Strongbow (cider)

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ManufacturerH. P. Bulmer (Heineken)
Stassen (Europe) [Heineken]
Carlton & United Breweries (Australia)
DistributorHeineken International
Carlton & United Breweries (Australia)
Country of originUnited Kingdom
Alcohol by volume4.5–6.0%
ColourGolden yellow
FlavourInitial strong ‘cidery’ flavour from the fermented bittersweet juice with a hint of ‘appliness’ or cooked apple coming from the culinary fruit.[1]
VariantsGold (dry) (excluding USA)
Dark Fruit
Cherry Blossom
Cloudy Apple
Gold Apple
Red Berry
Ginger (USA only)
Draught of Strongbow in a Strongbow brand pint glass

Strongbow is a dry cider produced by H. P. Bulmer in the United Kingdom since 1960. Strongbow is the world's leading cider with a 15 per cent volume share of the global cider market and a 29 per cent volume share of the UK cider market.[2][3] Bulmer's is a subsidiary of Heineken International, the multinational Dutch brewer who also own the sustainable cider brand Inch's.[4][5][6][7]

Strongbow was the highest selling cider in Australia and was the second-highest selling cider in North America as of 2012.[2] Belgian-produced Strongbow Gold was introduced in Europe in response to cider's growing popularity on the continent in 2011.

The majority of Strongbow is produced at Bulmer's Hereford plant, although regional variations are also produced at Heineken's cider mill in Belgium and in Australia.


Former product logo

Strongbow was launched in the United Kingdom by H.P. Bulmer in 1960.[8] Bulmer named the cider after “one of England’s greatest knights” Richard de Clare, whose nickname "Strongbow" was believed to be derived from his heavy reliance on archers during his campaigns in Ireland.[9] However, this theory is unlikely to be true because de Clare's father, Gilbert de Clare, was originally known as “Strongbow”, which suggests that Richard's nickname was actually inherited from his father.[10] It was initially marketed as "the strong cider for men".[11]

By 1970, it was the second-highest selling cider in the world after its Bulmer's stablemate Woodpecker.[citation needed] By 2001, Strongbow was among the top ten drinks by sales in pubs and bars in England and Wales.[12]

In 2003, Bulmers was purchased by Scottish & Newcastle, who in turn were taken over by Heineken in 2008. In January 2011, Heineken announced their intention to take the Strongbow brand global.[13]

Heineken acquired the rights to Strongbow in Australia from Asahi in 2020.[14]

Production methods[edit]

Now-discontinued original United States bottled version.

In the United Kingdom, Strongbow is a blend of bitter-sweet cider and culinary apples, with 50 different varieties of apple used.[15] The apples are grown in England, although imports from France are also used when harvests are poor. It is mass-produced using modern methods and contains apple concentrate and sugar. It is fermented with a controlled yeast strain. Strongbow in the UK does not contain any artificial sweeteners, flavourings or colouring.[16] The Bulmers Strongbow vat is the largest alcoholic container in the world, with a capacity of 1.5 million gallons (6.8 million litres).[17]


In the UK, Strongbow is available on draught at 4.5% ABV and in cans and bottles at LUKA4.5% ABV. In 2012, the UK packaged versions were reduced from 5.3% ABV to 5.0% ABV.[18]

Strongbow Gold is the variant available in mainland Europe and is available only in bottles. It was launched in May 2012, and its major markets include Italy and Hungary. It is 5% ABV and designed to be served over ice. It is over 50% apple juice, making it a similar product to Magners and Stella Cidre.[19] It also contains glucose syrup, glucose-fructose syrup, food acidifier: malic acid, anti-oxidant: sulphur dioxide, colouring agent: cochineal, burned sugar.[19] It is made in Belgium at Heineken's Stassen plant. However, the version of Strongbow Gold Apple available in Slovakia contains only 25% apple juice; in that version the colouring is E150a caramel.[20]

Strongbow is exported to numerous overseas markets. Sleeman Breweries took over the distribution rights for Canada in 2001, and is the fifth highest selling cider in the United States, where it was imported by Vermont Hard Cider until August 2012, when Heineken regained the rights.[21] It was launched into the Australian market in 1970, and today still remains as Australia's most popular cider.[22] Strongbow is available in six varieties in Australia: Dry, Sweet, Original (formerly sold as "Draught"), Lower Carb (a low carbohydrate variety), Pear and Blossom Rosé.[9] Foster's Group purchased the Strongbow brand in Australia in 2003, and continues to produce, distribute & market the brand.[22] They were themselves purchased by SABMiller in 2011 before being bought out by Anheuser-Busch InBev in 2017. It is confirmed that in the Australian market, the brand will be purchased by Asahi Breweries in June 2020.[23] Carlton & United Breweries, currently have the rights to Strongbow in Australia.

