Streatham

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
  (Redirected from Streatham Hill)
Jump to: navigation, search
This article is about the suburb in London, England. For the town in Victoria, Australia, see Streatham, Victoria. For the village in Cambridgeshire, England, see Stretham.
Streatham
Streatham High Road, SW16 - geograph.org.uk - 285403.jpg
Streatham High Road, looking north from the junction of Streatham High Road and Mitcham Lane
Streatham is located in Greater London
Streatham
Streatham
 Streatham shown within Greater London
Population 58,055 (2011 census)
OS grid reference TQ305715
London borough Lambeth
Ceremonial county Greater London
Region London
Country England
Sovereign state United Kingdom
Post town LONDON
Postcode district SW16
Dialling code 020
Police Metropolitan
Fire London
Ambulance London
EU Parliament London
UK Parliament Streatham
London Assembly Lambeth and Southwark
List of places
UK
England
London

Coordinates: 51°25′40″N 0°07′25″W / 51.4279°N 0.1235°W / 51.4279; -0.1235

Streatham (/ˈstrɛt.əm/ stret-um) is a district in south London, England, mostly in the London Borough of Lambeth. It is centred 5 miles (8.0 km) south of Charing Cross. The area is identified in the London Plan as one of 35 major centres in Greater London.[1]

History[edit]

A map showing the Streatham ward of Wandsworth Metropolitan Borough as it appeared in 1916.

Streatham means "the hamlet on the street". The street in question, the London to Brighton Way, was the Roman road from the capital Londinium to the south coast near Portslade, today within Brighton and Hove. It is likely that the destination was a Roman port now lost to coastal erosion, which has been tentatively identified with 'Novus Portus' mentioned in Ptolemy's Geographia.[2] The road is confusingly referred to as Stane Street (Stone Street) in some sources and diverges from the main London-Chichester road at Kennington.

After the departure of the Romans, the main road through Streatham remained an important trackway. From the 17th century it was adopted as the main coach road to Croydon and East Grinstead, and then on to Newhaven and Lewes. In 1780 it then became the route of the turnpike road from London to Brighton, and subsequently became the basis for the modern A23. This road (and its traffic) have shaped Streatham's development.

Streatham's first parish church, St Leonard's was founded in Saxon times but an early Tudor tower remains is the only structure pre-1831 which the church has as it was rebuilt.[3] The mediaeval parish covered a wider area by including Balham and Tooting Bec. Streatham Cemetery on Garratt Lane on the borders of Wimbledon is one of the few remaining indications of how far west Streatham once extended.[3]

Streatham appears in Domesday Book of 1086 as Estreham. It was held by Bec-Hellouin Abbey (in Normandy) from Richard de Tonbrige. Its domesday assets were: 2 hides, 1 virgate and 6½ ploughlands of cultivated land and 4 acres (1.6 ha) of meadow and herbage (mixed grass and bracken). Annually it was assessed to render £4 5s 0d to its overlords.[4]

Streatham Village and Streatham Wells[edit]

Streatham Green with the spire of the Catholic English Martyrs Church beyond.

The village remained largely unchanged until the 18th century, when the village's natural springs, known as Streatham Wells, were first celebrated for their health-giving properties. The reputation of the spa, and improved turnpike roads, attracted wealthy City of London merchants and others to build their country residences in Streatham.

In spite of London's expansion around the village, a limited number of developments took place in the village in the second half of the Nineteenth Century, most notably on Wellfield Road and Sunnyhill Road. These roads are today considered an important part of what remains of the historic Streatham Village as they found little or no influence from the growth of metropolitan London.

Wellfield Road, which had previously been known as Leigham Lane, was renamed to reflect its role as the main route from the village centre to one of the well locations. Another mineral well was located on the south side of Streatham Common, in an area that now forms part of The Rookery.[5]

Streatham Park or Streatham Place[edit]

Main article: Streatham Park

In the 1730s, Streatham Park, a Georgian country mansion, was built by the brewer Ralph Thrale on land he bought from the Lord of the Manor - the fourth Duke of Bedford. Streatham Park later passed to Ralph's son Henry Thrale, who with his wife Hester Thrale entertained many of the leading literary and artistic characters of the day, most notably the lexicographer Samuel Johnson. The dining room contained 12 portraits of Henry's guests painted by his friend Joshua Reynolds. These pictures were wittily labelled by Fanny Burney as the Streatham Worthies.[6]

Streatham Park was later leased to Prime Minister Lord Shelburne, and was the venue for early negotiations with France that lead to the Peace Treaty of 1783. Streatham Park was demolished in 1863.

