Jump to navigation Jump to search
|Look up stripped in Wiktionary, the free dictionary.|
Stripped may refer to:
Albums and songs
- Stripped (Christina Aguilera album), 2002
- Stripped (Daniel Ash album), 2014
- Stripped (Macy Gray album), 2016
- Stripped (Pretty Maids album), 1992
- Stripped (The Rolling Stones album), 1995
- Stripped (song), 1986 song by Depeche Mode
- Stripped classical, a style of art and architecture
- Stripped (film), 2014 documentary film
- Stripped (tour), comedy tour by Eddie Izzard
| disambiguation page lists articles associated with the title Stripped.
If an internal link led you here, you may wish to change the link to point directly to the intended article.