Stretton-on-Fosse

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Stretton-on-Fosse
St Peter, view of the side.jpg
St Peter's Church, Stretton-on-Fosse
Stretton-on-Fosse is located in Warwickshire
Stretton-on-Fosse
Stretton-on-Fosse
Location within Warwickshire
Population439 (2011 Ward) [1]
OS grid referenceSP222384
Metropolitan borough
Metropolitan county
Region
CountryEngland
Sovereign stateUnited Kingdom
Post townSTRATFORD-UPON-AVON
Postcode districtGL56
Dialling code01789
PoliceWarwickshire
FireWarwickshire
AmbulanceWest Midlands
UK Parliament
List of places
UK
England
Warwickshire
52°02′35″N 1°40′37″W / 52.043°N 1.677°W / 52.043; -1.677Coordinates: 52°02′35″N 1°40′37″W / 52.043°N 1.677°W / 52.043; -1.677
Skyline of Stretton-on-Fosse

Stretton-on-Fosse is a village in the Stratford District in Warwickshire, England. It is situated between the towns of Moreton-in-Marsh and Shipston-on-Stour. The village is situated along the ancient Fosse Way road which runs from Exeter in Devon to Lincoln in Lincolnshire. The road bypasses the village to the east and is now the modern-day A439 road. The village is close to the Gloucestershire and Warwickshire border. While the lower ground of the village is heavy clay the upper parts are composed of sand and shingle. During commercial extraction of sand important graves of the Roman-British and Anglo-Saxon periods were uncovered and interesting skeletons and personal belongings were unearthed. These burials were the result of internecine warfare between local tribal factions.[2][3]

History[edit]

Some of the historic stone cottages feature thatched or slate roofs
Exterior of the Plough Inn

Stretton means "settlement on a Roman road" (from the Old English stræt and tun). In this case the road is Fosse Way. Two of the manors in Stratone, as Stretton-on-Fosse was then called,[4] using its Saxon name[5] are listed in the Domesday Book of 1086. Two significant manor houses still remain. The Manor House was built in 1886[6] and is a Grade II listed property.[7] Stretton House, also Grade II listed, was built in the early 1600s but was substantially altered in the early 1800s.[8] By comparison, the 1931 population was 282.[9] The village has about 200 buildings, made of Cotswold stone or locally made red bricks.[3] Of these, 18 are Grade II listed by Historic England.[10] At one time, the village was known as Stretton upon Fosse.[11]

Amenities[edit]

Some of the current cottages were previously used for other purposes, such as Tea Cosy Cottage which was the village post office in the early 1900s[12] and The Bakery cottage which retains its old bread oven.[13] The village website indicates that until recently, the community consisted of several farms, with housing for local residents occupied in cultivation of the land and the trade association of the rural economy, such as, shops, Post office, school,[14] inns, blacksmith, and three religious buildings. However, of these, only the Church of St Peter and the 17th-century Plough Inn[15] are still used for their intended purpose.[16][3]

The village also had another pub/lodging, the Golden Cross Inn (or Hotel)[17] across the tracks from the railway station; photographs of the two establishments suggests that the Plough Inn is not the same building.[18] A new village hall was built in 1990 to replace the postwar wooden hut.[19] The old railway line and station are now gone.[3][20] The four acres of gardens of Court House in the village have been opened under the National Garden Scheme.[21]

Religion[edit]

The site contained a church since the late 12th century when it was presented to residents by Ralph le Breton. Originally, it was a chapel of the nearby village of Blockley.[22] The current Grade II listed building, St Peter church, made of Cotswold stone and roofed with slate, was erected in the late 16th Century. Since then, it has been extensively modified; in 1841, for example, it was rebuilt and enlarged.[23] A 1949 description of the building provides these specifics:[9]

The parish church of ST. PETER ... consists of a chancel with a south vestry, nave (50 ft. long), and a west porch and bell turret. No ancient architectural features remain. The small chancel has a traceried east window of four lights; the nave, divided by buttresses into four bays, has a two-light window in each bay in the north and south walls. The entrance is at the west end from a porch that is flanked by a small north chamber and a south staircase to a gallery. Over the porch is an octagonal bell turret lighted by windows in gables, the whole crowned by a small stone spire. The walls are of ashlar, the roofs covered with slates.

