Strophanthus sarmentosus

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Strophanthus sarmentosus
Strophanthus sarmentosus Bild1231.jpg
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Plantae
(unranked): Angiosperms
(unranked): Eudicots
(unranked): Asterids
Order: Gentianales
Family: Apocynaceae
Genus: Strophanthus
Species: S. sarmentosus
Binomial name
Strophanthus sarmentosus
DC.[1]
Synonyms[1]
  • Strophanthus laurifolius DC.
  • Strophanthus pendulus Kumm. & Hook.
  • Strophanthus senegambiae A.DC.
  • Strophanthus ogovensis Franch.
  • Strophanthus punctifer A.Chev.
  • Strophanthus glabriflorus (Monach.) Monach.
  • Strophanthus paroissei Franch.

Strophanthus sarmentosus grows as either a deciduous shrub or as a liana up to 40 metres (130 ft) long, with a stem diameter up to 15 centimetres (6 in). Its fragrant flowers feature a white to purple corolla, red or purple-streaked on the inside. Vernacular names for the plant include "spider tresses" and "poison arrow vine". Habitats are forested areas from sea level to 1,400 metres (4,600 ft) altitude. The numerous local medicinal uses of S. sarmentosus include treatment of joint pain, head lice, eye conditions and venereal disease. The plant has also been used as arrow poison.[2] Strophanthus sarmentosus is native from west and central tropical Africa to Uganda and Angola.[1][2]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c "Strophanthus sarmentosus". World Checklist of Selected Plant Families (WCSP). Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Retrieved 2 August 2017. 
  2. ^ a b Medicinal Plants. PROTA. 2008. pp. 557–559. ISBN 978-9-05782-204-9.