Street names of the City of London

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This is a list of the etymology of street names in the City of London.

  • Abchurch Lane and Abchurch Yard – after the adjacent St Mary Abchurch[1][2][3]
  • Adam’s Court – thought to be for Sir Thomas Adams, 1st Baronet, master of the Worshipful Company of Drapers and later Lord Mayor of London[4]
  • Addle Hill – from an Old English word for prince (athling)[5][6][7]
  • Addle Street – from an Old English word for filth/dung, presumably descriptive,[5] though also may be the same etymology as Addle Hill above[7]
  • Alban Highwalk and St Albans Court – after the adjacent St Alban, Wood Street church, of which only the tower now remains[8]
  • Albion Place (off London Wall)
  • Albion Way
  • Aldermanbury and Aldermanbury Square – the site of a burgh (enclosed settlement) of a Saxon-era alderman[9][10][11]
  • Alderman’s Walk – formerly Dashwood's Walk, for Francis Dashwood, who lived here in the 18th century; it was changed when he became an alderman[9][11]
  • Aldersgate Court and Aldersgate Street – The name Aldersgate is first recorded around 1000 in the form Ealdredesgate, i.e. "gate associated with a man named Ealdrād". The gate, constructed by the Romans in the 2nd or 3rd centuries when London Wall was constructed, probably acquired its name in the late Saxon period[12]
  • Aldgate, Aldgate Avenue and Aldgate High Street – thought to be an alteration of ‘Old Gate’; others think it stems from ‘Ale Gate’ (after a local inn) or ‘All Gate’ (as it was open to all)[13][14][15][16][17][18]
  • Allhallows Lane – after the church of All-Hallows-the-Great and Less, both destroyed in the Great Fire of 1666; the Great was rebuilt by Christopher Wren, but was demolished in 1894[19][20]
  • Amen Corner and Amen Court – by association with the nearby St Paul’s Cathedral[21][22]
  • America Square – laid out in 1767-70 by George Dance the Younger and named in honour of the American colonies[23][22]
  • Andrewes Highwalk – presumably after Lancelot Andrewes, rector of the nearby St Giles-without-Cripplegate Church
  • Angel Court – named after a long demolished inn of this name[24][25]
  • Angel Lane
  • Angel Street – after a demolished inn of this name; formerly Angle Alley[24][25]
  • Apothecary Street – after the nearby Worshipful Society of Apothecaries[24][26]
  • Appold Stree
  • The Arcade (Liverpool Street) – presumably descriptive
  • Arthur Street – unknown[27]
  • Artillery Lane – this formerly led to the Tasel Close Artillery Yard, which stood here in the 17th–18th centuries[28][27]
  • Artizan Street
  • Ashentree Court – after the ashen trees formerly located here at the Whitefriars' monastery[29]
  • Athene Place
  • Austin Friars and Austin Friars Passage and Austin Friars Square – after Austin Friars, a medieval friary which stood here in the Medieval period[28][30]
  • Ave Maria Lane – after the Hail Mary (Ave Maria), by association with the nearby St Paul’s Cathedral[21][30]
  • The Avenue (Cutlers Gardens) – presumably descriptive
  • Back Alley – presumably descriptive
  • Back Passage – presumably descriptive
  • Bakers Hall Court – after the nearby hall of the Worshipful Company of Bakers[31]
  • Ball Court
  • Baltic Street West – the streets here were built by a timber merchant circa 1810 who named them after trade-related activities; Baltic refers to the Baltic softwood trade[32][33]
  • Barbon Alley
  • Barley Mow Passage – after a former inn here of this name, possibly by reference to alcohol, or else a corruption of the nearby St Bartholomew's church and hospital[34]
  • Barnard’s Inn – named after Lionel Barnard, owner of a town house (or ‘inn’) here in the mid-15th century[35]
  • Bartholomew Close and Bartholomew Place – after St Bartholomew’s Priory, which stood here and is remembered in the names of the local hospital and two churches[36][37]
  • Bartholomew Lane – after the former St Bartholomew-by-the-Exchange church, demolished in 1840[36][38][39]
  • Bartlett Court, Bartlett Street and Bartletts Passage – after Thomas Bartlett, court printer to Edward VI, who owned property here[40][41]
  • Basinghall Avenue and Basinghall Street – thought to be after land owned here by the people of Basa or Basing (in Old Basing, Hampshire), or possibly after a mansion house of the Bassing (or Basing) family, who were prominent in the City beginning in the 13th century[36][42][43][41]
  • Bassishaw Highwalk – after the Bassishaw ward in which it’s located[41]
  • Bastion Highwalk – presumably after the adjacent Roman bastion ruins
  • Bear Alley – thought to be after a former inn of this name[44][45]
  • Beech Gardens and Beech Street – after beech trees which formerly stood here; the name is an old one, recorded as ‘Bechestrete’ in the 13th century[46][47]
  • Beehive Passage – after a former tavern here of this name[47]
  • Bengal Court – presumably after the former British colony of Bengal
  • Bell Court
  • Bell Inn Yard – after a former inn of this name[48][49]
  • Bell Wharf Lane – unknown, possibly after a former tavern of this name; formerly Emperor’s Head Lane, after an inn here[50][49]
  • Ben Jonson Place – after Ben Jonson, 17th century playwright and poet
  • Bennet’s Hill – after the adjacent St Benet’s church[51]
  • Bevis Marks – corruption of ‘Bury Marks’, after a former house on this site given to Bury St Edmunds Abbey in the 1100s; mark is thought to note a boundary here[52][53][54]
  • Billiter Court and Billiter Street – after former ‘belzeter’ (bell foundry) located here[55][56][57]
  • Birchin Lane – unknown, though suggested to come from the Old English ‘beord-ceorfere’ (bear carver i.e. a barbers); it has had several variation on this name in the past, including Berchervere, Berchenes and Birchen[55][54][58]
  • Bishop’s Court
  • Bishopsgate, Bishopsgate Arcade and Bishopsgate Churchyard – after one of the City gates that formerly stood here, thought to commemorate Saint Earconwald, Bishop of London in the 7th century[59][60]
  • Blackfriars Bridge, Blackfriars Court, Blackfriars Lane, Blackfriars Passage and Blackfriars Underpass – after the former Dominican (or Black friars, after their robes) friary that stood here 1276–1538[61][62]
  • Blomfield Street – after Charles James Blomfield, Bishop of London 1828–1856[63][64]
  • Bloomberg Arcade – after its owners/developers Bloomberg L.P.
