Strophanthus preussii

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Strophanthus preussii
Strophanthus preussi0.jpg
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Plantae
(unranked): Angiosperms
(unranked): Eudicots
(unranked): Asterids
Order: Gentianales
Family: Apocynaceae
Genus: Strophanthus
Species: S. preussii
Binomial name
Strophanthus preussii
Engl. & Pax[1]
Synonyms[1]
  • Strophanthus bracteatus Franch.

Strophanthus preussii, Preuss' strophanthus,[2] is an evergreen liana up to 12 metres (39 ft) long or a shrub up to 5 metres (16 ft) tall, with a stem diameter up to 2.5 centimetres (1 in). Its fragrant flowers feature a white to orange corolla, red-striped or spotted on the inside. Corollas have very long tails. Vernacular names for the plant include "spider tresses" and "poison arrow vine". Habitats are forested areas from sea level to 1,400 metres (4,600 ft) altitude. Traditional medicinal uses of S. preussii include treatment of gonorrhoea and healing of sores. The plant has also been used as arrow poison.[3] Strophanthus preussii is native to countries of west and central tropical Africa.[1][3]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c "Strophanthus preussii". World Checklist of Selected Plant Families (WCSP). Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Retrieved 2 August 2017. 
  2. ^ "Strophanthus preussii". Natural Resources Conservation Service PLANTS Database. USDA. Retrieved 4 December 2015. 
  3. ^ a b Medicinal Plants. PROTA. 2008. pp. 555–557. ISBN 978-9-05782-204-9.