Strong City, Kansas
|Strong City, Kansas|
Hardware Store and Grocery in Strong City (2009)
Location within Chase County and Kansas
KDOT map of Chase County (legend)
|Coordinates: Coordinates: |
|• Mayor||Mike Cahoone|
|• City Clerk||Shari DeWitt|
|• Total||0.55 sq mi (1.42 km2)|
|• Land||0.55 sq mi (1.42 km2)|
|• Water||0 sq mi (0 km2)|
|Elevation||1,194 ft (364 m)|
|• Estimate (2013)||466|
|• Density||880/sq mi (340/km2)|
|Time zone||Central (CST) (UTC-6)|
|• Summer (DST)||CDT (UTC-5)|
|FIPS code||20-68650 |
|GNIS feature ID||0477264 |
Strong City is a city in Chase County, Kansas, United States. Originally known as Cottonwood Station, in 1881 it was renamed Strong City after William Barstow Strong, then vice-president and general manager, and later president of the Atchison, Topeka and Santa Fe Railway. As of the 2010 census, the city population was 485, down about 100 people since the previous census.
- 1 History
- 2 Geography
- 3 Demographics
- 4 Events and attractions
- 5 Government
- 6 Education
- 7 Infrastructure
- 8 Notable people
- 9 See also
- 10 Further reading
- 11 References
- 12 External links
For many millennia, the Great Plains of North America was inhabited by nomadic Native Americans. From the 16th century to 18th century, the Kingdom of France claimed ownership of large parts of North America. In 1762, after the French and Indian War, France secretly ceded New France to Spain, per the Treaty of Fontainebleau. In 1802, Spain returned most of the land to France, but keeping title to about 7,500 square miles.
In 1803, most of the land for modern day Kansas was acquired by the United States from France as part of the 828,000 square mile Louisiana Purchase for 2.83 cents per acre. In 1848, after the Mexican-American War, the Treaty of Guadalupe Hidalgo with Spain brought into the United States all or part of land for ten future states, including southwest Kansas. In 1854, the Kansas Territory was organized, then in 1861 Kansas became the 34th U.S. state. In 1859, Chase County was established within the Kansas Territory, which included the land for modern day Strong City.
In 1871, the Atchison, Topeka and Santa Fe Railway extended a main line from Emporia to Newton. The city originated in March 1871 when the Atchison, Topeka and Santa Fe Railway was completed to the point then known as Cottonwood Station. Strong City was originally called Cottonwood, and under the latter name laid out in 1872.
The original depot was a wooden building built in 1872 then burned in 1902 and was replaced in 1903 by another wooden building. From 1887 to 1938, a six stall engine roundhouse employed many workers.
In 1887, Atchison, Topeka and Santa Fe Railway built a branch line from Neva (3 miles west of Strong City) to Superior, Nebraska. This branch line connected Strong City, Neva, Rockland, Diamond Springs, Burdick, Lost Springs, Jacobs, Hope, Navarre, Enterprise, Abilene, Talmage, Manchester, Longford, Oak Hill, Miltonvale, Aurora, Huscher, Concordia, Kackley, Courtland, Webber, Superior. At some point, the line from Neva to Lost Springs was pulled but the right of way has not been abandoned. This branch line was originally called "Strong City and Superior line" but later the name was shortened to the "Strong City line".
In 1912, construction of a new depot was begun about 100 feet (30 m) west of the old one, and was finished in 1913. The new brick depot was trimmed in native cut limestone was built for a cost of $20,000. A brick platform some 800-feet long was built along the front of the building, and a 250-foot freight platform was built along the rear of the building. Passenger service was discontinued in the late 1940s.
In 1945, the name was changed again, this time to Strong City.
Local stonemasons and builders Barney Lantry & Son contracted with railroad companies for projects throughout the United States. In the beginning it built stone-work for certain phases of railroad construction, but later they did build complete railroads, grading, laying the track, building bridges, stations, roundhouses, and other division buildings.
The first stone-crushers Kansas ever saw were brought to the state by the Lantrys and were operated on a very large scale at Strong City. Most of the stone for masonry and road-ballast for their jobs all over the west, was taken from their quarries at Strong City. Big stones for the Kansas State Capitol came from Strong City, each stone weighing 13,000 pounds. Stone was also used for public and private buildings in Kansas, Missouri, Nebraska, Iowa and Colorado.
When Barney Lantry died in 1895, officials of the Santa Fe Railroad from Los Angeles to Chicago attended his funeral services in Strong City.
Strong City is located at  in the scenic Flint Hills of the Great Plains. According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 0.55 square miles (1.42 km2), all of it land. The Cottonwood River is approximately 0.5 miles west of the city, and an old channel of the river is next to the south-west corner of the city.(38.3972360, -96.5369507),
The climate in this area is characterized by hot, humid summers and generally mild to cool winters. According to the Köppen Climate Classification system, Strong City has a humid subtropical climate, abbreviated "Cfa" on climate maps.
|U.S. Decennial Census|
As of the census of 2010, there were 485 people, 212 households, and 123 families residing in the city. The population density was 881.8 inhabitants per square mile (340.5/km2). There were 256 housing units at an average density of 465.5 per square mile (179.7/km2). The racial makeup of the city was 96.5% White, 0.6% African American, 0.8% Native American, 0.2% Asian, 0.2% from other races, and 1.6% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 1.0% of the population.