A recent report describes the interior of this Grade II listed church:[24][23]

The interior is simple and unpretentious, and darker than one might expect despite it's [sic] cream-washed walls. The furnishings are mostly of a piece with the building, including the west gallery which supports a modest organ. The only later additions appear to be the mural painting that enlivens the paneling behind the altar and the two stained glass windows at the east end of the nave.

The now deserted medieval village of Ditchford Frary (1066 to 1539)[25] stood about a mile southeast of St Peter church on the Paddle Brook stream. In 1086, Ditchford Frary was held by Robert de Stafford.[26] At one time, the settlement included St. Giles chapel.[9] In 1410, its "mother church" was Great Wolford;[27] the chapel was a ruin by the 17th century and the rectory was annexed to Stretton in 1642.[3][28] Earthwork evidence of the chapel still existed at the time of the Ordnance Survey of 1967.[29]

Transportation[edit]

This June 2009 map, posted in the village, defines the use and name of the buildings

By 1825 the Great Western Railway operated a train between Shipston-on-Stour and Moreton-in-Marsh. The Stretton-on-Fosse railway station was not built until November 1892, in the northeastern part of the village near the Fosse Way. Before completion of construction, the train would stop on request at the nearby Golden Cross Inn.[30] Passenger services were discontinued in 1929 and freight services in 1941.[31][32] A branch line was constructed to Shipston-on-Stour which was used for passengers until 1929 and goods until 1960.[33] The Stratford & Moreton Tramway also stopped at Stretton.[9] The station survives as a guest house.[34] In 2019, there is a direct non-stop Great Western train service from London Paddington to Moreton-in-Marsh which takes under 2 hours.[35]