In 2012, Heineken launched "Strongbow Pear" in the UK and in 2013 introduced "Strongbow Dark Fruit" which contains blackcurrant and blackberry juices. 2015 saw the introduction of "Cloudy Apple", a scrumpy version of the cider. In 2020, "Strongbow Rosé", a rosé-style cider, was introduced.

In 2014 in the US, Heineken launched two new sweeter flavours, dubbed "Gold Apple" and "Honey & Apple".[24][25] Strongbow subsequently discontinued the original dry cider Strongbow flavor in the USA.[26][27] The move to discontinue the original dry cider recipe in the US and replace it with two sweeter varieties was criticized by some vocal customers, with comments related to the discontinuation appearing on various internet forums, the Strongbow Facebook page, and the USA Heineken Strongbow web page.[24] However, in May 2018, Heineken announced that it would bring back the original dry cider to the United States in 16.9-ounce cans, which it did the following month.[28]

In 2015 in the US, a variety pack was released, which includes the two existing flavors "Gold Apple" and "Honey & Apple" along with two additional flavors "Red Berries" and "Ginger."[29][30] "Cherry Blossom" was introduced in 2016.[31]

In 2022, a low-calorie variant, Strongbow Ultra, was introduced. This variant contained 95 calories per can, 30% fewer than the Dark Fruit flavour which it is only available in.

Discontinued brand extensions[edit]

United States canned version

In the late 80s to early 90s Strongbow produced and marketed a double fermented cider "1080" - said to be its specific gravity.

The late 1990s briefly gave us Strongbow smooth - carbonated with nitrogen instead of carbon dioxide, so much smaller bubbles and a smooth, creamy texture.

Previously Strongbow White was available in Australia, which had a much higher alcohol content (8.5%). It ceased production sometime after 2000.

Strongbow Sirrus (5% ABV), was launched in summer 2005 to compete with C&C's Magners Original Irish Cider. Sirrus was formulated as a 'smooth' cider designed to be poured over ice, and was only available in bottles; it has since been discontinued.

In 2007, the company began trials of Strongbow On Ice, a competitor to other ciders that are served over ice. This uses a specially designed pump that creates a "head" of ice made from cider on the top of the pint.[32] Trials were unsuccessful however, and the product was discontinued.

Strongbow Black (previously Strongbow Super) at 7.5% ABV, was delisted by Heineken in 2011 on social responsibility grounds.[33]

In 2014, "Strongbow Citrus Edge" was introduced, which contained lemon and lime. This was discontinued in 2017.[34]


The original Norman archer logo was designed by artist Barney Bubbles. The "thudding arrows" have been a signature of the brand's television advertising since the 1960s.[35] Towards the end of the advertisement, two arrows thud into a bar counter near a glass of Strongbow, or its bar pump.

Advertisements from 1998 to 2002 featured Johnny Vaughan and the "live to loaf" line.[36] The campaign focused on Vaughan's character, who was always finding new ways to get the most out of life with the minimum effort.[36] Vaughan was credited by Bulmers with giving credibility to the Strongbow brand among the key 18 to 24-year-old group.[36] Between 1998 and 2000 Strongbow sales rose by 30 per cent.[37]

In 2010, TV adverts in the UK were based on the "medal ceremony" scene at the end of the Star Wars Episode IV: A New Hope film: three men walk down an aisle flanked by large numbers of men; step up a raised podium at the far end; and receive a reward – a pint of Strongbow – for their "heroic deeds" (i.e.: performing their ordinary jobs). Adverts in 2012, showed fanciful representations of normal situations (goalkeeping, potting a black ball, best man's speech) where those seen in the advert would be next seen drinking Strongbow having "earnt it" for accomplishing such situations. The latest advert depicts a duplex-style apple orchard divided between bitter and sweet reflecting Strongbow being "bittersweet by nature".

In 2015, Strongbow began its "Cider at its Bestest" campaign in the US, featuring Patrick Stewart.[30][38]

The most recent campaigns for Strongbow include one for the Strongbow Ultra variant which incorporates the theme "Drink the G.O.A.T.".


