|Directed by||Werner Herzog|
|Produced by||Werner Herzog|
|Written by||Werner Herzog|
|Music by||Chet Atkins|
|Edited by||Beate Mainka-Jellinghaus|
|Distributed by||Werner Herzog Filmproduktion|
Stroszek is a 1977 German tragicomedy film directed by Werner Herzog and starring Bruno S., Eva Mattes, and Clemens Scheitz. Written specifically for Bruno S., the film was shot in Plainfield, Wisconsin, and North Carolina. Most of the lead roles are played by non-actors.
Bruno Stroszek (Bruno S.) is a Berlin street performer. Released from prison and warned to stop drinking, he immediately goes to a familiar bar where he meets Eva (Eva Mattes), a sex worker down on her luck, and lets her stay with him at the apartment his landlord kept for him. They are then harried and beaten by Eva's former pimps, who insult Bruno, pull his accordion apart and humiliate him by making him kneel on his grand piano with bells balanced on his back. Faced with the prospect of further harassment, Bruno and Eva decide to leave Germany and accompany Bruno's eccentric elderly neighbour Scheitz (Clemens Scheitz), who was planning to move to Wisconsin to live with his American nephew Clayton.
After sightseeing in New York City they buy a used car and arrive in a winter-bound, barren prairie near the fictional town of 'Railroad Flats'. There Bruno works as a mechanic with Clayton and his assistant (played by Ely Rodriguez). Eva works as a waitress at a truck stop and Scheitz pursues his interest in animal magnetism. Eva and Bruno buy a trailer which is sited on Clayton's land, but as bills mount, the bank threatens to repossess it. Eva returns to sex-work to supplement her wages, but it is not enough to meet the payments. She tires of Bruno's drinking and leaves him, accepting a ride with truck drivers bound for Vancouver.
A man from the bank (Scott McKain) visits Bruno, who is now drinking steadily, and has him sign off on the repossession. The home is auctioned, and he and Scheitz, who is convinced that the world is conspiring against him, set off to confront the "conspiracy." Finding the bank closed, they hold up a barber shop beneath it, make off with 32 dollars and then go shopping in a small store across the street. The police arrive and arrest Scheitz for armed robbery without noticing Bruno.
Holding a large frozen turkey from the store and the shotgun, Bruno returns to the garage where he works, loads the tow truck with beer, and drives along a highway into the mountains.
Upon entering a small town, the truck breaking down, Bruno pulls over to a restaurant, where he tells his story to a German-speaking businessman. He then starts the truck, and leaves it circling in the parking lot with a fire taking hold in the engine compartment. Bruno then goes into a roadside amusement park across the street, where he starts a ski-lift and rides on it with his frozen turkey. After Bruno disappears from view a single shot rings out. The police arrive at the scene to find the truck is now fully ablaze. The film ends with a sequence showing a chicken dancing, a duck playing a drum and a rabbit riding a toy fire truck, in coin-operated attractions that Bruno activated on his way to the ski-lift.
Stroszek was conceived during the production of Woyzeck, for which Herzog had originally planned to use Bruno Schleinstein in the title role. After believing Klaus Kinski to be more suitable for the part, Herzog specifically wrote the leading role in Stroszek to compensate Schleinstein for his disappointment over Woyzeck. The film was written in four days and uses a number of biographical details from Schleinstein's life.
Parts of the movie were shot in Nekoosa, Wisconsin and in a truck stop in Madison, Wisconsin. Other parts of the film were shot in Plainfield, Wisconsin. Herzog had planned to meet documentary filmmaker Errol Morris in Plainfield to dig up the grave of infamous killer and body snatcher Ed Gein's mother, but Morris never showed. The concluding scenes were shot in Cherokee, North Carolina.
Film review aggregator Rotten Tomatoes reports a 100% approval critic response based on 14 reviews, indicating "Fresh" and an average score of 8.2/10. Vincent Canby of The New York Times gave the film a positive review, stating, "It's a 'road' picture. In some distant way it reminds me of Easy Rider, but it's an Easy Rider without sentimentality or political paranoia. It's terrifically, spontaneously funny and, just as spontaneously, full of unexpected pathos." Gene Siskel of the Chicago Tribune awarded his top score of four stars and placed it at #10 on his year-end list of the best movies he saw in 1978, calling it a "strange, funny, heartbreaking film." Variety called it "a moody, overlong pic ... which seems to fizzle out and climax at least three times before the actual finale." Charles Champlin of the Los Angeles Times declared it "a strange and original piece of work ... if in its last third it is overwhelmed by its own symbolisms and is disappointing, it has in its first half some passages of terrific power and brutal believability." Penelope Gilliatt of The New Yorker wrote, "This is a brilliant, poetic film about a man's clutch on a difficult existence." A less enthusiastic review by Gary Arnold of The Washington Post called it a "dogged, obstinately despairing parable" that "is strewn with gauche little appeals for sympathy." Richard Combs of The Monthly Film Bulletin was also somewhat negative and stated, "On such well-trodden ground, it seems, Herzog has little to say that is not derivative of himself or others; one can only hope that he quickly finds his way back to more unfamiliar regions."
