Structure of the New Zealand Army

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New Zealand Army soldiers with NZLAVs during an exercise in 2009

This article describes the current structure of the New Zealand Army. It includes the army's order of battle and the headquarters locations of major units.

From the 1880s, the structure of the army has evolved with changing defence needs and financial constraints. New Zealand deployed a division jointly with Australia at the beginning of the First World War, eventually despatching personnel to fill out a full division. Five divisions (three attenuated at home in NZ) were raised during the Second World War. A division was initially raised through Compulsory Military Training from 1949.

Damien Marc Fenton's A False Sense of Security? outlines parts of the army's structural evolution since the Second World War. The Army had had three military districts, Northern Military District at Auckland, Central Military District at Palmerston North, and Southern Military District at Christchurch in 1946.[1] The New Zealand Division was disestablished in 1961. In 1963, a Combat Brigade Group (1st Brigade), Combat Reserve Brigade Group (3rd Brigade), and Logistic Support Force (formed from the former 2nd Infantry Brigade Group) were established, each to be based on a district HQ.[2] On 1 September 1970, two formations, Home Command and Field Force Command, were established to administer the home base and deployable forces respectively.[3]

In 1978, Land Forces Command (New Zealand) emerged, replacing Home Command and Field Force Command, and the two operational brigades at the time, 1 and 3 Brigades, were disbanded and replaced by Task Force Regions, at Papakura, Palmerston North, and Christchurch.[4] Still later on after the 1983 Defence Review Land Forces Command was split into Land Force Command at Takapuna and Support Command at Palmerston North. Support Command later moved to Trentham. The two commands were joined once again at Trentham as Land Command after 1998, which in 2001 was amalgamated with the other services' operational headquarters to form Headquarters Joint Forces New Zealand.

A skeleton listing of New Zealand Army units, grouped under Land Force Command and Support Command and seemingly circa 1984, can be seen at Desmond Ball's "The Anzac Connection."[5]

Order of battle September 2016[edit]

Structure of the New Zealand Army

According to an organisation chart and map published on the New Zealand Army's website the Army's order of battle is as follows:[6][7]

The 1st Brigade was formed on 13 December 2011 by amalgamating the units of the 2nd Land Force Group and 3rd Land Force Group.[8] It is effectively a 'shopping basket' of units which can be raised in readiness preparatory to an operational deployment, and does not have any operational deployment role.

Headquarters Deployable Joint Task Force-Land (HQ DJTF-L) was formed by redesignating the headquarters of the 3rd Land Force Group in late 2011. It was expected that the headquarters would move to Linton Military Camp in the Manawatu after December 2012. As of 1 January 2013, it was announced that the headquarters was to be redesignated HQ Deployable Joint Interagency Task Force (DJIATF) and be moved under the command of Headquarters Joint Forces New Zealand.[9] In late 2014 Colonel John Howard handed over command to Colonel Glenn King.