Strongbow were official shirt sponsors of Edinburgh football club Heart of Midlothian from 1992–2002.[39] Strongbow also sponsored Leeds United Football Club from 2000–2003.[40] Strongbow reputedly paid £3 million a year for the rights.[41]

See also[edit]


  1. ^ [1] Archived 21 October 2011 at the Wayback Machine
  2. ^ a b Alcoholic Drinks: Euromonitor from trade sources/national statistics (2012)
  3. ^ "Our first ever UK cider can 'challenge' mainstream brands: Carlsberg". Retrieved 19 September 2016.
  4. ^ Woolfson2021-04-28T11:46:00+01:00, Daniel. "Heineken launches 'sustainable' cider brand Inch's". The Grocer.
  5. ^ "Welcome to Inch's Cider". sitename facebook.
  7. ^ "Heineken's Inch's cider - Product Launch". 29 April 2021.
  8. ^ "Wayback Machine". 4 March 2016. Archived from the original on 4 March 2016.
  9. ^ a b "Strongbow Cider". Strongbow Cider.
  10. ^ Flanagan, M. (2004-09-23). Clare, Richard fitz Gilbert de [called Strongbow], second earl of Pembroke [earl of Striguil] (c. 1130–1176), warrior. Oxford Dictionary of National Biography. Retrieved 28 May. 2018, from [2]
  11. ^ The Times, Friday, 13 July 1962; p. 14; Issue 55442; col A
  12. ^ The Times (London) 27 March 2001, Tuesday Cider joins favourite pub drinks
  13. ^ Hall, James (27 January 2011). "Heineken plans to take Strongbow cider global". The Daily Telegraph. London.
  14. ^ Upshall, Emma (28 October 2020). "Heineken to buy Asahi brands, reunites global Strongbow portfolio". Retrieved 11 November 2020.
  15. ^ "GAB Brands – Strongbow". Archived from the original on 3 September 2011.
  16. ^ "Strongbow UK". Strongbow UK. Retrieved 11 November 2020.
  17. ^ Christopher Winn (1 September 2010). I Never Knew That About the English. Ebury Publishing. p. 207. ISBN 978-1-4090-7805-0. Retrieved 11 July 2012.
  18. ^ Stodell, Hannah. "Heineken weakens Strongbow with abv cut". Retrieved 19 September 2016.
  19. ^ a b "Strongbow Apple Ciders - Strongbow". Strongbow Apple Ciders.
  20. ^ "Strongbow Apple Ciders Gold Apple cider 330 ml - Tesco Potraviny". Retrieved 13 October 2020.
  21. ^ "CANADA: Strongbow enters Canadian market in Sleeman tie-up". 14 November 2001. Retrieved 19 September 2016.
  22. ^ a b "Strongbow Cider". Archived from the original on 8 April 2014. Retrieved 25 January 2019.
  23. ^ ""Announcement regarding the completion timing of the proposed acquisition of 100% of the shares of the Australian business of Anheuser-Busch InBev"" (PDF).
  24. ^ a b "Bull's-eye: Strongbow Hits the Mark With New Hard Apple Ciders – HEINEKEN USA". 20 March 2014. Retrieved 19 September 2016.
  25. ^ "Strongbow Hard Cider Launches Two New Brands -". Retrieved 19 September 2016.
  26. ^ "Strongbow Discontinues Their Original Recipe". Retrieved 19 September 2016.
  27. ^ "Heineken phases out original Strongbow Hard Cider recipe with new flavors". Retrieved 19 September 2016.
  28. ^ "Heineken to Re-Release Strongbow Original Dry Cider". Brewbound. 20 May 2018. Retrieved 13 October 2020.
  29. ^ "Strongbow Red Berries & Strongbow Ginger". Retrieved 19 September 2016.
  30. ^ a b "Strongbow Red Berries, Ginger". 20 March 2015. Retrieved 19 September 2016.
  31. ^ USA, HEINEKEN. "Strongbow Welcomes Spring With New Cherry Blossom Hard Apple Cider". Retrieved 13 October 2020.
  32. ^ "S&NUK trials iced Strongbow cider". Retrieved 19 September 2016.
  33. ^ "Heineken: beer and cider down in UK". Retrieved 19 September 2016.
  34. ^ [3][unreliable source?]
  35. ^ "Strongbow adverts: strong, true... and funny". The Daily Telegraph. London. 27 January 2011.
  36. ^ a b c Week, Marketing. "Strongbow drops Vaughan from advertising". Retrieved 19 September 2016.
  37. ^ "Johnny Vaughan teams up with gorillas in latest Strongbow ad". Retrieved 19 September 2016.
  38. ^ "Droga5 Presents Patrick Stewart as a Podium for Strongbow's 'Award'". Retrieved 19 September 2016.
  39. ^ Irvine, Neil (4 December 2001). "Thomas loses St Johnstone appeal". The Daily Telegraph. London.
  40. ^ "Leeds United – Historical Football Kits". Retrieved 19 September 2016.
  41. ^ "STOP PRESS: Strongbow and Leeds Utd set to end association". Retrieved 19 September 2016.

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