Stroud (UK Parliament constituency)

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Stroud
County constituency
for the House of Commons
Outline map
Boundary of Stroud in Gloucestershire.
Outline map
Location of Gloucestershire within England.
County Gloucestershire
Electorate 79,135 (December 2010)[1]
Major settlements Stroud, Dursley and Stonehouse
Current constituency
Created 1955
Member of parliament David Drew (Labour Co-op)
Number of members One
Created from Stroud & Thornbury
18851950
Number of members One
Type of constituency County constituency
Replaced by Stroud & Thornbury
18321885
Number of members Two
Type of constituency Borough constituency
Created from Gloucestershire
Overlaps
European Parliament constituency South West England

Stroud is a constituency[n 1] represented in the House of Commons of the UK Parliament since 2017 by David Drew, a Labour politician.[n 2]

History[edit]

A previous parliamentary borough form of constituency of the same name was created by the First Reform Act for the 1832 general election. It elected two MPs using the bloc vote system until it was transformed in the Redistribution of Seats Act 1885 for that year's general election, the name being transferred to a single-seat county division which covered a wider geographical area.

This was abolished at the 1950 general election, partially replaced with a new Stroud and Thornbury county constituency. That was in turn abolished at the 1955 general election, when the present entity was created. Since this recreation the seat has had boundary changes.[2]

Boundaries[edit]

The seat has electoral wards:

  • Amberley and Woodchester, Berkeley, Bisley, Caincross, Cam East, Cam West, Central, Chalford, Coaley and Uley, Dursley, Eastington and Standish, Farmhill and Paganhill, Hardwicke, Nailsworth, Over Stroud, Painswick, Rodborough, Severn, Slade, Stonehouse, The Stanleys, Thrupp, Trinity, Uplands, Upton St Leonards, Vale, and Valley in the Stroud District[2]

The extent of the constituency is almost all of the Stroud district (it also provides three wards to The Cotswolds seat). As such, the north-west boundary of the constituency is the River Severn, which meanders from Gloucester towards the River's estuary.

Constituency profile[edit]

Stroud lies south of Gloucester, between the two larger Gloucestershire rural constituencies of The Cotswolds and Forest of Dean. Though partially situated in the Cotswold Hills, Stroud is both smaller in area and more industrialised than these neighbours.

Much of the constituency is rural in character. Through the sparsely populated bulk, is a belt across the middle of the constituency that has a group of small but more urbanised villages, including Caincross, Cam and Rodborough.

The major market towns include Stroud itself, Dursley in the south of the constituency, and the smaller towns of Berkeley (which in fact has a smaller elctorate than Chalford, but more facilities), Stonehouse and Nailsworth.

Workless claimants, registered jobseekers, were in November 2012 significantly lower than the national average of 3.8%, at 2.1% of the population based on a statistical compilation by The Guardian.[3]

Members of Parliament[edit]

Stroud parliamentary borough[edit]

MPs 1832–1885[edit]

Election Member[4] Party Member[4] Party
1832 David Ricardo Liberal William Henry Hyett Liberal
1833 by-election George Poulett Scrope Liberal
1835 Charles Richard Fox Liberal
May 1835 by-election Lord John Russell Liberal
1841 William Henry Stanton Liberal
1852 Lord Moreton Liberal
1853 by-election Edward Horsman Liberal
1867 by-election Henry Winterbotham Liberal
1868 Sebastian Dickinson Liberal
Jan. 1874 by-election John Dorington Conservative
1874[5] Walter John Stanton Liberal
May 1874 by-election[6] John Dorington Conservative Alfred John Stanton Liberal
July 1874 by-election[7] Henry Brand Liberal
1875 by-election[8] Samuel Marling Liberal
1880 Walter John Stanton Liberal Henry Brand Liberal
1880 Parliamentary borough abolished. Name transferred to a new county division

Stroud division of Gloucestershire[edit]

MPs 1885–1950[edit]

