Strugi Krasnye

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Strugi Krasnye

Струги Красные
Work settlement[1]
Location of Strugi Krasnye
Strugi Krasnye is located in Russia
Strugi Krasnye
Strugi Krasnye
Location of Strugi Krasnye
Strugi Krasnye is located in Pskov Oblast
Strugi Krasnye
Strugi Krasnye
Strugi Krasnye (Pskov Oblast)
Coordinates: 58°16′N 29°06′E / 58.267°N 29.100°E / 58.267; 29.100Coordinates: 58°16′N 29°06′E / 58.267°N 29.100°E / 58.267; 29.100
CountryRussia
Federal subjectPskov Oblast[1]
Administrative districtStrugo-Krasnensky District[2]
FoundedMid-19th century[3]
Urban-type settlement status sinceDecember 7, 1958[4]
Population
 • Total8,447
 • Estimate 
(2018)[6]
6,313 (-25.3%)
 • Capital ofStrugo-Krasnensky District, Strugi Krasnye Urban Settlement[1]
 • Municipal districtStrugo-Krasnensky Municipal District[1]
 • Urban settlementStrugi Krasnye Urban Settlement[1]
 • Capital ofStrugo-Krasnensky Municipal District, Strugi Krasnye Urban Settlement[1]
Time zoneUTC+3 (MSK Edit this on Wikidata[7])
Postal code(s)[8]
181110
OKTMO ID58656151051

Strugi Krasnye (Russian: Стру́ги Кра́сные) is an urban locality (a work settlement) and the administrative center of Strugo-Krasnensky District of Pskov Oblast, Russia,[1] located 87 kilometers (54 mi) northeast of Pskov. Municipally, it is incorporated as Strugi Krasnye Urban Settlement, the only urban settlement in the district. Population: 8,447 (2010 Census);[5] 8,762 (2002 Census);[9] 7,067 (1989 Census).[10]

History[edit]

Named after a nearby village, the settlement was founded in the mid-19th century as the railway station of Belaya (Бе́лая) during the construction of the railroad. At the time, it belonged to Luzhsky Uyezd of Saint Petersburg Governorate. In 1905, it was renamed Strugi Belye (Стру́ги Бе́лые),[3] after the estate of N. M. Lakhtin. In 1919, Strugi Belye was an arena of important events of the Russian Civil War. Originally, the area east of Lake Peipus was under control of the revolutionary government. On October 4, 1919 the White Army troops of Nikolai Yudenich during an advance captured the station of Strugi Belye.[11] On November 6, 1919, it was given its present name by the order of G. A. Tomchuk, a commander of an armored train,[12] after the village was taken from the White Guard Armies, to avoid connotations with White Army (with krasny meaning red in Russian).

On August 1, 1927, the uyezds were abolished, and Strugo-Krasnensky District was established, with the center in Strugi Krasnye. The governorates were abolished as well, and the district belonged to Luga Okrug of Leningrad Oblast. On July 23, 1930 the okrugs were abolished, and the districts became directly subordinate to the oblast. Between March 22, 1935 and September 19, 1940, Strugo-Krasnensky District was a part of Pskov Okrug of Leningrad Oblast, one of the okrugs formed at the state boundaries of Soviet Union. Between August, 1941, and February, 1944 Strugo-Krasnensky District was occupied by German troops. On August 23, 1944, Strugo-Krasnensky District was transferred to newly established Pskov Oblast.[13] Urban-type settlement status was granted to Strugi Krasnye on December 7, 1958 by the Decision #430 of Pskov Oblast Executive Committee.[4]

Population[edit]

1926 1939 1959 1970 1979 1989 Census 2002 Census 2010 Census
1785 5118 4669 6138 6718 7067[14] 8762[9] 8447[5]

Economy[edit]

Industry[edit]

A forestry farm is one of the largest industrial enterprises in the settlement. Timber export is well-developed. There is also a sand quarry.[15]

Transportation[edit]

The settlement also serves as a train station of the Warsaw – Saint Petersburg Railway.

Strugi Krasnye is connected by the road with the M20 highway between Saint Petersburg and Pskov.

Culture and recreation[edit]

