List of streaming media services

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An over-the-top media service is a streaming media service offered directly to viewers via the Internet. OTT bypasses cable, broadcast, and satellite television platforms, the companies that traditionally act as a controller or distributor of such content. Most of these services are owned by a major film studio. Some streaming services started as an add-on to Blu-ray offerings, which are supplements to the programs watched.[1]

Streaming is an alternative to file downloading, a process in which the end-user obtains the entire file(s) for the content before watching or listening to it.

A client end-user can use their media player, computer, mobile phone and smart TV to start playing digital video content before the entire file has been transmitted. Users will need an Internet connection to stream or download video contents. Users lacking compatible hardware or software systems may be unable to stream or download certain content.

Streaming video on demand[edit]

At least 100 million subscribers[edit]

Service Parent Launch Subscribers Content Areas Served Ref.
Netflix Netflix, Inc. January 16, 2007[a] 208 million Netflix Originals, Columbia Pictures, TriStar Pictures, Classics, Screen Gems, Studio Ghibli,[b] licensed content from other vendors Worldwide[c] [2][3]
Amazon Prime Video Amazon.com, Inc. September 7, 2006 175 million Amazon Originals, Amazon Studios, Discovery, ITV, licensed content from other vendors Worldwide[d] [4]
Tencent Video[e] Tencent June, 2011 123 million Tencent Video Originals, licensed content from other vendors Bangladesh, China, Hong Kong, Indonesia, Macau, Malaysia, Philippines, Singapore, South Korea, Taiwan, Thailand, Vietnam [5][6]
iQIYI Baidu, Inc. April 22, 2010 118.9 million iQIYI Originals, licensed content from other vendors Worldwide [7]
Disney+[f] The Walt Disney Company November 12, 2019[g] 100 million[h] Disney+ Originals, Walt Disney Pictures, Walt Disney Animation Studios, Disney Channel, Disney XD, Marvel Studios, Lucasfilm, Pixar, Disneynature, National Geographic, ABC, ABC Signature, 20th Television, 20th Television Animation, Star,[i] 20th Century Studios, Searchlight Pictures, Fox 2000 Pictures, Blue Sky Studios, Touchstone Pictures, Hollywood Pictures North America,[j] South America, Northern and Western Europe, Japan, India, Indonesia, Singapore, Australia, New Zealand and New Caledonia as well as parts of the Arabian Peninsula and Northern Africa via third-party distribution [9]

At least 25 million subscribers[edit]

Service Parent Launch Subscribers Content Areas Served Ref.
Youku Alibaba Group June 2006 81.1 million Youku Originals, licensed content from other vendors China [10]
HBO Max AT&T May 27, 2020 44.2 million[k] WarnerMedia libraries, HBO, Max Originals, DC Universe Originals, Warner Bros., DC Films, New Line Cinema, Turner Entertainment, CNN, Sesame Workshop, Looney Tunes, Comedy Central, Crunchyroll, Studio Ghibli, TBS, TNT, TruTV, Adult Swim, Boomerang, Cartoon Network United States [11][12]
Peacock Comcast July 15, 2020[l] 42 million Peacock Originals, NBC, Universal, Focus Features, DreamWorks Animation, Illumination, Telemundo, Bravo, E!, Syfy, Oxygen, Universal Kids, WWE Network United States [13][14]
Hulu The Walt Disney Company

NBCUniversal (Comcast)

October 29, 2007 39.4 million Hulu Originals, ABC, ABC Signature, 20th Television, 20th Television Animation, FX Networks, FX, Freeform, 20th Century Studios, Searchlight Pictures, Touchstone Pictures, Hollywood Pictures, ABC News, ESPN, licensed content from other vendors United States, Japan [15]
YouTube Premium Google October 31, 2015 30 million YouTube Originals 100 countries [16][17]
iflix Tencent May 27, 2014 25 million[m] The Walt Disney Company,[19] Metro-Goldwyn-Mayer (MGM),[20] Paramount Pictures,[21] Warner Bros,[22] Fox,[22] and Starz.[23] Bangladesh, Brunei, Cambodia, Indonesia, Malaysia, Maldives, Myanmar, Nepal, Pakistan, Philippines, Sri Lanka, Thailand, Vietnam [24]

At least 10 million subscribers[edit]

