Streptomyces achromogenes

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Streptomyces achromogenes
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Bacteria
Phylum: Actinobacteria
Order: Actinomycetales
Family: Streptomycetaceae
Genus: Streptomyces
Species: S. achromogenes
Binomial name
Streptomyces achromogenes
Okami and Umezawa 1953

Streptomyces achromogenes is a species of gram-positive bacterium that belongs in the genus Streptomyces. S. achromogenes can be grown at 28 °C[1] in a medium of yeast and malt extract with glucose.[2]

S. achromogenes is the source of the restriction enzymes SacI and SacII,[3] as well as the antibiotic compound sarcidin.[4] A strain of the bacterium called S. achromogenes var. streptozoticus was the original source of the pancreatic cancer drug streptozotocin.[5]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Joachim M. Wink: Streptomyces achromogenes subsp. achromogenes
  2. ^ DSMZ: 65. GYM STREPTOMYCES MEDIUM
  3. ^ Zhuravleva L, Oreshkin E, Bezborodov A (1987). "Isolation and purification of restriction endonuclease SacI from Streptomyces achromogenes ATCC 12767". Prikl Biokhim Mikrobiol. 23 (2): 208–15. PMID 3033630. 
  4. ^ Takeuchi T, Nitta K, Umezawa H (1953). "On an antibiotic, sarcidin, produced by Streptomyces n. sp. S. achromogenes". J Antibiot (Tokyo). 6 (1): 31–2. PMID 13061372. 
  5. ^ Bolzán A, Bianchi M (2002). "Genotoxicity of streptozotocin". Mutat Res. 512 (2–3): 121–34. doi:10.1016/S1383-5742(02)00044-3. PMID 12464347. 

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