  • Bolt Court – thought to be after a former tavern called the Bolt-in-Tun[65][66]
  • Bond Court – after a 17th-century property developer of this name[67][68]
  • Booth Lane
  • Botolph Alley and Botolph Lane – after the St Botolph Billingsgate church which stood near here, destroyed in the Great Fire of 1666[67][38][69]
  • Bouverie Street – after William Bouverie, 1st Earl of Radnor[70][71]
  • Bow Churchyard and Bow Lane – after the adjacent St Mary-le-Bow church; it was formerly known as Hosier Lane (after the local stocking making trade), and prior to that Cordewanere Street (meaning ‘leather-workers’)[72][2][71]
  • Brabant Court – thought to be after the Dutch/Belgian province of this name, though possibly a corruption of a personal name (prior to the 18th century it was known as Braben Court, and before that Brovens Court)[73]
  • Brackley Street – after the Earls of Bridgewater, also called the Viscounts Brackley, who owned a house near here[73][74]
  • Braidwood Passage – presumably after 19th century fireman James Braidwood
  • Brandon Mews
  • Bread Street – after the bakery trade that formerly took place here[75][76][77]
  • Bream’s Buildings – thought to be named for its 18th century builder[77]
  • Breton Highwalk – presumably after the 16th–17th century poet Nicholas Breton
  • Brewer’s Hall Gardens – after the adjacent Worshipful Company of Brewers hall
  • Brick Court – as this was home to the first set of brick buildings in the area[78]
  • Bride Court, Bride Lane, St Bride’s Avenue, St Bride’s Passage and St Bride Street – after the adjacent St Bride's Church[79][38][78]
  • Bridewell Place – after the adjacent St Bride's Church and a well that was formerly located here in the early Middle Ages; the name was later given to Bridewell Palace (demolished in the 1860s[80][78]
  • Bridgewater Highwalk, Bridgewater Square and Bridgewater Street – after the Earls of Bridgewater, also called the Viscounts Brackley, who owned a house near here[73][74]
  • Britannic Highwalk
  • Broadgate and Broadgate Circle – developed in the late 1980s, presumably named for the former Broad Street station on this site and the adjacent Bishopsgate
  • Broad Lane, Broad Street Avenue, New Broad Street and Old Broad Street – simply a descriptive name, dating to the early Middle Ages; the northern-most section was formerly ‘New Broad Street’; however, this has now switched onto an adjacent sidestreet[81][82][83]
  • Broken Wharf – this wharf fell into disrepair owing to a property dispute in the 14th century[84][85]
  • Brown’s Buildings
  • Brushfield Street – after Thomas Brushfield, Victorian-era representative for this area at the Metropolitan Board of Works; the western-most section, here forming the boundary with Tower Hamlets, was formerly called Union Street[86][87]
  • Bucklersbury and Bucklersbury Passage – after the Buckerel/Bucherel family who owned land here in the 1100s[86][88][89]
  • Budge Row – formerly home to the drapery trade; a ‘budge/boge’ was a type of lamb’s wool[90][91][89]
  • Bull's Head Passage – thought to be after an inn or shop of this name[92][89]
  • Bunyan Court – after the author John Bunyan, who attended the nearby St Giles-without-Cripplegate church
  • Burgon Street – after Dean Burgon of St Paul’s Cathedral; prior to 1885 it was called New Street[93]
  • Bury Court and Bury Street – after a former house on this site given to Bury St Edmunds Abbey in the 1100s[94][95][54]
  • Bush Lane – thought to be after a former inn of this name[94][96][97]
  • Byward Street – after the adjacent Byward Tower of the Tower of London[98][97]
  • Camomile Street – after the camomile formerly grown here for medicine[99][100]
  • Canon Alley – presumably in reference to the adjacent St Paul’s Cathedral
  • Cannon Street – a contraction of the 14th century ‘Candlewick Street’, meaning a street where candle-makers were based[101][102]
  • Capel Court – after William Capel, Lord Mayor of London in the early 16th century[103]
  • Carlisle Avenue – unknown[104]
  • Carmelite Street – after the Carmelite order (known as the White friars), who were granted land here by Edward I[105][106]
  • Carter Court and Carter Lane – after the cartering trade that formerly took place here,[107][108] or possibly also after someone with this name[109]
  • Carthusian Street – after the Carthusian monks who lived near here in the Middle Ages[110][111]
  • Castle Baynard Street – after Castle Baynard which formerly stood here[107]
  • Castle Court – after a former inn of this name[107]
  • Catherine Wheel Alley – after a former inn of this name, which was named for the Catherine wheel on the coat of arms of the Worshipful Company of Turners[112][113]
  • Cavendish Court – after the Cavendish family, Dukes of Devonshire, who owed a house near here in the 1600s[112][114]
  • Chancery Lane – the former site of Edward III's office of the Master of the Rolls of Chancery[115][116][117]
  • Change Alley – after the nearby Royal Exchange[115][118]
  • Charterhouse Square and Charterhouse StreetAnglicisation of Chartreuse, from Grande Chartreuse, head monastery of the Carthusians in France; a nearby abbey was founded by monks of this order in 1371[119][120]
  • Cheapside and Cheapside Passage – from ‘chepe’, an Old English word meaning 'market'; this was the western end of a market that stretched over the Eastcheap[121][122][120]
  • Cheshire Court – after the adjacent Ye Olde Cheshire Cheese pub[123]
  • Chiswell Street – either for old term meaning 'stony/gravelly earth',[124] or a corruption of 'Choice Well', denoting a source of clean water[54]
  • Church Cloisters – after the adjacent St Mary-at-Hill church; Church Passage till 1938[125]
  • Church Court – after the adjacent Temple Church
  • Church Entry – after the former St Ann Blackfriars church which burned down in the 1666 fire[126][62]
  • Circus Place – after the adjacent Finsbury Circus[127]
  • Clements Lane and St Clement’s Court – after the adjacent St Clement's, Eastcheap church[38][128]
  • Clerk’s Place
  • Clifford’s Inn Passage – after an inn (townhouse) given to Robert de Clifford, 1st Baron de Clifford by Edward II[129][130]
  • Cloak Lane – unknown, though possibly from 'cloaca', an old word for a sewer; prior to the mid-17th century it was Horseshoebridge Street, after a bridge that stood here over the Walbrook[129][131]
  • Cloth Court, Cloth Fair and Cloth Street – after a long-running cloth fair that was formerly held here[129][132]
  • Clothier Street – after the former clothes market that operated here[129][132]
  • Cobb’s Court
  • Cock Hill – unknown, possibly from an old inn of this name[133]
  • Cock Lane – thought to be after either cock rearing or cock fighting that formerly occurred here[134][135][133]
  • Coleman Street and Coleman Street Buildings – possibly after a church of this name or a personal name,[136][137] or literally after the coalmen who formerly lived in this area in the Middle Ages[138]
  • College Hill, College Street and Little College Lane – after the adjacent St Michael Paternoster Royal, which was created as a collegiate church by Richard Whittington in 1419; College Street was formerly Paternoster Street (meaning rosary makers]] and College Hill was Royal Street (a corruption of La Réole, France, where local wine merchants hailed from)[139][140][141]
  • Compter Passage – presumably after the former Wood Street Compter
  • Cooper’s Row – after an 18th-century property owner of this name; prior to this it was Woodruffe Lane, also thought to be after a property owner[142][143]
  • Copthall Avenue, Copthall Buildings and Copthall Close – after a former ‘copt hall’ (crested hall) that stood here[144][143]
