Streatham (UK Parliament constituency)

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Streatham
Borough constituency
for the House of Commons
Outline map
Boundary of Streatham in Greater London.
County Greater London
Electorate 71,913 (December 2010)[1]
Current constituency
Created 1918
Member of parliament Chuka Umunna (Labour)
Number of members One
Created from Wandsworth
Overlaps
European Parliament constituency London
Streatham Green is at the centre of Streatham
Streatham in London 1918-49
A map showing the wards of Wandsworth Metropolitan Borough as they appeared in 1916.

Streatham is a constituency[n 1] created in 1918 represented in the House of Commons of the UK Parliament since 2010 by Chuka Umunna, a Labour Party MP.[n 2]

Boundaries[edit]

1918-1974: The Metropolitan Borough of Wandsworth ward of Streatham.

1974-1983: The London Borough of Lambeth wards of Clapham Park, St Leonard's, Streatham South, Streatham Wells, and Thornton.

1983-1997: As above plus Streatham Hill, and Town Hall.

1997-2010: As above plus St Martin's, and Tulse Hill.

2010-present: The London Borough of Lambeth wards of Brixton Hill, Clapham Common, St Leonard’s, Streatham Hill, Streatham South, Streatham Wells, Thornton, and Tulse Hill.

Streatham is a long constituency comprising the south-west portion of the London Borough of Lambeth.[2] The town of Streatham constitutes the four wards in the southern half of the constituency. At its north-western tip the seat includes half of Clapham Common; the north-east takes in part of Brixton which is shared with neighbouring Vauxhall and Dulwich and West Norwood.

The northern boundary follows Clapham Park Road, Acre Lane, and Coldharbour Lane through Clapham and Brixton to Lambeth Town Hall. The north-eastern boundary generally follows Effra Road and Tulse Hill, but runs east of the main road to include the part of the Tulse Hill estate and the Cressingham Gardens estate west of Brockwell Park. The boundary skirts the Tulse Hill district centre, following Hardel Rise, Christchurch Road and Norwood Road, and then runs along Leigham Vale and Leigham Court Road. The southern and western constituency boundaries follow Lambeth's borough boundaries with Croydon, Merton and Wandsworth.

History[edit]

The constituency of Streatham was contested under the name at the 1918 general election when it approximately followed the historic parish boundaries of Streatham, including a substantial part of Balham, a 19th century founded primarily urban parish by 1918.

The constituency was carved out of the former constituency of Wandsworth in the same way as Putney, Wandsworth Central and Balham and Tooting under the Representation of the People Act 1918, the fourth major UK reform, that settled upon single member constituencies, and roughly equal electorates.

The 1918 boundaries remained unchanged until the 1965 changes to Greater London local government became reflected in the parliamentary constituencies, at the February 1974 general election. This resulted in a net reduction in the size of the area. The western district Streatham Park (location of the Streatham Conservative Club) and the remainder of Furzedown ward went into Tooting.

The rest of the constituency, including the town of Streatham has since 1965 been in the London Borough of Lambeth. Three other constituencies covered Lambeth from 1974, Vauxhall, Norwood and Lambeth Central. The Clapham constituency was abolished as part of the 1974 changes. The Clapham Park area and Hyde Farm (commonly thought of as part of Balham) came into the Streatham seat, whereas the rest of Clapham went into the Vauxhall seat creating a enduring split.

On abolition of Lambeth Central at the 1983 election, the constituency gained much of southern Brixton. Following further population decline, Lambeth was paired with Southwark in the next boundary review, and from the 1997 election, Streatham constituency gained areas around Tulse Hill from the former Norwood constituency, the rest of which became part of Dulwich and West Norwood.

Political history

Streatham was for a few decades solidly Tory suburbia overall - the Conservatives won Streatham when Labour gained large majorities in 1945 and 1966, and it was the only seat in the former LCC area (Inner London) apart from the Chelsea/Kensington/Westminster/City central core to remain consistently Conservative.

The Conservative Party lost Streatham in 1992 having held it since 1918. The Conservative candidate was beaten into third place by a Liberal Democrat in 2001, and there were swings from Labour to the Liberal Democrats at the two subsequent general elections. An improvement in the Conservative share of the vote took place in 2010, when the Labour incumbent, Keith Hill, retired and Chuka Umunna was elected standing with the party. The 2015 result was the re-election of Umunna, which made the seat the 96th safest of Labour's 232 seats by percentage of majority.[3]

Streatham has swung heavily against the Conservative Party since the 1980s, even more than other similar seats in South London (such as Croydon North, Dulwich, Lewisham East and West). Demographic and voting pattern changes combined with unfavourable boundary changes converted Streatham into a marginal seat, then into a mid-ranking safe Labour seat.