Park Hill[edit]

One large house that survives is Park Hill, on the north side of Streatham Common, rebuilt in the early 19th century for the Leaf family. It was latterly the home of Sir Henry Tate, sugar refiner, benefactor of local libraries across south London, including Streatham Library, and founder of the Tate Gallery at Millbank.

Urbanisation[edit]

Development accelerated after the opening of Streatham Hill railway station on the West End of London and Crystal Palace Railway in 1856. The other two railway stations followed within fifteen years. Some estates, such as Telford Park to the west of Streatham Hill, were spaciously planned with facilities like tennis clubs.[7] Despite the local connections to the Dukes of Bedford, there is no link to the contemporary Bedford Park in west London. Another generously sized development was Roupell Park, the area near Christchurch Road promoted by the Roupell family. Other streets adopted more conventional suburban layouts. Three more parish churches were built to serve the growing area, including Immanuel and St Andrew's (1854), St Peter's (1870) and St Margaret the Queen's (1889). There is now a mixture of buildings from all architectural eras of the past 200 years.

The inter-war period[edit]

After the First World War Streatham developed as a location for entertainment, with Streatham Hill Theatre (now a bingo hall), three cinemas, the Locarno ballroom (latterly Caesar's nightclub, which closed in 2010) and Streatham Ice Rink all adding to its reputation as "the West End of South London". With the advent of electric tram services it also grew as a shopping centre serving a wide area to the south. In the 1930s large numbers of blocks of flats were constructed along High Road. These speculative developments were not initially successful. They were only filled when émigré communities began to arrive in London after leaving countries under the domination of Hitler's Germany. In 1932 the parish church of the Holy Redeemer was built in Streatham Vale to commemorate the work of William Wilberforce.[8]

Retail decline and recovery[edit]

Pratt's department store in summer 1978. The store closed down in 1990 and the building was demolished in 1996.[9]

In the 1950s Streatham had the longest and busiest shopping street in south London. Streatham became the site of the UK's first supermarket, when Express Dairies Premier Supermarkets opened its first 2,500 square feet (230 m2) store in 1951;[10] Waitrose subsequently opened its first supermarket in Streatham in 1955, but it closed down in 1963.[11]

However, a combination of factors led to a gradual decline through the 1970s and a more rapid decline in the 1980s. These included long term population movements out to Croydon, Kingston and Sutton; the growth of heavy traffic on the A23 (main road from central London to Gatwick Airport and Brighton); and a lack of redevelopment sites in the town centre. This culminated in 1990 when the closure of Pratts, which had grown from a Victorian draper's shop to a department store operated since the 1940s by the John Lewis Partnership, coincided with the opening of a large Sainsbury's supermarket 1 km south of the town centre, replacing an existing, smaller Sainbury's store opposite Streatham Hill railway station.

Several recent additions, such as Argos, Lidl and Peacocks, are located in new retail spaces on the site of Pratt's but, in common with other high streets, retail recovery has been slow, and a substantial proportion of vacant space has been taken by a growing number of restaurants, bars and coffee shops.

In August 2011, Streatham was selected as one of the areas to benefit from Round 1 of the Mayor of London's Outer London Fund, gaining £300,000. Later, Streatham was awarded a further £1.6 million, matched by another £1 million by Lambeth.[12] The money from this fund has and is being spent on improving streets and public spaces in Streatham. This includes the smartening up of shop fronts through painting and cleaning, replacing shutters and signage as well as helping to reveal facilities behind the high street such as The Stables Community Centre.[13] Streatham Library has also undergone a £1.2 million refurbishment. This will provide both members of the local community and businesses with valuable work space, computer and internet facilities. When it reopens in March 2014, the Tudor Hall behind the library will provide a new performance space. The central reservation along the A23 is being removed, which involves some repaving and resurfacing, planting of new trees, and the creation of an enlarged bus and cycle lane.[14] Streatham Skyline is introducing new lighting to highlight some of Streatham's more attractive buildings and monuments with the aim of improving safety and the overall attractiveness of the area.[13] The Streatham Festival has benefited from The Outer London Fund.

Contemporary Streatham[edit]

Streatham Common. Avenue of autumn trees looking down Streatham Common towards Streatham High Road

In September 2002, Streatham High Road was voted the "Worst Street in Britain"[15] in a poll organised by the BBC Today programme and CABE. This largely reflected the dominance of through traffic along High Road.