  • Corbet Court – after a local 17th century property developer[144]
  • Cornhill – thought to be after the corn formerly grown or sold here[144][145][146]
  • Cousin Lane – after either Joanna or William Cousin, the first a local landowner, the latter a 14th-century sheriff[147][148][149]
  • Cowper’s Court – after the Cowper family, local landowners[150]
  • Crane Court – formerly Two Crane Court, possibly after a coat of arms of one of the local landowning families[150]
  • Creechurch Lane and Creechurch Place – after the former Holy Trinity Priory, Aldgate near here; it was also named Christ Church, later corrupted to ‘Creechurch’, and later also given to St Katharine Cree church[151][152]
  • Creed Court and Creed Lane – by association with the nearby St Paul’s Cathedral[21][152]
  • Crescent – thought to be first crescent-shaped street in London[127]
  • Cripplegate Street – after the former Cripplegate that stood here, referring either to a crepel (Latin for ‘covered way’) or the association with the nearby St Giles-without-Cripplegate church (St Giles is the patron saint of cripples)[151][153]
  • Cromwell Highwalk and Cromwell Place – presumably after Oliver Cromwell, who was married in the nearby St Giles-without-Cripplegate Church in 1620
  • Crosby Square – after Crosby House, built for Sir John Crosby, 15th century merchant and politician[154][155]
  • Cross Keys Square – after a house or inn called Cross Keys that stood here in Tudor times[154][155]
  • Cross Lane – descriptive; it was formerly Fowle Lane (literally ‘foul’)[154][156][155]
  • Crosswall – descriptive, as it crosses the boundary of the city wall[154][157]
  • Crown Court
  • Crown Office Row – after the Clerks of the Crown Office formerly located here[158]
  • Crutched Friars – after the Crutched Friars, a religious order who had a friary here in the early Middle Ages which was dissolved by Henry VIII[159][160][158]
  • Cullum Street – after either Sir John Cullum, 17th century sheriff who owned land here,[159] or Thomas Cullum[161]
  • Cunard Place – after the Cunard Line headquarters, formerly located here[161]
  • Cursitor Street – after the Cursitors’ office, established here in the 16th century[162][161]
  • Custom House Walk – after the adjacent Custom House
  • Cutler Street and Cutlers Gardens Arcade – after the Worshipful Company of Cutlers, who owned land here[162][163]
  • Dark House Walk – after a former inn here called the Darkhouse; it was formerly Dark House Lane, and prior to that Dark Lane[164]
  • Dean’s Court – after the Dean of St Paul’s[165][166]
  • Defoe Place – after the author Daniel Defoe
  • Devonshire Row and Devonshire Square – after the Cavendish family, Dukes of Devonshire, who owed a house near here in the 1600s[167][168]
  • Distaff Lane – formerly Little Distaff Lane, as it lay off the main Distaff Lane (now absorbed into Cannon Street); in Medieval times the area was home to a distaff industry[169][170][171]
  • Doby Court – thought to be after a local landowner; prior to 1800 called Maidenhead Court[169]
  • Dorset Buildings and Dorset Rise – Salisbury Court, London home of the bishops of Salisbury, formerly stood near here; after the Dissolution of the Monasteries it passed to Thomas Sackville, 1st Earl of Dorset[172][173]
  • Dowgate Hill – after a former watergate leading to the Thames here; it was formerly Duuegate, Old English for ‘dove’ (possibly a personal name), or possibly simply from the word 'down'[174][175][176]
  • Drapers Gardens – after the adjacent Worshipful Company of Drapers building[177][178]
  • Dukes Place – after Thomas Howard, 4th Duke of Norfolk, who inherited a house near here from his uncle Thomas Audley, who had gained the land following the Dissolution of the Monasteries[179][180]
  • Dunster Court – corruption of St Dunstan’s Court, as it lay in the parish of St Dunstan-in-the-East[179]
  • Dyer’s Buildings – after almshouses owned by the Worshipful Company of Dyers formerly located here[181]
  • Eastcheap – as it was the eastern end of the former Cheapside market[182][181]
  • East Harding Street and West Harding Street – after local 16th century property owner Agnes Harding, who bequeathed the surrounding area to the Worshipful Company of Goldsmiths for the upkeep of widows[183][184]
  • East Passage – presumably descriptive
  • East Poultry Avenue and West Poultry Avenue – after the meat trade here at Smithfield Market[185]
  • Eldon Street – after John Scott, 1st Earl of Eldon, Lord Chancellor in the early 19th century, or a tavern named after him[186][187]
  • Elm Court – after the elm trees in the Temple Gardens[188][189]
  • Essex Court – presumably after the earls of Essex, who owned a townhouse near here (hence the nearby Essex Street)[190][191]
  • Exchange Arcade, Exchange Place and Exchange Square
  • Falcon Court – after a former inn or shop of this name[192][193]
  • Falcon Highwalk
  • Fann Street – thought to be named after a local property owner or tradesman of this name[194][195]
  • Farringdon Street – from Sir William or Nicholas de Farnedon/Faringdon, local sheriffs or aldermen in the 13th century[196][197][198]
  • Fen Court, Fenchurch Avenue, Fenchurch Buildings, Fenchurch Place and Fenchurch Street – after a fen which was formerly located near here, and possibly the former St Gabriel Fenchurch[196][199][200]
  • Fetter Lane and New Fetter Lane – formerly Fewter Lane, a Medieval term for an idler,[196][201] stemming originally from the Old French 'faitour' (lawyer)[202]
  • Finch Lane – after Robert Fink (some sources: Aelfwin Finnk), who paid for the rebuilding of the former St Benet Fink Church in the 13th century; the church was destroyed in the 1666 Fire, and its replacement demolished in the 1840s[203][204]
  • Finsbury Avenue, Finsbury Avenue Square, Finsbury Circus – after a Saxon burgh (settlement) owned by someone called Finn[203][197][205]
  • Fish Street Hill, Fish Wharf and Old Fish Street Hill – after the former local fish trade here, centred on Billingsgate Fish Market[206][207][208]
  • Fishmongers Hall Wharf – after the adjacent Fishmongers' Hall[203]
  • Fleet Place, Fleet Street and Old Fleet Lane – after the now covered river Fleet which flowed near here[209][210][211]
  • Fore Street and Fore Street Avenue – named after its location in front of the City walls[212][213][214]
  • Fort Street – after the former armoury and artillery grounds located near here[212]
  • Foster Lane – corruption of Vedast, after the adjacent St Vedast Church[212][215][181]
  • Founders’ Court – after the Worshipful Company of Founders, who were formerly based here[216][217]
  • Fountain Court – after the 17th century fountain located here[217]
  • Frederick’s Place – after John Frederick, Lord Mayor of London in 1661[218][217]
  • French Ordinary Court – former site of an ‘ordinary’ (cheap eating place) for the local French community in the 17th century[218][219]
  • Friar Street – after the former Dominican friary that stood here 1276–1538[218][220]
  • Friday Street – after the former local fish trade here, with reference to the popularity of fish on this day owing to the Catholic Friday Fast; the street formerly extended all the way to Cheapside[221][222][220]
  • Frobisher Crescent – after the explorer Martin Frobisher, who is buried in the nearby St Giles-without-Cripplegate
  • Fruiterers Passage – after the Worshipful Company of Fruiterers, formerly based here[223]
  • Furnival Street – after the nearby Furnival’s Inn, owned by Sir Richard Furnival in the late 1500s[224][225]
  • Fye Foot Lane – corruption of ‘five foot’, after its original breadth; formerly Finamour Lane, after an individual with this surname[226][227]
  • Garden Court – after the adjacent Temple Gardens[228]
