Stuart Heintzelman

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Stuart Heintzelman
Stuart Heintzelman.gif
Major General Stuart Heintzelman
Born (1876-11-19)November 19, 1876
Died July 6, 1935(1935-07-06) (aged 58)
Fort Omaha, Nebraska
Allegiance United States of America
Service/branch United States Army
Years of service 1899-1935
Rank Major General
Commands held VII Corps Area
Battles/wars Boxer Rebellion
World War I
Awards Legion of Honor
Croix de Guerre
Order of the Crown (Italy)
Relations Samuel P. Heintzelman (grandfather)

Major General Stuart Heintzelman (19 November 1876 – 6 July 1935) was an American soldier. He was a grandson of Civil War general Samuel P. Heintzelman.

Military career[edit]

He was commissioned as a Second Lieutenant of Cavalry from the United States Military Academy in 1899. For the first five years of his career, he served with the 6th Cavalry in Kansas and Idaho, the 4th Cavalry in the Philippines, and as part of the international force putting down the Boxer uprising in China. In 1904, Heintzelman began what would become a long and distinguished association with Fort Leavenworth when he was selected as the Infantry and Cavalry School honor graduate. After service in the Philippines, Heintzelman returned to Fort Leavenworth as an instructor followed by another academic assignment as the Professor of Military Art and Science at Princeton University.[1]

During World War I, as a general staff officer with the American Expeditionary Force, Heintzelman was responsible for planning the St. Mihiel Offensive. He also served with the French in the Chemin des Dames offensive in October 1917, and in winter operations in northern Italy with the French Tenth Army. He concluded his tour in France as Chief of Staff for both IV Corps and later Second Army. From 1921 to 1929, he held numerous command and staff positions including command of the 22nd Infantry Brigade, commander of the Eastern Defenses of New York, and Assistant Chief of Staff for War Plans. In 1929, he again returned to Fort Leavenworth to serve as the Commandant and was promoted to Major General in 1931. As Commandant, Heintzelman was influential in updating the curriculum and actively participated in the classroom. He died in 1935 while in command of the VII Corps Area, Fort Omaha, Nebraska and is buried in Arlington National Cemetery with his wife, who died a few months before him.[1]

Awards[edit]

Heintzelman's awards include the Commander of the Legion of Honor and the Croix de Guerre with palm from France, the Commander of the Order of the Crown by the Italian Government, and the Distinguished Service Medal.[1][2]

Death and legacy[edit]

He died on July 6, 1935 in Hot Springs, Arkansas.[1]

The USS General Stuart Heintzelman (AP-159), named in his honor, was launched in April 1945.

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d Davis, Jr., Henry Blaine (1998). Generals in Khaki. Raleigh, NC: Pentland Press, Inc. p. 173. ISBN 1571970886. 
  2. ^ "Valor awards for Stuart Heintzelman". 


External links[edit]

Military offices
Preceded by
Herbert Jay Brees
Commandant of the Command and General Staff College
July 1929 - February 1935
Succeeded by
Edward Leonard King