String Quartet No. 1 (Grieg)
Edvard Grieg's String Quartet No. 1 in G minor, Op. 27, is the second of three string quartets written by the composer. The first, in D minor, was an early work, now lost, written in the early 1860s at the request of his teacher, Carl Reinecke. The third quartet, in F major, remained incomplete at the composer's death.
Grieg wrote the quartet in 1877-78, while living at a farm in Hardanger. He wrote to a friend "I have recently finished a string quartet which I still haven't heard. It is in G minor and is not intended to bring trivialities to market. It strives towards breadth, soaring flight and above all resonance for the instruments for which it is written."[a]
The first performance of the quartet took place in Cologne in October 1878, by a quartet led by the work's dedicatee, violinist Robert Heckmann.
Publication of the quartet was delayed when the composer's preferred publisher, C.F. Peters, initially rejected the quartet because they believed the double stopping in some movements would require the work to be rewritten as a piano quartet or quintet. Grieg had to find another publisher, E.W. Fritzsch, and only after the success of that release did C.F. Peters publish their own edition.
The work has four movements and lasts around 35 minutes in performance.
- Un poco andante - Allegro molto ed agitato
- Romanze: Andantino
- Intermezzo: Allegro molto marcato - Più vivo e scherzando
- Finale: Lento - Presto al saltarello
English musicologist Gerald Abraham, writing in 1948, suggested that Claude Debussy's String Quartet, also in G minor, was either consciously or subconsciously modelled on Grieg's quartet. Debussy often disparaged Grieg's abilities as a composer and a pianist.
- cited in Grinde (n.d.)
- Oelmann 2002, p. vii
- Horton 1976, p. 215
- Grimley 2006, p. 6
- Strasser 2007, p. 103
- Dahl 1999
- Horton 1976, p. 56
- See Hofmeisters Monatsbericht for a notice of the 1879 publication/(April 1879) receipt (by HMB) of the score (Part.) and parts (St[immen]).
- Anderson 1994
- Anderson 2012
- Strasser 2007, pp. 103–105
- Anderson, Keith (1994). Grieg: String Quartets Nos. 1 and 2/Johansen: String Quartet Op. 35 (CD). Naxos Records. 8.550879. Retrieved April 2013. Check date values in:
- Anderson, Keith; Årdal, Alf. Grieg, E.: String Quartets (arr. for string orchestra)/Nordheim, A.: Rendezvous (CD). Naxos Records. 8.572441. Retrieved July 2013. Check date values in:
- Dahl, Erling; Chillingham, Levron (1999). Grieg: String Quartets (PDF) (CD). Hyperion Records. CDH55299. Retrieved April 2013. Check date values in:
- Grimley, Daniel M. (2006). Grieg: Music, Landscape and Norwegian Identity. Boydell Press. ISBN 1-84383-210-0.
- Grinde, Nils (n.d.), 'Grieg, Edvard (Hagerup): 7.Chamber Music' in Grove Music Online (subscription only) (accessed 31 March 2013)
- Horton, John (1976). The Master Musicians: Grieg. London: J. M. Dent & Sons. ISBN 0-460-02169-9.
- (ed.) Oelmann, Klaus Henning (2002). The Unfinished Chamber Music. A-R Editions Inc. ISBN 0-89579-510-8.
- Strasser, Michael (2007). Berlioz and Debussy: Sources, Contexts and Legacies : Essays in Honour of François Lesure. Ashgate Publishing.
- String Quartet No. 1 in G Minor: Scores at the International Music Score Library Project (IMSLP)
- Christiansen, Kai (November 23, 2008). "Grieg, String Quartet No. 1 in G minor, Op. 27". Earsense Chamberbase. Retrieved 2017-06-05.
- "Live performance of the String Quartet No 1 in G minor, Op.27 by an unidentified quartet". Youtube. May 7, 2012. Retrieved 2017-06-05.