Election Member[4] Party
1885 Henry Brand Liberal
1886 George Holloway Conservative
1892 David Brynmor Jones Liberal
1895 Charles Cripps Conservative
1900 Charles Allen Liberal
1918 Sir Robert Ashton Lister Liberal
1922 Stanley Tubbs Conservative
1923 Frederick Guest Liberal
1924 Sir Frank Nelson Unionist
1931 by-election Walter Perkins Conservative
1945 Ben Parkin Labour
1950 constituency abolished. See Stroud & Thornbury

Stroud County Constituency[edit]

MPs since 1955[edit]

Election Member[4] Party
1955 Sir Anthony Kershaw Conservative
1987 Roger Knapman Conservative
1997 David Drew Labour Co-operative
2010 Neil Carmichael Conservative
2017 David Drew Labour Co-operative

Elections[edit]

Elections in the 2010s[edit]

General Election 2017: Stroud[9]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Labour Co-op David Drew 29,994 47.0 +9.3
Conservative Neil Carmichael 29,307 45.9 +0.2
Liberal Democrat Max Wilkinson 2,053 3.2 -0.2
Green Sarah Lunnon 1,423 2.2 -2.3
UKIP Glenville Gogerly 1,039 1.6 -6.3
Majority 687 1.1 -6.9
Turnout 63,816 77.0 +1.5
Registered electors 82,839
Labour Co-op gain from Conservative Swing +4.5
General Election 2015: Stroud[10][11]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Conservative Neil Carmichael 27,813 45.7 +4.9
Labour Co-op David Drew 22,947 37.7 -0.9
UKIP Caroline Stephens[12] 4,848 8.0 +5.7
Green Sarah Lunnon 2,779 4.6 +1.9
Liberal Democrat Adrian Walker-Smith 2,086 3.4 -12.0
Independent Richard Wilson 246 0.4 -
Free Public Transport David Michael 100 0.2 -
Majority 4,866 8.0 +5.8
Turnout 60,819 75.5 +1.5
Registered electors 80,544
Conservative hold Swing +2.9
General Election 2010: Stroud[13][14] [15]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Conservative Neil Carmichael 23,679 40.8 +2.5
Labour Co-op David Drew 22,380 38.6 -1.5
Liberal Democrat Dennis Andrewartha 8,955 15.4 +1.5
Green Martin Whiteside 1,542 2.7 -3.0
UKIP Steve Parker 1,301 2.2 +0.3
Independent Alan Lomas 116 0.2 -
Majority 1,299 2.2 +0.4
Turnout 57,973 74.1 +3.9
Registered electors 78,286
Conservative gain from Labour Co-op Swing +2.0

Elections in the 2000s[edit]

General Election 2005: Stroud
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Labour Co-op David Drew 22,527 39.6 −6.9
Conservative Neil Carmichael 22,177 39.0 +1.6
Liberal Democrat Peter Hirst 8,026 14.1 +3.2
Green Martin Whiteside 3,056 5.4 +1.9
UKIP Edward Noble 1,089 1.9 +0.3
Majority 350 0.6 −8.5
Turnout 56875 71.3 +1.4
Registered electors 79,757
Labour Co-op hold Swing -4.3
General Election 2001: Stroud
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Labour Co-op David Drew 25,685 46.6 +3.9
Conservative Neil Carmichael 20,646 37.4 −0.5
Liberal Democrat Janice Beasley 6,036 10.9 −4.5
Green Kevin Cranston 1,913 3.5 −0.5
UKIP Adrian Blake 895 1.6 -
Majority 5,039 9.1 +4.4
Turnout 55,175 69.9 −9.2
Registered electors 78,878
Labour Co-op hold Swing +2.2

Elections in the 1990s[edit]