Constituency profile[edit]

Among the most ethnically diverse constituencies, Streatham - which covers parts of Clapham, Balham, Brixton, Tulse Hill and Streatham - is in the south London borough of Lambeth. Only 58.2% of residents are white and it has among the most mixed race and black residents in the country, according to the 2011 Census. It has Polish, Portuguese and Hispanic communities. The bulk of residents are aged 25-44, with relatively few pensioners.

Although it is a residential area, it is more popular with young workers than families - with good transport links into central London. Many residents rent and there is a large social housing sector. Streatham High Road is home to over 400 businesses. A £26m ice rink and leisure centre opened in November 2013, part of continuing investment. The population is highly qualified and a high percentage are in full-time work. Labour's Chuka Umunna won this seat in 2010 - with a 3,259 majority. The Lib Dems came second.

A key issue that was a deciding factor of the election was Cressingham Gardens. The Greens, Conservatives and UKIP were all opposed to the demolition of the 306 dwellings. Excluding the 3 Conservative Opposition Councillors, 2 Labour Councillors (out of the 59) and 1 Green Councillor, the entire council supported the demolition. Chuka Umunna was against the demolition, along with Kate Hoey.

Members of Parliament[edit]

Election Member Party Notes
1918 Sir[n 3] William Lane-Mitchell Coalition Conservative Sat as a Unionist
1922 Conservative
1939 by-election Sir David Robertson Conservative Uncontested wartime by-election caused by Lane-Mitchell's resignation
1950 Duncan Sandys (after, Lord Duncan-Sandys) Conservative Secretary of State for Defence (1957-9), Commonwealth Relations (1960-2), and Colonies (1962-4).
1974 Sir William Shelton Conservative
1992 Trevor Keith Hill Labour First Labour MP to represent the constituency
2010 Chuka Umunna Labour Shadow Business Secretary from 2011 to 2015.

Election results[edit]

Elections in the 2010s[edit]

General Election 2015: Streatham[4][5]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Labour Chuka Umunna 26,474 53.0 +10.2
Conservative Kim Caddy 12,540 25.1 +6.8
Liberal Democrat Amna Ahmad 4,491 9.0 −26.8
Green Jonathan Bartley 4,421 8.9 +7.1
UKIP Bruce Machan 1,602 3.2 N/A
CISTA Artificial Beast 192 0.4 N/A
TUSC Unjum Mirza 164 0.3 N/A
Workers Revolutionary Deon Gayle 49 0.1 −0.2
Majority 13,934 27.9 +20.9
Turnout 49,933 63.1 +0.3
Labour hold Swing +1.7
General Election 2010: Streatham[6]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Labour Chuka Umunna 20,037 42.8 −4.2
Liberal Democrat Chris Nicholson 16,778 35.8 +6.3
Conservative Rahoul Bhansali 8,578 18.3 +0.5
Green Rebecca Findlay 861 1.8 −3.7
Christian Geoffrey Macharia 237 0.5 N/A
English Democrat Janus Polenceus 229 0.5 N/A
Workers Revolutionary Paul Lepper 117 0.2 −0.1
Majority 3,259 7.0
Turnout 46,837 62.8 +11.0
Labour hold Swing −5.2

NB Percentage comparions in the table above are against the notional result on the new constituency boundaries.

Elections in the 2000s[edit]

General Election 2005: Streatham[7]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Labour Trevor Keith Hill 18,950 46.7 −10.2
Liberal Democrat Darren Sanders 11,484 28.3 +10.0
Conservative James Sproule 7,238 17.8 0.0
Green Shane Collins 2,245 5.5 +1.1
UKIP Trevor Gittings 396 1.0 N/A
Workers Revolutionary Billy Colvill 127 0.3 N/A
Independent Philippa Stone 100 0.2 N/A
Independent Robert West 40 0.1 N/A
Independent Sarah Acheng 35 0.1 N/A
Majority 7,466 18.4
Turnout 40,615 51.3 +2.6
Labour hold Swing −10.1
General Election 2001: Streatham[8]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Labour Trevor Keith Hill 21,401 57.3 −5.5
Liberal Democrat Roger O'Brien 6,771 18.1 +4.6
Conservative Stephen Hocking 6,639 17.8 −4.0
Green Mohammed Sajid 1,641 4.4 N/A
Socialist Alliance Greg Tucker 906 2.4 N/A
Majority 14,630 39.2
Turnout 37,358 49.1 −11.0
Labour hold Swing

Elections in the 1990s[edit]

