Streets of Rage (video game)

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Streets of Rage
Streets of Rage cover art
Cover art
Director(s)Noriyoshi Ohba
Designer(s)Noriyoshi Ohba
Hiroaki Chino
Programmer(s)Hiroshi Momota
Composer(s)Yuzo Koshiro
SeriesStreets of Rage
Platform(s)Mega Drive/Genesis, Sega CD, Game Gear, Master System, Nintendo 3DS
ReleaseMega Drive/Genesis
  • JP: August 2, 1991
  • NA: September 18, 1991
  • EU: October 1991[1]
Game Gear
  • JP: November 27, 1992
  • NA: December 31, 1992
  • EU: October 18, 1992
Master System
  • PAL: January 1, 1993
  • NA: December 19, 2013
  • JP: August 21, 2013
  • EU: December 19, 2013
Genre(s)Beat 'em up
Mode(s)Single-player, multiplayer (up to two players)

Streets of Rage[a] is a side-scrolling beat 'em up video game developed and published by Sega for the Mega Drive/Genesis in 1991. The game was later converted for the Game Gear, Sega CD and Master System and was later rereleased as part of various compilations, as well as onto various download services.

The first installment in the Streets of Rage series, the game casts players as one of three former city police officers who battle Mr. X's evil crime syndicate. Streets of Rage establishes many conventions of the series, such as two-player cooperative play and the modern electronic soundtrack from composer Yuzo Koshiro.


Players select from three playable characters, each of which have various strengths and weaknesses.

As in Sega's previous beat 'em up Golden Axe, enemies walk onto the screen from both sides as well as occasionally appearing from other locations. The player must defeat each opponent to progress through eight locations, known as rounds. With the exception of round 7, there is a boss battle at the end of every round with a disproportionately large enemy. Unlike its sequels, none of the enemies are named within the game (they are named only in the Japanese version's manual) and only the bosses have life gauges.

The player can also pick up weapons, which include knives, bottles, and drainpipes. Players also have a limited number of special attacks that allow them to summon a police car that fires explosives, damaging all enemies on screen. The player is given one special attack per life or per level and power-ups shaped like police cars supply additional specials.


The once peaceful city has been taken over by a criminal syndicate, including factions of the police. Mass violence is now common and no one is safe. Adam Hunter (an accomplished boxer), Axel Stone (skilled martial artist) and Blaze Fielding (judo expert) are vicenarian ex-police officers who have quit the force to fight back against the syndicate.

Depending on whether the game is played as one-player or a two-player co-op, and whether the player accepts or rejects Mr. X's offer to join his henchmen, there is a possibility for an alternate ending where the player becomes the new head of the crime syndicate.

Stage Description Theme Boss
1 City Street Fighting in the Street Antonio
2 Inner City Dilapidated Town Souther
3 Beach Front Moon Beach Abadede
4 Bridge Keep the Groovin Bongo
5 Aboard Ship Beatnik on the Ship Yasha and Onihime
6 Factory Stealthy Steps Souther
7 Freight Elevator Violent Breathing n/a
8 Syndicate Headquarters The Last Soul Mr. X


Lead designer Noriyoshi Ohba broached the idea of doing a street fighting game along the lines of Final Fight and Double Dragon with Yuzo Koshiro. Ohba was also influenced by action television shows such as Starsky & Hutch and The A-Team. The game was designed for players to focus on preventing enemies from swarming them, as well as to work with a second player using various cooperative team moves.[2]



8-Bit Versions
Port Release Features
Game Gear
  • JP: November 27, 1992
  • NA: December 1992
  • EU: 1992
  • Adam is omitted.
  • 5 rounds in the game.
  • 2-player feature via cable link.
  • Knee smash grapple move is omitted.
Master System
  • Cut-down music and introduction
  • 1-player only
  • Unique boss on Round 6
  • Only 2 enemy characters can appear on-screen
16-Bit Versions
Arcade (Mega Tech / Mega Play) 1991
  • Played for time, not credits
  • NA: February 19, 2007
  • JP: February 27, 2007
  • EU: March 2, 2007
  • NA: September 14, 2009
  • 2-player feature unavailable
Microsoft Windows
  • NA: January 26, 2011
Nintendo 3DS
  • NA: December 19, 2013
  • JP: August 21, 2013
  • EU: December 19, 2013
  • 3D effect
  • One hit kill mode
  • Bare Knuckle (Japanese version) mode
  • CRT TV mode
  • Restore Points


A signature title and franchise for Sega during the Mega Drive era, the title was collected often.


Streets of Rage was well received. MegaTech magazine review said it had "excellent sprites, backdrops and brilliant music. Add in great gameplay and simultaneous two-player action and you've got an essential buy."[5] Mega placed the game at Number 6 in its Top Mega Drive Games of All Time.[9] Reviewing the game in Sega Arcade Classics for the Sega CD, Glenn Rubenstein wrote in 1993 it "still holds up well."[6] Mega Zone magazine gave a score of 91/100 citing the music, level backgrounds and boss fights.[10]


Streets of Rage was followed by three sequels, Streets of Rage 2, Streets of Rage 3 and Streets of Rage 4. There were plans for two further sequels, one of which was developed by Core Design for the Sega Saturn, but Sega pulled the Streets of Rage name during development after a disagreement with Core about porting it to rival formats; the game was eventually released as Fighting Force. A fourth true game in the series, Streets of Rage 4, was developed and released by Lizardcube, Guard Crush Games, and DotEmu on April 30, 2020.[11]


Three six-part comic strip series based upon the games appeared in Sonic the Comic in the early 1990s (along with several other adaptations of popular Sega franchises). The first two of these were written by Mark Millar, who has since become popular writing The Authority for Wildstorm, and Ultimate X-Men and The Ultimates for Marvel, while the third (along with a Poster Mag story) was written by Nigel Kitching. Peter Richardson produced the artwork for all nineteen episodes. These three stories are based on Streets of Rage 2 and do not feature Adam. A graphic novel compilation of the original 5-part "Streets of Rage" strip was released as a book called "Streets of Rage: Bad City Fighters" in the UK in 1994.