Strugi Krasnye hosts the Strugo-Krasnensky District Museum, the only museum in the district. A museum of local lore operates in the settlement since 1991.[16]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d e f g Law #420-oz, Article 23.2
  2. ^ Государственный комитет Российской Федерации по статистике. Комитет Российской Федерации по стандартизации, метрологии и сертификации. №ОК 019-95 1 января 1997 г. «Общероссийский классификатор объектов административно-территориального деления. Код 58 243 551 000», в ред. изменения №278/2015 от 1 января 2016 г.. (State Statistics Committee of the Russian Federation. Committee of the Russian Federation on Standardization, Metrology, and Certification. #OK 019-95 January 1, 1997 Russian Classification of Objects of Administrative Division (OKATO). Code 58 243 551 000, as amended by the Amendment #278/2015 of January 1, 2016. ).
  3. ^ a b История района (in Russian). Портал муниципальных образований Псковской области. Retrieved May 29, 2012.
  4. ^ a b Архивное управление Псковской области. Государственный архив Псковской области. "Административно-территориальное деление Псковской области (1917–2000 гг.). Справочник." Книга 1. Изд. 2-е, переработанное и дополненное. Псков, 2002. Стр. 106
  5. ^ a b c Russian Federal State Statistics Service (2011). "Всероссийская перепись населения 2010 года. Том 1" [2010 All-Russian Population Census, vol. 1]. Всероссийская перепись населения 2010 года [2010 All-Russia Population Census] (in Russian). Federal State Statistics Service.
  6. ^ http://pskovstat.gks.ru/wps/wcm/connect/rosstat_ts/pskovstat/resources/c39d2d0044e056b18eafaede4cdebdf4/nas180322_1.htm.
  7. ^ "Об исчислении времени". Официальный интернет-портал правовой информации (in Russian). June 3, 2011. Retrieved January 19, 2019.
  8. ^ Russian Post. Strugi Krasnye (in Russian)
  9. ^ a b Russian Federal State Statistics Service (May 21, 2004). "Численность населения России, субъектов Российской Федерации в составе федеральных округов, районов, городских поселений, сельских населённых пунктов – районных центров и сельских населённых пунктов с населением 3 тысячи и более человек" [Population of Russia, Its Federal Districts, Federal Subjects, Districts, Urban Localities, Rural Localities—Administrative Centers, and Rural Localities with Population of Over 3,000] (XLS). Всероссийская перепись населения 2002 года [All-Russia Population Census of 2002] (in Russian).
  10. ^ "Всесоюзная перепись населения 1989 г. Численность наличного населения союзных и автономных республик, автономных областей и округов, краёв, областей, районов, городских поселений и сёл-райцентров" [All Union Population Census of 1989: Present Population of Union and Autonomous Republics, Autonomous Oblasts and Okrugs, Krais, Oblasts, Districts, Urban Settlements, and Villages Serving as District Administrative Centers]. Всесоюзная перепись населения 1989 года [All-Union Population Census of 1989] (in Russian). Институт демографии Национального исследовательского университета: Высшая школа экономики [Institute of Demography at the National Research University: Higher School of Economics]. 1989 – via Demoscope Weekly.
  11. ^ Ратьковский, И.С.; Ходяков М.В. (2001). История Советской России (in Russian). Лань. Retrieved May 29, 2012.
  12. ^ Архивное управление Псковской области. Государственный архив Псковской области. "Административно-территориальное деление Псковской области (1917–2000 гг.). Справочник." Книга 2, Указатели. Изд. 2-е, переработанное и дополненное. Псков, 2002. Стр. 258
  13. ^ Струго-Красненский район (август 1927 г. - август 1944 г.) (in Russian). Справочник истории административно-территориального деления Ленинградской области. Retrieved May 28, 2012.
  14. ^ "Всесоюзная перепись населения 1989 г. Численность наличного населения союзных и автономных республик, автономных областей и округов, краёв, областей, районов, городских поселений и сёл-райцентров" [All Union Population Census of 1989: Present Population of Union and Autonomous Republics, Autonomous Oblasts and Okrugs, Krais, Oblasts, Districts, Urban Settlements, and Villages Serving as District Administrative Centers]. Всесоюзная перепись населения 1989 года [All-Union Population Census of 1989] (in Russian). Институт демографии Национального исследовательского университета: Высшая школа экономики [Institute of Demography at the National Research University: Higher School of Economics]. 1989 – via Demoscope Weekly.
  15. ^ Промышленность (in Russian). Портал муниципальных образований Псковской области. Retrieved May 28, 2012.
  16. ^ Стругокрасненский краеведческий музей (in Russian). Администрация Псковской области. Retrieved May 28, 2012.

Sources[edit]

  • Псковское областное Собрание депутатов. Закон №420-оз от 28 февраля 2005 г. «Об установлении границ и статусе вновь образуемых муниципальных образований на территории Псковской области», в ред. Закона №1542-ОЗ от 5 июня 2015 г. «О внесении изменений в Закон Псковской области "Об установлении границ и статусе вновь образуемых муниципальных образований на территории Псковской области"». Вступил в силу со дня официального опубликования. Опубликован: "Псковская правда", №41–43, №44–46, №49–51, 4 марта 2005 г., 5 марта 2005 г., 11 марта 2005 г. (Pskov Oblast Council of Deputies. Law #420-oz of February 28, 2005 On Establishing the Borders and the Status of the Newly Formed Municipal Formations on the Territory of Pskov Oblast, as amended by the Law #1542-OZ of June 5, 2015 On Amending the Law of Pskov Oblast "On Establishing the Borders and the Status of the Newly Formed Municipal Formations on the Territory of Pskov Oblast". Effective as of the official publication date.).

External links[edit]