General Election 1997: Stroud [16]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Labour Co-op David Drew 26,170 42.7 +13.3
Conservative Roger Knapman 23,260 37.9 -8.3
Liberal Democrat Paul Hodgkinson 9,502 15.5 -6.1
Green John Marjoram 2,415 3.9 +1.2
Majority 2,910 4.7 -12.1
Turnout 61,347 79.2 -4.3
Registered electors 77,494
Labour Co-op gain from Conservative Swing +10.8
General Election 1992: Stroud[17]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Conservative Roger Knapman 32,201 46.2 −4.0
Labour David Drew 18,796 26.9 +8.4
Liberal Democrat Myles P. Robinson 16,751 24.0 −7.3
Green Sue M Atkinson 2,005 2.9 -
Majority 13,405 19.2 +0.3
Turnout 69,753 84.5 +3.9
Registered electors 82,553
Conservative hold Swing −6.2

Elections in the 1980s[edit]

General Election 1987: Stroud
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Conservative Roger Knapman 32,883 50.2 −1.1
Liberal Adrian Walker-Smith 20,508 31.3 −0.6
Labour Tom Levitt 12,145 18.5 +1.7
Majority 12,375 18.9 -0.6
Turnout 65,553 80.6 +3.0
Registered electors 81,275
Conservative hold Swing
General Election 1983: Stroud [18]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Conservative Anthony Kershaw 30,896 51.3 -1.2
Liberal G. Fallon 19,182 31.9 +4.2
Labour D.R. Parsons 10,141 16.8 -3.0
Majority 11,714 19.5 -5.5
Turnout 60,219 77.7 -8.3
Registered electors 77,528
Conservative hold Swing -2.7

Elections in the 1970s[edit]

General Election 1979: Stroud
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Conservative Anthony Kershaw 32,534 52.6 +8.8
Labour B.J. Marshall 17,037 27.5 -3.6
Liberal James Heppell 12,314 19.9 -4.8
Majority 15,497 25.0 +12.4
Turnout 61,885 81.3 +0.9
Registered electors 76,137
Conservative hold Swing +6.2
General Election October 1974: Stroud
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Conservative Anthony Kershaw 24,406 43.8 +0.2
Labour W.H. Maddocks 17,352 31.1 +1.9
Liberal S.A. Ritchie 13,756 24.7 -1.7
United Democratic Party J.S. Churchill 241 0.4 -0.4
Majority 7,054 12.7 -1.8
Turnout 55,755 80.4 -5.0
Registered electors 69,381
Conservative hold Swing +6.2
General Election February 1974: Stroud
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Conservative Anthony Kershaw 25,619 43.6 -7.5
Labour W.H. Maddocks 17,148 29.2 -6.9
Liberal S.A. Ritchie 15,521 26.4 +13.6
Powell Conservative J.S. Churchill 470 0.8 N/A
Majority 8,471 14.4 -0.6
Turnout 58,758 85.4 N/A
Registered electors 68,805
Conservative hold Swing N/A
General Election 1970: Stroud
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Conservative Anthony Kershaw 27,089 51.1 +7.9
Labour R. Derek Wheatley 19,158 36.1 -4.0
Liberal David M. Davies 6,799 12.8 -3.8
Majority 7,931 15.0 +11.9
Turnout 53,046 80.3 -5.6
Registered electors 66,072
Conservative hold Swing +5.9

Elections in the 1960s[edit]

General Election 1966: Stroud
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Conservative Anthony Kershaw 21,804 43.2 -0.9
Labour Tom Cox 20,259 40.1 +1.9
Liberal John V. Smith 8,397 16.6 -1.1
Majority 1,545 3.1 -2.8
Turnout 50,460 85.0 +0.5
Registered electors 58,779
Conservative hold Swing -1.4
General Election 1964: Stroud
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Conservative Anthony Kershaw 21,802 44.1 -4.0
Labour Dennis V. Hunt 18,889 38.2 +0.6
Liberal Iain P. Crawford 8,747 17.7 +3.4
Majority 2,913 5.9 -4.6
Turnout 49,438 85.4 +0.1
Registered electors 57,906
Conservative hold Swing -2.3

Elections in the 1950s[edit]