Service Parent Launch Subscribers Content Areas Served Ref.
Discovery+ Discovery, Inc. January 4, 2021 15 million Discovery Channel, Food Network, TLC, HGTV, ID, OWN, Animal Planet, Magnolia Network, BBC Studios, and licensed content from other vendors such as A+E Networks[25] Denmark, Finland, India, Ireland, Italy, Japan, Netherlands, Norway, Poland, Spain, Sweden, United Kingdom, United States [26]
iWantTFC ABS-CBN Corporation January 8, 2010 13 million iWantTFC Originals, ABS-CBN channels like S+A, ANC, Kapamilya Channel, Teleradyo, Star Cinema Worldwide [27]
CuriosityStream CuriosityStream, LLC March 18, 2015 13 million Factual nonfiction content in science, history, mathematics, technology, robotics, and nature. Content for kids. Original programming 175 countries [28]
ESPN+ The Walt Disney Company

Hearst Communications

April 12, 2018 12.1 million ESPN Programming, UFC United States [29][30]
Apple TV+ Apple Inc. November 1, 2019 10 million Apple TV+ Originals Worldwide [31]

At least 1 million subscribers[edit]

Service Parent Launch Subscribers Content Areas Served Ref.
Paramount+ ViacomCBS October 28, 2014[n] 8 million Paramount+ Originals, CBS, Paramount Pictures, Miramax, MTV, Nickelodeon, Comedy Central, BET, Smithsonian Channel, ViacomCBS Domestic Media Networks Australia,[o] Canada, Central America,[p] Dominican Republic, Hungary, Mexico, Northern Europe, Poland,[q] Russia,[r] South America[s] the United States as well as in and the Middle East as a pay-TV channel [32]
Rakuten TV Rakuten 2010 7 million Starz Play,[t] and licensed content from other vendors. 42 European countries and Japan [33]
Globoplay Grupo Globo November 3, 2015 6.5 million Globoplay Originals, Rede Globo, licensed content from other vendors Brazil, United States [34]
Crunchyroll AT&T May 14, 2006 4 million Anime, Manga, Dorama Worldwide [35]
Crave Bell Media October 30, 2014 2.9 million Crave Originals, Bell Media, HBO, Showtime, Starz, and licensed content from other vendors. Canada [36]
Zee5 Zee Entertainment Enterprises February 14, 2018 2.7 million Zee5 Originals, Zee TV, & TV, Zee Marathi, Zee Yuva, Zee Sarthak, Zee Kannada, Zee Telugu, Zee Bangla, Zee Punjabi, Zee Keralam, Zee Tamizh, Zee Café and licensed content from other vendors. 190+ countries
NOW Comcast July 17, 2012 2.21 million[u] Sky channels, Nickelodeon, Cartoon Network, DeA Kids,[v] Comedy Central,[v] and licensed content from other vendors. Austria, Germany, Ireland, Italy, Switzerland, United Kingdom [37]
Stan. Nine Entertainment Co. April 1, 2014 2.1 million Stan Originals, Nine Network, NBCUniversal, Lionsgate, Sony Pictures, Village Roadshow, ABC Commercial, ViacomCBS, and licensed content from other vendors. Australia [38]
Starz Play Lionsgate November 18, 2011 2 million[w] Starz Original, Lionsgate, and licensed content from other vendors. Argentina, Brazil, Chile, France, Italy, Germany, Pakistan, Spain, United Kingdom and 17 countries in the Middle East and North Africa region [39]
BritBox ITV plc,

