String Quartet No. 20 (Mozart)
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The String Quartet in D major, K. 499, was written in 1786 in Vienna by Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart. It was published by – if not indeed written for – his friend Franz Anton Hoffmeister. Because of this, the quartet has acquired the nickname Hoffmeister. Hoffmeister had started issuing a series of chamber-music publications in 1785, including Mozart's K. 499 as well as Joseph Haydn's Op. 42.
There are four movements:
This work, sandwiched between the six quartets he dedicated to Joseph Haydn (1782–5) and the following three Prussian Quartets (1789–90), intended to be dedicated to King Frederick William II of Prussia (the first edition bore no dedication, however), is often polyphonic in a way uncharacteristic of the earlier part of the classical music era. The menuetto and its trio give good examples of this in brief, with the brief irregular near-canon between first violin and viola in the second half of the main portion of the minuet, and the double imitations (between the violins, and between the viola and cello) going on in the trio.
- String Quartet in E-flat major (Wanhal) - String Quartet dedicated to Hoffmeister by a contemporary of Mozart.
- Einstein, Alfred. Mozart, His Character, His Work. London: Oxford University Press. First Edition: 1945. Translated from the German by Arthur Mendel and Nathan Broder.
- String Quartet No. 20: Score and critical report (German) in the Neue Mozart-Ausgabe
- Mozart's autograph of the Hoffmeister Quartet (available online)
- String Quartet No. 20 in D major: Scores at the International Music Score Library Project
- "Live performance of the Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart String Quartet in D Major, K. 499 by the Philharmonia Quartett". YouTube. 13 November 2014.
- "Free recording by the Jerusalem Quartet". Archived from the original on 31 August 2006.