General Election 1959: Stroud
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Conservative Anthony Kershaw 23,448 48.1 −1.3
Labour Alfred Evans 18,336 37.6 −3.5
Liberal Clement McNair 6,988 14.3 +4.8
Majority 5,112 10.5 +2.1
Turnout 48,772 85.2 +0.9
Registered electors 57,220
Conservative hold Swing +1.1
General Election 1955: Stroud
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Conservative Anthony Kershaw 23,318 49.4 N/A
Labour Richard W. Evely 19,375 41.1 N/A
Liberal Eric Barnett Ayliffe 4,489 9.5 N/A
Majority 3,943 8.4 N/A
Turnout 47,182 84.3 N/A
Registered electors 55,962
Conservative win (new seat)

Election in the 1940s[edit]

General Election 1945: Stroud
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Labour Ben Parkin 22,495 40.8 +4.0
Conservative Walter Perkins 21,546 39.0 -24.2
Liberal Peter Cadbury 11,141 20.2 -
Majority 949 1.7 -24.7
Turnout 55,182 72.6 +1.7
Registered electors 75,987
Labour gain from Conservative Swing +14.1

General Election 1939/40:

Another general election was required to take place before the end of 1940. The political parties had been making preparations for an election to take place from 1939 and by the end of this year, the following candidates had been selected;

Elections in the 1930s[edit]

General Election 1935: Stroud
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Conservative Walter Perkins 24,282 63.2 -8.2
Labour Constance Elizabeth Maude Borrett 14,133 36.8 +8.2
Majority 10,149 26.4 -16.5
Turnout 38,415 71.0 -5.5
Registered electors 54,140
Conservative hold Swing -8.2
General Election 1931: Stroud
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Conservative Walter Perkins 27,612 71.4 +21.9
Labour F W Davies 11,039 28.6 -1.5
Majority 16,573 42.8 +23.3
Turnout 38,651 76.5 +5.1
Registered electors 50,534
Conservative hold Swing +11.7
Stroud by-election, 1931
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Unionist Walter Perkins 17,641 49.6 +5.1
Labour Herbert John Maynard 10,688 30.0 +3.9
Liberal Arthur Stanton 7,267 20.4 -9.0
Majority 6,953 19.6 +4.5
Turnout 35,596 71.4 -10.3
Registered electors 49,874
Unionist hold Swing +6.5

Elections in the 1920s[edit]

General Election 1929: Stroud
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Unionist Frank Nelson 17,700 44.5 -9.8
Liberal Arthur William Stanton 11,728 29.5 +8.9
Labour F.E. White 10,384 26.1 +0.9
Majority 5,972 15.0 -14.1
Turnout 39,812 81.6 +2.7
Registered electors 48,776
Unionist hold Swing +4.0
General Election 1924: Stroud
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Unionist Frank Nelson 15,973 54.2 +7.4
Labour Edith Picton-Turbervill 7,418 25.2 n/a
Liberal Arthur William Stanton 6,057 20.6 -32.6
Majority 8,555 29.0 29.1
Turnout 29,448 78.9 +0.7
Registered electors 37,336
Unionist gain from Liberal Swing +16.8
General Election 1923: Stroud
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Liberal Frederick Guest 15,179 53.2 +21.9
Unionist Stanley Tubbs 13,355 46.8 -4.2
Majority 1,824 6.4 -13.3
Turnout 28,534 78.2 -1.7
Registered electors 36,504
Liberal gain from Unionist Swing +13.0
General Election 1922: Stroud
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Unionist Stanley Tubbs 14,723 51.0 -
Liberal Charles Allen 9,041 31.3 -28.6
Labour Samuel Edward Walters 5,081 17.6 -22.5
Majority 5,682 19.7 -0.1
Turnout 28845 79.9 +18.6
Registered electors 36,094
Unionist gain from Liberal Swing N/A

Elections 1832 to 1918[edit]

Elections in the 1910s[edit]

Lister
General Election 1918: Stroud[19]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
C Liberal Robert Ashton Lister 12,734 59.9 N/A
Labour Charles Wye Kendall 8,522 40.1 N/A
Majority 4,212 19.8 N/A
Turnout 21,256 61.3 N/A
Registered electors 34,685
Liberal hold Swing N/A
C indicates candidate endorsed by the coalition government.
George Hardy