Plans for investment and regeneration had begun before the poll, with local amenity group the Streatham Society leading a successful partnership bid for funding from central government for environmental improvements. Work started in winter 2003-04 with the refurbishment of Streatham Green and repaving and relighting of the High Road between St Leonard's Church and the Odeon Cinema. In 2005 Streatham Green won the Metropolitan Public Gardens Association 'London Spade' award for best public open space scheme in the capital.

The poll was a catalyst for Lambeth London Borough Council and Transport for London's Street Management to co-operate on a joint funding arrangement for further streetscape improvements, which benefited the section of the High Road between St Leonard's and Streatham station, and the stretch north of the Odeon as far as Woodbourne Avenue. However, further spending has currently been halted because of TfL's budgetary shortfall.

Streatham Festival was established in 2002. It has grown to a festival with over 50 events held in an array of locations, from bars to churches and parks to youth centres, attracting over 3,000 people.[16]

After several years of delay and controversy over phasing, construction started in the autumn of 2011 on the Streatham Hub - a major redevelopment next to Streatham railway station. The project is a joint development by Lambeth Council and Tesco.

The Streatham Hub project involves the demolition of Streatham Ice Arena, Streatham Leisure Centre and the former Streatham Bus Garage, and their replacement with a new leisure centre and a Tesco store with 250 flats above it. The leisure centre will be owned by Lambeth and will have an ice rink on the upper floors with a sports hall, gym and swimming pool on the levels below. Streatham Leisure Centre had been closed since November 2009 due to health and safety concerns when part of the pool hall ceiling collapsed.[17] Streatham Ice Arena closed on 18 December 2011, having celebrated eighty years of operation in February 2011.

In November 2013, the new Streatham Ice and Leisure Centre opened to the public.[18] The leisure centre houses a 60 m x 30 m indoor ice rink with 1,000 rink-side seats,[19] a six-lane 25 m swimming pool, 13 m teaching pool, four-court sports hall and a gym with 100 stations.[20]

The jazz venue Hideaway continues Streatham's long entertainment tradition. It features live performances of jazz, funk, swing and soul music as well as stand-up comedy nights. It won the Jazz Venue/Promoter of the Year category in the 2011 Parliamentary Jazz Awards.[21]

Constituency[edit]

See Streatham constituency.

Education[edit]

Sport[edit]

Places of worship[edit]

  • St Leonard's Church (Church of England) - the historic parish church
  • English Martyrs' Church (Roman Catholic)
  • Christ Church, Streatham Hill (Church of England)
  • Holy Redeemer Church, Streatham Vale (Church of England)
  • St Margaret the Queen, Cricklade Avenue, Streatham Hill (Church of England)
  • St Peter's Church, Streatham (Church of England)
  • St Simon and St Jude, Hillside Road, Streatham Hill (Roman Catholic)
  • Streatham Baptist Church, Lewin Road
  • Hambro Road Baptist Church
  • Streatham Methodist Church, Riggindale Road
  • New Covenant Church, Pendennis Road
  • Islamic Centre, Estreham Road (Shi’a)
  • Streatham Friends Meeting House, Roupell Park Estate (Religious Society of Friends (Quakers))
  • Streatham Mosque, Mitcham Lane (Sunni)
  • Streatham Hill Mosque, Norfolk House Road (Sunni)
  • South London Synagogue, Leigham Court Road (United Synagogue)
  • South London Liberal Synagogue, Prentis Road (Liberal Judaism)

Notable residents[edit]

Among the residents who have lived, worked, or were born in Streatham are:

Nearest places[edit]

