|Nickname(s): Sailfish Capital of the World|
Location in Martin County and the state of Florida
|• Mayor||Eula Clarke|
|• Vice Mayor||Tom Campenni|
|• Total||8.5 sq mi (22 km2)|
|• Land||6.3 sq mi (16 km2)|
|• Water||2.2 sq mi (6 km2)|
|Elevation||10 ft (3 m)|
|• Density||1,721.5/sq mi (664.7/km2)|
|Time zone||Eastern (EST) (UTC-5)|
|• Summer (DST)||EDT (UTC-4)|
|GNIS feature ID||0291756|
|Website||City of Stuart Website|
Stuart is a city in, and the seat of, Martin County, Florida, United States. Located on Florida's Treasure Coast, Stuart is the largest of four incorporated municipalities in Martin County. The population was 15,593 in the 2010 census. It is part of the Port St. Lucie, Florida Metropolitan Statistical Area.
- 1 History
- 2 Geography
- 3 Climate
- 4 Demographics
- 5 Public health and safety
- 6 Economy
- 7 Transportation
- 8 Education
- 9 Neighborhoods inside city limits
- 10 Points of interest
- 11 Notable people
- 12 Gallery
- 13 Stuart in popular culture
- 14 References
- 15 External links
In the 18th century, several Spanish galleons were shipwrecked in the Martin County area of Florida's Treasure Coast. The multiple wrecks were reportedly the result of a hurricane, and the ships were carrying unknown quantities of gold and silver. Some of this treasure has since been recovered, and its presence resulted in the region's name.
In 1832, pirate Pedro Gilbert, who often used a sandbar off the coast as a lure to unsuspecting prey, chased and caught the Mexican, a U.S. merchant ship. Although he attempted to burn the ship and kill the crew, they survived to report the incident, ultimately resulting in the capture and execution of Gilbert and his crew. The bar from which is lured his intended booty is named "Gilbert's Bar" on nautical charts.
The Treasure Coast area that became Stuart was first settled by non-Native Americans in 1870. In 1875, a United States Lifesaving Station was established on Hutchinson Island, near Stuart. Today, the station is known as Gilbert's Bar House of Refuge and is on the National Register of Historic Places.
From 1893-1895, the area was called Potsdam. This name was chosen by Otto Stypmann, a local landowner originally from Potsdam, Germany. Stypmann, with his brother Ernest, owned the land that would become downtown Stuart. Potsdam was renamed Stuart in 1895, after the establishment of the Florida East Coast Railway, in honor of Homer Hine Stuart, Jr., another local landowner.
The city of Stuart is known as the Sailfish Capital of the World, because of the many sailfish found in the ocean off Martin County.
Stuart is located at .
According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 8.5 square miles (22 km2), of which 6.3 square miles (16 km2) is land and 2.2 square miles (5.7 km2) is water.
According to the Köppen climate classification, Stuart has a humid subtropical climate (Cfa) with hot, humid summers, with frequent rainfall, and warm, dry winters. Located near the northern end of a true tropical climate, Stuart has a noticeably seasonal precipitation pattern, with June through September being the wettest months, and the dry season from November through April.
Summers (May through October) feature typical tropical-type weather conditions, with hot temperatures, intense sun, and frequent (daily) thundershowers that build in the daytime heat. High temperatures are typically in the upper 80s to low 90s. The city's coastal location prevents temperatures from becoming very hot, though heat indices are often over 100 °F. There are 76 days of 90+ °F highs annually. On average, 96 °F is the highest temperature recorded each summer. Late summer brings an increased threat of tropical storms and hurricanes, though landfalls are rare. Several major hurricanes have impacted Stuart since 1900, with Hurricane David in 1979 and hurricanes Frances and Jeanne caused moderate damage to the area in 2004.
Winter (November through April) or the dry season brings much cooler and drier air masses, and humidity and dew points fall considerably. Winters can become quite dry, and by late winter (March) there is often high fire danger and even residential water use restriction. Average daytime highs in the winter/dry season are from 73 F to 77 F, though occasional strong cold fronts bring brief rainfall followed by cooler temperatures, with highs in the 50s F for a few days each winter. Low temperatures fall rarely fall below 40 F, and most winters are frost-free. The first cold front of the season usually occurs in October or November, when the first low below 60 °F usually occurs. Though weather during this time is generally more mild, mid winter highs can still hit 80 F or higher on occasion.
|Climate data for Stuart, Florida|
|Record high °F (°C)||89
|Average high °F (°C)||73.5
|Average low °F (°C)||54.7
|Record low °F (°C)||23
|Average precipitation inches (mm)||2.59
|Average rainy days (≥ 0.01 in)||8.7||8.2||9.7||8.8||10.0||15.6||17.5||16.6||16.8||14.3||10.2||9.4||145.8|
As of the census of 2010, there were 15,593 people, 7,220 households, and 3,422 families residing in the city. The population density was 2,320.5 per square mile (896.0/km2). There were 8,777 housing units at an average density of 1,391.9 per square mile (537.4/km2). The racial makeup of the city was 83.30% White, 12.33% African American, 0.26% Native American, 0.66% Asian, 0.03% Pacific Islander, 1.97% from other races, and 1.46% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 6.29% of the population.
