Stripe-necked mongoose

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Stripe-necked mongoose
2007-stripe-necked-mongoose.jpg
Adult in Nagarhole National Park
Scientific classification edit
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Chordata
Class: Mammalia
Order: Carnivora
Suborder: Feliformia
Family: Herpestidae
Genus: Herpestes
Species:
H. vitticollis
Binomial name
Herpestes vitticollis
Bennett, 1835
Stripe-necked Mongoose area.png
Stripe-necked mongoose range

The stripe-necked mongoose (Herpestes vitticollis) is a mongoose species native to forests and shrublands from southern India to Sri Lanka.[1]

Characteristics[edit]

A pair of stripe-necked mongooses in Anamalai Hills

It is rusty brown to grizzled grey, has a stout body and short legs, a black stripe that runs laterally on both sides of its neck. Its short tail is mostly black, but grey at the base.

Distribution and habitat[edit]

Stripe-necked mongoose in Nagarhole National Park

The stripe-necked mongoose is distributed in the Western Ghats and in Sri Lanka.[1] In 1911, one individual was observed in southern Andhra Pradesh.[2]

Behaviour and ecology[edit]

Stripe-necked mongoose seen in Bandipur National Park

It is diurnal and feeds on frogs, crabs, mouse deer, hares, rodents, fowl, and reptiles.

Taxonomy[edit]

There are two subspecies. H. vitticollis vitticollis is from the provinces of Western Ghats, Coorg and Kerala, and has more of a reddish tint to its fur. The other, H. vitticollis inornatus, is found in the Kanara province, and lacks a reddish tint to its fur.[3]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c Muddapa, D.; Choudhury, A.; Punjabi, G. A. (2016). "Herpestes vitticollis". The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. IUCN. 2016: e.T41619A45208503. doi:10.2305/IUCN.UK.2016-1.RLTS.T41619A45208503.en.
  2. ^ Allen, P. R. (1911). "Mungooses in the Eastern Ghats". Journal of the Bombay Natural History Society. 21 (1): 237–238.
  3. ^ Balaji, K.; Satyanarayana, J. E. (2016). "The first record of Stripe-necked Mongoose Herpestes vitticollis Bennett, 1835 (Mammalia: Carnivora: Herpestidae) from the Eastern Ghats of Andhra Pradesh, India". Journal of Threatened Taxa. 8 (14): 9684–9686. doi:10.11609/jott.3123.8.14.9684-9686.
  • Pocock, R.I. (1941). The fauna of British India, including Ceylon and Burma. Mammalia, 2nd Edition, 2. Taylor & Francis, London, U.K.
  • Prater, S. H. (1971). The Book of Indian Animals – 3rd Edition.Bombay Natural History Society. Oxford University Press, Bombay, 324pp.
  • Corbet, G.B. & J.E. Hill (1992). Mammals of the Indo-Malayan Region: A Systematic Review. Oxford University Press, Oxford, UK.
  • Van Rompaey, H. & Jayakumar, M. N. (2003). The Stripe-necked Mongoose, Herpestes vitticollis. Small Carnivore Conservation 28: 14–17.
  • Mudappa, D. (2013). Herpestids, viverrids and mustelids, pp. 471–498. In: Johnsingh, A.J.T. & N. Manjrekar (eds.). Mammals of South Asia -1. Universities Press, Hyderabad, India.
  • Menon, V. (2014). Indian Mammals - A Field Guide. Hachette India, Gurgaon, India, 528pp.
  • Sreehari, R. & P.O. Nameer (2016). Small carnivores of Parambikulam Tiger Reserve, southern Western Ghats, India. Journal of Threatened Taxa 8(11): 9306–9315; https://dx.doi.org/10.11609/jott.2311.8.11.9306-9315
  • Nayak, A.K., M.V. Nair & P.P. Mohapatra (2014). Stripe-necked Mongoose Herpestes vitticollis in Odisha, eastern India: A biogeographically significant record. Small Carnivore Conservation 51: 71–73.