Nearest railway stations[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Mayor of London (February 2008). "London Plan (Consolidated with Alterations since 2004)" (PDF). Greater London Authority. 
  2. ^ NOVVS PORTVS? Romano-British Settlement
  3. ^ a b H.E. Malden (editor) (1912). "Parishes: Streatham". A History of the County of Surrey: Volume 4. Institute of Historical Research. Retrieved 4 November 2014. 
  4. ^ Surrey Domesday Book
  5. ^ http://www.ideal-homes.org.uk/case-studies/streatham/5
  6. ^ Streatham Park - description on Thrale.com - Thrale family history site
  7. ^ Telford Park Estate history
  8. ^ http://www.holyredeemerstreatham.org.uk/about-us/history
  9. ^ http://landmark.lambeth.gov.uk/display_page.asp?section=landmark&id=3416
  10. ^ Helen Gregory (2001-11-03). "It's a super anniversary: it's 50 years since the first full size self-service supermarket was unveiled in the UK". The Grocer. Retrieved 2010-06-30. 
  11. ^ http://www.waitrosememorystore.org.uk/category_id__466.aspx
  12. ^ Town Centres to receive cash boost - Streatham Guardian 3 August 2011
  13. ^ a b http://www.london.gov.uk/priorities/regeneration/high-streets/projects/streatham
  14. ^ http://streathamnews.blogspot.co.uk/2013/11/work-scheduled-to-begin-tomorrow-to.html
  15. ^ "Britons name 'best and worst streets'". BBC. 2002-09-20. 
  16. ^ Streatham Festival
  17. ^ Lambeth Council closes Streatham swimming pool - Streatham Guardian 18 November 2009
  18. ^ Streatham ice rink and sports centre opens
  19. ^ http://www.lambeth.gov.uk/places/streatham-ice-and-leisure-centre
  20. ^ http://streathamwellslabour.org.uk/2013/11/streatham-ice-and-leisure-centre-is-now-open/
  21. ^ "Winners announced at the Parliamentary Jazz Awards". News and events. PPL. 18 May 2011. Retrieved 13 November 2014. 
  22. ^ London walks: Taking a look at the Rookery nook: Streatham's gardens
  23. ^ Building a classical music library: Arnold Bax
  24. ^ Help! Sarah Beeny’s burrowing under home
  25. ^ Cavendish, Lucy (2009-01-11). "Interview: Sarah Beeny, TV property expert". The Guardian. London. Retrieved 2010-05-24. 
  26. ^ Brian and Me: Life on - and off - The Archers
  27. ^ My perfect weekend: Simon Callow, actor, director and writer
  28. ^ In celebration of Mr Callow; Did you know Simon Callow had directed opera, is a dictionary obsessive and loved to torment his teachers? As he brings a one-man show to Wales, Kathryn Williams reveals some facts about the much-loved actor
  29. ^ Not bad for a girl from Streatham!
  30. ^ Back to her roots: Supermodel Naomi Campbell causes a stir when she films in Brixton... and visits the famous market
  31. ^ Jon Campling: Harry Potter 'Death Eater' and music video star who can't wait to work back home in Hull
  32. ^ Metal Christmas tree compared to 'festive pylon' by disappointed south Londoners
  33. ^ Great War Britain London
  34. ^ Nicholas Clay Swashbuckling actor who conquered theatre, film and television
  35. ^ Streatham: The luckiest constituents in Britain?
  36. ^ Peter Davison: having another Doctor Who as a son-in-law is rather weird
  37. ^ Siobhan Dowd
  38. ^ Ken Livingstone: Profile of Labour former London Mayor
  39. ^ Made in Streatham, made it in Paris
  40. ^ Grooverider BBC
  41. ^ Comedian Jeremy Hardy talks about Corbyn and his weirdest ever gig as he prepares for Blackheath and Epsom shows
  42. ^ Harewood, David (2012-04-29). "Streatham's no s***hole, it's a vibrant place I'm proud to call my home". The Guardian. London. Retrieved 2013-05-02. 
  43. ^ MP Keith Hill shared flat with cross-dressing comedian Eddie Izzard
  44. ^ Afghan charged with torture
  45. ^ Afghan torture trial begins in UK
  46. ^ The Fiver
  47. ^ The Ramsden Estate
  48. ^ THE FIRST TIME I...CILLA BLACK
  49. ^ Streatham-based Musician Dies
  50. ^ Merry Kissmiss: Museum uncovers huge collection of saucy festive cards by Donald McGill
  51. ^ Paul Merton: 'I couldn't have written about my father while he was alive’
  52. ^ Tell us another one. Or just tell us the same one all over again: Paul Merton, the comedian with the dry, South Circular delivery, is probably the funniest man on television. Where did he come from?
  53. ^ Jo Brand told: Streatham is no laughing matter
  54. ^ Cynthia Payne obituary Streatham brothel-keeper whose ‘personal services’ inspired a film and books, and launched her on a celebrity career
  55. ^ Former brothel madam Cynthia Payne dies, aged 82
  56. ^ I was a wild child, boasts new EastEnders star Nina Toussaint-White
  57. ^ Drink and drugs past of soap star Nina
  58. ^ You lucky people: remembering Tommy Trinder
  59. ^ June Whitfield interview: 'Middle class is still a dirty word in TV'
  60. ^ Streatham suburbanite who specialised in sin and Satan
  61. ^ Andy Zaltzman - Streatham's Political Animal

Further reading[edit]

  • Daniel Lysons (1792), "Streatham", Environs of London, 1: County of Surrey, London: T. Cadell 
  • James Thorne (1876), "Streatham", Handbook to the Environs of London, London: John Murray 

External links[edit]