BBC Studios/BBC

March 7, 2017 2 million[x] BBC, ITV, Channel 4,[y] Channel 5, Comedy Central UK, Endemol Shine,[z] and licensed content from other vendors Australia, Canada, United Kingdom, United States [40][41]
SonyLIV Sony Pictures Networks India January 22, 2013 1.81 million Sony TV, Sony SAB, Sony Marathi, Sony Ten, Sony Max, Sony Max 2, Sony PIX, Sony Six and licensed content from other vendors. Indo-Pacific and Middle East
Neon Sky Network Television Limited February 1, 2015 1.7 million[aa] Warner Bros., HBO, NBCUniversal, Sony Pictures Television, BBC Studios, MGM, and licensed content from other vendors. New Zealand [42]
BET+ ViacomCBS September 19, 2019 1 million[ab] BET+ Originals, BET Originals, Tyler Perry Studios, ViacomCBS, and licensed content from other vendors. American Samoa, Guam, Northern Mariana Islands, Palau, Puerto Rico, United States, U.S. Virgin Islands [43]
HayU Comcast March 1, 2016 1 million[ac] E!, Bravo, NBCUniversal, and licensed content from other vendors. Australia, Belgium, Canada, Denmark, Finland, Hong Kong, Ireland, Luxembourg, Netherlands, Norway, Philippines, Singapore, Sweden, United Kingdom [44]
Acorn TV RLJ Entertainment August 15, 2013 1 million[ad] Acorn Media Group, BBC Studios, ITV, Channel 4, All3Media, DRG, ZDF, Content Media and licensed content from other vendors. Australia, Canada, Ireland, Mexico, New Zealand, Spain, United Kingdom, United States [45]
Shudder AMC Networks 2015 1 million[ae] Shudder Originals, AMC Networks, and licensed content from other vendors Australia, Canada, Ireland, New Zealand, United Kingdom, United States [46]

Fewer than 1 million subscribers[edit]

Service Parent Launch Subscribers Content Areas Served Ref.
Videoland RTL Nederland 2010 750,000[af] RTL NL and Videoland original content, licensed content from other vendors Netherlands [47]
Showmax MultiChoice Group August 19, 2015 590,000 Hollywood, British, Kenyan, Nickelodeon, Disney, Cartoon Network, Boomerang, ABC, HBO and South African content Africa, Europe, Australia, New Zealand, North America [48]
Kayo Sports Streamotion Pty Ltd November 26, 2018 542,000 Fox Sports, ESPN Australia, beIN Sports, Racing.com Australia [49]
Binge Streamotion Pty Ltd May 25, 2020 468,000[50] WarnerMedia, HBO, BBC, NBCUniversal, Sony Pictures Television, StudioCanal, ViacomCBS, Discovery, Inc., ITV Studios, All3Media Australia [51]
FuboTV FuboTV January 1, 2015 547,880 NFL, MLB, NBA, NHL, MLS and international Association football, includes cable television channels like ABC, CBS, Fox, NBC, ESPN United States, Canada, Spain [52]
Atresplayer Premium Atresmedia September 8, 2019 452,000[ag] Atresmedia Spain, Americas [53]
AMC+ AMC Networks 2020 100,000 [ah] AMC Originals, AMC Networks, licensed content from other vendors United States [54]
IFC Films Unlimited 2019 100,000 [ai] IFC Originals, AMC Networks, licensed content from other vendors United States, Canada[55] [56]
Sundance Now 2014 100,000 [aj] Sundance TV Originals, AMC Networks, licensed content from other vendors United States [54]
Allblk 2020 100,000 [ak] Allblk Originals, AMC Networks, licensed content from other vendors United States [57]
We TV+ 2020 100,000 [al] We TV Originals, AMC Networks, licensed content from other vendors United States [54]

Streaming television[edit]

Service Supporting company/companies Regional availability Website-based Windows application Mac application Linux application iOS application Android application Console application TV set application Set Top Box application Free
APSFL IPTV Dasan networks Andhra pradesh No No No No APSFL Android Player No No APSFL IPTV and video on Demand Yes
BBC iPlayer BBC UK Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes[58] Wii, PS3, Xbox 360 Samsung, Sony, Panasonic, Philips Virgin Media On Demand, Freesat, Roku No
NBC Comcast USA Yes No No No Yes Yes[59] PS3, Xbox 360 Yes[60]
Jio TV LYF India Yes Yes Yes Yes LYF Android Player No No Jio on Demand Yes
Tivibu Argela TR Yes Yes Yes Yes Argela Android Player Pending None Ttnet on Demand No
Sky Go Sky (subsidiary of Comcast) UK & Ireland Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Xbox 360 No
Eros Now Eros India Yes Yes Yes Yes Eros Android Player No Yes Bollywood on Demand Yes
ITV Hub ITV UK Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes PS3 Virgin Media On Demand Yes
ABC iview Australian Broadcasting Corporation Australia Yes No No No Yes Yes PS3, Xbox 360 Samsung, Sony Yes
NRK TV NRK Norway Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes PS4 Apple TV, and more Chromecast, and more Yes
All 4 Channel 4 UK & Ireland Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes PS3, Xbox 360 Virgin Media On Demand Yes
Hulu The Walt Disney Company US & Japan Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Nintendo Switch, PS3, PS4, PS5, Xbox 360, Xbox One, Xbox Series X/S Android TV, LG, Samsung, Sony, Vizio Android TV, Chromecast, Amazon Fire TV, Roku[61] No
RTÉ Player RTÉ Ireland Yes Yes Yes Yes
TG4 Beo TG4 Ireland and Worldwide/International Yes Yes
TV3 Catch Up TV3 Ireland Yes Yes Yes
Global Video Global Canada Yes Yes No
Global Video SBNTV1, The Sumlin Broadcasting Network, Classic Soul Channel..... US Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes PS3, Xbox 360 Samsung, Vizio Yes
myTV OSN, Rotana Group, SNA Corp..... North America, Canada, South America, New Zealand, Australia No Not yet Not yet No Yes Yes Not yet Samsung Smart TV, LG Smart TV, Google TV Western Digital, Boxee Box, Netgear NTV 300, Google TV devices, Samsung and Android tablets No
PTCL Smart TV App PTCL Pakistan Yes Yes No No Yes Yes No None Standalone PTCL Smart Settop Box No
Locast Sports Fans Consortium U.S. regional Yes No No No Yes Yes No Roku, FireTV, Apple TV, Chromecast Donation