  • Gardner’s Lane – unknown, though thought to be after a local property owner; formerly called Dunghill Lane in the 18th century[229][228]
  • Garlick Hill – as it led to the former Garlick Hythe, a wharf where garlic was unloaded from ships[230][228]
  • George Yard – after the adjacent George and Vulture pub,[231] or another pub of this name formerly located here[232]
  • Giltspur Street – thought to be the former location of a spurriers[233][234][235]
  • Gloucester Court
  • Godliman Street – thought to be after Godalming, Surrey, a family bearing this name, or the selling of godalmins (a type of skin/leather); it was formerly Paul’s Chain, after the chain placed here to prevent access to St Paul’s churchyard[236][237]
  • Golden Lane – formerly Goldynglane, thought to be after a local property owner of the name Golding/Golda[236][237]
  • Goldsmith Street – after the nearby Worshipful Company of Goldsmiths[238][239]
  • Goodman’s Court and Goodman’s Yard – thought to be after the Goodman family, local farmers in the 16th century[238][240]
  • Gophir Lane – formerly Gofaire Lane, thought to be for Elias Gofaire, 14th century property owner[241][242]
  • Goring Street – unknown; prior to 1885 known as Castle Court, after a former inn[241]
  • Goswell Road – there is dispute over the origins of the name, with some sources claiming the road was named after a nearby garden called 'Goswelle' or 'Goderell' which belonged to Robert de Ufford, 1st Earl of Suffolk,[243] whilst others state it derives from "God's Well", and the traditional pagan practice of well-worship,[244] and others a 'Gode Well' formerly located here[245]
  • Gough Square – after Richard Gough, wool merchant, local landowners in the early 1700s[241][245]
  • Gracechurch Street – formerly Garscherch Street, Grass Church Street and Gracious Street, presumably after a local church (mostly likely St Benet Gracechurch and/or grassy area[246][247][248]
  • Grand Avenue – presumably descriptive[249]
  • Grant's Quay Wharf
  • Gravel Lane – descriptive, after its gravelly texture[250][251]
  • Great Bell Alley – formerly just Bell Alley, it was named for a former inn[250][252]
  • Great Eastern Walk (Liverpool Street station) – presumably descriptive, or after the Great Eastern Railway company
  • Great New Street, Little New Street, Middle New Street, New Street Court, New Street Square – built in the mid-1600s, and named simply as they were then new[253][184]
  • Great St Helen’s and St Helen’s Place – after the adjacent St Helen's Church, Bishopsgate and former priory here of the same name[254][255]
  • Great St Thomas Apostle – after the St Thomas the Apostle church, destroyed in the Great Fire[254][255]
  • Great Swan Alley – after a former inn here called The White Swan[256][257]
  • Great Tower Street – after the adjacent Tower of London[256][257]
  • Great Trinity Lane, Little Trinity Lane and Trinity Lane – after the former Holy Trinity the Less church, demolished 1871[256][257]
  • Great Winchester Street – following the Dissolution of the Monasteries, the nearby Austin Friars was acquired by Sir William Powlet, Lord Treasurer; his son Lord Winchester renamed it for himself[256]
  • Green Arbour Court – thought to be from a 17th-century inn[256]
  • The Green Yard
  • Gresham Street – after Thomas Gresham, merchant and founder the Royal Exchange; the western part of this street was formerly known as Lad Lane, and the eastern part Cat Eaton Street (named literally after the cats here); they were amalgamated in 1845[258][259][260]
  • Greyfriars Passage – after the Franciscan order, also known as the Grey friars, who owned land here in the Middle Ages[261][262]
  • Greystoke Place – after a local 18th century property owner of this name; prior to this it was Black Raven Alley, after a local inn[263][262]
  • Grocer’s Hall Court and Grocer’s Hall Gardens – after the adjacent Worshipful Company of Grocers[262]
  • Groveland Court
  • Guildhall Buildings and Guildhall Yard – after the adjacent Guildhall[264]
  • Guinness Court
  • Gunpowder Square
  • Gutter Lane – corruption of Guthrun/Godrun, thought to be after an early Danish landowner[265][266]
  • Half Moon Court – after a former inn of this name[267][266]
  • Hammett Street – after its 18th century builder Benjamin Hammett, also Lord Mayor of London in 1797[268]
  • Hanging Sword Alley – thought to be after a former inn, shop or fencing school of this name[267][269]
  • Hanseatic Walk – presumably in reference to Hanseatic League
  • Hare Place – after Hare House which formerly stood here; formerly Ram Alley, a noted criminal area, prompting the name change[257]
  • Harp Alley – thought to be after a former 17th century inn of this name[270][271]
  • Harp Lane – after the Harp brewhouse which formerly stood here[270][50][271]
  • Harrow Place – thought to be named for a harrow-making shop formerly located here after a former inn of this name[272][273]
  • Hart Street – unknown, formerly Herthstrete and Hertstrete, possibly after the hearthstone trade here[274][234][273]
  • Hartshorn Alley – after the Hart’s Horn inn which formerly stood here[274][275]
  • Haydon Street and Haydon Walk – after John Heydon, Master of the Ordnance 1627-42, who lived near here[276][275]
  • Hayne Street – after Haynes timber merchants and carpenters, who owned a shop here after a former inn of this name[276][277]
  • Hen and Chicken Court – after a former inn(s) here of this name[278]
  • Heneage Lane and Heneage Place – after Thomas Heneage, who acquired a house here after the dissolution of the nearby abbey[279][54]
  • High Holborn, Holborn, Holborn Circus and Holborn Viaduct – thought to be from ‘hollow bourne’ i.e. the river Fleet which formerly flowed in a valley near here. The ‘High’ stems from the fact that rode led away from the river to higher ground. 'Circus' is a British term for a road junction, and 'viaduct' is a self-explanatory term.[280][281][282]
  • High Timber Street – after a former timber hythe (wharf), recorded here from the late 13th century[283][284][285]
  • Hind Court
  • Hogarth Court – the artist William Hogarth formerly lodged here at a local tavern[286][287]
  • Honey Lane – after honey that was formerly sold here as art of the Cheapside market[288][289][290]
  • Hood Court
  • Hope Square
  • Hosier Lane – after the former hosiery trade based here[291][292][293]
  • Houndsditch – generally thought to be literally after a local ditch where dead dogs were dumped;[294] however, others think it may refer to a nearby kennels[291][295][296]
  • Huggin Court and Huggin Hill – formerly Hoggen Lane, as hogs were kept here[297][290][296]
  • Hutton Street
  • Idol Lane – formerly Idle Lane, it may be a personal name or denote local idlers[298][299]
  • India Street – after the former warehouses here of the East India Company; prior to 1913 it was George Street[298][300]
  • Inner Temple Lane – after the adjacent Inner Temple[301]
  • Ireland Yard – after haberdasher William Ireland, who owned a house here in the 1500s[302][303]
  • Ironmonger Lane – an ancient name, after the former ironmongery trade here[302][304][303]
  • Jewry Street – after the former Jewish community which was based here; formerly Poor Jewry Street[305][306][307][308]
  • John Carpenter Street – after John Carpenter, Town Clerk of London in the mid 15th century[305][309]
  • John Milton Passage – after the author John Milton
  • John Trundle Highwalk – after John Trundle, 16th–17th century author and book seller
  • John Wesley Highwalk – after John Wesley, founder of Methodism
  • Johnsons Court – after a local 16th century property owning family of this name; the connection with Samuel Johnson is coincidental[282][309]