There were 212 households of which 25.9% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 48.6% were married couples living together, 5.2% had a female householder with no husband present, 4.2% had a male householder with no wife present, and 42.0% were non-families. 37.3% of all households were made up of individuals and 15.5% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.29 and the average family size was 3.10.
The median age in the city was 44.1 years. 22.5% of residents were under the age of 18; 8.7% were between the ages of 18 and 24; 20.8% were from 25 to 44; 31% were from 45 to 64; and 16.9% were 65 years of age or older. The gender makeup of the city was 51.3% male and 48.7% female.
As of the census of 2000, there were 584 people, 247 households, and 163 families residing in the city. The population density was 1,084.3 people per square mile (417.6/km²). There were 287 housing units at an average density of 532.9 per square mile (205.2/km²). The racial makeup of the city was 97.77% White, 1.03% African American, 0.17% Asian, and 1.03% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 1.37% of the population.
There were 247 households out of which 28.7% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 49.4% were married couples living together, 9.3% had a female householder with no husband present, and 34.0% were non-families. 30.8% of all households were made up of individuals and 13.0% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.36 and the average family size was 2.90.
In the city the population was spread out with 25.0% under the age of 18, 8.9% from 18 to 24, 26.4% from 25 to 44, 24.3% from 45 to 64, and 15.4% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 38 years. For every 100 females there were 110.8 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 104.7 males.
As of 2000 the median income for a household in the city was $30,192, and the median income for a family was $35,833. Males had a median income of $23,523 versus $20,938 for females. The per capita income for the city was $13,807. About 5.8% of families and 14.9% of the population were below the poverty line, including 21.4% of those under age 18 and 13.6% of those age 65 or over.
Events and attractions
- Flint Hills Rodeo, held annually since 1938
- Tallgrass Prairie National Preserve, north on K-177 highway.
- W.B. Strong Memorial Railroad Park.
- Kansas Historical Markers:
- Strong City has four listings on the National Register of Historic Places (NRHP):
- City Hall, 4th St and Chase St.
- Chase County Sheriff Department, located in Cottonwood Falls.
- Chase County Fire Department, located in Cottonwood Falls.
- U.S. Post Office, 309 Cottonwood St.
Primary and secondary education
- Chase County Junior/Senior High School, 600 Main St in Cottonwood Falls.
- Chase County Elementary School, 401 Maple St in Cottonwood Falls.
- Burnley Memorial Library, located in Cottonwood Falls.
U.S. Route 50 and the La Junta Subdivision of BNSF Railway pass east-west through the city. K-177 highway passes north-south through the city. The original U.S. Route 50 road still comes into the southwest side of the city parallel to the railroad tracks.
Strong City applied for an Amtrak station on Amtrak's proposed extension of the Heartland Flyer from Oklahoma City to Kansas City, Missouri. If the town's application were successful, that would make it one of the smallest towns in the Amtrak system to have a station.
- Cottonwood Falls, Kansas, approximately 0.5 mile south of Strong City
- La Junta Subdivision, branch of the BNSF Railway
- National Register of Historic Places listings in Chase County, Kansas
- Cottonwood River and Great Flood of 1951
- Kansas State League, 1909 / 1910 baseball league
- Geographic Names Information System (GNIS) details for Strong City, Kansas; United States Geological Survey (USGS); October 13, 1978.
- Strong City - Directory of Public Officials
- Strong City - Government
- "US Gazetteer files 2010". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2012-07-06.
- "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2012-07-06.
- "Population Estimates". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2015-06-11.
- Kansas Historical Marker - W.B. Strong Memorial Railroad Park
- The Atchison, Topeka, and Santa Fe Railway and Auxiliary Companies - Annual Meetings, and Directors and Officers; January 1, 1902
- William G. Cutler's History of the State of Kansas, Part 5, Chase County, 1883.
- "2010 City Population and Housing Occupancy Status". U.S. Census Bureau. Retrieved March 6, 2011.
- The History of Marion County and Courthouse
- Santa Fe Rail History
- Kansas State Historical Society (1916). Biennial Report of the Board of Directors of the Kansas State Historical Society. Kansas State Printing Plant. p. 154.
- National Register of Historic Places - Strong City Atchison, Topeka, & Santa Fe Depot from kshs.org
- Symphony in the Flint Hills concert returning to where it all began; The Wichita Eagle; June 10, 2015.
- Symphony in the Flint Hills 2015 Weekend Guide.
- Symphony in the Flint Hills official website.
- Rain holds off for Symphony in Flint Hills concert; The Wichita Eagle; June 13, 2015.
- Strong City History.
- Climate Summary for Strong City, Kansas
- "Annual Estimates of the Resident Population for Incorporated Places: April 1, 2010 to July 1, 2014". Retrieved June 4, 2015.
- History of the Flint Hills Rodeo from its official website
- Kansas Historical Marker - Chase County And The Bluestem Pasture Region Of Kansas from stoppingpoints.com
- National Register of Historic Places - Fox Creek Stone Arch Bridge from kshs.org
- National Register of Historic Places - Lower Fox Creek School from kshs.org
- National Register of Historic Places - Strong City Opera House from kshs.org
- USD 284
- Kansas School District Boundary Map
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to Strong City, Kansas.|
- Historic Images of Strong City, Special Photo Collections at Wichita State University Library.