoln Airport.
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- Australian Bureau of Statistics (31 October 2012). "Streaky Bay (State Suburb)". 2011 Census QuickStats. Retrieved 27 October 2016.
- District Council of Streaky Bay (2 May 2006). "Streaky Bay: Our History". Archived from the original on 29 August 2007. Retrieved 23 June 2007.
- Tourism Eyre Peninsula (29 January 2007). "Eyre Peninsula Tourism (Streaky Bay)". Archived from the original on 11 March 2007. Retrieved 26 March 2007.
- Register, 26 October 1839, pp.5 and 17.
- Secondary Towns Association, formed for the purchasing of one or more ... – Secondary Towns Association, London – Google Books. Books.google.com.au. Retrieved 23 November 2013.
- "Eyre's Waterhole (former Cooeyana Well)". South Australian Heritage Register. Department of Environment, Water and Natural Resources. Archived from the original on 18 February 2016. Retrieved 11 February 2016.
- "NEW TOWN NAMES APPROVED". The Chronicle. LXXXIII, (4, 728). South Australia. 1 August 1940. p. 13. Retrieved 31 August 2016 – via National Library of Australia.
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- Australian Government (1 September 2001). "Whale and dolphin conservation". Archived from the original on 26 September 2007. Retrieved 26 March 2007.
- National Parks and Wildlife Service (1987). "Calpatanna Conservation Park draft" (PDF). Archived from the original (PDF) on 17 September 2007. Retrieved 26 March 2007.
- Twidale, Rowl; Campbell, Elizabeth M. (2002). "Geology of Murphy's Haystacks". Archived from the original (– Scholar search) on 14 July 2007. Retrieved 26 March 2007.
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- "Placename Details: Blanche Port". Property Location Browser. Government of South Australia. 1 March 2010. SA0039329. Retrieved 23 December 2016.
- "Placename Details: Augusta Harbor". Property Location Browser. Government of South Australia. 1 March 2010. SA0003528. Retrieved 23 December 2016.
- "Streaky Bay Cimate Normals 1981-2010". Bureau of Meteorology. Retrieved 6 February 2018.
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- Eyre Peninsula Tourism. "Eyre Peninsula Fishing Code". Archived from the original on 24 February 2007. Retrieved 26 March 2007.
- District Council of Streaky Bay. "District Townships" (PDF). Retrieved 26 March 2007.
- State Electoral Office. "Map of Flinders Electorate". Archived from the original on 5 August 2012. Retrieved 26 March 2007.
- Australian Electoral Commission. "Map of Division Of Grey". Retrieved 26 March 2007.[dead link]
- Premier Stateliner. "Streaky Bay Bus Service". Archived from the original on 9 December 2006. Retrieved 26 March 2007.
- "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 2 May 2009. Retrieved 16 April 2009.
- "Archived copy" (PDF). Archived from the original (PDF) on 13 September 2009. Retrieved 16 April 2009.
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