  • Keats Place
  • Kennett Wharf Lane – after its late 18th century owner[310]
  • Kinghorn Street – formerly King Street, renamed in 1885 to avoid confusion with many other streets of this name[307][311]
  • Kingscote Street – formerly King Edward Street (for Edward VI), renamed in 1885 to avoid confusion with the street of this name off Newgate Street[307][311]
  • King Street – built after the Great Fire and named for Charles II[312][313]
  • King Edward Street – named for Edward VI, who turned the adjacent Greyfriars monastery into a hospital; it was formerly known as Stinking Lane[307][314][311]
  • King William Street – named for William IV, reigning monarch when the street was built in 1829-35[315][314][313]
  • King’s Arms Yard – named after a former inn of this name[307][313]
  • King’s Bench Walk – named for the adjacent housing for lawyers of the King’s Bench[307][316]
  • Knightrider Court and Knightrider Street – thought to be literally a street where knights used to ride[317][318][319]
  • Lakeside Terrace – descriptive
  • Lambert Jones Mews – after Lambert Jones, Victorian-era councilman
  • Lambeth Hill – corruption of Lambert/Lambart, local property owner[320][321][322]
  • Langthorn Court – named after a former property owner of this name[323]
  • Lauderdale Place – named for the Earls of Lauderdale, who owned a house here[324]
  • Laurence Pountney Hill and Laurence Pountney Lane – after the former St Laurence Pountney church, built by Sir John de Pulteney but destroyed in the Great Fire[325][326][327]
  • Lawrence Lane – after the nearby St Lawrence Jewry church[328][215][329]
  • Leadenhall Market, Leadenhall Place and Leadenhall Street – after the Leaden Hall, a house owned by Sir Hugh Neville in the 14th century[330][140][331]
  • Lime Street – Medieval name denoting a place of lime kilns[332][333][334]
  • Limeburner Lane – after the lime burning trade formerly located here[304]
  • Lindsey Street – unknown[334]
  • Little Britain – thought to be after Robert le Bretoun, 13th century local landowner, probably from Brittany[332][335][336]
  • Little Somerset Street
  • Liverpool Street – built in 1829 and named for Robert Jenkinson, 2nd Earl of Liverpool, Prime Minister 1812-27[337][338]
  • Lloyd’s Avenue – as the headquarters of the Lloyd's Register (named for Lloyd's Coffee House) were located here[339]
  • Lombard Court and Lombard Lane – from Lombardy, as this area was home to a community from there; the name was altered from Lombard Street to avoid confusion with the other street of this name[340][341]
  • Lombard Street – from the wool merchants from Lombardy who traded and lent money here from the 13th century onwards[340][342][341]
  • London Bridge – self-explanatory; for centuries this was the only bridge crossing the Thames[343]
  • London Street and New London Street – named after local 18th century property owner John London, not the city; the ‘New’ section was a later extension[327][343]
  • London Wall – after the city wall which formerly ran along this route (though there are still some ruins visible)[344][345][343]
  • Long Lane – a descriptive name[346][343]
  • Lothbury – meaning ‘burgh’ of Lotha/Hlothere, a 7th-century name[347][88][348]
  • Lovat Street – thought to be either a corruption of Lucas Lane, after a local landowner, or for Lord Lovat, local politician; it was formerly ‘Love Lane’, probably a euphemism for prostitution, and changed to avoid confusion with the other city lane of this name[349][348]
  • Love Lane – unknown, but possible with reference to the prostitution that occurred here in the 16th century; it was formerly Roper Lane, probably after the rope making trade, but possibly after a person with this surname[349][350][348]
  • Lower Thames Street and Upper Thames Street – thought to mark the bank of the Thames in Roman/Saxon times[351][352][348]
  • Ludgate Broadway, Ludgate Circus, Ludgate Hill and Ludgate Square – the former city gate of this name that formerly stood here, thought to an Old English term for ‘postern-gate’[349][353][354]
  • Mac’s Place
  • Magpie Alley – after a former inn here of this name[339][355]
  • Mansell Street – named after either local landowner Sir William Leman, 2nd Baronet for his wife Mary Mansell[356] or Mansel Leman, also a local property owner in the 17th century[357]
  • Mansion House Place and Mansion House Street – after the adjacent Mansion House[358]
  • Mark Lane – unknown, though possibly a corruption of ‘Martha’; formerly known as Martlane and Marke Lane[359][360][361]
  • Martin Lane – after the former St Martin Orgar church, demolished (save for the tower) in 1820[362][326][363][364]
  • Mason’s Avenue – after the Worshipful Company of Masons, whose headquarters formerly stood here[362]
  • Middle Street – descriptive[365]
  • Middlesex Passage – formerly Middlesex Court, thought to be after Middlesex House which formerly stood here[366]
  • Middlesex Street (Petticoat Lane) and Petticoat Square – as this street forms the boundary of the City with the county of Middlesex, with the alternative name Petticoat stemming from the clothes market formerly held here; prior to 1602 it was known as Hog Lane after the animal[366][367][365]
  • Middle Temple Lane – after the adjacent Middle Temple[366][365]
  • Milk Street – after the milk and dairy trade that formerly occurred here in connection with the nearby Cheapside market[368][369][370]
  • Millennium Bridge – as it was built to commemoration the 2000 millennium
  • Milton Court and Milton Street – after an early 19th century lease owner of this name, or possibly the poet John Milton; prior to this it was Grub/Grubbe Street, after the former owner, or perhaps to a 'grube' (drain)[371][372][373]
  • Mincing Lane – after ‘minchins/mynecen’, a term for the nuns who formerly held property here prior to 1455[371][374][375]
  • Minerva Walk
  • Miniver Place – after the type of fur fur, named by connection with the nearby Skinner's Hall[376]
  • Minories – after a former church/convent here of the Little Sisters (Sorores Minores) nuns[371][160][377]
  • Minster Court and Minster Pavement
  • Mitre Square and Mitre Street – after the former Mitre Inn which stood near here[371][275]
  • Modern Court
  • Monkwell Square – after the former street here also of this name, variously recorded as Mogwellestrate or Mukewellestrate, and thought to refer to a well owned by one Mucca[378][379][380]
  • Montague Street – after Ralph Montagu, 1st Duke of Montagu, who owned a mansion here[381]
  • Monument Street – after the nearby Monument to the Great Fire of London[381][382]
  • Moorfields and Moorfield Highwalk – after the marshy moorlands that formerly stood here[381]
  • Moorgate and Moorgate Place – after the gate, leading to the marshy moorlands beyond, that formerly stood here[381][383]
  • Moor Lane and Moor Place – after the marshy moorlands that formerly stood here[381][384][383]
  • Muscovy Street – after the Muscovy Company of Elizabethan times, or the Russian merchants formerly based here[385][386]
  • Nettleton Court
  • Nevill Lane
  • New Bell Yard
  • New Bridge Street – named in 1765 as it leads to the then new Blackfriars Bridge[387][388]
  • Newbury Street – formerly New Street, renamed 1890 to avoid confusion with other streets of this name[387][389]
  • Newcastle Close – either after a former inn called the Castle located here,[387] or after the city, with reference to the coal trade here[390]
  • Newcastle Court
  • New Change, New Change Passage and Old Change Court – formerly Old Change, and named for a former mint and gold exchange here[387][391]
  • New Court – built circa 1700 and named simply because it was then new[392]