The first story, entitled simply Streets of Rage, appeared in STC #7–12 and involved Axel, Blaze, and Max quitting the highly corrupt police force to do more good as vigilantes, taking down Max's ex-partner, the crime lord and martial artist Hawk.

The next serial, Skates' Story, appeared in STC #25–30 and introduced Skates, delinquent stepson of Murphy, a friend of Axel and his team and one of the few honest cops left on the force, who was unwillingly drawn into joining Axel's group after his parents were killed by Mr. X.

A special one-off story, called The Facts of Life, appeared in "Sonic the Poster Mag" #7 and involved the heroes causing a racket by fighting one of the many street gangs in a sleeping neighborhood. The police arrive and arrest the thugs, as well as take the heroes to a junkyard for execution. Along the way, Axel explains why he, Blaze, and Max quit the force to a young rookie officer. At the junkyard, just as the officers are about to shoot Max, the rookie officer unlocks Blaze's handcuffs, who proceeds to beat the stuffing out of the cops, with Axel, Skates, and Max following shortly. After the dust clears, the rookie officer says that he's seen the true colors of the police force and requests that Axel hit him. Axel does so until Blaze tells him to stop, and they and Max and Skates leave as dawn breaks.

The third and final serial, called The Only Game In Town, appeared in STC #41–46 and involved the Syndicate unleashing an army of street gangs on our heroes, with the event turned into a gambling event as Mr. X opened a book based on whether or not the heroes would reach the river without being killed first. This ploy was played against the villain when Blaze bet $20,000 on her team's survival at odds of a thousand to one. This third story was notable for revealing that, for his failure, the old Mr. X had been the victim of a "swimming accident" and had been replaced with a new one by the Syndicate at story's end. Like many non-Sonic stories in this magazine, the story had a cliff-hanger ending, with the new Mr. X promising that he would "recoup his losses" and kill the heroes.


The game's soundtrack was acclaimed, with several soundtrack albums being released. The soundtracks were composed by Yuzo Koshiro. Another musician, Motohiro Kawashima, helped on the second, providing a few tracks, and making even more for the third. Three soundtrack CDs were released in all, each of which now sell for high prices at auction and in Japanese markets.

When the first game's development began in 1990, Koshiro was influenced by electronic dance music, specifically house and techno, and wanted to be the among the first to introduce those sounds in video games. The soundtrack shows the influence of contemporary R&B and hip hop music. Koshiro said "the most important element in recreating club music sounds for the games was to emulate the timbre and percussion sounds of Roland's rhythm machines" (the most famous models being the TR-606, TR-707, TR-808, and TR-909), stating that "it wouldn't be an exaggeration to say that that sound defined the genre."[12]


In 2014, Sega formed the production company Stories International and teamed up with film producer Evan Cholfin for animated projects based on its games, with Streets of Rage one of them.[13][14][15]


  1. ^ Known in Japan as Bare Knuckle: Furious Iron Fist (Japanese: ベアナックル 怒りの鉄拳, Hepburn: Bea Nakkuru: Ikari no Tekken)


  1. ^ "The Release Schedule". Computer Trade Weekly. No. 356. United Kingdom. 30 September 1991. p. 23.
  2. ^ Stuart, Keith. "An Interview with Noriyoshi Ohba". Read-Only Memory. Retrieved July 10, 2020.
  3. ^ Yin-Poole, Wesley (May 29, 2012). "Streets of Rage, Golden Axe collections hit Xbox Live Arcade tomorrow". Eurogamer. Retrieved November 26, 2012.
  4. ^ "Streets of Rage for Genesis". GameRankings. CBS Interactive. Retrieved September 28, 2018.
  5. ^ a b MegaTech rating, EMAP, issue 5, May 1992.
  6. ^ a b Rubenstein, Glenn (January 1993). "At the Controls". Wizard. Wizard Entertainment (17): 21–24.
  7. ^ "Streets of Rage". Hobby Consolas (in Spanish) (2). November 1991. ISSN 6239-0104.
  8. ^ "Streets of Rage (Game Gear)". Hobby Consolas (in Spanish) (15): 150–151. December 1992. ISSN 6239-0104.
  9. ^ Mega magazine issue 1, page 76, Future Publishing, Oct 1992.
  10. ^ Streets of Rage Review. Mega Zone magazine. April 1992. p. 39.
  11. ^
  12. ^ Yuzo Koshiro (June 27, 2012). "Liner Notes". Streets of Rage Original Soundtrack. Ben Schweitzer (trans.). Wave Master, Square Enix Music Online. Archived from the original on 13 October 2012. Retrieved 28 August 2012.
  13. ^ Marc Graser (December 11, 2014). "Sega Taps Evan Cholfin to Adapt its Videogames for Films, TV, Digital Platforms (EXCLUSIVE)". Variety. Retrieved December 11, 2014.
  14. ^ H.Shaw-Williams (November 30, 2014). "Sega Developing Classic Video Games as Movies and TV Shows". Screenrant. Retrieved April 30, 2015.
  15. ^ Dave McNary (December 5, 2016). "Sega's 'Altered Beast,' 'Streets of Rage' Games to Be Adapted for Film, TV". Variety. Retrieved 2016-12-05.

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