Streaming music on demand[edit]

Internet radio[edit]

Livestreaming[edit]

Active Services[edit]

Former Services[edit]

See also[edit]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ as a streaming video provider
  2. ^ except in Japan and the United States
  3. ^ except in Mainland China, Crimea, North Korea and Syria
  4. ^ except in Mainland China, Cuba, Iran, North Korea and Syria
  5. ^ WeTV outside of China
  6. ^ Disney+ Hotstar in India and Indonesia
  7. ^ Disney+ Hotstar, then Hotstar, was launched in India on February 15, 2015.
  8. ^ At least 28.5 million of them are Disney+ Hotstar subscribers.[8]
  9. ^ Except in the United States, where instead Hulu exists, and Latin America, where a separate streaming service called Star+ will be launched instead.
  10. ^ except in Cuba, Saint Pierre and Miquelon and the U.S. Virgin Islands
  11. ^ Combined with global HBO (cable) subscribers who, if living in the United States, can use HBO Max for no additional costs.
  12. ^ Public release. The service launched early on April 15, 2020 for Xfinity Flex and X1 customers.
  13. ^ April 2020, Iflix has more than 25 million active users on its service, with over 2.5 billion minutes viewed in a month.[18]
  14. ^ as CBS All Access
  15. ^ as 10 All Access
  16. ^ except in Belize
  17. ^ as Paramount Play
  18. ^ as Okko Paramount+
  19. ^ except in Brazil, French Guiana, Guyana and Suriname
  20. ^ available in France, Germany, Italy, Spain and United Kingdom
  21. ^ subscribers from the United Kingdom only
  22. ^ a b only in Italy
  23. ^ 2020, subscribers from the MENA region only
  24. ^ 1.5 million in Canada and the United States, 0.5 million in the United Kingdom
  25. ^ only in the United Kingdom
  26. ^ only in Canada and the United States
  27. ^ Subscribers include former Lightbox users merged into Neon in 2020.
  28. ^ subscribers from the United States only
  29. ^ 200,000 in Australia, 5% of households in the United Kingdom
  30. ^ subscribers from Canada and the United States only
  31. ^ subscribers from the United States only
  32. ^ Q3 2019
  33. ^ Q4 2020
  34. ^ Over 2 million combined subscribers with other AMC Streaming Services including (Acorn TV, Shudder, Sundance Now and UMC)
  35. ^ Over 2 million combined subscribers with other AMC Streaming Services including (Acorn TV, Shudder, Sundance Now and UMC)
  36. ^ Over 2 million combined subscribers with other AMC Streaming Services including (Acorn TV, Shudder, Sundance Now and UMC)
  37. ^ Over 2 million combined subscribers with other AMC Streaming Services including (Acorn TV, Shudder, Sundance Now and UMC)
  38. ^ Over 2 million combined subscribers with other AMC Streaming Services including (Acorn TV, Shudder, Sundance Now and UMC)

References[edit]