  • Newgate Street – after a new gate built here in the 1000s; the eastern part of this street was formerly Bladder Street, after the bladder selling trade here[393][394][389]
  • Newman’s Court – after Lawrence Newman, who lease land here from the in the 17th century[391]
  • New Street – named simply as it was new when first built[253][389]
  • New Union Street – named as it united Moor Lane and Moorfields; it was formerly Gunn Alley[253]
  • Nicholas Lane and Nicholas Passage – after the former St Nicholas Acons church, destroyed in the Great Fire[253][395][396]
  • Noble Street – after Thomas de Noble, local 14th century property developer[397][396]
  • Northumberland Alley – after Northumberland House, house of the Earls of Northumberland, which formerly stood here[398][399]
  • Norton Folgate – the former word a corruption of ‘North Town’, and the latter after the local Folgate family[398]
  • Norwich Street – unknown; formerly Norwich Court, and prior to that Magpie Yard, probably from a local inn[399]
  • Nun Court – thought to be after a local builder/property owner[400]
  • Oat Lane – as oats were formerly sold here in the Middle Ages[401][290][402]
  • Octagon Arcade (Broadgate)
  • Old Bailey – after a bailey fortification that formerly stood here[81][403][402]
  • Old Billingsgate Walk – after the former watergate of this name, the derivation of ‘Billings’ in unknown[57]
  • Old Jewry – after a Saxon-era settlement of Jews here, thought to be termed ‘Old’ following the Edict of Expulsion of all Jews from England by Edward I[404][306][405]
  • Old Mitre Court – after a former tavern of this name here[404][405]
  • Old Seacole Lane – thought to be after the coal trade that came from the sea and up the river Fleet here[406][407][408]
  • Old Watermen's Walk
  • Outwich Street – after either Oteswich/Ottewich, meaning ‘Otho’s dwelling’, a name for this area of London in the early Middle Ages[409] or the former St Martin Outwich church, named for the Outwich family, demolished 1874[410]
  • Oystergate Walk – after a watergate here, and the oyster trade[411]
  • Oxford Court – after a former house here owned by the Earls of Oxford[409][412]
  • Pageantmaster Court
  • Pancras Lane – after St Pancras, Soper Lane church which stood here until destroyed in the Great Fire; it was formerly Needlers Lane, after the needle making trade here[413][304][414]
  • Panyer Alley – after a Medieval brewery here called the ‘panyer’ (basket)[413][415][416]
  • Paternoster Lane, Paternoster Row and Paternoster Square – after the paternoster (rosary) makers who formerly worked here[417][418][419]
  • Paul’s Walk
  • Pemberton Row – after James Pemberton, Lord Mayor of London in 1611[420]
  • Pepys Street – after 17th century diarist Samuel Pepys, who lived and worked here[421][422]
  • Peterborough Court – after the abbots of Peterborough, who prior to the Dissolution of the Monasteries had a house here[423][424]
  • Peter’s Hill – after St Peter, Paul's Wharf church, which formerly stood here until destroyed in the 1666 fire[423][424]
  • Petty Wales – unknown, but possibly after a Welsh community formerly based here[425]
  • Philpot Lane – commemorates prominent local family the Philpots; originally probably after John Philpot, 14th century grocer[426][427][428]
  • Pilgrim Street – thought to be a former route for pilgrims to St Paul's cathedral; formerly known as Stonecutters Alley and Little Bridge Street[429]
  • Pindar Street – after Paul Pindar, 14th–16th century diplomat, who had a house here[430][429]
  • Pinner’s Passage
  • Plaisterers Highwalk – after the nearby Worshipful Company of Plaisterers
  • Plantation Lane
  • Playhouse Yard – after the Blackfriars Playhouse, which stood here in the 17th century[40][431]
  • Pleydell Court and Pleydell Street – formerly Silver Street, it was renamed in 1848 by association with the neighbouring Bouverie Street; the Bouverie family were by this time known as the Pleydell-Bouveries[40][71]
  • Plough Court – thought to be either from an inn of this name, or an ironmongers; formerly Plough Yard[40]
  • Plough Place – after the Plough/Plow, a 16th-century eating place located here[40][431]
  • Plumtree Court – thought to be after either literally a plumtree, or else an inn of this name[40][431]
  • Pope’s Head Alley – after the Pope’s Head Tavern which formerly stood here, thought to stem from the 14th century Florentine merchants who were in Papal service[432][433]
  • Poppins Court – shortening of Popinjay Court, meaning a parrot; it is thought to stem from the crest of Cirencester Abbey (which featured the bird), who owned a town house here[434][435]
  • Portsoken Street – after ‘port-soke’, as it was a soke near a port (gate) of the City[436][437]
  • Post Office Court – after the General Post Office which formerly stood near here[436][438]
  • Poultry – after the poultry which was formerly sold at the market here[436][439][440]
  • Priest’s Court – with allusion to the adjacent St Vedast Church[441]
  • Primrose Hill – thought to be named after a builder of this name, or possibly the primroses which formerly grew here; formerly called Salisbury Court, as it approaches Salisbury Square[442][441]
  • Primrose Street – thought to be named after a builder of this name, or possibly the primroses which formerly grew here[442][441]
  • Prince’s Street – named in reference to the adjacent King and Queen Streets[443][444]
  • Printers Inn Court – after the printing industry which formerly flourished here
  • Printer Street – after the printing industry which formerly flourished here[445][444]
  • Priory Court
  • Prudent Passage
  • Pudding Lane – from the former term ‘pudding’ meaning animals' entrails, which were dumped here in Medieval times by local butchers; it was formerly Rothersgate, after a watergate located here[445][446][447]
  • Puddle Dock – thought to be either descriptive (after the water here), or named for a local wharf owner of this name[448][449]
  • Pump Court – after a former pump located here[449]
  • Quality Court – a descriptive name, as it was superior when built compared with the surrounding streets[450]
  • Queenhithe – formerly Ethelredshythe, after its founder King Æthelred the Unready, and hythe meaning a wharf/landing place; it was renamed after its later owner Matilda of Scotland, wife of Henry I[451][452]
  • Queen Isabella Way –
  • Queens Head Passage – after a former house here called the Queens Head, demolished 1829[453]
  • Queen Street and Queen Street Place – named in honour of Catherine of Braganza, wife of Charles II[453][314][454]
  • Queen Victoria Street – built in 1871 and named for the then reigning monarch[455][314][452]
  • Rangoon Street – after the former warehouses here of the East India Company, Burma then been part of British India[298][456]
  • Red Lion Court – after a former inn of this name[457][458]
  • Rising Sun Court – after the adjacent pub of this name[459]
  • Robin Hood Court – thought to be after a former inn of this name[460]
  • Rolls Buildings and Rolls Passage – the former site of a house containing the rolls of Chancery[461][462]
  • Rood Lane – after a former rood (cross) set up at St Margaret Pattens in the early 16th century; it became an object of veneration and offering, which helped pay for the repair of the church, but was torn down in 1558 as an item of excessive superstition[463][464][465]
  • Ropemaker Street – descriptive, after the rope making trade formerly located here[463][465]
  • Rose Alley – after a former inn of this name[466]
  • Rose and Crown Court
  • Rose Street – after a former tavern of this name here; it was formerly Dicer Lane, possibly after either a dice maker here, or a corruption of ‘ditcher’[467]