General Election 1914/15:

Another General Election was required to take place before the end of 1915. The political parties had been making preparations for an election to take place and by the July 1914, the following candidates had been selected;

General Election December 1910: Stroud [20]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Liberal Charles Allen 5,051 51.0 -0.6
Conservative Cecil Edwin Fitch[21] 4,849 49.0 +0.6
Majority 202 2.0 -1.1
Turnout 9,900 90.1 -3.2
Registered electors 10,992
Liberal hold Swing -0.6
General Election January 1910: Stroud [22]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Liberal Charles Allen (Liberal politician)Charles Allen 5,285 51.6 -4.6
Conservative Arthur William Clifford 4,962 48.4 +4.6
Majority 323 3.2 -9.1
Turnout 10,247 93.2 +2.6
Registered electors 10,992
Liberal hold Swing -4.6

Elections in the 1900s[edit]

General Election 1906: Stroud [23]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Liberal Charles Allen 5,401 56.1 +4.4
Conservative William Burton Stewart[24] 4,221 43.9 -4.4
Majority 1,180 12.3 +8.8
Turnout 9,622 90.6 +4.0
Registered electors 10,620
Liberal hold Swing +4.4
C.P. Allen
General Election 1900: Stroud [25]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Liberal Charles Allen 4,692 51.7 +5.1
Conservative Charles Cripps 4,379 48.3 -5.1
Majority 313 +3.5 -3.4
Turnout 9,071 86.6 +3.0
Registered electors 10,474
Liberal gain from Conservative Swing +5.1

Elections in the 1890s[edit]

General Election 1895: Stroud [26]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Conservative Charles Cripps 5,175 53.4 +4.5
Liberal Charles Allen 4,514 46.6 -4.5
Majority 661 6.8 +4.6
Turnout 9,689 83.6 +2.1
Registered electors 11,588
Conservative gain from Liberal Swing +4.5
Brynmor Jones
General Election 1892: Stroud [27]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Liberal David Brynmor Jones 4,611 51.1 +5.3
Conservative George Holloway 4,410 48.9 -5.3
Majority 201 2.2 -6.1
Turnout 9,021 81.5 -0.8
Registered electors 11,069
Liberal gain from Conservative Swing +5.3

Elections in the 1880s[edit]

General Election 1886: Stroud [28]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Conservative George Holloway 4,620 54.2 +5.9
Liberal W.J. Stanton 3,911 45.8 -5.9
Majority 709 8.3 +4.8
Turnout 8,531 82.3 -4.3
Registered electors 10,371
Conservative gain from Liberal Swing +5.9
Henry Brand
General Election 1885: Stroud [29]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Liberal Henry Brand 4,646 51.7 N/A
Conservative George Holloway 4,333 48.3 N/A
Majority 313 3.5 N/A
Turnout 8,979 86.6 N/A
Registered electors 10,371
Liberal win (new seat)

Elections in the 1840s[edit]

General Election 1841[30]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Whig William Henry Stanton 594
Whig George Julius Poulett Scrope 528
[[Conservative|Conservative]] William Wraxhall 377
Majority
Turnout
Whig hold Swing
  • J Symons, formerly Editor of Stroud Free Press, was a candidate but withdrew before election [31]
  • A Chartist of Nailsworth by name Chapman who has issued his address couched in flaming terms worthy of the Northern Star (goes on to comment that he was a small publican and tailor [32]

See also[edit]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ A county constituency (for the purposes of election expenses and type of returning officer)
  2. ^ As with all constituencies, the constituency elects one Member of Parliament (MP) by the first past the post system of election at least every five years.

References[edit]

Craig, F. W. S. (1983). British parliamentary election results 1918-1949 (3 ed.). Chichester: Parliamentary Research Services. ISBN 0-900178-06-X.