General Election 1997: Streatham[9]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Labour Keith Hill 28,181 62.8 +13.4
Conservative Ernest George Noad 9,758 21.7 −16.7
Liberal Democrat Roger O'Brien 6,082 13.6 +3.6
Referendum Jeremy J. Wall 864 1.9 N/A
Majority 18,423 41.1
Turnout 44,885 60.2
Labour hold Swing
General Election 1992: Streatham[10]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Labour Trevor Keith Hill 18,925 47.0
Conservative Sir William Shelton 16,608 41.3
Liberal Democrat John Pindar 3,858 9.6
Green Roger C. L. Baker 443 1.1
Islamic Party A. Hakin 154 0.4
Rainbow Dream Ticket Cynthia Payne 145 0.4
Natural Law John V. Parsons 97 0.2
Majority 2,317 5.7
Turnout 40,230 70.3
Labour gain from Conservative Swing 5.75

Elections in the 1980s[edit]

General Election 1987: Streatham[11]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Conservative William Shelton 18,916 45.0
Labour Mrs. E. Anna Tapsall 16,509 39.2
Liberal Michael William Tuffrey 6,663 15.8
Majority 2,407 5.8
Turnout 42,088 69.5
Conservative hold Swing 4.6%
General Election 1983: Streatham[12]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Conservative William Shelton 18,264 46.5
Labour Miss M. M. Long 12,362 31.5
Liberal Peter H. Billenness 8,321 21.2
National Front K. D. Handy 321 0.8
Majority 5,902 15.0
Turnout 39,268 65.4
Conservative hold Swing

Elections in the 1970s[edit]

General Election 1979: Streatham
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Conservative William Shelton 19,630 51.44
Labour T. P. C. Daniel 14,130 37.02
Liberal J. S. Pincham 3,779 9.9
National Front G. W. Bryant 523 1.37
Providers Through Care A. J. Hollander 102 0.27
Majority 5,500 14.41
Turnout 38,164 71.54
Conservative hold Swing
General Election October 1974: Streatham
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Conservative William Shelton 16,515 45.65
Labour J. Gaffin 13,648 37.73
Liberal R. Silver 4,987 13.79
National Front T. Lamb 817 2.26
Independent Miss T. E. Moore 210 0.58
Majority 2,867 7.92
Turnout 36,177 64.08
Conservative hold Swing
General Election February 1974: Streatham
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Conservative William Shelton 18,457 45.15 -8.965
Labour J. Gaffin 13,982 34.21 -4.09
Liberal R. Silver 7,456 18.24 +10.69
National Front T. Lamb 937 2.29 +2.29
Independent Bill Boaks 45 0.11 +0.11
Majority 4,475 10.95 -4.89
Turnout 40,877 72.78 +6.08
Conservative hold Swing
General Election 1970: Streatham
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Conservative Duncan Sandys 19,215 54.115 -0.515
Labour Mrs. Ann S Ward 13,593 38.30 -7.07
Liberal Derrick Delaney 2,680 7.55 +7.55
Majority 5,622 15.84 +6.58
Turnout 35,488 66.70 -3.71

Elections in the 1960s[edit]

General Election 1966: Streatham
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Conservative Rt Hon. Duncan Edwin Sandys 19,872 54.63 +2.53
Labour James L Walker 16,505 45.37 +12.93
Majority 3,367 9.26
Turnout 36,377 70.41
Conservative hold Swing
General Election 1964: Streatham
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Conservative Rt Hon. Duncan Edwin Sandys 19,408 52.10 -7.66
Labour James L Walker 12,085 32.44 +5.02
Liberal Anthony H J Miller 5,261 14.12 +1.3
Independent Loyalists William Austen Brooks 497 1.33 +1.33
Majority 7,323 19.66
Turnout 71.76
Conservative hold Swing

Elections in the 1950s[edit]

General Election 1959: Streatham
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Conservative Rt Hon. Duncan Edwin Sandys 23,479 59.76 -5.79
Labour David Leigh Kerr 10,773 27.42 -7.03
Liberal Robert Stephen Rubin 5,039 12.82 +12.82
Majority 12,706 32.34
Turnout 77.17
Conservative hold Swing
General Election 1955: Streatham
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Conservative Rt Hon. Duncan Edwin Sandys 25,862 65.55 +5.64
Labour Reginald Ernest Prentice 13,594 34.45 +1.7
Majority 12,268 31.09
Turnout 74.38
Conservative hold Swing
General Election 1951: Streatham
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Conservative Rt Hon. Duncan Edwin Sandys 27,084 59.91 +2.61
Labour Norman John Smart 14,804 32.75 -0.11
Liberal Alexander William Wilson 3,319 7.34 -2.5
Majority 12,280 27.16
Turnout 81.53
Conservative hold Swing
General Election 1950: Streatham
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Conservative Rt Hon. Duncan Edwin Sandys 26,571 57.30 +5.07
Labour Peter Benenson 15,235 32.86 -0.92
Liberal Alexander William Wilson 4,562 9.84 -4.15
Majority 11,336 24.45
Turnout 81.01
Conservative hold Swing