  1. ^ "The Best Video Streaming Services for 2020". PC Magazine. January 31, 2020.
  2. ^ "Netflix Hits 203 Million Subscribers as Q4 Earnings Fall Short of Wall Street's Estimates". Yahoo! Entertainment. January 19, 2021. Retrieved January 20, 2021.
  3. ^ "Netflix Misses Q1 Subscriber Targets, Blaming Covid-19 Issues, But Beats Financial Forecasts". Deadline Hollywood. April 20, 2021. Retrieved April 26, 2021.
  4. ^ "Which streaming service has the most subscriptions?". World Economic Forum. March 3, 2021. Retrieved April 23, 2021.
  5. ^ "Tencent highlights for Q3 2020; WeChat MAU +5.4% over 1.21 billion". China Internet Watch. November 13, 2020. Retrieved December 1, 2020.
  6. ^ "WeTV iflix ushers in a new dawn in Southeast Asia's content universe". Malaysiakini. September 1, 2020. Retrieved October 30, 2020.
  7. ^ "Chinese video streaming company iQiyi, an arm of China major Baidu known as China's Netflix, reported first quarter earnings Monday after the close. Total revenues and subscribers rose driven by surging demand for digital entertainment when sheltering in place". Traders Community. May 18, 2020. Retrieved October 31, 2020.
  8. ^ "Disney+ Hotstar now makes up 30% of Disney+ global subscriber base". OnlyTech. February 14, 2021. Retrieved May 6, 2021.
  9. ^ Whitten, Sarah (March 9, 2021). "Disney+ tops 100 million subscribers just 16 months after launch". CNBC. Retrieved October 26, 2020.
  10. ^ "How Youku went from being China's YouTube to China's Hulu". South China Morning Post. July 2, 2019. Retrieved November 2, 2020.
  11. ^ Hayes, Dade (2020-12-08). "HBO Max Has Reached 12.6 Million Activations, AT&T CEO John Stankey Reports, With Engagement Up 36% In Past Month". Deadline. Retrieved 2020-12-29.
  12. ^ Bjornson, Greta (April 22, 2021). "HBO and HBO Max Reach 44 Million Subscriber Mark". decider.com. Retrieved April 22, 2021. CS1 maint: discouraged parameter (link)
  13. ^ "NBC's Peacock streaming service will launch on July 15th with three different price tiers". The Vege. 16 Jan 2020.
  14. ^ https://www.adexchanger.com/digital-tv/comcast-beats-earnings-estimates-and-peacock-hits-42-million-subscribers/
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  16. ^ "YouTube Music/Premium has 20 million paid subscribers, 2M for YouTube TV". 9TO5Google. 3 February 2020.
  17. ^ "Best Streaming Platforms: Comparing YouTube, YouTube Red, and YouTube Premium". Artist Push. Retrieved 11 May 2020.
  18. ^ https://en.pingwest.com/w/6997
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  20. ^ "iFLIX ANNOUNCES MULTI-YEAR CONTENT AGREEMENT WITH METRO-GOLDWYN-MAYER" (PDF). Media Room. iflix. 30 June 2015. Archived (PDF) from the original on 5 October 2016. Retrieved 20 January 2017.
  21. ^ "iFLIX SECURES TOPLINE LICENSING DEAL WITH PARAMOUNT PICTURES" (PDF). Media Room. iflix. 30 June 2015. Archived (PDF) from the original on 4 October 2016. Retrieved 20 January 2017.
  22. ^ a b "IFLIX SECURES TOPLINE CONTENT DEALS WITH FOX, BBC AND WARNER BROS" (PDF). Media Room. iflix. 12 May 2015. Archived (PDF) from the original on 5 October 2016. Retrieved 20 January 2017.
  23. ^ "iFLIX PREMIERE HOME TO TELEVISION PHENOMENON FROM STARZ, BLACK SAILS" (PDF). Media Room. iflix. 30 June 2015. Archived (PDF) from the original on 5 October 2016. Retrieved 20 January 2017.
  24. ^ https://www.businesstimes.com.sg/companies-markets/iflix-launches-in-malaysia-the-philippines
  25. ^ Steinberg, Brian (December 9, 2020). "Rivals Discovery and A+E Networks Forge Streaming Alliance". Variety. Retrieved February 8, 2021.
