Strobilomyces strobilaceus

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search
Strobilomyces strobilaceus
Strobilomyces floccopus 89374.jpg
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Fungi
Division: Basidiomycota
Class: Agaricomycetes
Order: Boletales
Family: Boletaceae
Genus: Strobilomyces
Species: S. strobilaceus
Binomial name
Strobilomyces strobilaceus
(Scop.) Berk. (1851)
Synonyms
  • Boletus strobilaceus Scop. (1770)
  • Strobilomyces floccopus (Vahl) Karst. (1882)
Strobilomyces strobilaceus
View the Mycomorphbox template that generates the following list
Mycological characteristics
pores on hymenium
cap is convex
hymenium is adnate
stipe has a ring

spore print is blackish-brown

to black
ecology is mycorrhizal
edibility: edible

Strobilomyces strobilaceus, also called Strobilomyces floccopus and commonly known as old man of the woods,[1] is a species of fungus in the family Boletaceae. It is native to Europe and North America. Fruit bodies are characterized by very soft dark grey to black pyramidal and overlapping scales on the cap surface.

Taxonomy and naming[edit]

Strobilomyces strobilaceus is classified in the section Strobilomyces of the genus Strobilomyces. Species in this section are characterized by having spores that may be either smooth or with short spines or warts, ridges or reticulations. The ornamentation is reduced or absent in the suprahilar region—a depressed area near the hilar appendage.[2]

It was first described scientifically by the Italian naturalist Giovanni Antonio Scopoli in 1770 as a species of Boletus.[3]

Description[edit]

The caps of the fruit bodies are between 4 to 10 cm (1.6 to 3.9 in) wide, with a convex shape and a villous, involute margin. The cap surface is covered with dark grey to black erect scales. The stipe is up to 14 cm (5.5 in) long and 2 cm (0.8 in) thick.[4] It is coloured like the cap and has a woolly surface and a thick, ascending annulus. The pores on the underside of the cap are hexagonal, coloured dirty white or grey. The flesh is thick and initially white, but will stain pink and then slate grey and black after exposure to the air.

The dark brown to black spores are 9–15 by 8–12 μm, short elliptic and are covered with a mesh-like ornament.[1][5]

Strobilomyces floccopus tubes

Similar species[edit]

Strobilomyces confusus has a slightly smaller cap with smaller and stiff scales. Its spores have irregular ridges that resemble a partial mesh. The cap of Strobilomyces dryophilus is coloured a dull grey pink to pinkish tan and produces spores with a complete mesh.[1]

Habitat and distribution[edit]

Strobilomyces strobilaceus is found solitary or in groups in deciduous as well as coniferous forests in low mountain ranges and alpine areas of Europe, North America and Asia (Iran[6] and Taiwan[7]). It is less common in lowlands.[4] The fungus appears between August and October and young specimens are edible.[5]

Postage stamp[edit]

On February 27, 2014, the postal administration of Switzerland issued a 50-centime definitive postage stamp depicting Strobilomyces strobilaceus.[8]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c Bessette, Alan; William C. Roody; Arleen Rainis Bessette (2000). North American Boletes: A Color Guide to the Fleshy Pored Mushrooms. Syracuse University Press. pp. 225–226. ISBN 978-0-8156-0588-1. 
  2. ^ Singer R. (1986). The Agaricales in Modern Taxonomy (4th ed.). Koenigstein, Germany: Koeltz Scientific Books. p. 802. ISBN 3-87429-254-1. 
  3. ^ Scopoli JA. (1770). "Fungi quidam rariores in Hungaria nun detecti". Annus Historico-Naturalis (in Latin). 4: 125–50. 
  4. ^ a b Bon, Marcel (1987). The Mushrooms and Toadstools of Britain and North Western Europe. Hodder and Stoughton. ISBN 0-340-39935-X. 
  5. ^ a b Pegler, David N. (1981). Pocket Guide to Mushrooms and Toadstools. London: Mitchell Beazley Publishing. p. 94. ISBN 978-0-85533-366-9. 
  6. ^ Asef MR. (2013). "Strobilomyces strobilaceus, the first report from genus Strobilomyces in Iran". Rostaniha. 14 (2): 248–249. 
  7. ^ Yeh K-W, Chen Z-C. (1980). "The boletes of Taiwan" (PDF). Taiwania. 25 (1): 166–184. 
  8. ^ McCarty, Denise (April 30, 2014). "New definitives represent subjects from sports to politics". Linn's Stamp News. Retrieved May 1, 2014. 

External links[edit]

Strobilomyces strobilaceus in Index Fungorum