There were 7,220 households out of which 15.0% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 34.7% were married couples living together, 9.7% had a female householder with no husband present, and 52.6% were non-families. 46.1% of all households were made up of individuals and 26.1% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 1.88 and the average family size was 2.60.
In the city the population was spread out with 14.5% under the age of 18, 6.9% from 18 to 24, 24.5% from 25 to 44, 21.2% from 45 to 64, and 32.9% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 48 years. For every 100 females there were 87.8 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 84.4 males.
Public health and safety
The median income for a household in the city was $35,954, and the median income for a family was $47,736. Males had a median income of $29,151 versus $23,125 for females. The per capita income for the city was $25,020. About 7.8% of families and 11.2% of the population were below the poverty line, including 17.5% of those under age 18 and 9.1% of those age 65 or over. Stuart is publicly seen as a new coming old city, starting a new boom in its local economy with construction of a new bridge, rise of new buildings and roadways being restored.
The cost of living in Stuart is 88, on a relative scale where the U.S. average is represented by 100.
|Cost of Living||Stuart||U.S.|
Various businesses cater to tourists, such as fishing charters, boating charters, sailing, cruises, SCUBA and snorkeling, and nature tours.
According to the City's 2011 Comprehensive Annual Financial Report, the top employers in the Stuart area are:
|#||Employer||# of Employees|
|1||Martin Health System||2,825|
|2||Martin County School District||2,566|
|5||State of Florida||637|
|9||Liberator Medical Supply||319|
|10||Florida Power & Light||303|
Public education in Stuart is administered by the Martin County School District.
- South Fork High School
- Jensen Beach High School
- Martin County High School
- Redeemer Lutheran School
- St. Joseph Catholic School
- Pinewood Elementary
- Port Salerno Elementary
- Murray Middle School
- Stuart Middle School
- J.D. Parker School of Science, Math and Technology
- Anderson Middle School
- Crystal Lake Elementary
- Community Christian Academy
- Clark Advanced Learning Center
Neighborhoods inside city limits
- St. Lucie Estates
- Towne Park
- Indian Pines
- The Crossings
- Ocean Boulevard area
- Downtown Stuart
- North River Shores
- Palm Lake Park
- Willoughby Golf Club
- Golden Gate
- East Stuart
- Sarita Heights
Points of interest
- Audubon of Martin County
- Lyric Theatre
- Stuart Heritage Museum
- Elliott Museum
- The Barn Theatre
- Geoffrey C. Smith Galleries
- Tropical Ranch Botanical Garden
- Chris Marquette, actor
- Cleveland Gary, professional football player
- Corey McIntyre, professional football player
- Dan Bakkedahl, correspondent on The Daily Show
- Derek Fathauer, professional golfer who currently plays on the PGA Tour
- Ed Hearn, Major League Baseball player and motivational speaker
- James Davis, professional football player
- James Gould Cozzens, Pulitzer Prize-winning author
- John McHale, player and executive in Major League Baseball
- Judge Reinhold, actor
- Kathy Rinaldi, professional tennis player
- Kelly Carrington, Playboy Playmate October 2008
- Lee Rinker, PGA Tour Golf player
- Nelson Burton Jr., professional bowler and longtime TV analyst
- Ralph Evinrude, CEO of Outboard Motor Company with a test facility in Stuart, married Frances Langford and retired to Jensen Beach.
- Rusty Meacham, former Major League Baseball player
- Roger Schank, leading visionary in artificial intelligence, cognitive science, and learning theory
- Scott Proctor, pitcher for the Doosan Bears of the Korea Baseball Organization
- Vaughn Monroe, singer
- Whitney Gaskell, novelist
- Zack Mosley, cartoonist and creator of The Adventures of Smilin' Jack
Stuart in popular culture
- "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2008-01-31.
- "US Board on Geographic Names". United States Geological Survey. 2007-10-25. Retrieved 2008-01-31.
- "Annual Estimates of the Population for Incorporated Places in Florida, Listed Alphabetically: April 1, 2000 to July 1, 2007". US Census Bureau. 2008-07-10. Retrieved 2009-05-16.
- "Find a County". National Association of Counties. Retrieved 2011-06-07.
- "The 20 Best Small Towns to Visit in 2015 -- 3. Stuart, Florida".
- "20 Amazing Small Towns in America".
- Johnson, Larry (13 May 2009). "column:Always Learning". Melbourne, Florida: Florida Today. pp. 1D.
- "Our Area's History". Stuary/Martin County Chamber of Commerce. Retrieved 2009-11-11.
- "Stuart,Florida's history with tropical systems". Hurricane City. Retrieved 2009-11-11.
- "US Gazetteer files: 2010, 2000, and 1990". United States Census Bureau. 2011-02-12. Retrieved 2011-04-23.
- "Annual Estimates of the Resident Population for Incorporated Places: April 1, 2010 to July 1, 2015". Retrieved July 2, 2016.
- "Census of Population and Housing". Census.gov. Retrieved June 4, 2015.
- "Compare Cost of Living". Sperling's Best Places. Retrieved 2014-06-17.
- "City of StuartCAFR" (PDF). Retrieved 2012-11-17.
- Audubon of Martin County: Possum Long Nature Center
- Luckhardt, Alice; Luckhardt, Greg (27 October 2013). "Ashley Gang: Notorious outlaws struck fear in Stuart residents". TCPalm. Retrieved 23 May 2016.
|Wikivoyage has a travel guide for Stuart.|