Stridsvagn m/37

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Stridsvagn m/37
Strv m37.JPG
Stridsvagn m/37
Type Tankette
Place of origin Czechoslovakia
Service history
In service 1938—1953
Used by Sweden
Production history
Designer ČKD
Manufacturer ČKD, Jungner
No. built 48
Specifications
Weight 4.5 t (5.0 short tons; 4.4 long tons)[1]
Length 3.4 m (11 ft 2 in)[1]
Width 1.85 m (6 ft 1 in)[1]
Height 1.95 m (6 ft 5 in)[1]
Crew 2[1]

Armor 6–15 mm (0.24–0.59 in)[1]
Main
armament
2 x 8 mm m/36 machine-guns[1] with 3960 rounds
Engine Volvo FC-CKD 4.39 l, 6-cylinder OHV, petrol[1]
85 hp[1]
Transmission 5 speed Praga-Wilson preselected gearbox[1]
Operational
range
200 km (120 mi)
Speed 60 km/h (37 mph)[1]

Stridsvagn m/37 (Strv m/37) was a Swedish-built version of the Czechoslovak ČKD AH-IV tankette.

History[edit]

The AH-IV was popular with Romania and Iran, and after a successful demonstration to Swedish authorities, during winter conditions in the Krkonoše Mountains, Sweden ordered 48 AH-IV-Sv in 1937. Two of these were built in Czechoslovakia; the other 46 were built as the Strv m/37 under license by Jungner in Oskarshamn, with AB Volvo providing a more powerful engine, transmission, and tracks, the armor was made by Avesta. The ČKD supplied most of the other components after building one prototype. The tankette was strongly modified, including the suppression of original driver's machine gun, this variant was heavier and larger, than the AH-IV. On the turret, was placed two Swedish-made machine guns, the 8 mm Ksp m/36 strv and a commander cupola. Inside the vehicle was room for a radio and the ammunition. In November 1938, the final components were shipped.[1][2][3]

Production[edit]

A total of 48 of these vehicles were delivered to the Swedish army between 1938 and 1939.[1]

Service[edit]

The Strv m/37s were first issued to the 1st Armored Battalion. Between 1943—44, were transferred to the newly formed armored brigades. Subsequently, the tankettes were in service with the infantry regiments I 2, I 9, I 10 and P 1G Armored Company on Gotland.[4] The Strv m/37s lasted in service on Gotland until 1953, when they were withdrawn from service.[1][3]

Survivors[edit]

Eight of these tanks survive to this day, four in running order, of which one is in the Regimental Museum Strangnas, Sweden.[1]

Stridsvagn m/37 on display at Swedish Army Museum in Stockholm, Sweden.

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o "Sweden". Tanks!. Retrieved 2012-05-19. 
  2. ^ Kliment and Francev, p. 115, 282
  3. ^ a b "Strv m/37". Retrieved 2009-05-17. 
  4. ^ Tarnstrom, p. 322

References[edit]

  • Chamberlain, Peter; Ellis, Chris (2002) [1972]. Tanks of the World 1915-1945. p. 159. 
  • Kliment, Charles K.; Francev, Vladimír (1997). Czechoslovak Armored Fighting Vehicles. Atglen, PA: Schiffer. ISBN 0-7643-0141-1. 
  • Tarnstrom, Ronald (1996). The Sword of Scandinavia. (Armed Forces Handbooks). Lindsborg, KS: Trogen Books. ISBN 0-922037-13-2. 
External images
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