Street children in the Philippines

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A slum in Manila.

According to a 1998 report titled "Situation of the Youth in the Philippines", there were about 1.5 million street children in the Philippines.[1][not in citation given]

Statistics[edit]

The approximate numbers of street children in the different districts[clarification needed] of the Philippines are: Manila (3,266), Quezon (2,867), Caloocan (1,530), and Pasay (1,420). Regional numbers are:

  • Luzon regional totals: 1,557 (highly visible), 22,728 (estimated total)
  • Visayas regional totals: 5,291 (highly visible), 40,860 (estimated total) and
  • Mindanao regional totals: 22,556 (highly visible), 138,328(estimated total).

Approximately 70% of the children are boys.

Defining Filipino street children[edit]

According to the "A Better Life" foundation, there are three different categories of street children:

  • Children on the streets make up approximately 75% of the street children in the Philippines. They work on the streets but do not live there. They generally have a home to return to after working, and some even continue to attend school while working long hours on the streets.
  • Children of the street make their homes on the street. They make up 25%-30% of the street children in the Philippines. They often create a sort of family with their fellow street children. Some of them still have family ties, but may either rarely tend to them or view them negatively.
  • Completely abandoned children have no family ties and are entirely on their own for physical and psychological survival. They make up approximately 5%-10% of the street children in the Philippines.[2][3]

Problems facing street children[edit]

Drugs[edit]

The most common substances are inhalants, such as solvents, rugby (a toluene-based glue) and cough syrups, followed by marijuana and shabu. Marijuana and shabus in particular are shared with friends whenever one of the group has enough money to buy them. Some street children take drugs as often as once a day.[2] A 1997 study estimated that up to 40% of street children had used drugs in the past. Other reports suggest that 66% to 85% of children had used inhalants, and 3% had used marijuana and shabu.[4]

Health problems[edit]

Street children are generally thin, untidy, undernourished, and hardly equipped to survive the hazards of everyday living and working on the streets. Some of the hazards they face include sickness, physical injuries from motor accidents, street fights, harassment from extortionists and police, sexual exploitation by pedophiles and pimps, exposure to substance abuse and sexually transmitted diseases.[2]

Summary execution of street children[edit]

Many street children were in danger of summary execution during the Marcos Government era.[5] In 2005, a report found that 39 children in Davao City had been killed by vigilante groups since 2001, most after having been released from police detention cells.[6]

Human rights groups said the killings have become an unwritten government policy to deal with crime, largely because of an ineffective criminal justice system and the tendency of the authorities to take shortcuts in the administration of justice. The execution-style killings are openly endorsed by local officials, strengthening the long-running suspicion that the death squads were formed by the government.[7]

Child prostitution[edit]

Child prostitutes are used by foreign sex tourists and pedophiles, as well as local people. Many street children are lured into prostitution as a means of survival, while others do it to earn money for their families. A variety of different factors contribute to the commercial sexual exploitation of children in the Philippines.[8][further explanation needed]

Rooted in poverty, as elsewhere, the problem of child prostitution in Angeles was exacerbated in the 1980s by Clark Air Base, where bars employed children who ended up as sex workers for American soldiers.[9] Street children are at particular risk because many of the 200 brothels in Angeles offer children for sex.[10] According to 1996 statistics of the Philippine Resource Network, 60,000 of the 1.5 million street children in the Philippines were prostituted.[11]

Sexual exploitation[edit]

Angeles Police had to rescue 36 children as young as six from Fields Avenue. Myrna Latorre, Chief of the Women's and Children's Section of the Angeles Police, said that the rescued children were brought to the City Social Welfare and Development (CSWD), and that most of them were sent to the Bahay Bata Center, an institution taking care of orphans and abused children. The rest, she said, were taken to Haven, a government rehabilitation center in Magalang, Pampanga, run by the Department of Social Welfare and Development (DSWD).[12] A 13-year-old child was trafficked into a brothel in Angeles where she had to service up to 15 individuals every night. [13]

HIV/AIDS and STDs[edit]

