Strela (rocket)

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search
Strela
Strela.svg
The Strela carrier rocket
Function Orbital carrier rocket
Manufacturer NPO Mashinostroyeniya, JSC "Khartron" (control system)[1]
Country of origin Russia
Size
Height 28.3 metres (93 ft)[2]
Diameter 2.5 metres (8.2 ft)[2]
Mass 105,000 kilograms (231,000 lb)[3]
Stages 2
Capacity
Payload to
LEO
2,000 kilograms (4,400 lb)[3]
Associated rockets
Family Universal Rocket
Launch history
Status Active
Launch sites Baikonur Cosmodrome
Total launches 3
Successes 3
First flight 5 December 2003
First Stage
Diameter 2.5 m (8.2 ft)[4]
Engines 3 RD-0233 (15D95)
1 RD-0234(15D96)[5][6]
Thrust 2,080 kN (470,000 lbf)[7][8]
Specific impulse 310s[7]
Burn time 120 seconds
Fuel N2O4/UDMH
Second Stage
Diameter 2.5 m (8.2 ft)[4]
Engines 1 RD-0235 (15D113)
1 RD-0236 (15D114)[5][6]
Thrust 255.76 kN (57,500 lbf)[9][10]
Specific impulse 310s[9]
Burn time 180 seconds
Fuel N2O4/UDMH
Third Stage - APB (Agregatno-Priborny Otsek)[11]
Engines 1 RD-0237[12]
Thrust 4.90 kilonewtons (1,100 lbf)[12]
Specific impulse 200 s sec[12]
Fuel N2O4/UDMH
External images
Strela launch vehicle launch 19.12.2014
Strela launch vehicle launch 19.12.2014
Strela launch vehicle launch 19.12.2014

Strela (Russian: Стрела, arrow) is a Russian orbital carrier rocket, derived from the Soviet/Russian UR-100NU missile. It conducted its maiden test launch on 5 December 2003, and its first functioning payload on 27 June 2013,[13] and its second functioning payload on 19 December 2014.[14]

It was originally planned to be launched from the Svobodny Cosmodrome, with test launches being conducted from existing UR-100 silos at the Baikonur Cosmodrome. Svobodny was closed in 2007, without seeing any Strela launches. It is unclear whether a Strela launch complex will be incorporated into the Vostochny Cosmodrome, which is being built on the site of Svobodny.

Strela differs from the Rockot, which is also derived from the UR-100, in that it has undergone fewer modifications, such as the absence of an additional Briz-KM upper stage, as used on the Rockot. However it is equipped with a repurposed APB as upper stage, which was designed to deliver nuclear warheads. It is also launched from silos, whereas the Rockot is launched from flat pads.

Launch table[edit]

Date (UTC) Type Launch site Payload Payload type Notes
5 December 2003, 06:00 Strela Ba LC175 Gruzomaket test launch Success
27 June 2013, 16:53 Strela Ba LC175 Kondor research satellite success
19 December 2014, 04:43 Strela Ba LC175 Kondor-E research satellite success

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Control systems for intercontinental ballistic missiles and launch vehicles
  2. ^ a b Russian Space Web - Strela
  3. ^ a b Encyclopedia Astronautica (old version) - Strela
  4. ^ a b Zak, Anatoly. "UR-100N Family". RussianSpaceWeb.com. Retrieved 2015-06-19. 
  5. ^ a b "RD-0233, RD-0234, RD-0235, RD-0236, RD-0237. Intercontinental ballistic missiles RS-18". KBKhA. Retrieved 2015-06-19. 
  6. ^ a b "Rockot Launch Vehicle". Khrunichev State Research and Production Space Center. Retrieved 2015-06-19. 
  7. ^ a b "RD-0233". Encyclopedia Astronautica. Retrieved 2015-06-19. 
  8. ^ "RD-0234". Encyclopedia Astronautica. Retrieved 2015-06-19. 
  9. ^ a b "RD-0235". Encyclopedia Astronautica. Retrieved 2015-06-19. 
  10. ^ "RD-0236". Encyclopedia Astronautica. Retrieved 2015-06-19. 
  11. ^ Zak, Anatoly. "Strela launcher". RussianSpaceWeb.com. Retrieved 2015-06-19. 
  12. ^ a b c "RD-0237". Encyclopedia Astronautica. Retrieved 2015-06-19. 
  13. ^ Graham, William. "Russian Strela rocket launches Kondor satellite". NasaSpaceFlight.com. Retrieved 27 June 2013. 
  14. ^ Graham, William. "Russian Strela rocket launches Kondor-E". NasaSpaceFlight.com. Retrieved 19 December 2014.