  • Royal Exchange Avenue and Royal Exchange Buildings – after the adjacent Royal Exchange[468]
  • Russia Row – possibly to commemorate Russia's entry into the Napoleonic wars[469]
  • St Alphage Garden and St Alphage Highwalk – after the adjacent St Alphege London Wall church, now surviving only in ruins[470][471]
  • St Andrew Street – after the adjacent St Andrew’s Church[471]
  • St Andrew’s Hill – after the adjacent St Andrew-by-the-Wardrobe church[471]
  • St Benet’s Place – after the former St Benet Gracechurch which stood near here; destroyed in the Great Fire, its replacement was then demolished in 1868[79][245]
  • St Botolph Row and St Botolph Street – after the adjacent St Botolph's Aldgate church
  • St Clare Street – after a former church/convent here of the Little Sisters of St Clare[472][377]
  • St Dunstan’s Alley, St Dunstan’s Hill and St Dunstan’s Lane – after the former St Dunstan-in-the-East church, largely destroyed in the Blitz and now a small garden[215][473]
  • St Dunstan’s Court – after the nearby St Dunstan-in-the-West church[473]
  • St Georges Court – after the former St George Botolph Lane church nearby, demolished in 1904
  • St Giles Terrace – after the adjacent St Giles-without-Cripplegate church
  • St James’s Passage – after St James Duke's Place church, demolished 1874[474]
  • St Katherine’s Row – after the St Katherine Coleman church, demolished in 1926[475][476]
  • St Margaret’s Close – after the adjacent St Margaret Lothbury church
  • St Martin’s le Grand – after a former church of this name here, demolished in 1538[477][478][479]
  • St Mary at Hill – after the St Mary-at-Hill church here[480][481][482]
  • St Mary Axe – after the former Church of St Mary Axe here, demolished in the 1500s[480][478][482]
  • St Michael’s Alley – after the adjacent St Michael, Cornhill church[482]
  • St Mildred’s Court – after the former St Mildred, Poultry church, demolished 1872[480][482]
  • St Olave’s Court – after the former St Olave Old Jewry church here, of which only the tower remains[483][482]
  • St Paul’s Churchyard – after the adjacent St Paul’s Cathedral; the churchyard was formerly far more extensive, but has since been built over[484][485]
  • St Peter’s Alley – after the adjacent St Peter upon Cornhill church[485]
  • St Swithins Lane – after the former St Swithin, London Stone, largely destroyed in the Blitz and later demolished[486][395][487]
  • Salisbury Court and Salisbury Square – after the London house of the bishops of Salisbury, located here prior to the Reformation[488][489]
  • Salters Court – after the former hall of the Worshipful Company of Salters, moved in 1600[488][412]
  • Salter’s Hall Court – after the former hall of the Worshipful Company of Salters, destroyed in the Blitz[488][412]
  • Sandy’s Row – after a builder or property owner of this name[490]
  • Saracens Head Yard – after a former inn of this name[490][491]
  • Savage Gardens – after Thomas Savage, who owned a house here in the 1620s[492][491]
  • Scott’s Lane
  • Seething Lane – formerly Shyvethenestrat and Sivethenelane, deriving from Old English sifetha, meaning chaff/siftings, after the local corn threshing[493][494][495]
  • Serjeants Inn – after the former Serjeant's Inn located here before the Blitz[496][495]
  • Sermon Lane – thought to be after Adam la Sarmoner, 13th century landowner[496][497][498]
  • Shafts Court – named after a maypole (or ‘shaft’) that formerly stood nearby at the junction of Leadenhall Street and St Mary Axe[499]
  • Sherborne Lane – earlier Shirebourne Lane, alteration of the Medieval Shitteborelane, in reference to a public privy here[500][501][502]
  • Ship Tavern Passage – after the nearby Ship tavern[503]
  • Shoe Lane – as this lane formerly led to a shoe-shaped landholding/field[504][505][503]
  • Shorter Street
  • Silk Street – thought to be named for its late 18th century builder, or the silk trade formerly located here[506][507]
  • Sise Lane – as it formerly led to St Benet Sherehog church, which was dedicated to St Osyth (later corrupted to Sythe, then Sise)[506][395][507]
  • Skinners Lane – after the fur trade that was former prevalent here; it was formerly Maiden Lane, after a local inn or shop[506][508][376]
  • Smithfield Street and West Smithfield – derives from the Old English ‘smooth-field’, a series of fields outside the City walls[509][376][376]
  • Snow Hill and Snow Hill Court – formerly Snore Hill or Snowrehill, exact meaning unknown[509][510][511]
  • Southampton Buildings – after Southampton House which formerly stood here, built for the bishops of Lincoln in the 12th century and later acquired by the earls of Southampton[509]
  • South Place and South Place Mews – named as it is south of Moorfields[512][513]
  • Southwark Bridge – as it leads to Southwark[514]
  • Speed Highwalk – after John Speed, Stuart-era mapmaker, who is buried in the nearby St Giles-without-Cripplegate
  • Staining Lane – from Saxon-era ‘Staeninga haga’, meaning place owned by the people of Staines[515][516][517]
  • Staple Inn and Staple Inn Buildings – after the adjacent Staple Inn[508][517]
  • Star Alley – after a former inn here of this name[518]
  • Stationer’s Hall Court – after the adjacent hall of the Worshipful Company of Stationers and Newspaper Makers[519][520]
  • Steelyard Passage – presumably after a former steelworks here
  • Stew Lane – after a former stew (hot bath) here[521][518]
  • Stonecutter Street – after the former stonecutting trade that took place here[522][520]
  • Stone House Court – after a former medieval building here called the Stone House[520]
  • Stoney Lane – simply a descriptive name, streets typically being mud tracks in former times[523][520]
  • Suffolk Lane – after a former house here belonging to the dukes of Suffolk[524][525][526]
  • Sugar Bakers Court – presumably descriptive
  • Sugar Quay Walk – presumably descriptive
  • Sun Court
  • Sun Street and Sun Street Passage – after a former inn of this name[524]
  • Swan Lane – after a former inn here called the Olde Swanne; formerly Ebbgate, after a watergate here[527][176]
  • Swedeland Court – after the former Swedish community based here[528][527]
  • Talbot Court – after a former inn of this name (or 'Tabard')[529][528]
  • Tallis Street – after the 16th century composer Thomas Tallis, by connection with the adjacent former Guildhall School of Music and Drama[530][531]
  • Telegraph Street – renamed (from Bell Alley, after a former inn) when the General Post Office’s telegraph department opened there[532][517][533]
  • Temple Avenue and Temple Lane – after the adjacent Temple legal district[532][534]
  • The Terrace (off King’s Bench Walk) – presumably descriptive
  • Thavies Inn – after a house here owned by the armourer Thomas (or John) Thavie in the 14th century[535][536]
  • Thomas More Highwalk – after 16th century author and statesman Thomas More
  • Threadneedle Street and Threadneedle Walk – originally Three Needle Street, after the sign on a needle shop located here, later corrupted due to the obvious collocation of ‘thread’ and ‘needle’[537][538][539]
  • Three Barrels Walk
  • Three Cranes Walk
  • Three Nun Court
  • Three Quays Walk
  • Throgmorton Avenue and Throgmorton Street – after 16th century diplomat Nicholas Throckmorton; the Avenue was built in 1876[537][314][539]
  • Tokenhouse Yard – after a 17th-century token house here (a house selling tokens during coin shortages)[540][541]
  • Took’s Court – after local 17th century builder/owner Thomas Tooke[540][542]
  • Tower Hill Terrace – after the adjacent Tower Hill[543][544]
  • Tower Royal – after a former Medieval tower and later royal lodging house that stood here; ‘Royal’ is in fact a corruption of La Réole, France, where local wine merchants hailed from[543][544]