  1. ^ "Electorate Figures - Boundary Commission for England". 2011 Electorate Figures. Boundary Commission for England. 4 March 2011. Retrieved 13 March 2011. 
  2. ^ a b 2010 post-revision map non-metropolitan areas and unitary authorities of England
  3. ^ Unemployment claimants by constituency The Guardian
  4. ^ a b c d Leigh Rayment's Historical List of MPs – Constituencies beginning with "S" (part 5)
  5. ^ The February 1874 general election in Stroud was declared void after a petition
  6. ^ The May 1874 by-election was held two elect two members, after results of the general election had been declared void. Two MPs were elected, but the election of Dorington was overturned on petition
  7. ^ The July 1874 by-election was held to elect a replacement for Dorington, whose victory at the May 1874 by-election had been declared void on petition
  8. ^ The February 1875 by-election was held to elect a replacement for Brand, whose victory at the July 1874 by-election had been declared void on petition.
  9. ^ "Stroud parliamentary constituency". BBC News. 
  10. ^ "Election Data 2015". Electoral Calculus. Archived from the original on 17 October 2015. Retrieved 17 October 2015. 
  11. ^ http://www.stroud.gov.uk/info/elections/2015/parliamentary/07%20May%202015%20-%20Parliamentary%20-%20The%20Stroud%20Constituency.pdf 19 June 2015
  12. ^ http://ukpollingreport.co.uk/2015guide/stroud/
  13. ^ "Election Data 2010". Electoral Calculus. Archived from the original on 17 October 2015. Retrieved 17 October 2015. 
  14. ^ {{cite web |url= http://community.stroud.gov.uk/general.asp?pid=31&pgid=2413 |title=Stroud District Elections Result |year=2010 |publisher=Stroud District Council |accessdate=8 May 2010
  15. ^ Percentage change and swing for 2010 is calculated relative to the PA (Rallings and Thrasher) 2005 notional result, not actual 2005 result "Press Association Elections". Press Association. Retrieved 17 July 2017. 
  16. ^ Percentage change and swing for 1997 is calculated relative to the Rallings and Thrasher 1992 notional constituency result, not actual 1992 result. See C. Rallings & M. Thrasher, The Media Guide to the New Parliamentary Constituencies (Plymouth: LGC Elections Centre, 1995)
  17. ^ "Politics Resources". Election 1992. Politics Resources. 9 April 1992. Retrieved 2010-12-06. 
  18. ^ Percentage change and swing for 1983 is calculated relative to the BBC/ITN 1979 notional constituency result, not actual 1979 result. See British Broadcasting Corporation; Independent Television News. The BBC/ITN Guide to the New Parliamentary Constituencies (Chichester: Parliamentary Research Services 1983)
  19. ^ British parliamentary election results 1918-1949, craig
  20. ^ British Parliamentary Election Results 1885-1918, FWS Craig
  21. ^ FITCH, Sir Cecil Edwin’, Who Was Who, A & C Black, an imprint of Bloomsbury Publishing plc, 1920–2016; online edn, Oxford University Press, 2014 ; online edn, April 2014 accessed 22 Sept 2017
  22. ^ British Parliamentary Election Results 1885-1918, FWS Craig
  23. ^ British Parliamentary Election Results 1885-1918, FWS Craig
  24. ^ ‘STEWART, Lt-Col William Burton’, Who Was Who, A & C Black, an imprint of Bloomsbury Publishing plc, 1920–2016; online edn, Oxford University Press, 2014 ; online edn, April 2014 accessed 22 Sept 2017
  25. ^ British Parliamentary Election Results 1885-1918, FWS Craig
  26. ^ British Parliamentary Election Results 1885-1918, FWS Craig
  27. ^ British Parliamentary Election Results 1885-1918, FWS Craig
  28. ^ British Parliamentary Election Results 1885-1918, FWS Craig
  29. ^ British Parliamentary Election Results 1885-1918, FWS Craig
  30. ^ Gloucester Journal 3 July 1841 British Newspaper Archive
  31. ^ Gloucester Journal 24 June 1841
  32. ^ Gloucester Journal 26 June 1841