Election in the 1940s[edit]

General Election 1945: Streatham
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Conservative Sir David Robertson 17,462 52.23 -23.95
Labour John Gross 11,296 33.78 +9.96
Liberal Charles William Ernest Remnant 4,677 13.99 +13.99
Majority 6,166 18.44
Turnout 73.45
Conservative hold Swing

Elections in the 1930s[edit]

Streatham by-election 1939
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Conservative Sir David Robertson Unopposed
Conservative hold Swing
General Election 1935: Streatham
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Conservative Sir William Lane-Mitchell 25,429 76.18 -8.85
Labour Arthur Massey Skeffington 7,951 23.82 +8.85
Majority 17,478 52.36
Turnout 64.11
Conservative hold Swing
General Election 1931: Streatham
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Conservative Sir William Lane-Mitchell 30,358 85.03
Labour Mrs. R.B. Fraser 5,343 14.97 -3.43
Majority 25,015 70.07
Turnout 71.30
Conservative hold Swing

Elections in the 1920s[edit]

General Election 1929: Streatham
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Unionist Sir William Lane-Mitchell 19,024 57.0 -11.5
Liberal Percy Lionel Edwin Rawlins 8,191 24.6 +6.9
Labour Fred Hughes 6,134 18.4 n/a
Majority 10,833 32.4 -18.4
Turnout
Unionist hold Swing -9.2
General Election 1924: Streatham
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Unionist Sir William Lane-Mitchell 15,936 68.5
Liberal Charles Guy Parsloe 4,111 17.7
Communist Alfred M. Wall 3,204 13.8
Majority 11,825 50.8
Turnout 23,251 77.75
Unionist hold Swing
General Election 1923: Streatham [13]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Unionist Sir William Lane-Mitchell 10,598 60.0 -9.1
Liberal Charles Guy Parsloe 7,075 40.0 +9.1
Majority 3,523 20.0 -18.2
Turnout 61.3 -1.7
Unionist hold Swing -9.1


See also[edit]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ A borough constituency (for the purposes of election expenses and type of returning officer)
  2. ^ As with all constituencies, the constituency elects one Member of Parliament (MP) by the first past the post system of election at least every five years.
  3. ^ From 1921

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Electorate Figures - Boundary Commission for England". 2011 Electorate Figures. Boundary Commission for England. 4 March 2011. Retrieved 13 March 2011. 
  2. ^ Boundaries of Parliamentary Constituencies 1885-1972 (ISBN 0-900178-09-4), F. W. S. Craig, Political Reference Publications 1972
  3. ^ List of Labour MPs elected in 2015 by % majority UK Political.info. Retrieved 2017-01-29
  4. ^ "Election Data 2015". Electoral Calculus. Archived from the original on 17 October 2015. Retrieved 17 October 2015. 
  5. ^ http://moderngov.lambeth.gov.uk/mgElectionAreaResults.aspx?XXR=0&ID=138&RPID=26942681 23Jul15
  6. ^ "Election Data 2010". Electoral Calculus. Archived from the original on 17 October 2015. Retrieved 17 October 2015. 
  7. ^ "Election Data 2005". Electoral Calculus. Archived from the original on 15 October 2011. Retrieved 18 October 2015. 
  8. ^ "Election Data 2001". Electoral Calculus. Archived from the original on 15 October 2011. Retrieved 18 October 2015. 
  9. ^ "Election Data 1997". Electoral Calculus. Archived from the original on 15 October 2011. Retrieved 18 October 2015. 
  10. ^ "Election Data 1992". Electoral Calculus. Archived from the original on 15 October 2011. Retrieved 18 October 2015. 
  11. ^ "Election Data 1987". Electoral Calculus. Archived from the original on 15 October 2011. Retrieved 18 October 2015. 
  12. ^ "Election Data 1983". Electoral Calculus. Archived from the original on 15 October 2011. Retrieved 18 October 2015. 
  13. ^ British parliamentary election results, 1918-1949

Sources[edit]

Coordinates: 51°26′20″N 0°07′30″W / 51.439°N 0.125°W / 51.439; -0.125