  26. ^ Hayes, Dade (22 February 2021). "Discovery gets 15M Streaming Subscribers". Deadline. Retrieved 23 February 2021.
  27. ^ "ABS-CBN's iWant starts 2019 with 11.3 million subscribers". ABS-CBN News. January 17, 2019. Retrieved September 16, 2020.
  28. ^ https://variety.com/2020/digital/news/bill-goodwyn-curiositystream-discovery-1234694301/
  29. ^ Low, Elaine (November 12, 2020). "Disney Plus Subscribers Surpass 73 Million as of October". Variety. Retrieved November 13, 2020.
  30. ^ Hayes, Dade; Hipes, Patrick (August 4, 2020). "Disney+ Passes 60.5M Subscribers, Reaches 5-Year Streaming Goal In First Eight Months – Update". Deadline Hollywood. Retrieved August 4, 2020.
  31. ^ "Bloomberg: Apple TV+ tops 10 million subscribers, company buying TV show and movie back catalog to expand service". 9TO5Mac. May 19, 2020. Retrieved May 5, 2021.
  32. ^ Littleton, Cynthia (January 19, 2021). "Paramount Plus to Launch March 4 in U.S. and Latin America". Variety. Archived from the original on February 10, 2021. Retrieved February 26, 2021.
  33. ^ "Rakuten TV expands to 42 European countries, gets direct button on Samsung, LG, Philips and Hisense remotes". Tech Crunch. March 14, 2019.
  34. ^ "Globoplay dispara com novelas e fatura quase R$ 150 milhões por mês" [Globoplay shoots with telenovelas and earns almost R$ 150 million per month]. UOL (in Portuguese). 5 July 2020. Retrieved 5 July 2020.
  35. ^ "Crunchyroll Crosses 3 Million Subscribers As Anime Continues to Gain Traction". Deadline. 28 July 2020. Retrieved 28 July 2020.
  36. ^ https://mobilesyrup.com/2020/08/06/bell-says-it-now-has-2-8-million-crave-subscribers/
  37. ^ "Subscription VOD households".
  38. ^ "Subscription TV viewers soar during Aussie lockdown - Netflix, Foxtel, Stan, Disney+ & Amazon Prime all up significantly". Roy Morgan. 21 July 2020. Retrieved 10 January 2021.
  39. ^ https://deadline.com/2020/05/lionsgate-ceo-jon-feltheimer-global-ott-subscribers-starz-starzplay-pantaya-1202941123/
  40. ^ https://www.hollywoodreporter.com/news/britbox-ceo-stepping-down-as-streamer-hits-1-5-million-subs
  41. ^ "BritBox UK hits half a million subscribers target". Press Centre. Retrieved 2021-03-14.
  42. ^ Pullar-Strecker, Tom (12 February 2015). "Sky Television's Neon to launch in hours". Stuff. Archived from the original on 16 November 2020. Retrieved 17 March 2021.
  43. ^ https://www.betpressroom.com/press-release/bet-networks-and-tyler-perry-studios-to-launch-bet-8bmt/
  44. ^ https://www.theverge.com/2016/2/12/10978458/hayu-reality-tv-streaming-service-announced-nbcuniversal-kardashians
  45. ^ https://www.nexttv.com/news/amc-streamer-acorn-tv-tops-1m-subscriber-total
  46. ^ https://www.fiercevideo.com/video/shudder-amc-networks-horror-streaming-service-has-over-1m-subscribers#:~:text=Shudder%20announced%20today%20that%20it,and%20has%20continued%20throughout%202020.
  47. ^ "Biggest video on demand services in the Netherlands 2019, by subscribers". Statista. Feb 9, 2021. Retrieved May 5, 2021.
  48. ^ "Showmax subscribers vs Netflix in South Africa". Business Tech. 6 Feb 2019.
  49. ^ "Kayo: Fox Sports launches streaming service". news.com.au. Retrieved 2019-01-02.
  50. ^ Knox, David. "Binge for the fans | TV Tonight". https://tvtonight.com.au/. External link in |website= (help)
  51. ^ name="TVBB22May20">Perry, Kevin (22 May 2020). "EVERYTHING YOU NEED TO KNOW ABOUT AUSTRALIA'S NEXT STREAMING SERVICE BINGE". TV BlackBox. Retrieved 5 July 2020. CS1 maint: discouraged parameter (link)
  52. ^ "2020 Annual Filing, SEC".
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  59. ^ "NBC Apps - NBC.com". NBC.
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