Freckleton

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Freckleton
Holy Trinity Church, Freckleton.jpg
Holy Trinity Church
Freckleton is located in Lancashire
Freckleton
Freckleton
Freckleton shown within Lancashire
Population 6,019 (2011)
OS grid reference SD429289
Civil parish
  • Freckleton
District
Shire county
Region
Country England
Sovereign state United Kingdom
Post town PRESTON
Postcode district PR4
Dialling code 01772
Police Lancashire
Fire Lancashire
Ambulance North West
EU Parliament North West England
List of places
UK
England
Lancashire
Coordinates: 53°45′11″N 2°52′01″W / 53.753°N 2.867°W / 53.753; -2.867

Freckleton is a village and civil parish on the Fylde coast in Lancashire, England, to the south of Kirkham and east of the seaside resort of Lytham St. Annes. In 2001 it had a population of 6,045,[1] reducing to 6,019 at the 2011 Census.[2] The village is near Warton, with its links to BAE Systems. Warton Aerodrome's 1.5 miles (2.4 km) runway is partly within Freckleton's boundary. Freckleton has a parish council, and is part of Fylde Borough, and Fylde constituency.

History[edit]

The name of the village appears in the Domesday Book as "Frecheltun" and is said to derive from 'Farmstead of a man called Frecla', with Old English tun and Nordic personal name.[3] It was one of 62 settlements to be found in the Hundred of "Agemvndrenesse" (Amounderness). Another suggested derivation is from the Anglo-Saxon word for "lusty" or "argumentative".[4]

Freckleton supplied water to the Roman fort at Kirkham, and in the 19th century was a port for the ship building industry.[5] Rope and sailcloth, for the early boatbuilding industry, was made in the village for many years. Balderstone Mill, erected in 1880, was the first organised factory system in the village, its weaving shed had 320 looms, and the cloth it produced sold on the Manchester Cotton Exchange. The mills closed in 1980.[6]

There was a water-mill, situated on the Dow Brook, from at least as early as 1427, when it was in the possession of a William Hodelliston. It was sold for the sum of £350, in 1882, with the sole purpose of its decommission, to allow the marsh to be more effectively drained.[7]

Until the 1920s Freckleton had a tollgate and travellers to Lytham and Preston had to pay a toll to use the turnpike road. The toll was collected at toll house bridge. The toll could be avoided by crossing the Dow brook and walking along the bridle way.[citation needed]

In World War II, American forces from the neighbouring Warton Aerodrome resided in the village. The Freckleton Air Disaster occurred on 23 August 1944, when an aircraft attempting to land at Warton during stormy weather crashed onto Freckleton's Holy Trinity School. Sixty-one people lost their lives, including thirty-eight infants, their two teachers, and the three air crew. Other victims included several residents and US personnel in a snack bar across the road from the school. Annual commemorations still take place, attended by residents and US veterans.[8]

The aerodrome was subsequently purchased by English Electric, now BAE Systems, and many BAE employees live in the village.

The area around the village War Memorial, now protected by railings, was once the village green, where stood the smithy and toll house.[4]

The Quaker burial ground at Quaker's Wood, also known as "Twill Furlong", in Lower Lane, between Freckleton and Kirkham, has a single gravestone.[9]

Landmarks[edit]

The village is the home of Holy Trinity Church of England parish church[10] which was founded in 1837[11] and of Freckleton Methodist Church[12] which was founded in 1810[13]

The family butcher Snape, on Kirkham Road, was established in 1864.[14]

Freckleton Library was opened in 1980 by Sir Edward Gardner, MP for Fylde South. It replaced the mobile library which used the same site.[15][16] Before the new library opened, the public library was situated on Lytham Road. Freckleton Library closed in September 2016 as part of Lancashire County Council budget cuts.[17]

Sport[edit]

Freckleton Cricket Club plays at Bush Lane; it was formed at the beginning of the 1900s. It won the Meyler Cup for the third time in 2013, following up wins in 2012 and 2002. The side currently competes in the Premier Division of the Moore & Smalley Palace Shield Competition and will be led in 2015 by Andrew Hogarth, who succeeds the charismatic James 'Jimmy' Fiddler.[18]

Freckleton stages the Freckleton Half Marathon each year in June. The race has been staged since 1965 and is the oldest half marathon in the UK.[citation needed] The first race was won by Ron Hill who participated in the 1964 Olympics marathon. It attracts over 700 entrants.

Images[edit]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Office for National Statistics : Census 2001 : Parish Headcounts : Fylde Retrieved 2009-09-18
  2. ^ "Parish population 2011". Retrieved 3 June 2015. 
  3. ^ Mills, Anthony David (2003); A Dictionary of British Place Names, p. 195, Oxford University Press, revised edition (2011). ISBN 019960908X
  4. ^ a b Bevan, E. M. and Ramsbottom, M. (1994), A Walk Round Old Freckleton, Hedgehog Historical Publications, ISBN 1-898-06204-8.
  5. ^ Shakeshaft, P. 2001, The History of Freckleton, Carnegie Publishing, p. 208
  6. ^ [1]
  7. ^ Walker, R. (1942), "Freckleton Water Mill" in TRANSACTIONS OF THE HISTORIC SOCIETY OF LANCASHIRE AND CHESHIRE FOR THE YEAR 1942, VOL. XCIV, pp.94-110. Read to the Society on 30 May 1942: [2]
  8. ^ Shakeshaft, P. 2001, The History of Freckleton, Carnegie Publishing, p.245
  9. ^ [3]
  10. ^ "The Church of Holy Trinity, Freckleton, Lancashire, England". freckletonparishchurch.org. Retrieved 18 October 2013. 
  11. ^ Peter Shakeshaft (1977). "A Short History of Holy Trinity Freckleton" (PDF). freckletonparishchurch.org. Retrieved 18 October 2013. 
  12. ^ "Freckleton Methodist Church". freckleton-methodist-church.org. Retrieved 18 October 2013. 
  13. ^ "Kirkham Rd Wesleyan Methodist, Freckleton". genuki.org. 31 May 2011. Retrieved 18 October 2013. 
  14. ^ [4]
  15. ^ Freckleton Library
  16. ^ History of Freckleton
  17. ^ http://www.blackpoolgazette.co.uk/news/final-chapter-for-lytham-and-freckleton-libraries-1-8152590
  18. ^ [5]

External links[edit]