  • Trig Lane – after one of several people with the surname Trigge, recorded here in the Middle Ages[525]
  • Trinity Square – after the adjacent Trinity House[545][546]
  • Trump Street – unknown, but thought to be after either a local builder or property owner[545] or the local trumpet-making industry[546]
  • Tudor Street – after the Tudor dynasty, with reference to Henry VIII’s nearby Bridewell Palace[545][547]
  • Turnagain Lane – descriptive, as it is a dead-end; recorded in the 13th century as Wendageyneslane[548][549][547]
  • Undershaft – named after a maypole (or ‘shaft’) that formerly stood nearby at the junction of Leadenhall Street and St Mary Axe[499][550]
  • Union Court – named as when built it connected Wormwood Street to Old Broad Street[551]
  • Victoria Avenue – named in 1901 in honour of Queen Victoria[552][33]
  • Victoria Embankment – after Queen Victoria, reigning queen at the time of the building of the Thames Embankment[552][33]
  • Vine Street – formerly Vine Yard, unknown but thought to be ether from a local inn or a vineyard[552][553]
  • Vintners Court – after the adjacent Worshipful Company of Vintners building; the area has been associated with the wine trade as far back as the 10th century[554][553]
  • Viscount Street – formerly Charles Street, both names after the Charles Egerton, Viscount Brackley, of which there were three in the 17th–18th centuries[555][556]
  • Waithman Street – after Robert Waithman, Lord Mayor of London 1823-33[557][558]
  • Walbrook and Walbrook Wharf – after the Walbrook stream which formerly flowed here, possibly with reference to the Anglo-Saxon 'wealh' meaning 'foreigner' (i.e. the native Britons, or 'Welsh')[559][560][561]
  • Wardrobe Place and Wardrobe Terrace – after the Royal Wardrobe which formerly stood here until destroyed in the Great Fire of 1666[562][563]
  • Warwick Lane, Warwick Passage and Warwick Square – after the Neville family, earls of Warwick, who owned a house near here in the 1400s; formerly Old Dean’s Lane, after a house here resided in by the Dean of St Paul’s[564][565][566]
  • Watergate – after a watergate which stood here on the Thames[564][566]
  • Water Lane – after a former watergate that stood here by the Thames; formerly Spurrier Lane[567]
  • Watling Court and Watling Street – corrupted from the old name of Athelingestrate (Saxon Prince Street), by association with the more famous Roman Watling Street[564][568][569]
  • Well Court – after the numerous wells formerly located in this area[570]
  • Whalebone Court
  • Whitecross Place
  • Whitecross Street – after a former white cross which stood near here in the 1200s[105][571]
  • Whitefriars Street – after the Carmelite order (known as the White friars), who were granted land here by Edward I[105][571]
  • White Hart Court – after a former inn of this name[105][572]
  • White Hart Street
  • White Horse Yard – after a former inn of this name[573][571]
  • White Kennett Street – after White Kennett, rector of St Botolph's Aldgate in the early 1700s[573][571]
  • White Lion Court – after a former inn of this name, destroyed by fire in 1765[573][571]
  • White Lion Hill – this formerly led to White Lion Wharf, which is thought to have been named after a local inn[573]
  • White Lyon Court
  • Whittington Avenue – after Richard Whittington, former Lord Mayor of London[573][574]
  • Widegate Street – thought to be after a gate that formerly stood on this street; formerly known as Whitegate Alley[575][576]
  • Willoughby Highwalk – presumably after Sir Francis Willoughby, who is buried in the nearby St Giles-without-Cripplegate Church
  • Wilson Street
  • Wine Office Court – after an office here that granted licenses to sell wine in the 17th century[577][578]
  • Wood Street – as wood and fire logs were sold here as part of the Cheapside market[579][394][580]
  • Wormwood Street – after the wormwood formerly grown here for medicine[99][581]
  • Wrestler’s Court – after a former Tudor-era house here of this name[581]

References[edit]

Citations

  1. ^ Fairfield 1983, p. 1.
  2. ^ a b Ekwall, 1954 & p159.
  3. ^ Bebbington, 1972 & p14.
  4. ^ Bebbington, 1972 & p15.
  5. ^ a b Fairfield 1983, p. 2.
  6. ^ Ekwall, 1954 & p81.
  7. ^ a b Bebbington, 1972 & p16.
  8. ^ Bebbington, 1972 & p282.
  9. ^ a b Fairfield 1983, p. 5.
  10. ^ Ekwall, 1954 & p195.
  11. ^ a b Bebbington, 1972 & p20.
  12. ^ Mills, A.D. (2010). A Dictionary of London Place-Names. Oxford University Press. p. 4. ISBN 9780199566785.
  13. ^ Fairfield 1983, p. 6.
  14. ^ Ben Weinreb and Christopher Hibbert (1983) The London Encyclopedia. London, BCA:14
  15. ^ Gillian Bebbington (1972) Street Names of London. London, Batsford: 21
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  511. ^ Bebbington, 1972 & p304.
  512. ^ Fairfield, 1983 & p299.
  513. ^ Bebbington, 1972 & p305.
  514. ^ Bebbington, 1972 & p306.
  515. ^ Fairfield, 1983 & p302.
  516. ^ Ekwall, 1954 & p124.
  517. ^ a b c Bebbington, 1972 & p310.
  518. ^ a b Bebbington, 1972 & p311.
  519. ^ Fairfield, 1983 & p304.
  520. ^ a b c d Bebbington, 1972 & p312.
  521. ^ Ekwall, 1954 & p156.
  522. ^ Fairfield, 1983 & p305.
  523. ^ Fairfield, 1983 & p305-6.
  524. ^ a b Fairfield, 1983 & p307.
  525. ^ a b Ekwall, 1954 & p143.
  526. ^ Bebbington, 1972 & p314.
  527. ^ a b Bebbington, 1972 & p316.
  528. ^ a b Fairfield, 1983 & p309.
  529. ^ Bebbington, 1972 & p317.
  530. ^ Fairfield, 1983 & p310.
  531. ^ Bebbington, 1972 & p318.
  532. ^ a b Fairfield, 1983 & p312.
  533. ^ Bebbington, 1972 & p318-9.
  534. ^ Bebbington, 1972 & p319.
  535. ^ Fairfield, 1983 & p313.
  536. ^ Bebbington, 1972 & p320.
  537. ^ a b Fairfield, 1983 & p315.
  538. ^ Ekwall, 1954 & p70-71.
  539. ^ a b Bebbington, 1972 & p321.
  540. ^ a b Fairfield, 1983 & p317.
  541. ^ Bebbington, 1972 & p322-3.
  542. ^ Bebbington, 1972 & p323.
  543. ^ a b Fairfield, 1983 & p318.
  544. ^ a b Bebbington, 1972 & p325.
  545. ^ a b c Fairfield, 1983 & p321.
  546. ^ a b Bebbington, 1972 & p326.
  547. ^ a b Bebbington, 1972 & p327.
  548. ^ Fairfield, 1983 & p322.
  549. ^ Ekwall, 1954 & p101-2.
  550. ^ Bebbington, 1972 & p328.
  551. ^ Bebbington, 1972 & p329.
  552. ^ a b c Fairfield, 1983 & p328.
  553. ^ a b Bebbington, 1972 & p333.
  554. ^ Fairfield, 1983 & p329.
  555. ^ Fairfield, 1983 & p330.
  556. ^ Bebbington, 1972 & p333-4.
  557. ^ Fairfield, 1983 & p331.
  558. ^ Bebbington, 1972 & p334.
  559. ^ Ackroyd, Peter (2000), London The Biography, ISBN 1-85619-716-6
  560. ^ Ekwall, 1954 & p193-4.
  561. ^ Bebbington, 1972 & p334-5.
  562. ^ Fairfield, 1983 & p333.
  563. ^ Bebbington, 1972 & p336.
  564. ^ a b c Fairfield, 1983 & p334.
  565. ^ Ekwall, 1954 & p121; 144.
  566. ^ a b Bebbington, 1972 & p337.
  567. ^ Ekwall, 1954 & p117; 148.
  568. ^ Ekwall, 1954 & p82.
  569. ^ Bebbington, 1972 & p338.
  570. ^ Bebbington, 1972 & p339.
  571. ^ a b c d e Bebbington, 1972 & p345.
  572. ^ Bebbington, 1972 & p344.
  573. ^ a b c d e Fairfield, 1983 & p341.
  574. ^ Bebbington, 1972 & p346.
  575. ^ Fairfield, 1983 & p342.
  576. ^ Bebbington, 1972 & p346-7.
  577. ^ Fairfield, 1983 & p344.
  578. ^ Bebbington, 1972 & p349.
  579. ^ Fairfield, 1983 & p346.
  580. ^ Bebbington, 1972 & p350.
  581. ^ a b Bebbington, 1972 & p351.

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Sources

  • Ekwall, Eilert (1954). Streets Names of the City of London. Claredon Press.
  • Fairfield, Sheila (1983). The Streets Of London: A Dictionary Of The Names And Their Origins. Papermac. ISBN 978-0-333-28649-4.
  • Bebbington, Gillian (1972). London Street Names. BT Batsford. ISBN 978-0-333-28649-4.