There is no HIV testing for children in the Philippines, but approximately 18% of the street children contract sexually transmitted infections (STIs).[8]

NGO responses[edit]

Various organizations have established charities and shelters, providing counseling, food, clothing and religious instruction in an attempt to help street children. These include Street Contact For Children,[3] Subic Bay Children's Home,[14] LifeChild,[15] Spirit and Life Mission House, Tiwala Kids and Communities ,[16] Batang Pinangga Foundation, Inc (Cebu)[17]Jireh Children's Home,[18]He Cares Foundation,[19] ANAK-Tnk Foundation,[20] and the Tuloy Foundation, among others.

See also[edit]

General:

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Street Children - Philippines". Retrieved 29 July 2015. 
  2. ^ a b c "Teachers' Corner - Background(Detail)". Stairway Foundation. Archived from the original on February 27, 2009. Retrieved September 12, 2016. 
  3. ^ a b "The Life of Street Children in the Philippines and Initiatives to Help Them". Retrieved 29 July 2015. 
  4. ^ Njord, Levi; Merrill, Ray; Njord, Rebecca; Lindsay, Ryan; Pachano, Jeanette D. R. (May 10, 2010). "Drug Use Among Street Children and Non—Street Children in the Philippines". Asia-Pacific Journal of Public Health. 22 (2): 203–211. doi:10.1177/1010539510361515. 
  5. ^ "Preda Foundation, Inc. NEWS/ARTICLES: "Nobel Prize Nominee Lauded Around the World Deserted by His Own"". Archived from the original on August 31, 2009. Retrieved 29 July 2015. 
  6. ^ Capiloyan, Cleonante. "Globalization and Violence Against Children in the Philippines, 2005". Archived from the original (DOC) on August 23, 2006. Retrieved August 27, 2016. 
  7. ^ Conde, Carlos H. (March 23, 2005). "Philippine death squads extend their reach". International Herald Tribune. Archived from the original on February 27, 2009. Retrieved August 27, 2016. 
  8. ^ a b "STREET CHILDREN IN THE PHILIPPINES.pdf" (PDF). Jubilee Action. Archived from the original (PDF) on June 12, 2004. Retrieved September 12, 2016. 
  9. ^ Agence France-Presse. "Pedophilia: Southeast Asia's sordid secret - INQUIRER.net, Philippine News for Filipinos". Inquirer.net. Archived from the original on April 2, 2015. Retrieved 29 July 2015. 
  10. ^ "BBC Politics 97". Retrieved 29 July 2015. 
  11. ^ "Philippines | Reading, wRiting, aRithmetic—and Child Rights". Inter Press Service. Archived from the original on February 2, 2008. Retrieved August 11, 2016. 
  12. ^ Dagumboy, Marna H. (January 10, 2007). "Sun.Star Pampanga - 36 street kids rounded up". Sun.Star Pampanga. Archived from the original on August 23, 2009. Retrieved August 11, 2016. 
  13. ^ Juvida, Sol F. "PHILIPPINES-CHILDREN: Scourge of Child Prostitution". Inter Press Service. Archived from the original on February 7, 2012. Retrieved August 11, 2016. 
  14. ^ "Subic Bay Children's Home". Sbchome.org. Retrieved 2012-08-04. 
  15. ^ "LifeChild Asia Foundation Philippines Children's Homes". LifeChild Asia Foundation. Retrieved 15 February 2015. 
  16. ^ "Tiwala Kids and Communities| Christian Charity for street children Philippines". Tiwala.org. Retrieved 2012-08-04. 
  17. ^ "Home". Retrieved 15 February 2015. 
  18. ^ "Jireh Children's Home". pfmonline.org. Retrieved 2014-03-18. 
  19. ^ "He Cares Foundation Street Children Caring Center: Help the Poor in Metro Manila, Philippines". Retrieved 15 February 2015. 
  20. ^ "ANAK-Tnk Foundation, Giving Street Children A Second Chance At Life". www.anak-tnk.org. Retrieved 27 August 2016.