Geoff Andrew of Time Out said, "Although relatively indulgent for Herzog, the film's comedy works well enough, because Herzog's idiosyncratic imagination finds an ideal counterpoint in the bleak flatlands of poor white America. His view of that country is the most askance since the films of Monte Hellman. For all the supposed lightness, it is the film's core of despair which in the end devours everything."
In popular culture
- One of the last things Ian Curtis of the band Joy Division did, just prior to dying by suicide in 1980, was watch the film, as well as listen to Iggy Pop's The Idiot. The ending scenes of Stroszek appear in the 2002 film 24 Hour Party People and the 2007 film Control, during scenes which portray Curtis' final moments.
- An audio clip of dialogue from Stroszek is used at the end of "Bilar" as it leads into the beginning of "Drugs" on the 2010 album LP4 by Ratatat.
- In Noah Baumbach's film The Meyerowitz Stories, Harold Meyerowitz and Maureen's dog Bruno is said to have been named after this movie's protagonist.
- Wahl, Chris. "Filmography." A Companion to Werner Herzog, edited by Brad Prager. Wiley-Blackwell, 2012, p. 593. ISBN 9781405194402.
- "FILM:Flyaway Herzog". www.sfgate.com. Retrieved 11 April 2019.
Also screening is Herzog's "Stroszek" (1977), a bleak tragicomedy which follow a misfit trio from their dead-end lives in Germany to the hinterlands of Railroad Flats, Wisconsin.
- "STARTING 10/25: THE HELLO,GOODBYE SERIES: HERZOG, ALTMAN, MAY, MAMBÉTY, ASHBY…". Retrieved 11 April 2019.
This special program includes Werner Herzog’s 1977 tragicomedy STROSZEK, about a couple from Berlin who immigrate to America and find it very different from the place they imagined
- "Stroszek". hpl.bibliocommons.com. 2008. Retrieved 11 April 2019.
Featuring a remarkable cast and one of the most bizarre, memorable endings in film history, Werner Herzog's Stroszek is a brilliant tragicomedy which explores what happens when the American dream becomes a nightmare.
- "Stroszek ". www.amazon.co.uk. Retrieved 11 April 2019.
Featuring a remarkable cast and one of the most bizarre, memorable endings in film history, Werner Herzog's STROSZEK is a brilliant tragicomedy which explores what happens when the American dream becomes a nightmare.
- Southern, Nathan (8 January 2002). "Stroszek". www.barnesandnoble.com. Retrieved 11 April 2019.
Equally strange, however, is the backstory that belies the production of the film - an outrageous tale that outstrips anything in the movie itself with its quotient of pure unadulterated nuttiness, and that explains the inspiration for much of the tragicomedy that unfolds onscreen.
- "Stroszek". www.tvguide.com. Retrieved 11 April 2019.
Shot in a flat semi-documentary fashion, STROSZEK is Werner Herzog's bleak tragicomedy about a group of German misfits confronting America.
- Herzog, Werner; Paul Cronin (2003). Herzog on Herzog. London: Faber and Faber. p. 142. ISBN 0571207081.
Woyzeck Werner Herzog Stroszek.
- Thomas, Rob (July 30, 2007). "Director Herzog: 'Dawn' is Americana". The Capital Times. The Capital Times Company. Archived from the original on November 4, 2012. Retrieved November 3, 2013.
- Ebert, Roger (July 7, 2002). "Stroszek (1977)". Chicago Sun-Times. Chicago, Illinois: Sun-Times Media Group. Retrieved November 3, 2013 – via rogerebert.com.
- "Stroszek (1977)". Rotten Tomatoes. Flixster. Retrieved November 3, 2013.
- Canby, Vincent (July 13, 1977). "Movie Review -- Stroszek". The New York Times. New York City: The New York Times Company. Retrieved November 3, 2013.
- Siskel, Gene (April 25, 1978). "Three oddballs and a great scene make 'Stroszek' a magical picture". Chicago Tribune. p. 4.
- Siskel, Gene (January 7, 1979). "Movies '78: Film clips and the year's Top 10 in review". Chicago Tribune. Section 6, p. 3.
- "Film Reviews: Stroszek". Variety. July 20, 1977. 18.
- Champlin, Charles (September 21, 1977). "Bruno S. in New Adventure". Los Angeles Times. Part IV, p. 1.
- Gilliatt, Penelope (July 25, 1977). "The Current Cinema". The New Yorker. 74, 77.
- Arnold, Gary (October 1, 1977). "'Stroszek': Misfit With Noble Heart". The Washington Post. B1.
- Combs, Richard (February 1978). "Stroszek". The Monthly Film Bulletin. 45 (529): 31.
- Andrew, Geoff (June 24, 2006). "Stroszek | Review". Time Out Magazine. Time Out. Retrieved November 3, 2013.
- Curtis, Deborah (2005) . Touching from a Distance: Ian Curtis and Joy Division. London, England: Faber. ISBN 0-571-17445-0.
- McGrath, Bryden (June 3, 2010). "Album Review: Ratatat". The Daily of the University of Washington. Seattle, Washington: University of Washington. Archived from the original on November 4, 2013. Retrieved November 3, 2013.