In 1826 a tram with horse-drawn cars began passing through the village,[36] operated by the Stratford & Moreton Tramway on a four-feet gauge rail. The village is served by bus no's 6 and 51 which give the village connections to the towns of Stratford-upon-Avon, Shipston-on-Stour and Moreton-in-Marsh.[37][38] The highway route from London to Stretton was via the M4 motorway to the M25 then to the M40 and then to the A429, approximately a two-hour drive. No public transport currently runs through the village[39] but a bus did stop just outside the community.[40]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Stretton-on-Fosse (Parish, United Kingdom) - Population Statistics, Charts, Map and Location". www.citypopulation.de. Retrieved 16 January 2022.
  2. ^ "Parishes: Stretton-on-Fosse | British History Online".
  3. ^ a b c d e "About/history - strettononfosse". www.strettononfosse.com.
  4. ^ https://books.google.ca/books?id=3LBCAAAAYAAJ&pg=PR29&dq=stretton-on-Fosse+Stratone&hl=en&sa=X&ved=0ahUKEwj-jbT4if7kAhVMgp4KHbP4BfQQ6AEIMDAB#v=onepage&q=stretton-on-Fosse%20Stratone&f=false, Domesday Book for the County of Warwick, page 81
  5. ^ Beresford, M. W.; John Kenneth Sinclair St. Joseph; Joseph, J. K. S. (15 November 1979). Medieval England: An Aerial Survey. ISBN 9780521219617.
  6. ^ https://www.ourwarwickshire.org.uk/content/catalogue_her/stretton-house-and-grounds, STRETTON HOUSE AND GROUNDS
  7. ^ https://britishlistedbuildings.co.uk/101185631-the-manor-house-and-attached-wall-stretton-on-fosse#.XZTjJlVKipo, The Manor House and Attached Wall ID:1185631
  8. ^ https://britishlistedbuildings.co.uk/101355626-stretton-house-stretton-on-fosse#.XZTkMVVKipo, Stretton House ID:1355626
  9. ^ a b c d "Parishes: Stretton-on-Fosse | British History Online".
  10. ^ "Listed Buildings in Stretton-on-Fosse, Stratford-on-Avon, Warwickshire".
  11. ^ https://books.google.ca/books?id=0KFJAAAAYAAJ&pg=PA827&lpg=PA827&dq=population+Stretton-on-Fosse,+Stratford-on-Avon,+Warwickshire,&source=bl&ots=EJUEMLMj0W&sig=ACfU3U1qVMrxwbfU9hghxci3PxO4qrmSTw&hl=en&sa=X&ved=2ahUKEwjwk7Se9f3kAhWKJDQIHZFsDzoQ6AEwHHoECA0QAQ#v=onepage&q=Stretton-on-Fosse%2C%20Stratford-on-Avon%2C%20Warwickshire%2C&f=false, The Gentleman's Magazine, and Historical Chronicle, Volume 67, Part 2 1789, page 827
  12. ^ https://www.ourwarwickshire.org.uk/content/catalogue_wow/stretton-on-fosse-post-office, STRETTON ON FOSSE. POST OFFICE
  13. ^ https://www.britainexpress.com/cottages/BE52629.php, The Bakery Stretton-on-Fosse
  14. ^ "Stretton on Fosse. Schools".
  15. ^ "The Plough Inn - strettononfosse".
  16. ^ "Church of St Peter, Stretton- on -Fosse".
  17. ^ https://www.warwickshirerailways.com/gwr/gwrsf554.htm, gwrsf554
  18. ^ https://www.ourwarwickshire.org.uk/content/catalogue_wow/stretton-on-fosse-golden-cross-inn, STRETTON ON FOSSE. GOLDEN CROSS INN
  19. ^ "Stretton on Fosse. Village Hall".
  20. ^ "Stretton on Fosse. Railway Station".
  21. ^ "Visit the Court House garden in Stretton-on-Fosse". Cotswold Life. 15 July 2014. Retrieved 17 January 2022.
  22. ^ "Parishes: Stretton-on-Fosse | British History Online".
  23. ^ a b "Stretton on Fosse - St Peter".
  24. ^ "Church of St Peter, Stretton-on-Fosse, Warwickshire".
  25. ^ https://timetrail.warwickshire.gov.uk/detail.aspx?monuid=WA3008, Information for record number MWA3008: Medieval Chapel at Ditchford Frary
  26. ^ https://www.british-history.ac.uk/vch/warks/vol5/pp153-157, Parishes: Stretton-on-Fosse
  27. ^ https://books.google.ca/books?id=dtzzX6sppU8C&pg=PA174&dq=Ditchford+Frary+Parish&hl=en&sa=X&ved=0ahUKEwjCu6uqi_7kAhVBs54KHX2iAiwQ6AEIKjAA#v=onepage&q=Ditchford%20Frary%20Parish&f=false, Religious Belief and Ecclesiastical Careers in Late Medieval England, page 174
  28. ^ "Parishes: Stretton-on-Fosse | British History Online".
  29. ^ https://www.ourwarwickshire.org.uk/content/catalogue_her/medieval-chapel-at-ditchford-frary, MEDIEVAL CHAPEL AT DITCHFORD FRARY
  30. ^ https://www.warwickshirerailways.com/gwr/strettononfosse.htm, Stretton on Fosse Station
  31. ^ https://www.warwickshirerailways.com/gwr/strettononfosse.htm, GWR Route - Stretton on Fosse Station
  32. ^ https://www.warwickshirerailways.com/gwr/gwrsf556a.htm, Stretton on Fosse Station: gwrsf556a
  33. ^ https://www.warwickshirerailways.com/gwr/gwrsf3026.htm, Stretton on Fosse Station: gwrsf3026
  34. ^ "3 Bedroom Lodge in GL56 9RE". big-cottages.com. Retrieved 16 January 2022.
  35. ^ https://www.thetrainline.com/train-times/london-paddington-to-moreton-in-marsh, Moreton-in-Marsh to London
  36. ^ "Solihull Model Railway Circle - Stratford and Moreton Railway". www.solihullmrc.org.
  37. ^ "Stretton on Fosse – bustimes.org". bustimes.org. Retrieved 16 January 2022.
  38. ^ "Shipston Link – bustimes.org". bustimes.org. Retrieved 16 January 2022.
  39. ^ https://www.google.com/maps/dir/London,+UK/Stretton-on-Fosse,+Moreton-in-Marsh+GL56+9SB,+UK/@52.0660637,-1.6405657,11.44z/data=!4m14!4m13!1m5!1m1!1s0x47d8a00baf21de75:0x52963a5addd52a99!2m2!1d-0.1277583!2d51.5073509!1m5!1m1!1s0x4870d660c239992f:0x6ee06b6ac4c6c702!2m2!1d-1.678562!2d52.041834!3e0, Direction
  40. ^ http://www.carlberry.co.uk/rfnshowl.asp?L1=STR0060&L2=S&size=&act=B, Bus Times

External links[edit]

Media related to Stretton-on-Fosse at Wikimedia Commons