  • Army General Staff (Wellington)
    • Land Component Command, HQ Joint Forces New Zealand (Seddul Bahr Road, Trentham)[10]
      • 1st New Zealand Special Air Service Regiment (Papakura Military Camp)[11]
        • A Squadron
        • B Squadron
        • D Squadron (Commando) - designated the Counter Terrorist Tactical Assault Group until 2009.
        • E Squadron (EOD)
        • Support Squadron
        • Special Operations Training Centre
        • Reserve Squadron
      • 1st (New Zealand) Brigade
        • Headquarters, 1st Brigade (Linton Military Camp)
        • 1st Battalion, Royal New Zealand Infantry Regiment (Linton Military Camp)
          • Alpha Company
          • Victor Company
          • Whiskey Company
          • Support Company
          • Combat Service Support Company
        • 2nd/1st Battalion, Royal New Zealand Infantry Regiment (Burnham Military Camp)
          • Alpha Company
          • Bravo Company
          • Delta Company
          • Support Company
          • Depot Company
          • Combat Service Support Company
        • Queen Alexandra's Mounted Rifles (Linton Military Camp)
          • Wellington East Coast Squadron
          • NZ Scots Squadron
          • Waikato Mounted Rifles Squadron (Hamilton)
          • Support Squadron
          • Delta Squadron
        • 16th Field Regiment, Royal Regiment of New Zealand Artillery (Linton Military Camp)
          • 163 Battery
          • 161 Battery
          • 11/4 Battery (Papakura Military Camp)
        • 2nd Engineer Regiment (Linton Military Camp)
          • 1st Field Squadron
          • 2nd Field Squadron
          • 3rd Field Squadron (Burnham Military Camp)
          • 25 Engineer Support Squadron
          • Emergency Response Squadron
          • Combat Services Support Element
        • 1st New Zealand Signal Regiment (Linton Military Camp)
          • 1st (New Zealand) Intelligence Company
          • 2nd Signal Squadron
          • 3rd Signal Squadron (Electronic Warfare) (Burnham Military Camp)
          • 4th Signal Squadron (Burnham Military Camp)
          • 25 Cypher Section
        • 2nd Combat Service Support Battalion (Linton Military Camp)
          • 10th Transport Company
          • 21st Supply Company
          • 2nd Workshop Company
          • 5th Movements Company
          • Combat Service Support Company (North)
          • 38th Combat Service Support Company (Territorial Force)
        • 3rd Combat Service Support Battalion (Burnham Military Camp)
          • 3rd Transport Company
          • 3rd Catering & Supply Company
          • 3rd Workshop Company
          • 3 Reserve Company
        • 2nd Health Services Battalion (New Zealand) (Linton Military Camp)
          • 1st Health Support Company
          • 2nd Health Support Company
          • 3rd Health Support Company (Burnham Military Camp)
          • General Support Health Company
          • Logistics Support Company
        • Linton Regional Support Centre (Linton Military Camp)
      • Training and Doctrine Command (New Zealand
        • Headquarters, Training and Doctrine Command (Waiouru Military Camp)
        • NZ Collective Training Centre (Linton Military Camp)
          • Tactical School (Linton Military Camp)
          • Combat School (Linton Military Camp)
          • School of Artillery (Linton Military Camp)
          • School of Military Intelligence and Security (Linton Military Camp)
          • School of Military Engineering (Linton Military Camp)
          • Logistics Operations School (Linton Military Camp)
          • School of Signals (Linton Military Camp)
          • Trade Training School (Trentham Military Camp)
          • Mission Command Training School (Linton Military Camp)
          • Defence Driver Training School (Linton Military Camp)
        • Army Command School
          • Officer Cadet School (New Zealand)
          • Non Commissioned Officer & Warrant Officer Development Wing
          • Army Leadership Centre (Burnham Military Camp)
        • The Army Depot (Waiouru Military Camp)
        • Waiouru Military Training Facility (Waiouru Military Camp)
        • Adaptive Warfighting Centre
        • 2/4 Battalion, Royal New Zealand Infantry Regiment[12] (Burnham Military Camp)
          • Alpha Company (Christchurch)
          • Bravo Company (Dunedin)
          • Charlie Company (Invercargill and Nelson)
        • 3/6 Battalion, Royal New Zealand Infantry Regiment[12] (Papakura Military Camp)
          • Northland Company (Whangarei)
          • Auckland Company (Auckland)
          • Hauraki Company (Tauranga)
        • 5/7 Battalion, Royal New Zealand Infantry Regiment[12] (Trentham Military Camp)
          • East Coast Company (Napier)
          • Wellington Company (Wellington)
          • West Coast Company (Whanganui)

In addition, Logistics Command (Land), which is headquartered at Trentham Military Camp, reports to the Defence Logistics Command. Logistics Command (Land)'s sub units are the Wellington Regional Support Centre (located at Trentham Military Camp) and the Southern Regional Support Centre (located at Burnham Military Camp).[10]

Notes[edit]

References[edit]

Citations
  1. ^ Fenton, 1998, 12.
  2. ^ Fenton, 1998, 113-117.
  3. ^ http://www.archway.archives.govt.nz/ViewEntity.do?code=BAIO, and Fenton, 1998, 154-5.
  4. ^ Fenton, 1998, 165.
  5. ^ BALL, Desmond (ed). The Anzac Connection, Sydney Allen & Unwin 1985. ISBN 086861503X, 155-157.
  6. ^ "New Zealand Army Order of Battle" (PDF). New Zealand Army. 1 September 2016. Retrieved 29 August 2017. 
  7. ^ "New Zealand Army by Location" (PDF). New Zealand Army. 5 May 2015. 
  8. ^ "Army Plan Takes Shape". Media releases. New Zealand Army. Retrieved 18 June 2012. 
  9. ^ http://www.army.mil.nz/downloads/pdf/public-docs/2012/2102-new-zealand-army-order-of-battle.pdf
  10. ^ a b "New Zealand Army by Location" (PDF). New Zealand Army. 1 September 2016. p. 1. Retrieved 29 August 2017. 
  11. ^ "New Zealand's Special Operations Forces Command and Control Diagram". New Zealand Defence Force. Retrieved 6 June 2015. 
  12. ^ a b c Broadley, Jon (December 2012). "Territorials Become More Joined Up" (PDF). Army News. pp. 8–9. Retrieved 14 December 2012. 

External links[edit]

  • "Our structure". New Zealand Army. 23 June 2017. Retrieved 29 August 2017.