String quintet

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Typical layout
Cello quintet
Viola quintet

A string quintet is a musical composition for five string players. As an extension to the string quartet (two violins, a viola, and a cello), a string quintet includes a fifth string instrument, usually a second viola (a so-called "viola quintet") or a second cello (a "cello quintet"), or occasionally a double bass.

Notable examples of classic "viola quintets", in four movement form include those of Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart. Other examples were written by composers including Johannes Brahms and Felix Mendelssohn.

A famous "cello quintet" is Franz Schubert's Quintet in C major. Antonín Dvořák's Quintet Op. 77 uses a double bass, and Mozart's famous Eine kleine Nachtmusik may be performed with this instrumentation (the double bass being optional).

Alternative additions include clarinet or piano (see clarinet quintet, piano quintet); and other closely related chamber music genres include the string quartet (much more common), the string trio, and the string sextet. A more unusual form of string quintet is the violin quintet composed of 3 violins, a viola and a cello (thus a string quartet with an additional violin).

The term string quintet may refer to a group of five players that performs such works. The ensemble was standard in 17th century Italy and can be seen as early as 1607 in Claudio Monteverdi's opera, L'Orfeo.[1]

List of viola quintets[edit]

List of cello quintets[edit]

Sheet music for a piano arrangement of the celebrated string quintet in E (an example of a 'cello quintet') by Luigi Boccherini

String quintets for 3 violins, viola and cello[edit]

List of double bass quintets[edit]

String quintets for other combinations[edit]

An unusual string quintet (De Zagerij Pro) consisting of four cellos and a double bass, Hof, Dordrecht, the Netherlands, 2019
  • Felix Draeseke – one Quintet in A for Two Violins, Viola, Violotta, and Cello (the Stelzner-Quintett; 1897); Draeseke also composed one Cello Quintet- in F, Op. 77 (1901)

Works making use of a string quintet[edit]

  • Nigel Keay – one Double Bass Quintet with Contralto, Tango Suite (2002)[16]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Myers, Herbert W. (2000). "When Is a Violino Not a Viola da Braccio?" The Galpin Society Journal 53, 335–39.
  2. ^ Parlett, David. "Catalog of music by Bax (1930-1939)". Retrieved 2007-12-20.
  3. ^ Search by title: quintet carsoncooman.com, accessed 8 October 2020
  4. ^ Ewald? at catalog.library.cornell.edu
  5. ^ Ewald String Quintet in A Major, Op.4 For 2 Violins, 2 Violas & Cello www.editionsilvertrust.com, accessed 7 October 2020
  6. ^ Heinrich Kaminski (geb. Tiengen, 4. Juli 1886 — gest. Ried bei Benediktbeuern, 21. Juni 1946) Streichquintett fis-moll (I. Fassung, 1916 www.musikmph.de Archived September 23, 2006, at the Wayback Machine
  7. ^ a b c George ONSLOW "The French Beethoven" george.onslow.online.fr, accessed 7 October 2020
  8. ^ John IRELAND (1876-1962) String Quartets sleeve notes Naxos/ www.musicweb-international.com, accessed 7 October 2020
  9. ^ "Josef Gabriel Rheinberger: Streichquintett". Archived from the original on 2014-02-26. Retrieved 2016-02-06.
  10. ^ Howell, Christopher (2002). "Review of ASV CDS DCA1056 & DCA925". Musicweb International. Retrieved 2020-03-05.
  11. ^ Johan Severin SVENDSEN (1840-1911) sleeve note to works including String Quintet in C major, Op. 5 BIS/www.musicweb-international.com, accessed 7 October 2020
  12. ^ a b "Merton Catalog". Retrieved 2007-10-23.
  13. ^ "Frank Martin Worklist". Archived from the original on 2007-10-24. Retrieved 2007-10-23.
  14. ^ Thieriot?[dead link]
  15. ^ Bassett, Leslie, 1923- Quintets, violins (2), viola, violoncello, double bass NY Public Library reference, accessed 7 October 2020
  16. ^ Nigel Keay - Tango Suite (2002) www.nigelkeay.com, accessed 7 October 2020