Strzelce Opolskie

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Strzelce Opolskie
Town hall
Town hall
Flag of Strzelce Opolskie
Flag
Coat of arms of Strzelce Opolskie
Coat of arms
Strzelce Opolskie is located in Opole Voivodeship
Strzelce Opolskie
Strzelce Opolskie
Strzelce Opolskie is located in Poland
Strzelce Opolskie
Strzelce Opolskie
Coordinates: 50°30′N 18°17′E / 50.500°N 18.283°E / 50.500; 18.283Coordinates: 50°30′N 18°17′E / 50.500°N 18.283°E / 50.500; 18.283
Country Poland
VoivodeshipOpole
CountyStrzelce
GminaStrzelce Opolskie
Government
 • MayorTadeusz Goc
Area
 • Total30.13 km2 (11.63 sq mi)
Population
 (2019-06-30[1])
 • Total17,900
 • Density590/km2 (1,500/sq mi)
Time zoneUTC+1 (CET)
 • Summer (DST)UTC+2 (CEST)
Postal code
47-100
Car platesOST
Websitehttp://www.strzelceopolskie.pl

Strzelce Opolskie [ˈstʂɛlt͡sɛ ɔˈpɔlskʲɛ] (About this soundlisten) (German: Groß Strehlitz, Silesian: Wielge Strzelce) is a town in southern Poland with 17,900 inhabitants (2019), situated in the Opole Voivodeship. It is the capital of Strzelce County.

Demographics[edit]

Strzelce Opolskie is one of the biggest centers of German minority in Poland.

Transport[edit]

The town is located along the major rail line which joins Gliwice and Opole. Until 1999, there was a branch line connecting Strzelce Opolskie with Kędzierzyn Koźle. It closed as part of PKP's cost-cutting measures, although the rails still (2006) remain in site.

History[edit]

Medieval fortified tower and St. Lawrence church

The settlement was mentioned in 13th-century documents, when it was part of Piast-ruled Poland. It received town rights probably in the 13th century. Local dukes of the Piast dynasty erected a castle in the town.

The town was annexed by Prussia in the 18th century, and then from 1871 to 1945 it was also part of Germany. According to the German census of 1890, it had a population of 5,112, of which 500 (9.8%) were Poles.[2] Polish activists were persecuted intensively since 1937.[3] In April and May 1939, multiple German attacks on Poles took place in the town.[4] Nazi German militants attacked the actors of the Polish theater from Katowice and the gathered Polish public, and demolished the theater hall of the Polish bank.[4] The Hitler Youth devastated the headquarters of Polish organizations, Polish enterprises (bank and cooperative) and houses of local Polish activists.[4] In August and September 1939, the Germans carried out arrests of prominent local Poles, including chairmen of the Polish bank, cooperative and local branch of the "Sokół" Polish Gymnastic Society, and confiscated the assets of the Polish bank.[5] During World War II, Nazi Germany operated a detention center where it would send prisoners to forced labour.[6] Many died from exhaustion and/or starvation. The Germans also operated a labour subcamp of the Stalag VIII-B/344 prisoner-of-war camp,[7] and a forced labour camp for Jews.[8] After the defeat of Germany in the war in 1945, the town became again part of Poland.

Notable people[edit]

Twin towns – sister cities[edit]

See twin towns of Gmina Strzelce Opolskie.

Gallery[edit]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Population. Size and structure and vital statistics in Poland by territorial divison in 2019. As of 30th June". stat.gov.pl. Statistics Poland. 2019-10-15. Retrieved 2020-02-14.
  2. ^ "Deutsche Verwaltungsgeschichte Schlesien, Kreis Gross-Strehlitz". treemagic.org. Retrieved 2021-01-19.
  3. ^ Cygański, Mirosław (1984). "Hitlerowskie prześladowania przywódców i aktywu Związków Polaków w Niemczech w latach 1939-1945". Przegląd Zachodni (in Polish) (4): 24.
  4. ^ a b c Cygański, p. 26-27
  5. ^ Cygański, p. 32-34
  6. ^ "Zuchthaus und Haftanstalt Sicherungsanstalt Groß Strehlitz". Bundesarchiv.de (in German). Retrieved 2 January 2021.
  7. ^ "Working Parties". Lamsdorf: Stalag VIIIB 344 Prisoner of War Camp 1940 - 1945. Retrieved 2 January 2021.
  8. ^ "Zwangsarbeitslager für Juden Groß Strehlitz". Bundesarchiv.de (in German). Retrieved 2 January 2021.

External links[edit]