||The examples and perspective in this article deal primarily with the United States and do not represent a worldwide view of the subject. (August 2015)|
Streetwear is a distinctive style of street fashion. Rooted in Californian surf and skate culture, it has grown to encompass elements of hip hop fashion, Japanese street fashion, and modern haute couture fashion.
As with many grassroots cultural movements, streetwear has been notoriously difficult to define. While under a constant state of evolution of style and creative direction (as with many street trends), one constant of streetwear has been the types of clothing produced, commonly centering on "casual, comfortable pieces such as jeans, t-shirts, baseball caps, and sneakers".
The movement is generally accepted to have been born out of the Los Angeles surf culture of the late 1970s / early 1980s. Brands included Ocean Pacific, Hobie, Off Shore, Gotcha and Life's a Beach. Local surfboard designer Shawn Stussy began selling printed T-shirts featuring the same trademark signature he placed on his custom surfboards. Initially selling the items from his own car, Stussy expanded sales to boutiques once popularity increased.
Stussy's move into exclusive sales firmed up the baseline definition of streetwear: taking "a multi-faceted, subculturally diverse, Southern California lifestyle-based T-shirt brand and [mimicking] the limited feel of a high-end luxury brand....those are the two most integral components of what makes a brand streetwear: T-shirts and exclusivity."
Early streetwear brands took inspiration from the DIY aesthetic of punk, new wave, heavy metal and later hip hop cultures. Established sportswear and fashion brands attached themselves to the emerging early 1980s hip hop scene such as Kangol and Adidas.
Nike's capture of soon-to-be basketball superstar Michael Jordan from rival Adidas in 1984 proved to be a huge turning point, as Nike dominated the urban streetwear sneaker market in the late 80's and early 90's. Other clothing brands such as Champion, Carhartt and Timberland were very closely associated with the scene, particularly on the East coast with hip hop acts such as Wu-Tang Clan and Gang Starr sporting the look.
The mid to late 90's saw the professional American sports franchises have a huge impact on the look of the scene, from the Los Angeles Raiders and Chicago Bulls caps and jackets in the early to the oversized team
With the advent of "bling" culture, the turn of the century saw an increase in established luxury brands beginning to make in roads into the market such as Burberry, Gucci and Fendi all making appearances in hip hop videos and films. The most popular shoe of the era was undoubtedly the Nike Air Force One, immortalized in the song by Nelly.
Brand launches by the chief execs of record company's were the next fad in the scene with Russell Simmons of Def Jam launching his Phat Farm label, Sean Combs of Bad Boy with Sean John, and Jay-Z and Damon Dash of Roc-a-Fella Records launching Rocawear. Rap superstar 50 Cent a few years later launched his G-Unit clothing label, with the sneaker rights given to Reebok.
- Jetcadet: The History of Streetwear
- Complex Magazine: The 50 Greatest Streetwear Brands
- Wisegeek: What is Street Wear?
- Sophia Chang on Streetwear design and NY
|Look up streetwear in Wiktionary, the free dictionary.|
- "What is Streetwear Clothing?". Wise Geek. Retrieved 2013-02-02.
- Sande, Steve (2005-11-06). "Street Threads". San Francisco Chronicle. Retrieved 2009-08-12.
- "Style: Where Surf Meets Rap". Time. 1991-02-11. Retrieved 2009-09-10.
- Breinholt, Jacob (2009-08-05). "Throwback Comeback: Stussy". SoJones. Retrieved 2009-08-12.
- Hundreds, Bobby (2011-06-21). "The 50 Greatest Streetwear Brands". Complex (magazine). Retrieved 2013-02-02.